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Encyclopedia > Environmental enrichment
An Asian elephant in a zoo manipulating a suspended ball provided as environmental enrichment.
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An Asian elephant in a zoo manipulating a suspended ball provided as environmental enrichment.

Environmental enrichment, also called behavioral enrichment, refers to the practice in animal husbandry of providing animals under managed care with environmental stimuli. The goal of environmental enrichment is to improve an animal's quality of life by increasing physical activity, stimulating natural behaviors, and preventing or reducing stereotypical behaviors. In principle, enrichment can be beneficial to any relatively intelligent animal, including mammals, birds, and even octopuses.[1] Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known as by the name of its nominate subspecies the Indian Elephant, is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... Animals kept in small, unadorned enclosures are likely to develop stereotypical behaviors. ... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Anagaloidea (extinct) Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Dinocerata (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Orders Many - see section below. ... Families 14 in two suborders, see text. ...


Environmental enrichment may be offered to animals in the following situations:

Any novel stimulus which evokes an animal's interest can be considered enriching, including natural and artificial objects, scents, novel foods, and different methods of preparing foods (for example, frozen in ice). Puzzles that require an animal to solve a simple problems in order to access food or other rewards are considered enrichment. An animal's environment may also be enriched by the presence of other animals of the same or different species. A stimulus can be considered enriching even if the animal's reaction to it is negative, such as with unpleasant scents, although stimuli that evoke extreme stress or fear should be avoided, as well as stimuli that can be harmful to the animal. Animals in which are situated in the esscence of humans are in captivity. ... An animal sanctuary is a place where animals can come to live and be protected for the rest of their lives. ... Filmed by PETA, Covance primate-testing lab, Vienna, Virginia, 2004-5. ...


Enclosures in modern zoos are often designed with enrichment in mind. For example, the Denver Zoo's exhibit Predator Ridge allows different African carnivore species to rotate among several enclosures, providing the animals with a larger environment and exposing them to each others' scents. The Predator Ridge exhibit displays a panoramic view representing the African savanna. ... Families Ailuridae Amphicyonidae† Canidae Felidae Herpestidae Hyaenidae Mephitidae Miacidae† Mustelidae Nandiniidae Nimravidae† Odobenidae Otariidae Phocidae Procyonidae Ursidae Viverravidae† Viverridae The diverse order Carnivora pronounced: (from Latin caro flesh, + vorare to devour) includes over 260 placental mammals. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Octopus enrichment program. Smithsonian National Zoological Park. Retrieved on 2006-06-11.
  2. ^ Ron Hines, D.V.M. (2006-04-24). Synopsis of the Environmental Enrichment Program of 2nd Chance Sanctuary. Retrieved on 2006-06-11.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ...

External link

  • Laboratory Animal Refinement Database

 
 

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