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Encyclopedia > Energy of Iran
Iran holds 10% of the world's proven oil reserves and 15% of its gas. It is OPEC's second largest exporter and the world's fourth oil producer.
Iran holds 10% of the world's proven oil reserves and 15% of its gas. It is OPEC's second largest exporter and the world's fourth oil producer.
Iran will commission its first nuclear power plant in Bushehr by the end of 2007 (construction 95% complete)
Iran will commission its first nuclear power plant in Bushehr by the end of 2007 (construction 95% complete)

Iran possesses abundant fuels from which to generate energy. Since 1913 Iran has been a major oil exporting country. Oil industry output averaged 4 million barrels per day in 2005, compared with the peak output of 6 million barrels per day reached in 1974. Following the 1979 revolution, however, the government reduced daily oil production in accordance with an oil conservation policy. Further production declines occurred as result of damage to oil facilities during the war with Iraq. In the early 2000s, industry infrastructure was increasingly inefficient because of technological lags. Few exploratory wells were drilled in 2005. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (966x966, 559 KB) Summary Map of Major Iranian Energy Projects and Pipelines Source: US Department of Energy URL: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (966x966, 559 KB) Summary Map of Major Iranian Energy Projects and Pipelines Source: US Department of Energy URL: http://www. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Logo The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is an international organization made up of Algeria, Angola, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A nuclear power station. ... For information on the band, see Fuel (band). ... Traditional wooden barrels in Cutchogue Modern stainless steel beer barrels - also called casks or kegs - outside the Castle Rock microbrewery in Nottingham, England For other uses, see Barrel (disambiguation). ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... 1980 Iranian stamp commemorating the Islamic Revolution Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Combatants  Iran Iraq Commanders - Ruhollah Khomeini, - Abolhassan Banisadr, - Ali Shamkhani, - Mostafa Chamran† - Saddam Hussein, - Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength - 305,000 soldiers, - 500,000 Passdaran and Basij militia, - 1,000 tanks, - 1,000 armored vehicles, - 3,000 artillery pieces, - 450 aircraft, - 750 helicopters[1] - 190,000 soldiers, - 4,500 tanks...


Iran holds 10% of the world's proven oil reserves. Oil also is found in northern Iran and in the offshore waters of the Persian Gulf. Iran also has the world's second largest reserves of natural gas (15% of the world's total); these are exploited primarily for domestic use and third in oil reserves. Nevertheless, in 2005 Iran spent US$4 billion dollars on fuel imports, mainly because of contraband and inefficient domestic use, because of subsidies. Offshore has two principal meanings: Physical - in the sea away from the shore; not on the shoreline but out to sea. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Natural gas is gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ... Contraband consists of items of which possession may be illegal, depending on the variety and the country or the age or sex of the possessor. ... A subsidy is generally a monetary grant given by government in support of an activity regarded as being in the public interest. ...


In 2005 a large share of Iran’s natural gas reserves were believed to remain untapped. By 2004 the addition of new hydroelectric stations and the streamlining of conventional coal- and oil-fired stations increased installed capacity to 33,000 megawatts. Of that amount, about 75 percent was based on natural gas, 18 percent on oil, and 7 percent on hydroelectric power. In 2004 Iran opened its first wind-powered and geothermal plants, and the first solar thermal plant was to come online in 2009. Demographic trends and intensified industrialization have caused electric power demand to grow by 8 percent per year. The government’s goal of 53,000 megawatts of installed capacity by 2010 is to be reached by bringing on line new gas-fired plants financed by independent power producers, including those with foreign investment backing, and by adding hydroelectric and nuclear power generating capacity. Iran plans to generate 6,000 MW of electricity through nuclear technology by 2010 to meet its increasing demand for energy. Evenso it's first 1,000 MW nuclear power plant at Bushehr, built with assistance from Russia, was not online by 2006. In 2005 Iran’s electricity imports were greater than its exports by about 500 million kilowatt-hours; exchanges were made with all neighboring countries except Iraq.[1] A research by the Ministry of Energy indicated that between 15,000-20,000 megawatts of electricity should be generated in Iran in the next 20 years.[2] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Natural gas is gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Wind, tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (XIV century) Wind is the rough horizontal movement of air (as opposed to an air current) caused by an area of lo pressure and an area of hi pressure near eachother and the wind will blow from the hi pressure point to the lo pressure point... Geothermal power is electricity generated by utilizing naturally occurring geological heat sources. ... Ethnolinguistic groups in Iran Irans population was declared 70,049,262 in 2006 census. ... Capacity may mean one of the following: Capacity, when used with the mathematics meaning, is another word for volume Legal capacity refers to the legal ability to engage in certain acts, such as making a contract Cranial capacity is a measure of the volume of the interior of the skull... MW could refer to (in alphabetical order): Lintilla - the original multiple worlds talker Maintenance of way Malawi (ISO 3166-1 country code) Master of Wine Maya Island Air IATA airline designator MediaWiki Mediumwave Megawatt Mens Wearhouse Merriam-Webster The Midwest region of the United States Microwave Miss World Molecular... A nuclear power station. ... Bushehr or Bushire (بوشهر), pop. ...

Contents

Statistics

The Karun-3 dam & hydroelectric power plant in Iran was commissioned in 2005. Iran has emerged as one of the world's largest dam builders in recent years, while its electric power wastage hits $1.1 billion in 2006.
The Karun-3 dam & hydroelectric power plant in Iran was commissioned in 2005. Iran has emerged as one of the world's largest dam builders in recent years, while its electric power wastage hits $1.1 billion in 2006. [3]

Electricity: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x639, 383 KB)Karun-3 Dam, Khuzestan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x639, 383 KB)Karun-3 Dam, Khuzestan. ... The Karun-3 Dam The Karun-3 dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Karun river in the province of Khuzestan, Iran. ... Hydroelectricity, or hydroelectric power, is a form of hydropower, (i. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For delivered electrical power, see Electrical power industry. ... Wastage was a British term used during World War I. It was used to describe the severity of losses experienced during the war. ...

  • production: 155.7 TWh (2004)
  • consumption: 145.1 TWh (2004)
  • exports: 1.837 TWh (2004)
  • imports: 2.17 kWh (2004)

Electricity - production by source:[4] The terawatt hour (TW·h) is a unit for measuring energy. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • fossil fuel: 93% (75% comes from gas generation, 18% from oil) (2006)
  • hydro: 7% (2006)
  • other: 0% (2006)
  • nuclear: 0% (2006)

Oil:[5] For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... This article is about Irans civilian nuclear program. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Iranian constitution prohibits the granting of petroleum rights on a concessionary basis or direct equity stake. ...

  • production: 3.979 million barrel/day (2005 est.)
  • consumption: 1.51 million barrel/day (2001 est.)
  • exports: 2.5 million barrel/day (2004 est.)
  • imports: NA
  • proved reserves: 132.5 billion barrel (2006 est.)

note: 1/3 of Iran's gasoline needs is imported because of insufficient domestic refining capacity, over-consumption and contraband. [6] 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Contraband consists of items of which possession may be illegal, depending on the variety and the country or the age or sex of the possessor. ...


Natural gas: The National Iranian Gas Company was established in 1965 as one of the four principal Co. ...

  • production: 83.9 billion m³ (2004 est.)
  • consumption: 85.54 billion m³ (2004 est.)
  • exports: 3.56 billion m³ (2004 est.)
  • imports: 5.2 billion m³ (2004 est.)
  • proved reserves: 26.62 trillion m³ (2005)

2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Iran.pdf
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://www.iran-daily.com/1385/2771/html/economy.htm
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Iran/Oil.html#Gasoline%20Imports

See also

Asalouyeh (Persian: عسلویه) also transcribed Assalouyeh and Assaluyeh, and sometimes prefixed by bandar, meaning port) is a town in southern Iran, in Bushehr Province. ... The Iranian constitution prohibits the granting of petroleum rights on a concessionary basis or direct equity stake. ... The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), under the direction of the Ministry of Petroleum of Iran, is an oil and natural gas producer and distributor headquartered in Tehran. ... The National Iranian Gas Company was established in 1965 as one of the four principal Co. ... This article is about Irans nuclear power programme. ... The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) is the main official body responsible for implementing regulations and operating nuclear energy installations in Iran. ... The Dez Dam is a large hydroelectic dam built in Iran in 1963 by an Italian consortium. ... The Karun-3 Dam The Karun-3 dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Karun river in the province of Khuzestan, Iran. ... This article outlines economic, trade, scientific and military Sanctions against Iran, which has been put forward by the U.S. government, or under U.S. pressure. ... The Iranian economy has been improving steadily over the past two decades but a continuing strong labour force growth unmatched by commensurate real economic growth is driving up unemployment to a level considerably higher than the official estimate of 11%. According to experts, annual economic growth above five per cent... This page lists all the major Iranian companies operating inside and outside of Iran. ...

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