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Encyclopedia > Engineer
Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

An engineer is someone who is trained or professionally engaged in a branch of engineering.[1] Engineers use technology, mathematics, and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems. People who work as engineers typically have an academic degree (or equivalent work experience) in one of the engineering disciplines.[2] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Engineering is the design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). ... Personification of knowledge (Greek Επιστημη, Episteme) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey. ... Look up Problem in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Acoustical engineering Aquatic and environmental engineering Aerospace engineering Agricultural engineering Architectural engineering and Architecture Automotive systems engineering (or Automotive engineering) Biological engineering Biomedical engineering Biomaterials engineering Bioresource engineering Ceramic engineering Chemical engineering Civil engineering Coastal engineering Combat engineering: the use of engineering skills for military purposes Communication engineering Computer engineering...

Contents

Working as an engineer

"Every technological product has to be designed and its fabrication overseen, and this is what engineers DO."[3] Engineers and scientists are often confused in the minds of the general public. While scientists explore nature in order to discover general principles, engineers apply established principles drawn from mathematics and science in order to develop economical solutions to technical problems.[4][5] The work of engineers is the link between perceived social needs and commercial applications. Engineers consider many factors when developing a new product. For example, in developing an industrial robot, engineers precisely specify the functional requirements; design and test the robot’s components; integrate the components to produce the final design; and evaluate the design's overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety. This process applies to the development of many different products, such as chemicals, computers, engines, aircraft, and toys.[5] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In addition to design and development, many engineers work in testing, production, or maintenance. These engineers supervise production in factories, determine the causes of component failure, and test manufactured products to maintain quality. They also estimate the time and cost to complete projects. Some move into engineering management or into sales. In sales, an engineering background enables them to discuss technical aspects and assist in product planning, installation, and use. Supervisory engineers are responsible for major components or entire projects.[5]


Engineers use computers extensively to produce and analyze designs; to simulate and test how a machine, structure, or system operates; and to generate specifications for parts. Many engineers also use computers to monitor product quality and control process efficiency.[5]


"Engineer" as a title

In some countries of Continental Europe and Latin America the title is limited by law to people with an engineering degree, and the use of the title by others (even persons with much work experience) is illegal. In Italy the title is limited to people who, besides holding an engineering degree, have passed a professional abilitation exam. Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and, at times, peninsulas. ...


Laws exist in all U.S. states and in Canada which limit the use of several engineer titles, particularly the title of "Professional Engineer," and often also titles indicating a specific, regulated branch of engineering, such as "civil engineer" or "mechanical engineer." Most U.S. states do not restrict unlicensed persons from calling themselves an "engineer" or indicating branches or specialties not covered by the licensing acts, though the legal situation regarding the title of "engineer" in Canada is unsettled. (See Professional Engineer for more details). Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United States, and Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. ... A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering. ... Mechanical engineering is the application of physical principles to the creation of useful devices, objects and machines. ... Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United States, and Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. ...


The word "technologist" is sometimes used synonymously as it derives from the prefix techno- and the suffix -ologist, hence, someone who studies technology. This applies particularly to those European countries with laws regulating the use of the title "engineer," since the term "technologist" is not regulated. However in Canada, as well as some Latin countries, the term "technologist" is a somewhat lower certification at a level between technician and engineer. In many countries, Technologists are synonymous with applied scientists or engineers. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... A technician is generally someone in a technological field who has a relatively practical understanding of the general theoretical principles of that field, e. ...


Other meanings

In Britain, the term 'engineer' is often used to describe a technician or a person that mends and operates machinery. (This in contrast to mainland Europe, where engineering is seen as comparable to other professions such as medicine and architecture.) Professional engineers registered with the Engineering Council UK have the exclusive right to the titles Chartered Engineer and Incorporated Engineer. These titles are only awarded after a rigorous formation including higher education, training and experience. The Engineering Council is recognised by the UK Govemment as the national representative body of the engineering profession, working in partnership with other engineering institutions, and is a Designated Authority, under the implementing regulations for Directive 89148/EEC. This directive is implemented for engineering in the UK by Statutory Instrument... The term chartered engineer is a UK professional certification in engineering. ... Incorporated engineer is a professional qualification in engineering (not a degree) offered through professional associations that act as subsidiary instruments of the Engineering Council (UK). ...


In the United States, the term "engineer" is also used to denote an operator of an engine of some sort, e.g., a railroad engineer denotes the operator of a locomotive, a ship's engineer denotes the operator of the steam engine on a steamship, and a stationary engineer is normally responsible for a stationary steam engine. Occasionally "title inflation" results in non-engineers holding jobs with "engineer" in the job title. For example, the term "field engineer" is often used to describe manufacturers' (or third party) supplied installers and/or maintainers of (complex) equipment at a user's site. However, they are not commonly degreed engineers. An engine is something that produces an effect from a given input. ... A railroad engineer or train driver is a person who operates a railroad locomotive. ... Great Western Railway No. ... // The term steam engine may also refer to an entire railroad steam locomotive. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... The International Union of Operating Engineers is a labor union within the AFL-CIO representing primarily construction workers who work as heavy equipment operators, mechanics, and surveyors and stationary engineers, who maintain heating and other systems in buildings and industrial complexes, in the United States and Canada. ... A stationary engine is an engine that does not move. ...


In firefighting, the term "engineer" refers to a firefighter whose job is to drive the fire apparatus and, if it has an onboard water supply, to stay with the engine and operate the pumps so that the firefighters on the hose can have enough water to put out the fire. Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... It has been suggested that Firefighter Assist and Search Team be merged into this article or section. ... A fire apparatus, fire engine or fire truck or fire appliance usually refers to a vehicle designed to fight fires. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A forest fire Fire is a rapid oxidation process that creates light, heat, smoke, and releases energy in varying intensities. ...


The term "engineer" may also be used to describe holders of some forms of professional certification other than university degrees, such as (but not limited to) Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer, Certified Novell Engineer, Red Hat Certified Engineer and so on. A professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation often called simply certification or qualification is a designation earned by a person to certify that he is qualified to perform a job. ... Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (or MCSE) is perhaps the best-known of a number of Microsoft training initiatives, with the intention of creating a pool of employees with skills relating partly or exclusively to Microsoft products. ... Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) is a certification which is designed to certify that an individual possesses in-depth knowledge and skills related to administration and troubleshooting of the Novell NetWare operating system. ... The Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) program is a certification program for Linux system administrators run by Red Hat and affiliates. ...


In Canada, the usage of the term "engineer" to describe holders of professional certification is not legally permitted. The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers mounted an extended campaign to get Microsoft to renounce use of the word "engineer" in the title of their certification.[6] A 2001 reader survey by Microsoft Certified Professional magazine found that over half of respondents supported changing the name of the MCSE to remove the word "engineer".[7] The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (CCPE) is the national organization of the 12 provincial and territorial associations that regulate the practice of engineering in Canada. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ...


Military engineers

An army military engineer is a member of any branch of the armed forces responsible for the design and construction and also the destruction of offensive, defensive and logistical structures for warfare. This term is used in military units throughout the world and has been used since ancient times, extended in modern terms to include the laying and disarming of minefields and booby traps. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Polish military engineers at work in Pakistan A military engineer is primarily responsible for the design and construction of offensive, defensive and logistical structures for warfare. ... A landmine is a type of mine which is placed onto or into the ground and explodes when triggered by a vehicle or person. ... This article is about an antipersonnel trap designed for use against humans. ...


A shipboard navy engineer is the senior engineering officer in larger ships, and the senior engineering sailor (typically a Chief Petty Officer) is called the Chief Engineer. In smaller ships without an Engineering Officer the Chief Engineer runs the engineering department. To facilitate brevity of communication in an operational shipboard environment, the Chief Engineer on United States Navy vessels is colloquially referred to and addressed as "The CHENG", or simply "CHENG". The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Chief Petty Officer is a non-commissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ...


In the British Merchant Navy,the Chief Engineer is a rank equivalent to the Senior Engineering Officer on a US ship.


See also

The National Academy of Engineering of America has produced a list of its top twenty engineering achievements of the century, ranging from electrification to developments in materials science. ...

Lists of notable engineers by discipline

This is a list of aerospace engineers, people who were trained in or practiced aerospace engineering. ... This is a list of notable chemical engineers, people who studied or practiced chemical engineering. ... This is a list of notable civil engineers, people who were trained in or practiced civil engineering, who are notable enough for a Wikipedia article. ... This is a list of electrical engineers, people who made contributions to electrical engineering or computer engineering. ... This is a list of notable industrial engineers, people who were trained in or practiced industrial engineering who have established prominence in their profession. ... This is a list of materials engineers. ... This is a list of mechanical engineers, notable people who were trained in or practiced mechanical engineering, nuclear engineering, etc. ... This is a list of notable structural engineers, people who were trained in or practiced structural engineering and who are notable enough for a Wikipedia article. ... This is a list of notable systems engineers, people who were trained in or practice Systems Engineering, and made notable contributions to this field in theory or practice. ...

Other related lists

// The following is a list of famous architects - well known individuals with a large body of published work. ... This is a list of inventors. ... List of urban planners chronological by initial year of plan. ... In contrast to the archetypical mad scientist, there are a lesser number of heroic scientists and engineers depicted in western culture who go above and beyond the regular demands of their professions to use their skills and knowledge for the betterment of others, often at great personal risk. ...

Licensing and registration

The term chartered engineer is a UK professional certification in engineering. ... European Engineer (Eur Ing) is an international professional qualification title for engineers used in many European countries. ... Incorporated engineer is a professional qualification in engineering (not a degree) offered through professional associations that act as subsidiary instruments of the Engineering Council (UK). ... Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United States, and Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. ...

References

  1. ^ Dictionary.com (2004). Engineer. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company. Retrieved on 2006-09-21.
  2. ^ Degrees and Occupations in Engineering: How Much Do They Diverge? Issue Brief, NSF 99-318 December 31, 1998
  3. ^ Samuel Florman, The Civilized Engineer ISBN 0-312-02559-9
  4. ^ National Society of Professional Engineers (2006). Frequently Asked Questions About Engineering. Retrieved on 2006-09-21. Science is knowledge based on observed facts and tested truths arranged in an orderly system that can be validated and communicated to other people. Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles used to plan, build, direct, guide, manage, or work on systems to maintain and improve our daily lives.
  5. ^ a b c d Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor (2006). Engineers. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2006-07 Edition. Retrieved on 2006-09-21.
  6. ^ Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (July 2002). MCSE is NOT an Engineer in Canada!. CCPA News Release. Retrieved on 2006-05-13.
  7. ^ Schaffhauser, D.L. (August 2001). Microsoft Certified Systems Expert?. Microsoft Certified Professional Magazine Online. Retrieved on 2006-05-13., "Of 2,017 responses, 526 of you said, 'Don't change the name at all.' Of the 1,320 who said that only the word Engineer should change, the overwhelming majority—502 respondents—liked 'Expert' as a replacement. "

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) is a professional engineering organization in the United States. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bureau of Labor Statistics was founded in 1884 by President Chester A. Arthur. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Engineers at Engineering Wiki

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Engineering | The WWW Virtual Library (743 words)
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Engineering technicians (2317 words)
Employment of engineering technicians often is influenced by the same local and national economic conditions that affect engineers; as a result, job outlook varies with industry and specialization.
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Growth in the largest specialty—electrical and electronics engineering technicians—is expected to be about as fast as the average, while employment of environmental engineering technicians is expected to grow faster than average to meet the environmental demands of an ever-growing population.
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