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Encyclopedia > Engineering design process

The engineering design process is a process used by engineers to help develop products. The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology defines the engineering design as Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Illustration of a physical process: a geyser in action. Process (lat. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

… the process of devising a system, component or process to meet desired needs. It is a decision-making process (often iterative), in which the basic sciences, mathematics, and engineering sciences are applied to convert resources optimally to meet a stated objective. Among the fundamental elements of the design process are the establishment of objectives and criteria, synthesis, analysis, construction, testing, and evaluation. For other meanings of mathematics or uses of math and maths, see Mathematics (disambiguation) and Math (disambiguation). ...


Point Engineering Limited




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COMPANY OVERVIEW Point Engineering Limited (POINT) is an independent and wholly (100%) Nigerian engineering Consultancy Company dedicated to providing responsive high quality and cost-effective services to clients, who are mainly in the oil and gas production, gas processing and oil refining industries.

POINT was formed in 1995, started business in 1997 and active operations in January 2000 with a dedicated team of mechanical, process, civil/structural, instrumentation and electrical engineers. Since then, the company has evolved into a full multi-disciplinary consultancy group working on contracts.

Our philosophy is to provide innovative, cost effective solutions, on time, within budget and develop a relationship with our clients for mutual respect, whereby our professional approach places us first on the list when considering new tasks or technologies.

We undertake a wide range of Engineering and Project management tasks for oil exploration and production facilities, gas production and processing facilities, separation, liquefaction and oil refining.

Projects executed include study, analysis, engineering (front-end and detailed), procurement assistance and project management services. We have worked and can still work under a number of contractual arrangements including Reimbursable, Target Price, Lump Sum, Service and Frame Contracts depending on the nature of the project assignment and clients’ preference. Our approach is always flexible and whilst we prefer to be contracted directly with the main client, in order to achieve the clients’ goal, we do engage in sub-contract and/or consortium arrangements in order to draw synergy together in meeting clients’ requirements. VISION & MISSION To be a reference POINT in turning Engineering Concepts into Reality in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Sector.

To prove a POINT for indigenous participation in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Sector by providing complete; quality assured engineering services capable of satisfying the most stringent requirements of our clients wherever it is required using the best available technical skills.

AFFILIATES In order to pull synergy for effective execution of projects in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry, POINT has entered into strategic technical alliances with the following companies: 1) Global Project Consultants Inc., of 14800 St. Mary’s Lane, Suite 250, Houston, Texas 77079, USA 2) W.S. Atkins (Inc.), of 12121 Wickchester Lane, Suite 550, Houston, Texas 77079, USA 3) Cameron, of 4646 W. Sam Houston Parkway N, Houston, Texas 77041, USA

CASHES POLICY Management of Point Engineering Limited is totally committed to the following Community Affairs, Safety, Health, Environment and Security (CASHES) Policy: • to take all reasonable measures to make personnel, information and facilities secure; minimize the effect of any operation to the host community, minimize injuries at the workplace and minimize environmental damage. • to be sensitive to the needs and concerns of all host communities. • to establish and maintain standards for community affairs, safety, health, the environment and security within the Company which adhere to all relevant aspects of applicable laws and meet the high standards applicable to the industry. • to ensure that all Company personnel are given the necessary information, instruction and training to enable them to work in a secure and safe manner so that they understand and can fulfill their responsibilities with regard to Community Affairs, Safety, Health, Environmental and Security requirements. • to ensure that safety is an integral part of all the work performed by the Company. QUALITY POLICY

Management of Point Engineering Limited is totally committed to the following Quality Policy and Objectives:

• to achieve a quality service by meeting customers’ requirements. • to define and document the Quality System for all functions of the company to comply with the requirements of ISO 9001 latest edition. • to develop and use qualified personnel, trained with the necessary skills and experience to perform their duties. • to perform in accordance with the documented Quality System with the aim of developing all products and services correctly the first time. • to ensure that services and products provided by Point Engineering are in accordance with the contract, safety and legislative requirements. • to ensure that quality activities are specified to suppliers to maintain the overall level of quality of the project. • to continually evaluate the Quality System’s suitability and monitor its operation to improve its effectiveness. INFRASTRUCTURE IT and Communication: POINT offices are designed with state of art facility to cater for the engineering requirement of the client. The work stations are networked to a centralized location where servers, printers, plotters and other requirements are integrated for smooth operations.

Software: Licensed and certified software required for carrying out Design and Detail Engineering based on the client’s requirements. SCOPE OF SERVICES We have the capability to handle projects from the initial feasibility phase right through to design, implementation and commissioning. Also, we can provide assistance at a particular stage of the project cycle according to clients’ requirements. We undertake various kinds of projects which are categorized as follows:

Process / Front-End Engineering Detailed Engineering Design Project Management / Consultancy Services • Field Development Studies • Feasibility & Concept Selection Studies • Debottlenecking, Upgrade / Revamp Studies. • Pipeline Hydraulic Studies. • Flow Assurance & Riser Analysis. • Complete Basic Engineering / FEED Packages. • Mechanical / Piping Design • Corrosion Prevention & Cathodic Protection Design. • Electrical Design • Instrumentation Design. • Pipeline Design. • Civil / Structural Designs (Onshore & offshore including platform modeling using SACS) • As-built Drawings. • Discipline Support for EPC Projects. • Plant Technical Appraisal / Audit. • Software Development / Training. • Economic Studies. • Design Verification / Audit. • Design & Safety • Reviews (HAZOP,HAZID, FIREPRAN, etc.) • Operational Assistance / Support. • Multi-disciplined Project Management. • Technical Support

PROJECT EXPERIENCE Point Engineering Limited has a proven track record in providing quality and cost effective engineering and project management services to client’s specifications, on schedule and within budget. We have worked on various engineering projects for major oil and gas companies both onshore / offshore in Nigeria. The following are some major companies we have either worked directly or indirectly (as sub-contractor) for in Nigeria:

Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited

 Engineering Services Agreement 1 (ESA 1) – Duration: 3 Years (2004-2007) – Total Man Hours: 200,000. 30 Projects were executed with the objective of ensuring the integrity and reliability of production facilities within MPN’s operating portfolio. The projects ranged from new facility design to facility upgrades / restoration.  Engineering Services Agreement 2 (ESA 2) – Duration: 5 Years (2007-2012) – Total Man Hours: Up to 3,000,000. Same objective as in ESA 1, with expanded workscope and additional challenges.

Addax Petroleum Development (Nigeria) Limited  Engineering Studies and Detailed Design on Adanga Production Complex  Detail Design for OML – 124 Wellhead Hook-Ups and New Flowlines Installations on their MOPU Marc Lorenceau and Adanga Drilling and Production Platform (ADPP)  In-place and spectral fatigue assessment of Adanga DPP & Oron Wellhead Platform (WHP) SHELL (SPDC / SNEPCo / SNG)

 Preparation of Operating and Maintenance Manuals for 4 swamp flowstations  Detailed Design of Electrical Utilities for Warri Data Center  Define Phase Engineering for Bonga SW/Aparo Gas Export Pipeline  Detailed Interface Design for Produced Water Re-injection at Obigbo North  Detailed Design of Electrical Utilities for Port Harcourt Data Center  Preparation of Integrated Operating Standards Nigerian Agip Oil Company Limited / SAIPEM

 Brass Canal / Fire Fighting Pump Station Revamp Project  OB-OB Gas Plant Upgrade for LNG Trains 4, 5 & 6 Gas Supply  FEED for Gas Lift and Gas Export Study

Elf Petroleum Nigeria Limited

 Engineering Services FEED Project  Basic Engineering Studies and Design for the Material Recovery Facilities at Obagi Field – OML 58

Chevron Nigeria Limited  Meren WIP Field Engineering Project Daewoo Nigeria Limited  Cawthorne Channel AGG Pipeline Project

Others: • Foster Wheeler • AMNI International Limited • Ozono Nigeria Limted • Oiltest Well Service Limited • ENERCO Nigeria Limited

APPROACH Engineering and project management services of this nature require a high level of skillful and experienced resources to ensure that all critical issues are fully addressed and the best "fit-for-purpose" and cost effective solutions are identified and implemented at all stages of projects. In addition to the degree of highly skilled and experienced resources, the level of staff based resources is also important in providing continuity and commitment to long terms projects or service agreements. POINT maintains a wide spread of staff based professionals specializing in various aspects of oil and gas engineering disciplines or activities.

Engineering Library: Comprises of: Professional Textbooks and Journals Engineering Standards and Codes - API, DEP’s, etc. Regulatory Guidelines - DPR, FEPA, etc. QA/QC Procedures & Training Manuals, etc. Sample Project Deliverables

E-mail: Info@pointengineering.com Website: www.pointengineering.com

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Narrowing the Research

The next step, step four, is to put limitations or constraints on the research. Up until now, the problem research and definition has been kept broad to allow for a large amount of possible solutions. Constraints are necessary because they eliminate any extreme solutions that would be inefficient, costly, and physically impossible to create. A constraint is a limitation of possibilities. ...

Analyzing set criteria

Step five is to analyze the criteria, or “characteristics of the solution that are established from experience, research, market studies, and customer preferences” (Eide) that are desired by the consumer. In this step, solutions are compared on a qualitative basis such as appearance, durability and cost. The importance of each characteristic must be agreed upon the team of engineers in order to find the top reasonable solutions to the problem. ...

Finding alternative solutions

In the next step, step six, the engineer will look at the alternative solutions to the problem. In this step, a list of the possible solutions is made and the pros and cons of each solution are discussed. Engineers will sometimes create a checklist of characteristics of the possible solutions and decided what could be changed to better the final result. “Brainstorming” is a great way to decide what is good about the solution and what could be changed to better the solution. Look up brainstorming in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Analyzing possible solutions

At step seven, the engineers analyze the possible solution. In order to find the best solution, one must analyze all possible alternative solutions to determine their potential. At this point the engineer will again condense the possible solutions. Using mathematical and key engineering principles, the engineer analyzes the potential performance of the solution to determine if the solution is physically possible. During this analyzing process engineers review the laws of nature and determine whether the product is economically practical by using plain common sense (Eide). The Laws of Nature are claimed in the United States Declaration of Independence to be the work of the Creator of unalienable rights identified as Natures God. ... For other uses, see Common sense (disambiguation). ...

Making a decision

For step eight, it is time to make a decision. Some decisions are easily made through analyzing and constraining from the previous steps, but at other times the decision on which solution to choice can be close to impossible. What makes decision making so tough is the trade offs of choosing one solution over the other. Often engineers can come up with impeccable solutions, detailing the strengths and weaknesses of all solutions, but in the end cannot make the decision of which is better on their own. One tool that can be helpful in the decision making process is to be organized. Having as much information possible about all the alternative solutions will make it easier to evaluate the product efficiently. Another crucial tool is to have the objective for the problem and important criteria clear in mind. Frequently when working on a problem, an engineer may get side tracked, so it’s important to remember the purpose of the solution. Look up decision in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A trade-off usually refers to losing one quality or aspect of something in return for gaining another quality or aspect. ... Strength can mean: Physical strength of organisms means (especially the muscles of most metazoa) of locomotion and movement Strength of materials in physics, engineering and materials science Strength is a rap compilation presented by Asiatic Warriors The word strengths is one of the longest English words with one syllable. ... Weakness can mean: The opposite of strength Weakness (medical) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Presenting the product

Step nine in the design process is clearly to specify the product to others. Here it is important clearly to define exactly what the solution is. Details about the product can be given visually through sketches. It’s important to have accurate sketches in order to describe your ideas to technicians and drafters. Successful engineers will have to communicate accurately through “written, spoken and graphical languages in order to develop and interpret specifications” (Eide). A sketch is a drawing or other composition that is not intended as a finished work. ... For a definition of the Technician profession, see wiktionary:Technician. ...

Communicating and selling the product

Communication and selling the product is step ten. In the end, the engineer is going to have to sell the design of his or her product. Here the engineer has to sell and explain the product in a persuading manner. Selling the product takes place all along the design process. Another way of communication is the written report, which may be read by both management and clients. These written reports can vary in formality, but usually contain an appropriate cover page, abstract, table of contents, body, conclusion and recommendation, and an appendix. Another common way of communicating the new product is through an oral presentation which presents the information convincently to the listener. The key to a good oral presentation is to be prepared, have good posture, good eye contact and project your voice load and clearly. It’s important that the oral presentation gives enough information to get the idea across to the desired audience but not too much information to become overwhelming, and confusing. Communication is a process that allows organisms to exchange information by several methods. ... Look up abstract, abstraction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A table of contents, usually headed simply Contents, is a list of the parts of a book or document organized in the order in which the parts appear. ... A conclusion is a final proposition, which is arrived at after the consideration of evidence, arguments or premises. ... In European Union Law a recommendation Differs from regulations, directives and decisions, in that they are not binding for Member States. ... Look up appendix in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

“Design is the essence of engineer.” (Eide) The purpose of engineering design revolves around our natural instincts as human beings to always strive for more, and that is why engineering is one of the fastest growing careers. Society will always strive for more than what is available, pushing engineers, designers, and inventors to continuously produce more innovative ideas. Through the engineering design process, engineers are given the tools and guidelines needed to successfully create these innovative ideas.

See also

Look up analysis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the song by 311, see Grassroots Applied science is the exact science of applying knowledge from one or more natural scientific fields to practical problems. ... Modern blueprint of the French galleon La Belle. ... All Saints Chapel in the Cathedral Basilica of St. ... Design engineer is a general term that covers multiple engineering disciplines: Electrical, mechanical and civil engineering are the basic three. ... Engineering is the applied science of acquiring and applying knowledge to design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ... Product Data Management (PDM) is a category of computer software that aims to create an automatic link between product data and a database. ... Ideal Final Result (IFR) is an description of the best possible solution for the problem situation (or contradiction), regardless of the resources or constraints of the original problem. ... For the magazine, see Marketing (magazine). ... In business and engineering, new product development (NPD) is the term used to describe the complete process of bringing a new product or service to market. ... This article needs cleanup. ...



A.Eide, R.Jenison, L.Mashaw, L.Northup. Engineering: Fundamentals and Problem Solving. New York City: McGraw-Hill Companies Inc.,2002



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