FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Enlightened absolutism

Enlightened absolutism (also known as benevolent or enlightened despotism) is a form of despotism in which rulers were influenced by the Enlightenment. Enlightened monarchs embraced the principles of the Enlightenment, especially its emphasis upon rationality, and applied them to their territories. They tended to allow religious toleration, freedom of speech and the press, and the right to hold private property. Most fostered the arts, sciences, and education. This does not cite its references or sources. ... The Enlightenment (French: ; German: ; Italian: ; Portuguese: ) was an eighteenth century movement in European and American philosophy — some classifications also include 17th century philosophy (usually called the Age of Reason). ... Rationality as a term is related to the idea of reason, a word which following Websters may be derived as much from older terms referring to thinking itself as from giving an account or an explanation. ...


Enlightened absolutists' beliefs about royal power were often similar to those of absolute monarchs, in that many believed that they had the right to govern by birth and generally refused to grant constitutions, seeing even the most pro-monarchy ones as being an inherent check on their power. The difference between an absolutist and an enlightened absolutist is based on a broad analysis of how far they embraced Enlightenment. In particular, the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II can be said to have fully embraced the enlightened concept of the social contract[citation needed]. In contrast, Empress Catherine II of Russia entirely rejected the concept of the social contract while taking up many ideas of the Enlightenment, for example by being a great patron of the arts in Imperial Russia and incorporating many ideas of enlightened philosophers, especially Montesquieu, in her Nakaz, to a committee meant to revise Russian law. The term absolutism can mean: A belief in absolute truth moral absolutism, the belief that there is some absolute standard of right and wrong political absolutism, a political system where one person holds absolute power, also called apolytarchy from Gr. ... Joseph II (full name: Joseph Benedikt August Johannes Anton Michel Adam; March 13, 1741 – February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. ... John Lockes writings on the Social Contract were particularly influential among the American Founding Fathers. ... Catherine the Great redirects here. ... Mikeshins Monument to Catherine the Great in front of the Alexandrine Theatre in St. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Montesquieu redirects here. ... The title page of the Nakaz. ...


In effect, the monarchs ruled with the intent of improving the lives of their subjects in order to strengthen or reinforce their authority. For example, the abolition of serfdom in some regions of Europe was achieved by enlightened rulers[citation needed]. In the spirit of enlightened absolutism, Emperor Joseph II said, "Everything for the people, nothing by the people." Serf redirects here. ...


Other enlightened absolutists, such as King Frederick the Great maintained the ideals of the Enlightenment while also permitting the practice of serfdom. The governing political philosophy of "rationalism" under the enlightened ancient regime, permitted these hereditary monarchs to commit hypocritical, yet rationally justifiable actions. Unlike the absolutist King Louis XIV of France, Frederick viewed himself as the "First servant of the State," rather than the state itself[citation needed]. Frederick II (German: ; January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740–1786) from the Hohenzollern dynasty. ... Louis XIV redirects here. ...


In modern times, Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said of Oman has been characterized as an enlightened absolutist, as while he maintains an absolute monarchy he also seeks to improve his country and rule with a light hand[citation needed]. This is a list of Sultans of Oman. ... Sayyed Qaboos ibn Sa`id Al Bu Sa`id (born November 18, 1940) is the current Sultan of Oman. ...


Enlightened Absolutists


  Results from FactBites:
 
Enlightened absolutism - Biocrawler (300 words)
Enlightened absolutism (also known as enlightened despotism) is the absolutist rule of an enlightened monarch.
This is a reference to the so-called Enlightenment, a historical period of the 18th and early 19th centuries.
The modern successor to "enlightened absolutism" is the so-called "benevolent dictator".
Absolutism - Search Results - MSN Encarta (208 words)
Absolutism political system in which total power is vested in a single individual or a group of rulers.
Absolutism can mean: Absolute truth, the contention that in a particular domain of thought, all statements in that domain are either absolutely true or absolutely false...
Enlightened absolutism (also known as benevolent or enlightened despotism) is a form of despotism in which rulers were influenced by the Enlightenment, a historical period.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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