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Encyclopedia > Entablature

An entablature is a classical architectural element, the superstructure which lies horizontally above the columns, resting on their capitals. It is commonly divided into architrave, the part immediately above the column; frieze, the central space; and cornice, the upper projecting moldings. It is found in classical architecture such as a Greek temple. This article describes the ancient classical period: for the classical period in music (second half of the 18th century): see Classical music era. ... Architecture (in Greek αρχή = first and τέχνη = craftsmanship) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... For other meanings of the term, see column (disambiguation). ... A capital of the Composite order In Western architecture, the capital (from the Latin caput, head) forms the crowning member of the column, which projects on each side as it rises, in order to support the abacus and unite the square form of the latter with the circular shaft. ... The architrave is the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns. ... Frieze of the Tower of the Winds. ... A cornice is an overhanging edge of snow on a ridge or the crest of a mountain which are built up by drifting snow. ... The Greeks began to build monumental temples in the first half of the eighth century BC. The temples of Hera at Samos and of Poseidon at Isthmia were among the first erected. ...

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entablature: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (852 words)
An entablature (ĕntăb´lechoor; Latin, and tabula, a tablet) is a major element of classical architecture, the superstructure of moldings and bands which lies horizontally above the columns, resting on their capitals.
Entablature is commonly divided into the architrave—the supporting member carried from column to column, pier or wall immediately above; the frieze—an unmolded strip that may or may not be ornamented; and the cornice, the projecting member below the pediment.
The entablature is essentially an evolution of the primitive lintel, which spans two posts, supporting the ends of the roof rafters.
entablature - HighBeam Encyclopedia (279 words)
The height of the entablature in relation to the column supporting it varies with the three orders, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian, but in Roman and Renaissance interpretations it is generally about one fourth the column height.
The entablature's component members are the architrave, which rests directly upon the abacus, or top member of the column cap; the frieze ; and the cornice, or topmost member.
Essentially the entablature is a development from the primitive lintel, which spans two posts and supports the ends of the roof rafters.
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