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Encyclopedia > English Council of State

The English Council of State was first appointed by the Rump Parliament on 14 February 1649 after the execution of King Charles I. It was abolished on 25 April 1660 by the Convention Parliament just before the Restoration The original Rump Parliament was the remnant of the Long Parliament, following Prides Purge (1648). ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... Charles I ( 19 November 1600– 30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625, until his death. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Events January 1 - colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration February 2 – George Monck and his regiment arrive in London February 23 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden. ... The term Convention Parliament has been applied to three different English Parliaments, of 1399, 1660 and 1689. ... The English Restoration or simply Restoration was an episode in the history of Great Britain beginning in 1660 when the monarchy was restored under King Charles II after the English Civil War. ...


Charles's execution on 30 January was delayed for several hours so that the House of Commons could pass an emergency bill to make it an offence to proclaim a new King and to declare the representatives of the people, the House of Commons, as the source of all just power. This in effect abolished the Monarchy and the House of Lords. January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


The Council of State was appointed by Parliament on 14 February and 15 February 1649, with further annual elections. The Council's duties were to act as the executive of the country's government in place of the King and the Privy Council. It was to direct domestic and foreign policy and to ensure the security of the English Commonwealth. Due to the disagreements between the New Model Army and the weakened Parliament it was dominated by the Army. February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article concerns the British Sovereigns Privy Council. ... The Commonwealth was the republican government which ruled first England and then the whole of Britain, Ireland, the colonies and other Crown possessions during the periods from 1649 (the monarch Charles I being beheaded on January 30 and An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth being passed by the... This article deals with the English Civil War army. ...


The Council held its first meeting on 17 February 1649 "with [Oliver] Cromwell in the chair". This meeting was quite rudimentary, "some 14 members" attending, barely more that the legal quorum of nine out of forty-one councillors elected by Parliament. The first elected president of the council, appointed on 12 March, was John Bradshaw who had been the Judge at the trial of Charles I. February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Unfinished portrait miniature of Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper, 1657. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... John Bradshaw (1602-59) was one of the judges to preside over the trial and subsequent death sentence of Charles I of England. ...


At the start of the Protectorate, ten days after the dissolution of the Rump Parliament on April 20, 1653, Cromwell told the Council that it no longer existed and together with the Council of Officers, instituted a new Council of State. With the failure of the Barebones Parliament, the Council was was re-modelled with the Instrument of Government to become something much closer to the old Privy Council. Constitutionaly between thirteen and twenty-one councillors were elected by Parliament to advise the Protector, who was also elected by Parliament. In reality the Protector Oliver Cromwell relied on the Army for support and choose his own councillors. Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell See The Protectorate. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... The Barebones Parliament came into being on July 4, 1653. ... The Instrument of Government was Englands first codified constitution. ...


In 1657 the law was changed to reflect reality, under Humble Petition and Advice Cromwell became Lord Protector and it authorised him to choose twenty-one Councillors himself. The Lord Protector was the head of state during the brief period of the republic or Commonwealth in Great Britain and Ireland. ...


After the removal by the Army of Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector in 1659 and the reinstatement of the Rump Parliament, the role of the Council of State along with other interregnum institutions becomes confused as the instruments of state started to implode. The Council of State was formally abolished on 25 April 1660 by the Convention Parliament just before the Restoration. For the American actor of the 1930s and 1940s, please see Richard Cromwell (actor) Richard Cromwell (October 4, 1626- July 12, 1712) was the third son of Oliver Cromwell, and was Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, for little over eight months, from September 3, 1658 until May 25... The Lord Protector was the head of state during the brief period of the republic or Commonwealth in Great Britain and Ireland. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Events January 1 - colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration February 2 – George Monck and his regiment arrive in London February 23 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
English Council of State - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (623 words)
The Council of State was appointed by Parliament on 14 February and 15 February 1649, with further annual elections.
The Council's duties were to act as the Executive of the country's government in place of the King and the Privy Council.
The first elected president of the council, appointed on 12 March, was John Bradshaw who had been the President of the Court at the trial of Charles I and the first to sign the King's death warrant.
Council of State - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (540 words)
The French for Council of State is "Conseil d'√Čtat".
The Council of State must be consulted by the Dutch cabinet on proposed legislation before a law is submitted to the parliament and also serves as a channel of appeal for citizens against decisions of the executive branch.
Finnish Council of State - this is the Finnish cabinet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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