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Encyclopedia > Epirus (periphery)

Epirus (Greek: Ήπειρος, Ípiros), is a periphery in northwestern Greece. It borders the peripheries of West Macedonia and Thessaly to the east, Stereá Elláda (Central Greece) to the south, the Ionian Sea and the Ionian Islands to the west and Albania to the north. The province has an area of about 9,200 km² (3,551 square miles). It is part of the wider historical region of Epirus, which overlaps modern Albania and Greece but now mostly lies in Greek territory. Map of Greek periphery File links The following pages link to this file: Epirus Categories: GFDL images ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... West Macedonia is one of the thirteen peripheries of Greece, consisting of the western part of Greek Macedonia. ... Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ... Central Greece/Sterea Ellada: (Gr: Στερεα Ελλαδα) is one of the thirteen peripheries of Greece. ... The Ionian Sea. ... The Ionian Islands (Greek: Ionia Nisia, Ιόνια Νησιά; Ancient Greek: Ionioi Nisoi, Ιόνιοι Νήσοι) are a group of islands in Greece. ... This article is about the broad geographical and historical region of Epirus, spanning Greece and Albania. ...


Local government

Epirus is divided into four prefectures (nomoi), which are further subdivided into dēmoi (municipalities) or koinótētes (roughly equivalent to British or Australian shires). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (788x804, 21 KB) Prefectures of Epirus, Greece Adapted by ChrisO from mapping by User:Morwen File links The following pages link to this file: Epirus (periphery) ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... Nomos (plural: Nomoi) can refer to: the prefectures of Greece, the administrative division immediately below the peripheries of Greece the subdivisions of Ancient Egypt, see Nome (subnational division) law. ... In biology, a deme (rhymes with team) is another word for a local population of organisms of one species that actively interbreed with one another and share a distinct gene pool. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... For information on the fictional Shire of J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings, see Shire (Middle-earth) A shire is an administrative area of Great Britain. ...

The prefectures are:

  1. Thesprotia
  2. Ioannina
  3. Preveza
  4. Arta

Thesprotia (Greek: Θεσπρωτία) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. ... Ioannina (Greek: Ιωάννινα) is a prefecture of Greece, part of the north-western periphery of Epirus. ... Preveza (Albanian: Prevezë) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. ... Arta (Greek: Άρτα, Albanian: Artë)is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. ...


Around 350,000 people live in Epirus; the figure, which is rather low for a province of its size, has been significantly constrained by repeated wars in the 20th century as well as mass emigration due to adverse economic conditions. The capital and largest city of the region is Ioannina, where nearly a third of the population lives. The great majority of the population are ethnic Greeks, but the province also includes one of Greece's largest concentrations of Vlachs and Albanians. Greece does not officially recognize minorities other than the Turkish minority in Thrace, therefore it is difficult to estimate the size of the Vlach and Albanian minorities. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Emigration is the act and the phenomenon of leaving ones native country to settle abroad. ... Ioannina (Greek: Ιωάννινα, often Γιάννενα /janena/ or Γιάννινα /janina/); is a city in Epirus, north-western Greece, with a population of approximately 100,000. ... White = Romanians Green = Istro-Romanians Yellow = Aromanians Orange = Megleno-Romanians Vlachs (also called Wlachs, Wallachs, Olahs) is a blanket term covering several distinct modern Latin people descending from the Latinised population in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. ...

Geography and ecology

Detailed map of Epirus
Detailed map of Epirus

Greek Epirus, like the region as a whole, is rugged and mountainous. It is largely made up of mountainous ridges, part of the Dinaric Alps, that in places reach 2,650 m. In the east, the Pindus Mountains that form the spine of mainland Greece separate Epirus from Macedonia and Thessaly. Most of Epirus lies on the windward side of the Pindus. The winds from the Ionian Sea offer the region more rainfall than any other part of Greece. Image File history File links Epirus_greece. ... Image File history File links Epirus_greece. ... this is a really tough assignment and i cant find the dinaric alps ... The Pindus (Greek: Πίνδος, Albanian: Pino) mountains are a range located in central Greece, roughly 160 km (100 miles) long, with a maximum elevation of 2636 m (8650 ft), along the border of Thessaly and Epirus. ... Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ...

The climate of Epirus is mainly alpine. The vegetation is made up mainly of coniferous species. The animal life is especially rich in this area and includes, among other species, bears, wolves, foxes, deer and lynxes. Alpine may refer to: Alpine, a breed of goat. ... For other meanings, see Bear (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758 The Wolf or Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) is a mammal of the Canidae family and the ancestor of the domestic dog. ... A red fox The foxes comprise 23 species of omnivorous canids, found worldwide. ... Subfamilies Capreolinae Cervinae Hydropotinae Muntiacinae A deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Species Lynx lynx Lynx canadensis Lynx pardinus Lynx rufus A Lynx is any of several medium-sized wild cats. ...


Epirus has few resources or industries and its rugged terrain makes agriculture difficult. Tobacco is grown around Ioannina, and there is also some dairy farming and fishing, but most of the area's food must be imported from more fertile regions of Greece. Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family, which is indigenous to North and South America, or to their dried and cured leaves. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ...

External links

  • Hit.gr - Multilingual portal for the Region of Epirus
Map of peripheries of Greece Peripheries of Greece Flag of Greece
Attica | Central Greece | Central Macedonia | Crete | East Macedonia and Thrace | Epirus | Ionian Islands | North Aegean | Peloponnese | South Aegean | Thessaly | West Greece | West Macedonia



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