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Encyclopedia > English conjugation

In English, verbs are conjugated for tense, aspect, mood, and voice, and in some cases to agree with their subjects in person and number. Verbs have a very small number of synthetic (one-word) forms; most verb forms use one or more auxiliary verbs. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A verb is a part of speech that usually denotes action (bring, read), occurrence (decompose, glitter), or a state of being (exist, stand). Depending on the language, a verb may vary in form according to many factors, possibly including its tense, aspect, mood and voice. ... In linguistics, conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (regular alteration according to rules of grammar). ... Grammatical tense is a way languages express the time at which an event described by a sentence occurs. ... In linguistics, the grammatical aspect of a verb defines the temporal flow (or lack thereof) in the described event or state. ... In linguistics, many grammars have the concept of grammatical mood, which describes the relationship of a verb with reality and intent. ... In grammar, the voice of a verb describes the relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments (subject, object, etc. ... In languages, agreement is a form of cross-reference between different parts of a sentence or phrase. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Narrator. ... In linguistics, the term grammatical number refers to ways of expressing quantity by inflecting words. ... A synthetic language, in linguistic typology, is a language with a high morpheme-to-word ratio. ... In linguistics, an auxiliary or helping verb is a verb whose function it is to give further semantic or syntactic information about the main or full verb which follows it. ...


 
 

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