Neurolemma (spelled also neurolema, neurilemma and neurilema, and used interchangeably with epineurium) is the insulating myelin layer that surrounds an individual peripheralnerve fiber. The myelin is contributed by Schwann cells and the layer is sometimes referred to as the sheath of Schwann. The neurolemma is instrumental in regenerating axons that have been injured. In neuroscience, myelin is an electrically insulating fatty layer that surrounds the axons of many neurons, especially those in the peripheral nervous system. ... The peripheral nervous system or PNS, is part of the nervous system, and consists of the nerves and neurons that reside or extend outside the central nervous system--to serve the limbs and organs, for example. ... An axon, or nerve fiber, is a long slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, which conducts electrical impulses away from the neurons cell body or soma. ... Schwann cells are a variety of neuroglia that wrap around axons in the peripheral nervous system, forming the myelin sheath. ...
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