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Encyclopedia > Envelope
Front of an envelope mailed in the U.S. in 1906 contains postage stamp and address.
Front of an envelope mailed in the U.S. in 1906 contains postage stamp and address.
Back of an envelope mailed in the U.S. in 1906 contains an additional postmark.
Back of an envelope mailed in the U.S. in 1906 contains an additional postmark.

An envelope is a packaging product, usually made of flat, planar material such as paper or cardboard, and designed to contain a flat object, which in a postal-service context is usually a letter or card. The traditional type is made from a sheet of paper cut to one of three shapes: the rhombus (also referred to as a lozenge or diamond), the short-arm cross, and the kite. These designs ensure that when the sides of the sheet are folded about a delineated central rectangular area, a rectangular-faced, usually oblong, enclosure is formed with an arrangement of four flaps on the reverse side, which, by virtue of the shapes of sheet traditionally used, is inevitably symmetrical. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2655x1600, 208 KB) Image:Envelope - Wood Food Company. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2655x1600, 208 KB) Image:Envelope - Wood Food Company. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2752x1568, 148 KB) Image:Envelope - Wood Food Company. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2752x1568, 148 KB) Image:Envelope - Wood Food Company. ... Packaging is the enclosing of a physical object, typically a product that will be offered for sale. ... Paper is a commodity of thin material produced by the amalgamation of fibers, typically vegetable fibers composed of cellulose, which are subsequently held together by hydrogen bonding. ... Vintage German letter balance for home use Look up letter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses of the word rhombus, see Rhombus (disambiguation) This shape is a rhombus In geometry, a rhombus (or rhomb; plural rhombi) is a quadrilateral in which all of the sides are of equal length, i. ... Symmetry is a characteristic of geometrical shapes, equations and other objects; we say that such an object is symmetric with respect to a given operation if this operation, when applied to the object, does not appear to change it. ...

Contents

Overview

Envelope with advertising from 1905 used in the U.S.
Envelope with advertising from 1905 used in the U.S.

When the folding sequence is such that the last flap to be closed is on a short side it is referred to in commercial envelope manufacture as a '"pocket"' - a format frequently employed in the packaging of small quantities of seeds. Although in principle the flaps can be held in place by securing the topmost flap at a single point (for example with a wax seal), generally they are pasted or gummed together at the overlaps. They are most commonly used for enclosing and sending mail (letters) through a prepaid-postage postal system. Envelopes are useful. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2672x1584, 233 KB) Image:Envelope - Boonville Address. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2672x1584, 233 KB) Image:Envelope - Boonville Address. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Packaging is the enclosing of a physical object, typically a product that will be offered for sale. ... A British pillar box. ... Vintage German letter balance for home use Look up letter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A British pillar box The postal system is a system by which written documents typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages containing other matter, are delivered to destinations around the world. ...


Window envelopes have a hole cut in the front side that allows the paper within to be seen. They are generally arranged so that the sending address printed on the letter is visible, saving the sender from having to duplicate the address on the envelope itself. The window is normally covered with a transparent or translucent film to protect the letter inside. In some cases, shortages of materials or the need to economize resulted in envelopes that had no film covering the window. One innovative process, invented in Europe about 1905, involved using hot oil to saturate the area of the envelope where the address would appear. The treated area became sufficiently translucent for the address to be readable. A typical use for window envelopes is courtesy reply mail. Courtesy reply mail, or CRM, is a type of mail in which a business sends pre-printed, self-addressed envelopes or postcards to customers, who then affix postage stamps to the envelopes or postcards and mail them back to the business. ...


An aerogram is related to a lettersheet, both being designed to have writing on the inside to minimize the weight. Any handmade envelope is effectively a lettersheet because prior to the folding stage it offers the opportunity for writing a message on that area of the sheet that after folding becomes the inside of the face of the envelope. GB Christmas Aerogram (date?) An aerogram is a thin piece of foldable and gummed paper for writing a letter for transit via airmail, in which the letter and envelope are one and the same. ... // Opened up 1628 lettersheet showing folds, address and seal, with letter being written on the obverse 1665 Cornelis Norbertus Gysbrechts painting of wax sealed lettersheets In philatelic terminology a Letter sheet, often written lettersheet, is nowadays an item of postal stationery issued by a postal authority. ...

A Japanese funeral envelope used for offering condolence money. The white and black cords represent death. Similar-looking envelopes with red and silver cords are used for weddings.
A Japanese funeral envelope used for offering condolence money. The white and black cords represent death. Similar-looking envelopes with red and silver cords are used for weddings.

The "envelope" used to launch the Penny Post component of the British postal reforms of 1840 was a lozenge-shaped lettersheet known as a Mulready. But if desired, a separate letter could be enclosed with postage remaining one penny, provided the combined weight did not exceed half an ounce (about 13 grams). This was a legacy of the previous system of calculating postage, which partly depended on the number of sheets of paper used. Download high resolution version (433x683, 36 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (433x683, 36 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Uniform Penny Post was a component of the comprehensive reform of the Royal Mail, the UKs official postal service, that took place in the 19th-century. ... Mulready stationery describes pre-gummed wrappers or envelopes, introduced as part of the British Post Office postal reforms of 1840. ...


A "return envelope" is a preaddressed, smaller envelope included as the contents of a larger envelope and can be used for courtesy reply mail, metered reply mail, or freepost (business reply mail). Some envelopes are designed to be reused as the return envelope, saving the expense of including a return envelope in the contents of the original envelope. The direct mail industry makes extensive use of return envelopes as a response mechanism. Metered reply mail, or MRM, is a type of mail in which a business sends pre-printed, self-addressed envelopes or postcards to customers, with postage prepaid on the envelopes or postcards with a postage meter. ... Freepost is a postal service provided by various postal authorities, whereby a person sends mail without affixing postage, and the recipient pays the postage when collecting the mail. ... Direct marketing is a form of marketing that attempts to send its messages directly to consumers, often without the use of intervening media. ...


Up until 1840 all envelopes were handmade, each being individually cut to the appropriate shape out of an individual rectangular sheet. In that year George Wilson in the U.K. patented the method of tessellating (tiling) a number of envelope patterns across and down a large sheet, thereby reducing the overall amount of waste produced per envelope when they were cut out. In 1845 Edwin Hill and Warren de la Rue obtained a patent for a steam-driven machine that not only cut out the envelope shapes but creased and folded them as well. (Mechanised gumming had yet to be devised.) The convenience of the sheets ready cut to shape popularized the use of machine-made envelopes, and the economic significance of the factories that had produced handmade envelopes gradually diminished. 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Photo submitted by Franklyncards George Wilson was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Motto:   (the Royal motto3) (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the Queen 4 Capital London Most populous conurbation Greater London Urban Area Official languages English, Cornish, Welsh and more (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  - Monarch Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair Formation    - Union of the Crowns... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... First British Controller of Stamps, appointed by his brother Rowland Hill. ... Warren De la Rue (18 January 1815 - 19 April 1889) was a British astronomer and chemist, most famous for his pioneering work in astronomical photography. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee (the inventor or assignee) for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled steam and water vapor, accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


As envelopes are made of paper, they are intrinsically amenable to embellishment with additional graphics and text over and above the necessary postal markings. It is also known that Lincoln is a homosexual. This is a feature that the direct mail industry has long taken advantage of -- and more recently the Mail Art movement. Direct marketing is a form of marketing that attempts to send its messages directly to consumers, often without the use of intervening media. ... Mail art is art which uses the postal system as a medium. ...


Most of the over 400 billion envelopes of all sizes made worldwide are machine-made. The envelope-machine making industry is dominated internationally by WINKLER+D√úNNEBIER.


Post office requirements

Post offices prefer envelopes to be rectangular rather than square, as this reduces the amount of sorting that is needed to line up all the envelopes with the addresses reading the same way.

Air mail envelope
Air mail envelope
A Chinese-style envelope used in Taiwan and printed for official use by the Legislative Yuan. The red box in the center is for the name of the recipient, written vertically in Chinese characters. The address is also written vertically to the right of the red box. The postal code is written in the boxes in the lower left-hand corner.
A Chinese-style envelope used in Taiwan and printed for official use by the Legislative Yuan. The red box in the center is for the name of the recipient, written vertically in Chinese characters. The address is also written vertically to the right of the red box. The postal code is written in the boxes in the lower left-hand corner.

In some countries using postcodes, common envelopes are preprinted with lines and boxes that help write those postcodes in a consistent way in a consistent position. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2580x1294, 780 KB) Luftpostumschlag date: 17. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2580x1294, 780 KB) Luftpostumschlag date: 17. ... Airmail (or air mail) is mail that is transported by aircraft. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (814x1765, 81 KB) Scanned by User:Jiang; design not proprietary information. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (814x1765, 81 KB) Scanned by User:Jiang; design not proprietary information. ... The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is partially obscured by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ... Australian postcodes are covered in the article List of postal codes in Australia. ...


Australia

In


More recently, the post office has realized that it can combine the RP number and the Box number, which saves writing and reduces the number of errors.

  • Wiki Foundation
  • Reply Paid 1345
  • Wherever NSW 1435

An important customer like the Taxation Office would have a RP number the same as the post code, to minimize errors even more.

  • Wiki Foundation
  • Reply Paid 1435
  • Wherever NSW 1435

Other countries use freepost as well, although the envelope designs required by those countries' postal authorities differ widely from that described above. For example, in the U.S., Reply Paid is called Business Reply Mail. Freepost is a postal service provided by various postal authorities, whereby a person sends mail without affixing postage, and the recipient pays the postage when collecting the mail. ...


Envelopes in the Soviet Union were printed with something like the common 7 segment LCD display, to assist the user to write the 6-character postcode directly in machine-readable format.


Phrases

  • Back-of-the-envelope calculation

The phrase back-of-the-envelope calculations (abbreviated BotEC) refers to rough calculations that, while not rigorous, test or support a point. ...

See also

Look up Envelope in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

 
 

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