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Encyclopedia > Epyx
Epyx, Inc.
Type Corporation
Founded 1978 (as Automated Simulations) (defunct 1993)
Headquarters San Francisco, California
Key people Jim Connelley
Jon Freeman
Industry Computer and video games
Products Temple of Apshai

Summer Games
Winter Games
Corporate redirects here. ... See also: 1977 in video gaming, other events of 1978, 1979 in video gaming, history of video games Events Notable releases Cinematronics releases the Space Wars vector graphics arcade game Hudson releases Lode Runner for Nintendo home systems in Japan. ... Notable events of 1993 in computer and video games. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... Jon Freeman was an influential computer game industry figure of the 1980s and early 1990s. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The Temple of Apshai is a computer role-playing game from Epyx. ... Summer Games on the Commodore 64 Summer Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx and released by U.S. Gold based on sports featured in the Summer Olympic Games. ... Screenshot from Winter Games (C64): the Hot Dog event. ...

California Games

Epyx, Inc. was a computer game developer and publisher in the late 1970s and entire 1980s' game console and home computer arena. The company was founded under the name Automated Simulations by Jim Connelley and Jon Freeman, originally using Epyx as a brand name for action-oriented games before renaming the company to match in 1983. Epyx published a long series of "hits" through the 1980s, but nevertheless went bankrupt in 1989, and finally disappearing in 1993. California Games is a 1987 Epyx sports video game for many home computers and video game consoles. ... A video game developer is a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... Four different video game consoles from different generations. ... Children playing on a Amstrad CPC 464 in the 1980s. ... Jon Freeman was an influential computer game industry figure of the 1980s and early 1990s. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ...

Contents

History

Automated Simulations was founded in 1978 as a vehicle for publishing Freeman and Connelley's first game in BASIC, Starfleet Orion for the Commodore PET. The game used simple character graphics and was easily ported to other platforms, starting with the TRS-80 and then the Apple II, the later featuring rudimentary graphics. They followed this with Invasion Orion, similar to the original but including a computer opponent as opposed to requiring two players. See also: 1977 in video gaming, other events of 1978, 1979 in video gaming, history of video games Events Notable releases Cinematronics releases the Space Wars vector graphics arcade game Hudson releases Lode Runner for Nintendo home systems in Japan. ... Commodore BASIC is the dialect of BASIC used in Commodore Internationals 8-bit home computer line, stretching from the PET of 1977 to the C128 of 1985. ... Starfleet Orion is a 1978 science fiction strategy game written and published by Automated Simulations (who would become Epyx in 1983). ... The PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) was a home-/personal computer produced by Commodore starting in the late 1970s. ... ASCII art, an artistic medium relying primarily on computers for presentation, consists of pictures pieced together from characters (preferably from the 95 printable characters defined by ASCII). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1977 Apple II, complete with integrated keyboard, color graphics, sound, a plastic case and eight expansion slots. ... Invasion Orion is a 1979 science fiction strategy game written and published by Automated Simulations (who would become Epyx in 1983). ...


The company first made the "big time" with their 1979 release of Temple of Apshai, which was a major hit. Rated as the best computer game by practically every magazine of the era, Apshai was soon ported to additional systems such as the Atari 400/800 and the Commodore 64 in addition to the previous platforms. Apshai spawned a number of similar adventure games based on the same engine, including two direct sequels, branded under the Dunjonquest label. The games were so successful that they were later re-released in 1985 as the Temple of Apshai Trilogy. A series of "semi-action" BASIC games followed under the Epyx brand, including Crush, Crumble and Chomp!, Rescue at Rigel and Star Warrior, each of which added little twists to the Apshai engine. The Temple of Apshai is a computer role-playing game from Epyx. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... The Commodore 64 is the best-selling single personal computer model of all time. ... Crush, Crumble and Chomp! is a 1981 strategy computer game from Epyx. ... Starquest - Rescue at Rigel, or simply Rescue at Rigel is a 1980 science fiction computer role-playing game by Epyx. ... Star Warrior is a 1980 science fiction computer role-playing game written and published Automated Simulations (who become Epyx in 1983), branded as part of their Starquest series. ...


Freeman left the company to start Free Fall Associates in 1981, leaving Connelley to continue at what was now a large company. In 1983 the company took on its brand name, and became known simply as Epyx. At some point during this period Connelley reorganized his own development team as The Connelley Group, but continued to work under the Epyx umbrella, releasing Dragonriders of Pern. However it was also the year that Jumpman was released and became a big hit. Management decided the future was in action games, and Connelley eventually left the company. Free Fall Associates was a computer game developer of the 1980s and early 1990s. ... Screenshot from the Commodore 64 version of Jumpman Jumpman is an early platform game with 30 levels, written by Randy Glover and released by Epyx in 1983. ...

The Olympic games series, including Summer Games seen here on the Commodore 64, was one of Epyx's best selling franchises for many years.

A string of successful action games followed, including the hits Impossible Mission and Summer Games. The later created a long run of successful sequels, including Winter Games, California Games and World Games) Image File history File links Screenshot C64 Summer Games (video game), made myself This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Image File history File links Screenshot C64 Summer Games (video game), made myself This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Summer Games on the Commodore 64 Summer Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx and released by U.S. Gold based on sports featured in the Summer Olympic Games. ... The Commodore 64 is the best-selling single personal computer model of all time. ... Impossible Mission is a 1983 computer game for several home computers by Epyx. ... Summer Games on the Commodore 64 Summer Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx and released by U.S. Gold based on sports featured in the Summer Olympic Games. ... Screenshot from Winter Games (C64): the Hot Dog event. ... California Games is a 1987 Epyx sports video game for many home computers and video game consoles. ... World Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx for the Commodore 64. ...


The company also branched out into "Computer Activity Toys" licenses of Hot Wheels, GI Joe and Barbie. In Europe, the British home computer game company U.S. Gold published Epyx' games for the C64, and also ported many of the games to other major European platforms such as the ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC range. Hot Wheels Car — Dodge viper Hot Wheels is a brand of die cast toy car, introduced by American toymaker Mattel in 1968. ... G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero is a military-themed action figure (3 3/4 inches tall) that was supported by a Marvel Comic and a popular cartoon television show that ran in the 1980s. ... Barbie is a best-selling doll launched at the American International Toy Fair on March 9, 1959. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... // US Gold Corporation - Gold Mining U.S. Gold is a gold exploration company focused on Nevadas Cortez Trend, which is home to some of the worlds largest gold deposits. ... In computer science, porting is the process of adapting software so that an executable program can be created for a computing environment that is different from the one for which it was originally designed (e. ... The ZX Spectrum is a home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd. ... The Amstrad CPC was a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad during the 1980s and early 1990s. ...


For the bestselling Commodore 64, Epyx made the FastLoad cartridge which enabled a fivefold speedup of floppy disk drive accesses through Commodore's very slow "serial IEEE-488" interface. Additionally, the FastLoad featured convenient disk access commands (for directory listings and program loads/saves, etc.), and a disk editor—a hacking tool allowing for direct low-level access to floppy disks. Another hardware product was the Epyx 500XJ Joystick, which used high-quality microswitches to produce a well-liked joystick. The Epyx FastLoad is a floppy disk fast loader cartridge made by American software company Epyx in 1984 for the Commodore 64 (C64) home computer. ... In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... A floppy disk is a data storage device that is composed of a disk of thin, flexible (floppy) magnetic storage medium encased in a square or rectangular plastic shell. ... The Hewlett-Packard Instrument Bus (HP-IB), is a short-range digital communications cable standard developed by Hewlett-Packard (HP) in the 1970s for connecting electronic test and measurement devices (e. ... In computing, a directory, catalog, or folder, is an entity in a file system which can contain a group of files and/or other directories. ... A disk editor is a computer program that lets the user read, edit, and write the low-level raw data on a disk drive (a hard disk or floppy disk drive). ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... This article is about electrical switches. ... Joystick elements: 1. ...


Starting in 1986 Epyx also developed a handheld game system called the Handy. Unable to continue due to high costs, it was sold to Atari. Atari then renamed and sold it as the Lynx. This article is about a corporate game company. ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ...


In 1987, Epyx faced an important infringement lawsuit from Data East USA regarding the Epyx's Commodore 64 game World Karate Championship. Data East thought the whole game, and particularly the referee in it, looked too much like its 1984 arcade game Karate Champ. Data East won the lawsuit and 9th Circuit US District Court Judge William Ingram ordered Epyx to recall all copies of World Karate Championship from store shelves. But Epyx appealed the case to the US Federal Court, who reversed the judgement and ruled in favor of Epyx, stating that copyright protection did not extend to the idea of a Karate game, but specific artistic choices not dictated by that idea. The court noted that a "17.5 year-old boy" could see clear differences between the elements of each game actually subject to copyright. 1987 1987 in games 1986 in video gaming 1988 in video gaming Notable events of 1987 in video gaming. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Data East (データイースト dēta īsuto) was a Japanese video game company, also known as DECO (Data East Corporation, データイースト株式会社 dēta īsuto kabushikigaisha). ... A screenshot of the Atari ST version of International Karate International Karate (also known as World Karate Championship) is a karate computer game published in 1985 by System 3 for the ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC and Atari 8-bit family of computers. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... Karate Champ (original title: 空手道 Karate Dô, The Way of Karate) is a 1984 arcade game developed by Technos Japan Corporation for Data East. ... The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... The United States federal courts are the system of courts organized under the Constitution and laws of the federal government of the United States. ...


In 1989, Epyx filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. According to Stephen Landrum, a long-time programmer at Epyx, the company went bankrupt "because it never really understood why it had been successful in the past, and then decided to branch out in a lot of directions, all of which turned out to be failures."[1] 1989 1989 in games 1988 in video gaming 1990 in video gaming Notable events of 1989 in video gaming. ... Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... A game programmer is a software engineer who primarily develops computer or video games or related software (such as game development tools). ...


At this time, they moved to a smaller office in downtown Redwood City and laid off nearly everyone. Epyx still developed games, but gave up their publishing rights and all the rights to the handheld game console they were developing to Atari (the company they owed most of the money to), eventually becoming the Atari Lynx. Epyx eventually came out of bankruptcy, but in 1993, with 8 employees left, they decided just to sell the rest of the company off. Bridgestone Media Group eventually got the rights to everything else Epyx had, only Peter Engelbrite took the job offers issued to these 8 employees. Redwood City is the county seat of San Mateo County, California. ... This article is about a corporate game company. ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... Notable events of 1993 in computer and video games. ...


In 2006, British publisher System 3 announced it has acquired Epyx's assets to release games such as California Games and Impossible Mission for Nintendo DS, Sony PSP and Wii in 2007. Notable events of 2006 in video gaming. ... A System 3 punch card. ... California Games is a 1987 Epyx sports video game for many home computers and video game consoles. ... Impossible Mission is a 1983 computer game for several home computers by Epyx. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... The finished PlayStation Portable, and a variety of accessories. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... 2007 2007 in games 2006 in video gaming 2008 in video gaming Notable events of 2007 in video gaming. ...


List of games

Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... 4x4 Off-Road Racing is a video game of the racing genre released in 1988 by Epyx. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle Bugs is an unique strategy video game developed for the PC by Epyx and released by Sierra On-Line in 1994. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Blue Lightning is a shooter in which you control a military airplane. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... California Games is a 1987 Epyx sports video game for many home computers and video game consoles. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Championship Wrestling was a short lived professional wrestling promotion. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Crush, Crumble and Chomp! is a 1981 strategy computer game from Epyx. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Screenshot from the Commodore 64 version. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Electrocop developed by Epyx was one of the first games developed for the Atari Lynx, and was released with the platforms launch. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gates of Zendocon is another release by Epyx (1989) for the Atari Lynx which was highly rated. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gateway to Apshai is a computer game for the Commodore 64 and Atari 400/800 home computers, developed by The Connely Group and published by Epyx. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Impossible Mission is a 1983 computer game for several home computers by Epyx. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Impossible Mission II is a 1988 computer game for the Commodore 64 and Amiga computers, published by Epyx. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... Screenshot from the Commodore 64 version of Jumpman Jumpman is an early platform game with 30 levels, written by Randy Glover and released by Epyx in 1983. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Screenshot from the Commodore 64 version of Jumpman Jumpman is an early platform game with 30 levels, written by Randy Glover and released by Epyx in 1983. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Movie Monster Game is a game released by Epyx in 1986 for the Commodore 64 computer. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... -1... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Puzzle Panic, also known as Ken Ustons Puzzle Panic, was a computer game created by blackjack strategist Ken Uston, Bob Polin and Ron Karr and published by Epyx in 1984 for the Atari 400/800. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Rad Warrior was one of the first platform games. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Starquest - Rescue at Rigel, or simply Rescue at Rigel is a 1980 science fiction computer role-playing game by Epyx. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rogue is a dungeon crawling computer game dating from 1980. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Driller (also known as Space Station Oblivion in the United States) is a 1987 computer game written by British developers Major Developments and published by Incentive Software. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Star Warrior is a 1980 science fiction computer role-playing game written and published Automated Simulations (who become Epyx in 1983), branded as part of their Starquest series. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Summer Games on the Commodore 64 Summer Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx and released by U.S. Gold based on sports featured in the Summer Olympic Games. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Summer Games II is a sports video game developed by Epyx and released by U.S. Gold based on sports featured in the Summer Olympic Games. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sword of Fargoal is a computer game written by Jeff McCord and published in 1983 by Epyx. ... -1... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gateway to Apshai is a computer game for the Commodore 64 and Atari 400/800 home computers, developed by The Connely Group and published by Epyx. ... The Temple of Apshai is a computer role-playing game from Epyx. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Screenshot from Winter Games (C64): the Hot Dog event. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx for the Commodore 64. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A screenshot of the Atari ST version of International Karate International Karate (also known as World Karate Championship) is a karate computer game published in 1985 by System 3 for the ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC and Atari 8-bit family of computers. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Zarlor Mercenary was an action game for the Atari Lynx handheld console, released by Epyx. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ...

References

  1. ^ Interview with Stephn Landrum from The Unofficial Epyx & SummerGames Homepage, with a timeline of Epyx's history

External links

  • Epyx profile on MobyGames
  • "An Epyx Tale" – An in-depth history of Epyx
  • History of Epyx – A brief history of the company
  • Epyx history and game list – GOTCHA on GameSpy.
  • Epyx at World of Spectrum

  Results from FactBites:
 
Epyx (1398 words)
Epyx had dabbled successfully in hardware and utilities in the past, but its new direction was pointing the company in too many directions at once.
Atari was both a creditor and a debtor of Epyx; when Atari failed to pay for their contracted titles, Epyx went broke, which gave Atari the titles for free.
Epyx was dissolved and sold to the Bridgestone Group in the early 1990s.
Epyx (319 words)
Epyx, Inc. was a notable computer game developer and publisher in the late 1970s and 1980s' game console and home computer arena.
Epyx (then Automated Simulations) was founded in 1978 as a vehicle for publishing Freeman and Connelley's first game in BASIC, Starfleet Orion for the Commodore PET.
Epyx also developed the Lynx handheld games console, the rights of which were later purchased by Atari.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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