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Encyclopedia > Engineer's degree

The term engineer's degree may be used to represent a graduate academic degree intermediate in rank between a master's degree and a doctorate (U.S.), or it may also represent a higher (in total, 6-year) degree equivalent to or slightly more extensive than a master's degree (Europe). Look up Graduate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Professional degree be merged into this article or section. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ...

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The Engineer's degree in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom the highest award for non-postgraduate studies is the Master of Engineering (MEng), which is a four year course or a 'sandwich' five year course (with a year out working in industry in year 3). The Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) is usually a three year course, or can also include a year in industry. Many universities offer the MEng, and may then allow a transfer onto the BEng (this is because the MEng is the quickest route to chartership). A Master of Engineering (M.Eng. ... Bachelor of Engineering (BAI (in latin), BEng, BE, or BESc) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded to a student after three or four years of studying engineering at an accredited university in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and other countries, such as Australia and India. ...


The Engineer's degree in the United States

In the United States, the bachelor's degree is the standard undergraduate degree awarded to engineering students and is generally the only degree required for licensure. There are, however, several degree options available to graduate students, with the master's degree being most common, followed by the doctorate, and the Degree of Engineer or Engineer's Degree a distant third. The master's degree is typically the first graduate degree earned and may be followed by either an engineer's or doctoral degree, although some universities allow direct entry into the higher programs. The availability of degrees and the specific requirements differ considerably between institutions and between specialties within an institution. Officially, both undergraduate programs and graduate programs at the master's-level may receive ABET-accreditation. In practice, although undergraduate accreditation is common, master's-level accreditation is rare unless an undergraduate program is not available. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... The Accredition Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) is a non-profit organization that serves the public by making accreditations of the universities and scientific institutions which live up to certain qualities defined by the organization. ...


In many other fields, the master's degree would naturally be followed by a traditional research doctorate (Ph.D.). But in this case, the engineer's degree provides an alternative that has been tailored for professionals rather than academicians. The distinction is similar to that between a Juris Doctorate (J.D.) and a Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). Some schools, Stanford and CalTech for example, require a thesis. But, the requirements are generally less than those of Ph.D. candidates and more comparable to those of most Master of Science students. Others, like Santa Clara University, do not have a specific research requirement. For this reason, many consider an engineer's degree to be on a level between a master's degree and a doctorate. Nonetheless, it is in fact a terminal degree, much like the Ed.S. degree in education. J.D. redirects here; for alternate uses, see J.D. (disambiguation) J.D. is an abbreviation for the Latin Juris Doctor, also called a Doctor of Law or Doctorate of Jurisprudence, and is the law degree typically awarded by an accredited U.S. law school after successfully completing three years... Legum Doctor (English: Doctor of Laws; abbreviated to LL.D.) In the UK, Australia and New Zealand, the LL.D. is a higher doctorate usually awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications, containing significant and original contributions to the science or study of law. ... Stanford may refer: Stanford University Places: Stanford, Kentucky Stanford, California, home of Stanford University Stanford Shopping Center Stanford, New York, town in Dutchess County. ... California Institute of Technology The California Institute of Technology (commonly known as Caltech) is a private, coeducational university located in Pasadena, California, in the United States. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... A view of Mission Santa Clara from the Kenna Lawn. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In the past, it was not uncommon for a would-be engineer to earn an engineer's degree as their first and only college degree. But since World War II this has fallen out of favor, and it becomes continually more difficult to find a school that offers this option. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


Note: A degree with some form of "engineer" in the title is not necessarily an engineer's degree in this sense. Particularly, a "Master of Engineering" (M.Eng.) or "Engineering Doctorate" (Eng.D) degree is not an Engineer's degree, nor is any other master's or doctoral degree. Rather, the engineer's degree is in a category of its own. A Master of Engineering (M.Eng. ... The Engineering Doctorate (EngD) is a UK scheme takes the traditional PhD a step further. ...


Common abbreviations of engineering disciplines (U.S. and Canada)

An abbreviation of the discipline is often used to represent an engineer's degree where one might typically use M.S. or Ph.D. Several are potentially ambiguous, especially P.E. Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United Kingdom, United States and Canada. ...

  • Agricultural Engineer - Ag.E. or A.E.
  • Biomedical Engineer - B.M.E.
  • Chemical Engineer - Ch.E. or Chem.E.
  • Petroleum Engineer - P.E.
  • Building Engineer - B.E.
  • Civil Engineer - C.E.
  • Clinical Engineer - C.E.
  • Computer Engineer - Cp.E.
  • Electrical Engineer - E.E.
  • Industrial Engineer - I.E.
  • Structural Engineer - S.E
  • Software Engineer - S.E. or S.W.E.
  • Engineer in Aeronautics and Astronautics - E.A.A.
  • Engineer in Computer Science - E.C.S.
  • Engineer in Mechanics - E.M.
  • Environmental Engineer - Env.E.
  • General Engineer - G.E.
  • Geological Engineer - G.E.
  • Materials Engineer - Mat.E.
  • Mechanical Engineer - Mech.E. or M.E.
  • Mechatronic Engineer - M.T.E.
  • Naval Engineer - Nav.E.
  • Nuclear Engineer - Nucl.E.
  • Ocean Engineer - Ocean.E.
  • Systems Engineer - Sys.E.

Engineer's degrees in Europe

In countries with significant German influence on higher education, universities specializing in technical studies award their students an engineer's degree instead of a master's degree. In addition to Germany itself, this includes states like Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Ukraine. The degree of Engineer may be the first one received (after five years of study), or more often, it may follow a bachelor's degree (usually three years for the bachelor's plus two years for the engineer's). A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


In local language, the degree is called inżynier (Polish), inžinier (Slovak) or inženýr (Czech), the abbreviation is Ir. (Ing. in the Czech Republic and Slovakia) and is written before the person's name (In Germany, Ing. is used for engineers without an academic degree, obtained after four years of study without scientific research, see below.) In German, the degree is Diplomingenieur and in Finnish, diplomi-insinööri, abbr. DI. The word diplom refers to the thesis written at the end of the studies. Diplomi-insinööri, in Swedish diplomingenjör, is a Finnish 6-year engineering degree comparable to a Master of Science in Engineering, taught at e. ...


There is also the degree Diplom-Ingenieur (FH) (abbr. Dipl.-Ing (FH)) in Germany, but this is a professional degree in engineering from a German Fachhochschule. It is intermediate in rank between a bachelor's degree and a master's degree and therefore not an engineer's degree in the meaning of this page. A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ...


In Belgium, the degree is Burgerlijk Ingenieur or Ingénieur Civil (abbrev. Ir.). In Portugal, the degree is Engenheiro (abbrev. Eng.), and in Spain it is called Ingeniero (Ing). In Greece, the degree is Διπλωματούχος Μηχανικός (diplomatouhos mihanikos) and the abbreviation is Διπλ.-Μηχ..


In the Netherlands, the degree is Ingenieur (abbrev. ir.). Also, ing is used in the Netherlands and in Belgium, but this is a non-academic, professional degree, roughly equivalent to the German Dipl.-Ing (FH).


In Sweden, the degree is Civilingenjör (both of which regardless of the actual specialty). This retains the 19th century idea that the "actual" engineers were the military ones. In France, the degree is Diplôme d'Ingénieur, while the title is Ingénieur diplômé (ID) but is never used before the holder's name. In Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine, the degree is специалист инженер (specialist inzener), a first degree after 5 years of study.


A German-style engineer's degree is considered equivalent to a MSc degree in U.S. or UK and in international context, the holders of the Engineer's degree are authorized to use MSc. However, there has been some debate over whether the Engineers should differentiate themselves from a Master of Science, this degree having become victim of inflation lately. It might also be argued that, because the European high school curriculum covers the topics of the typical U.S. freshman year, the five-year-long engineer's degree is actually the complete equivalent of the U.S. degree. United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ...


In France, the Diplôme d'Ingénieur (word for word: Engineer's Degree) can be obtained after five years of engineering studies after the Baccalauréat. Engineering is taught in Ecoles d'Ingénieurs, which are part of the French Grandes écoles famous system. Since the Bologna process, the Diplôme d'Ingénieur is officially considered to be at the level of a European master's degree, though many argue that it is a bit more than a mere master's degree since competitive exams allow only top students to enter the Grandes écoles system. It is often considered as something between MSc and MEng when compared to the U.S. system as it is a blend of strong theoretical knowledge and professional experience. Lycée Henri IV in Paris is one of Frances most famous lycées, with a rate of success to baccalauréat usually above 99%. The baccalauréat (IPA: ), often known in France familiarly as the bac, is an academic degree which French students sit for at the end... The grandes écoles (French: great schools) of France are higher education establishments outside the mainstream framework of the public universities. ... The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ... The grandes écoles (French: great schools) of France are higher education establishments outside the mainstream framework of the public universities. ... United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ...


The Spanish case is practically identical to the French but for the non-existence of Grandes Écoles. The grandes écoles (French: great schools) of France are higher education establishments outside the mainstream framework of the public universities. ...


Abolition of the Engineer's degree in Germany

In Germany, the local engineer's degree (Diplom-Ingenieur, a first degree after 5 years of study) will be abolished by 2010, and will be replaced by postgraduate master's degrees (MSc and MEng). This disputed development is part of the German implementation of the Bologna process. However, this decision is favourable for German Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen), since the old Diplom-Ingenieur (FH) will be replaced by the same degrees. Therefore, in contrast to the former situation, a degree from a University of Applied Sciences will be equal in rank to the equivalent degree from a traditional German university. The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by harmonising academic degree standards and quality assurance standards throughout Europe for each faculty and its development. ...


Engineering Qualifications in New Zealand

To be a Professional Engineer in New Zealand, one normally has to hold a university degree in engineering and meet other professional qualifications.


A New Zealand engineering degree is usually an undergraduate Bachelor of Engineering (BE) degree gained from an IPENZ-accredited university such as the University of Auckland or the University of Canterbury. Once graduated, the engineer has to meet particular standards of competence in their area of expertise in order to become registered as a Chartered Professional Engineer (CPEng). It is necessary to be a CPEng to fulfill the requirements of New Zealand governmental regulations for certain types of work. The Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand (IPENZ) is New Zealands engineering society, representing all those who use a systematic process of analysis, design/synthesis and implementation, strive to operate in a responsible way, are governed by a code of ethics set by their peers, and engage in continuing... The University of Auckland (Māori: Te Whare Wānanga o Tāmaki Makaurau) is New Zealands largest research-based university. ... This page is about the New Zealand University. ...


Under the Chartered Professional Engineers of New Zealand Act (2002), the Institution of Professional Engineers of New Zealand is the registration authority for assessing and registering engineers who meet the relevant standards of competence. Some engineers may also be a member or fellow of a professional institution in New Zealand. (Represented as MIPENZ, FIPENZ, etc..) The Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand (IPENZ) is New Zealands engineering society, representing all those who use a systematic process of analysis, design/synthesis and implementation, strive to operate in a responsible way, are governed by a code of ethics set by their peers, and engage in continuing...


Some common examples of an engineer's postnomial letters could be:

  • John Smith. BE(Civil), CPEng.
  • Jane Jones. NZCE, ME, CPEng, MIPENZ.

  Results from FactBites:
 
ASEE PRISM - Sep 1999 - Pro/Con - Should we mandate the master’s? (1621 words)
The master's degree as the first professional degree for engineers is an idea that has come and gone many times in the profession's history.
The for and against line is not drawn squarely between the "producers" and "consumers" of engineering graduates, and industry and academe often agree (to different extents) on both the practical difficulties and the ideological benefits.
I firmly believe that all engineering disciplines would need to be involved, and that there needs to be compromise on the part of the proponents and opponents—such as reducing the current required credits for a master's.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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