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Encyclopedia > Enigma Records

Enigma Records was a popular rock and alternative record label in the 1980s. It was initially a division of Greenworld Distribution, an independent music importer/distributor, from which it split off in 1985 to become its own company. A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in producing, manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and sometimes video recordings (especially music videos), on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... This article is about the year. ...


Enigma was founded and run by brothers William and Wesley Hein. Jim Martone joined the company in 1984 and ultimately became a partner with the Heins. Enigma focused on punk rock, alternative, and heavy metal though it also had techno, jazz and classical artists through subsidiary labels. The label was initially located in Torrance, California, then El Segundo and finally Culver City. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Enigma Records was initially distributed through independent record distributors, and beginning in 1986, arranged distibution through Capitol/EMI, a major record label. Capitol/EMI acquired Enigma from the Heins in 1989 and soon merged its operations into Capitol, moving some of the artists to the various EMI labels. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // History The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at... The EMI Group is a major record label, based in Kensington in London, in the United Kingdom. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Enigma Records had at one time or another the following bands on its roster: Poison (through a joint venture with Capitol), Stryper, Berlin, Mötley Crüe, Red Hot Chili Peppers (through a joint venture with EMI America), Ratt, Great White, the Untouchables, TSOL, 45 Grave, Slayer (through a joint venture with Metal Blade Records), Agent Orange, the Dead Milkmen, Channel 3, Ike Willis, and many other rock and alternative acts. Enigma also released film soundtracks including The Terminator and River's Edge. Enigma also released some Mute Records titles in the United States. Poison is an American glam metal band which achieved popular success in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... The current line-up of Stryper. ... Berlin was a new wave band featuring lead singer Terri Nunn. ... Mötley Crüe (pronounced as mott-ley crew) is an American heavy metal/Glam Metal band whose members include Nikki Sixx, Tommy Lee, Mick Mars, and Vince Neil. ... The Red Hot Chili Peppers are a Californian Los Angeles-based band birthed from the Funk-Rock movement of the 1980s and early 1990s. ... The EMI Group is a major record label, based in the United Kingdom and with operations in over 25 other countries. ... Jizzy Pearl with Ratt (2005) Ratt is a U.S. Los Angeles hard rock band that enjoyed significant commercial success in the 1980s. ... For information about the shark, see Great White Shark. ... The Untouchables were one of the first West Coast ska bands. ... TSOL is a punk band from California. ... During 1979-1990 in Los Angeles, 45 Grave was born in the chaos of the punk movement and churned out their own brand of death rock. ... Slayer is an American thrash metal band, founded in Huntington Park (not Huntington Beach as has often been reported), California in 1981 by Tom Araya (bass guitar, vocals), Kerry King, Jeff Hanneman (guitars) and Dave Lombardo (drums). ... Metal Blade Records is an independent record label which was founded in 1981 by Brian Slagel. ... Agent Orange is a punk band from Fullerton, California. ... The Dead Milkmen was a satirical punk rock/pop band that formed in 1983 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Ike Willis is a singer/guitarist who was a regular sideman for Frank Zappa, first joining Zappas band for the fall 1978 tour and remaining in the band for several years. ... The Terminator is a 1984 science fiction-action film which became the break-through role for former body-builder Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... Rivers Edge is a 1986 crime/drama movie starring Crispin Glover, Keanu Reeves, Ione Skye, Daniel Roebuck, and Dennis Hopper. ... Mute Records is a record label formed in 1978 by Daniel Miller primarily to release his own single, T.V.O.D./Warm Leatherette, under the moniker The Normal. ...


At the time of the Capitol distribution agreement in 1986, Enigma formed a subsidiary label, Restless Records, to remain with the indepenent distributors to nurture acts not ready for major label distribution. A subdivision, Restless Retro, inherited Enigma's arrangement with Mute Records. Restless Records is a subsidiary of Rykodisc. ...


Enigma's Canadian division was closed in the early 1990s. Several staff members went on to form FRE Records. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... FRE Records was a Canadian independent record label in the 1990s. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Enigma Biography (1586 words)
Record company--Virgin Records, 338 North Foothill Rd., Beverly Hills, CA 90210; or 1790 Broadway, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10019.
In Keyboard Cretu summed up perhaps a major reason for Enigma's success: "Enigma is a vehicle for doing things outside the rules that you normally have to follow when you make a dance record." He went on to say, "Basically, I will keep on doing Enigma records until I run out of new ideas.
With their 1991 hit, "Sadeness," Enigma brought the new age fascination with Gregorian chants and old world culture to the clubs; the resulting single was both unique and irresistable.
Enigma Records - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (272 words)
Enigma Records was a popular rock and alternative record label in the 1980s.
Enigma was founded and run by brothers William and Wesley Hein.
Enigma Records was initially distributed through independent record distributors, and beginning in 1986, arranged distibution through Capitol/EMI, a major record label.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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