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Encyclopedia > Eponym

An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. An eponymous person is the person referred to by the eponym. In contemporary English, the term eponymous is often used to mean self-titled. The word eponym is often used for the thing titled.

Look up eponym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Contents

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that French Wiktionary be merged into this article or section. ...

Political eponyms of time periods

In different cultures, time periods have often been named after the person who ruled during that period.

  • One of the first cases of eponymity occurred in the second millennium BC, when the Assyrians named each year after a high official (limmu).
  • In Ancient Rome, one of the two formal ways of indicating a year was to cite the two annual consuls who served in that year. For example, the year we know as 59 BC would have been described as "the consulship of Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus and Gaius Julius Caesar" (although that specific year was known jocularly as "the consulship of Julius and Caesar" because of the insignificance of Caesar's counterpart). Under the empire, the consuls would change as often as every two months, but only the two consuls at the beginning of the year would lend their names to that year.
  • Well into the Christian era, many royal households used eponymous dating by regnal years. The Roman Catholic Church, however, eventually used the Anno Domini dating scheme based on the birth of Christ on both the general public and royalty. The regnal year standard is still used with respect to statutes and law reports published in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries (England abandoned this practice in 1963): a statute signed into law between February 6, 1994, and February 5, 1995, would be dated 43 Elizabeth II, for instance.
  • British monarchs have become eponymous throughout the English speaking world for time periods, fashions, etc. Elizabethan, Edwardian, Georgian, and (most famous of all) Victorian, are examples of these.

Languages Assyrian, Chaldean, Turoyo Religions Christianity Related ethnic groups other Semitic peoples Assyrians are an ethnic group whose origins lie in what is today Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria, but who have migrated to the Caucasus, North America and Western Europe during the past century. ... This is a list of the eponymous archons of Athens. ... Athens (Greek Αθήνα Athína) is the capital and largest city of Greece. ... This is a list of the eponymous archons of Athens. ... Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 640s BC 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC 600s BC - 590s BC - 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC 540s BC Events and Trends 598 BC - Jehoaichin succeeds Jehoiakim as King of Judah 598 BC - Babylonians capture Jerusalem... Solon Solon (Greek: , ca. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Consul (abbrev. ... Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus was a politician of the late Roman Republic. ... Gaius Julius Caesar [1] (Latin pronunciation ; English pronunciation ; July 12 or July 13, 100 BC – March 15, 44 BC), often simply referred to as Julius Caesar, was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in world history. ... Anno Domini (Latin: In the year of the Lord), or more completely Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ), commonly abbreviated AD or A.D., is the designation used to number years in the dominant Christian Era in the world today. ... Regnal year: the year of the reign of a sovereign. ... Trudeaumania was the affectionate nickname given to the great excitement generated by Pierre Trudeaus entry into Canadian politics in 1968. ... Jeffersonians, so named after Thomas Jefferson, support a federal government with greatly constrained powers, as would follow the strict interpretation of the U.S. Constitution that Jefferson followed. ... Jacksonian democracy refers to the political philosophy of United States President Andrew Jackson and his followers in the new Democratic Party. ... Margaret Thatcher Thatcherism is the system of political thought attributed to the governments of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. ... Elizabethan redirects here. ... The Edwardian period or Edwardian era in the United Kingdom is the period 1901 to 1910, the reign of King Edward VII. It succeeded the Victorian period and is sometimes extended to include the period up to the sinking of the RMS Titanic in 1912, the start of World War... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ...

Other eponyms

  • Both in ancient Greece and independently among the Hebrews, tribes often took the name of a legendary leader (as Achaeus for Achaeans, or Dorus for Dorians). The eponym gave apparent meaning to the mysterious names of tribes, and sometimes, as in the Sons of Noah, provided a primitive attempt at ethnology as well, in the genealogical relationships of eponymous originators.
  • In (modern) art
    • Some books, films, video games, and TV shows have one or more eponymous principal characters: Robinson Crusoe, the Harry Potter series, Metal Gear, Grey's Anatomy and I Love Lucy, for example.
      • Metal Gear is an exception in that the eponym is not a character per se, but rather the code name given to the overgrown bipedal battle tanks the player must (usually) destroy. The current series of games, Metal Gear Solid is a double eponym, where "Solid" refers to the main character of the game, Solid Snake.
    • The term is also applied to Evan is a fart music, usually with regard to record titles. For example, Blur's 1997 album was also titled Blur. Many other artists and bands have also served as eponyms of albums or singles, usually as their debut or second release. (Blur is an oddity in that their album Blur was their 5th release.) Some bands, such as Boston, the Tindersticks, Led Zeppelin, Duran Duran, Living in a Box, and Weezer, have released more than one and are thus referred to in other ways, including number (Led Zeppelin III) and album art (The Blue Album). Peter Gabriel's first four long-play releases were all such (though the fourth was given a title for its US release). Another more common term is the self-titled album. The band R.E.M. titled their 1988 compilation CD Eponymous as a joke.
      • Self-titled albums are often indicated with the abbreviation "s/t," e.g., "They Might Be Giants (s/t)"

In Greek mythology and history, Achaeus is the name of several individuals. ... The Achaeans (in Greek , Achaioi) is the collective name given to the Greek forces in Homers Iliad (used 598 times). ... In Greek mythology, Dorus is the name of several individuals: Dorus was a son of Hellen and founder of the Dorian nation. ... This article or section should include material from Dorian invasion The Dorians were one of the ancient Hellenic (Greek) races. ... This T and O map, which abstracts that societys known world to a cross inscribed within an orb, remakes geography in the service of Christian iconography and identifies the three known continents as populated by descendents of Shem (Sem), Ham (Cham) and Japheth (Iafeth) The Table of Nations is... Ethnology (greek ethnos: (non-greek, barbarian) people) is a genre of anthropological study, involving the systematic comparison of the folklore, beliefs and practices of different societies. ... Peloponnesos (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, sometime Latinized as Peloponnesus or Anglicized as The Peloponnese) is a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Isthmus of Corinth. ... In Greek mythology, Pelops (Greek Πέλοψ) (from pelios: dark; and ops: face, eye) was a son of Tantalus and Dione. ... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon), is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... A statue of George Vancouver outside of Vancouver City Hall in Vancouver, British Columbia. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince Consort to Queen Victoria Location of Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Downtown Prince Albert Prince Albert is the third-largest city (after Saskatoon and Regina) with a population of 41,072 as of 2006, in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. ... Isbisters Settlement is the name by which the Canadian city of Prince Albert, Saskatchewan was originally known in the mid 1860s. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Augustus Charles Albert Emanuel, later HRH The Prince Consort) (26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Avogadros number, also called Avogadros constant (NA), named after Amedeo Avogadro, is formally defined to be the number of carbon-12 atoms in 12 grams (0. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... General Name, Symbol, Number meitnerium, Mt, 109 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 9, 7, d Appearance unknown, probably silvery white or metallic gray Atomic mass (268) g·mol−1 Electron configuration perhaps [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2 (guess based on iridium) Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 32... The Apgar score was devised in 1952 by Virginia Apgar as a simple and repeatable method to quickly and summarily assess the health of newborn children immediately after childbirth. ... Stiglers Law of Eponymy is a process proposed by University of Chicago Department of Statistics Professor Stephen Stigler [1] in his 1980 publication Stigler’s law of eponymy. ... [1]#redirect Book ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ... This is a listing of television programs. ... Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published in 1719 and sometimes regarded as the first novel in English. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... One of many logos; used in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and the sequel to it. ... Greys Anatomy is an Emmy and Golden Globe award-winning American primetime television medical drama. ... I Love Lucy, a CBS television sitcom that aired in the 1950s, was the most popular American sitcom of its generation and an unprecedented phenomenon -- in its second season, for example, its average ratings were a never-surpassed record of nearly seventy percent, compared to about 30 percent for the... This article is about the original Metal Gear Solid released for the PlayStation. ... Solid Snake ) is the protagonist of the Metal Gear video game series. ... Allegory of Music on the Opéra Garnier Music is an art form that involves organised sounds and silence. ... Blur are an English rock band formed in Colchester in 1989. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Blur is the fifth album by Blur, first release in 1997. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Tindersticks is a rock band from Nottingham, England. ... For the bands 1969 self-titled debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... Duran Duran is a British pop/rock band notable for a long series of catchy, synthesiser-driven hit singles and vivid music videos. ... Living in a Box were a British pop band from the 1980s. ... Weezer is a Grammy-nominated rock band from Los Angeles, California. ... Led Zeppelin III, the third album by English rock band Led Zeppelin, was released October 5, 1970 by Atlantic Records. ... Weezer, sometimes referred to as The Blue Album, is the debut album by the band Weezer, released May 10, 1994. ... Peter Brian Gabriel (born February 13, 1950, in Chobham, Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... R.E.M. is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia, in early 1980 by drummer Bill Berry, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist Mike Mills, and vocalist Michael Stipe. ... Eponymous is a compilation album by the band R.E.M. It was their last release on I.R.S. Track Listing Radio Free Europe (original hib-tone single) - 3:46 Gardening At Night (different vocal mix) - 3:31 Talk About The Passion - 3:20 So. ... They Might Be Giants is the eponymous first album from They Might Be Giants, also known as the Pink Album. It was released in 1986. ...

Lists of eponyms

By person's name

By 'category' An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) from whom something is said to take its name. ...

This is a list of adages named after people (eponymous adages). ... An eponymous adjective is an adjective which has been derived from the name of a person, real or fictional. ... This is a list of asteroids named after important people: Science Physicists 1979 Sakharov (Andrei Sakharov) 2001 Einstein (Albert Einstein, mathematician and physicist) 2002 Euler (Leonhard Euler, mathematician and physicist) 2352 Kurchatov (Igor Kurchatov) 3905 Doppler (Christian Doppler) 3949 Mach (Ernst Mach) 4065 Meinel (Aden Meinel) 4716 Urey (Harold Urey... There are probably a few thousand astronomical objects named after people. ... This is a list of characters from animated cartoons, comic books and comic strips that are named after real people. ... This is a list of chemical elements named after people. ... This is a list of companies named after people. ... An eponymous disease is one that has been named after the person who first described the condition. ... This is a list of human anatomical parts named after people. ... This list contains names of ideological systems, movements and trends named after persons. ... This is a list of inventions followed by name of the inventor (or whom it is named after). ... This is a list of theorems, by Wikipedia page. ... This is a list of observations named after people (eponymous observations). ... There are a number of places named after famous people. ... This is a list of prizes that are named after people. ... This is a list of physical and mathematical constants named after people. ... This is a list of scientific laws named after people (eponymous laws). ... This is a list of scientific phenomena and concepts named after people (eponymous phenomena). ... This is a list of scientific units named after people. ... This is a list of eponyms in sports, i. ...

See also

Not to be confused with Entomology, the study of insects. ... This is a list of etymological lists. ... Antonomasia is a rhetoric device: the substitution of any epithet or phrase for a proper name; the opposite substitution of a proper name for some generic term is also sometimes called antonomasia. ... A genericized trademark, generic trade mark, generic descriptor, or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name which has become the colloquial description for a particular class of product or service. ... A false etymology is an assumed or postulated etymology which is incorrect from the perspective of modern scholarly work in historical linguistics. ... In rhetoric and cognitive linguistics, metonymy (in Greek meta = after/later and onoma = name) is the use of a single characteristic to identify a more complex entity. ... A proprietary eponym is an alternative term for a genericized trademark. ... This is the list of archetypal names, i. ... An eponymous disease is one that has been named after the person who first described the condition. ... Eponymous medical signs are medical signs that are named after a person or persons, usually the physicians who first described them, but occasionally named after a famous patient with the signs. ... Particular hairstyles occasionally become fashionable through their association with a prominent individual. ...

External links

  • A site dedicated to Medical Eponyms

  Results from FactBites:
 
EPONYM - Definition (89 words)
[n] the name of a person for whom something is supposedly named; "Constantine I is the eponym for Constantinople"
The hypothetical individual who is assumed as the person from whom any race, city, etc., took its name; as, Hellen is an eponym of the Hellenes.
A name, as of a people, country, and the like, derived from that of an individual.
www.whonamedit.com (318 words)
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only.
To find a particular eponym, you may either browse through the categories or perform a free text-search.
In addition, all eponyms relevant to a particular person are listed in his or her biography.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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