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Encyclopedia > Energy drink

Contents

Ingredients

Generally energy drinks include methylxanthines (including caffeine), B vitamins, and herbs. Other common ingredients are guarana (extracts from the guarana plant) or taurine plus various forms of ginseng, maltodextrin (a sweetening), inositol, carnitine, creatine, glucuronolactone and ginkgo biloba. Some contain high levels of sugar, while most brands also offer an artificially sweetened version. The central ingredient in most energy drinks is caffeine, the same stimulant found in coffee or tea, often in the form of guarana (as in Josta) or yerba mate. The average 237 milliliter (8 fluid ounce) energy drink has about 80 mg of caffeine, with 480 ml (16 fl. oz.) drinks containing around 150 mg, although more recently, drinks containing as much as 400 mg of caffeine (such as Burn) have been marketed. Xanthines are a group of alkaloids that are commonly used for their effects as mild stimulants and as bronchodilators, notably in treating the symptoms of asthma. ... For other uses, see Caffeine (disambiguation). ... Vitamin B is a complex of several vitamins. ... For other uses, see Herb (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Kunth Guarana (Brazillian name guaraná) (IPA: , or ), Paullinia cupana (syn. ... Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic acid. ... Species Subgenus Panax Section Panax Series Notoginseng Panax notoginseng Series Panax Panax bipinnatifidus Panax ginseng Panax japonicus Panax quinquefolius Panax vietnamensis Panax wangianus Panax zingiberensis Section Pseudoginseng Panax pseudoginseng Panax stipuleanatus Subgenus Trifolius Panax trifolius Ginseng field in Wisconsin Ginseng refers to species within Panax, a genus of 11 species... Maltodextrin is a moderately sweet polysaccharide used as a food additive, unrelated to barley malt. ... Inositol, (of which the most prominent naturally-occurring form is myo-inositol, cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol), is a carbocyclic polyol that plays an important role as the structural basis for a number of secondary messengers in eukaryotic cells, including inositol phosphates, phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylinositol... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... For the use of creatine to enhance athletic performance, please see Creatine supplements. ... Glucuronolactone is a naturally occurring chemical compound produced by the metabolism of glucose in the human liver. ... Binomial name Ginkgo biloba L. The Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), sometimes also known as the Maidenhair tree, is a unique tree with no living relatives. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely-traded commodity. ... For other uses, see Caffeine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Kunth Guarana (Brazillian name guaraná) (IPA: , or ), Paullinia cupana (syn. ... Josta is a soft drink brand that was produced by PepsiCo. ... Binomial name A. St. ... For other uses, see Caffeine (disambiguation). ...


Side effects

Energy drinks may cause seizures in those who suffer from certain forms of epilepsy due to the "crash" following the energy high that occurs after consumption.[1] France banned the popular energy drink Red Bull after the death of eighteen-year-old athlete Ross Cooney, who died after he played a basketball game after consuming four cans of the drink.[2] The French Scientific Committee (J.D. Birkel) concluded that Red Bull has excessive amounts of caffeine.[2] Denmark also banned Red Bull. Britain investigated the drink, but only issued a warning against its use by pregnant women.[2] This article is about the medical condition. ... For other uses, see Red Bull (disambiguation). ...


Health concerns

Energy drinks raise many health concern, and several deaths have been linked to heavy energy drink consumption. [3]


Consumption of large amounts of caffeine can be hazardous. Energy drinks contain caffeine ranging from 80 to 360 mgs per drink. According to a recent study, an adult can consume up to 400 mgs per day without adverse health effects, while children and women of reproductive age should limit their consumption of caffeine to 300 mg per day. [4] This threshold can easily be reached by consuming multiple drinks within a day. Unhealthy doses of caffeine can lead to nervousness, irritability, anxiety, tremulousness, muscle twitching (hyperreflexia), insomnia, headaches and respiratory alkalosis. [5]


Energy drinks are often used as a mixer with alcohol, a popular combination being Red Bull with vodka. Combining energy drinks and alcohol can lead to several problems. Both alcohol and energy drinks dehydrate the body. Since dehydration is a contributor to hangovers, mixing these substances increases the likelihood of hangovers.[6] Second, consumption of energy drinks obscures ones perception of fatigue from drinking, one indicator of excess alcohol consumption. Consequently, the mixing of substances can increase the amount of alcohol consumed.[7] For other uses, see Hangover (disambiguation). ...


History

Energy drinks may have come from Scotland in the form of Irn-Bru, first produced in the form of "Iron Brew" in 1901. In Japan, the energy drink dates at least as far back as the early 1960s, with the release of the Lipovitan. Most such products in Japan bear little resemblance to soft drinks, and are sold instead in small brown glass medicine bottles or cans styled to resemble such containers. These "genki drinks", which are also produced in South Korea, are marketed primarily to the salaryman set. This article is about the country. ... Irn Bru Irn Bru is the most popular caffeinated soft drink in Scotland. ... A box of 100ml bottles of Lipovitan D Lipovitan, or Livita for short, is an energy drink produced by the Japanese company Taisho Pharmaceutical Co. ... For the electronic music project called Salaryman, see Poster Children. ...


In UK, Lucozade Energy was originally introduced in 1929 as a hospital drink for "aiding the recovery;" in the early 1980s, it was promoted as an energy drink for "replenishing lost energy." Lucozade logo Lucozade is an umbrella name for a series of Energy and Sports drinks. ...


In 1994, The first European energy drink, Power Horse, was launched by Austrian company S. Spitz. it is still sold in many countries, even though it is perhaps overshadowed in most by its more famous Austrian rival, Red Bull.


In 1995, PepsiCo launched Josta, the first energy drink introduced by a major US beverage company. PepsiCo, Incorporated (NYSE: PEP) is the largest global American beverage and snack company. ... Josta is a soft drink brand that was produced by PepsiCo. ...


In Europe, energy drinks were pioneered by the S. Spitz Company and a product named Power Horse, before the business savvy of Dietrich Mateschitz, an Austrian entrepreneur, ensured his Red Bull product became far better known, and a worldwide best seller. Mateschitz developed Red Bull based on the Thai drink Krating Daeng, itself based on Lipovitan. Red Bull was introduced to the US in 1997 and is the dominant brand there, with a market share of approximately 47%.[8] Dietrich Mateschitz (born May 20, 1944 in St. ...


By the year 2001, the US energy drink market had grown to nearly 8 million per year in retail sales. Over the last 5 years, it grew an average of over 50% per year, totaling over $3 billion in 2005.[9] Diet energy drinks are growing at nearly twice that rate within the category, as are 16-ounce sized energy drinks. It is estimated to hit nearly 4 billion in 2006, and both Goldman Sachs and Mintel predict that the energy drink market will hit $10 billion by 2010. Major companies' such as Pepsi, Coca-Cola, Molson, and Labatt have tried to match smaller companies' innovative and different approach, with marginal success. The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. ... Mintel International Group is a privately owned, London-based market research firm. ... Pepsi Cola is a non-alcoholic carbonated beverage produced and manufactured by PepsiCo. ... The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ... For the ghost town in Washington, see Molson, Washington. ... Labatt Brewing Company Ltd. ...


Energy drinks are also popular as mixers.


These drinks are typically attractive to young people. Approximately 65% percent of its drinkers are younger than 35 years old, with males being approximately 65% of the market.[9]


Derivatives

"Smart energy drinks" combine energy drinks with smart drinks. Smart drinks, also known as nootropic drinks, are beverages made from a mix of fruit juices, vitamins and any number of amino acid supplements. ...


Packaging

In 2002 CCL Container and Mistic Brands, Inc., part of the Snapple Beverage Group, teamed up for the national launch of Mistic RĒ™. The result was a recyclable aluminum bottle. Since that introduction, many energy drinks are now packaged in the aluminum bottlecans produced by CCL. 220. ...


Coca-Cola marketed two Powerade brand energy drinks in bullet-shaped, screw-top aluminum bottle cans. Capri Sun targeted 16-25 year-olds with its Island Refreshers line, graduating from a foil pouch design to a bottlecan. The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ... For the hockey arena, see Powerade Centre. ...


See also

180 AMP A.C.T. (Advanced Cell Therapy) Energy Drink Bawls Bazza High-Energy Green Tea Beaver Buzz Pulse - Alcoholic Drink made in NZ. Bom Dia - Antioxidant Rich Juice from Bolthouse Do Brasil [1] Bud Extra [2] Burn Intense Energy Celsius energy drink Redux Beverages Cocaine Coke Mother Crunk!!! Energy... . ...

References

  1. ^ New-onset seizures in adults: Possible association with consumption of popular energy drinks
  2. ^ a b c French ban on Red Bull (drink) upheld by European Court
  3. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/1435409.stm Red Bull in suspected link to deaths
  4. ^ Nawrot P, Jordan S, Eastwood J, Rotstein J, Hugenholtz A, Feeley M. Effects of caffeine on human health. Food Addit Contam 2003;20:1-30.
  5. ^ Caffeine overdose in an adolescent male. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. Retrieved on 2006-08-14.
  6. ^ http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/HealthIssues/1043185105.html Mixing Alcohol & Energy Drinks May Spell Disaster Keith Cambrel
  7. ^ http://psychcentral.com/news/2007/11/05/energy-drinks-alcohol-danger/1485.html Energy Drinks + Alcohol = Danger Rick Nauert, Ph.D.
  8. ^ Soda With Buzz Forbes, Kerry A. Dolan, 03.28.05
  9. ^ a b Mintel Energy Drink Report 2006, 07.05.06
Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A dietary supplement is intended to supply nutrients, (vitamins, minerals, fatty acids or amino acids) that are missing or not consumed in sufficient quantity in a persons diet. ... An essential amino acid or indispensable amino acid is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized de novo by the organism (usually referring to humans), and therefore must be supplied in the diet. ... Many supplements come in capsule form. ... An energy bar is a dietary supplement often consumed by athletes or other physically active people to maintain their caloric needs in light of their strenuous physical activity. ... Essential fatty acids, or EFAs, are fatty acids that cannot be constructed within an organism from other components (generally all references are to humans) by any known chemical pathways; and therefore must be obtained from the diet. ... Herbalism is a traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts. ... mccall is cooool Dietary minerals are the chemical elements required by living organisms, other than the four elements carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen which are present in common organic molecules. ... Prebiotics are a category of functional food, defined as: Non-digestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon, and thus improve host health. ... Probiotics are dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacteria or yeasts. ... Species L. acidophilus L. brevis L. delbrueckii subsp. ... Bifidobacteria (genus Bifidobacterium) are a group of anaerobic bacteria and a form of probiotic that is thought to have health-promoting properties for humans. ... Retinol (one vitamer of Vitamin A) A vitamin is an organic compound required as a nutrient in tiny amounts by an organism. ... Whole food supplements comprise a unique class within the food supplement industry. ... Retinol (one vitamer of Vitamin A) A vitamin is an organic compound required as a nutrient in tiny amounts by an organism. ... mccall is cooool Dietary minerals are the chemical elements required by living organisms, other than the four elements carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen which are present in common organic molecules. ... The structure of retinol, the most common dietary form of vitamin A Vitamin A is an essential human nutrient. ... The B vitamins are eight water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. ... For the similarly spelled nucleic acid, see Thymine Thiamine or thiamin, also known as vitamin B1, is one of the B vitamins. ... Riboflavin (E101), also known as vitamin B2, is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in animals. ... Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid or vitamin B3, is a water-soluble vitamin whose derivatives such as NADH play essential roles in energy metabolism in the living cell. ... Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life (essential nutrient). ... Pyridoxine Pyridoxal phosphate Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin. ... Vitamin H redirects here. ... Folic acid and folate (the anion form) are forms of the water-soluble Vitamin B9. ... Cyanocobalamin is a compound that is metabolized to a vitamin in the B complex commonly known as vitamin B12 (or B12 for short). ... This article is about the nutrient. ... Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin that contributes to the maintenance of normal levels of calcium and phosphorus in the bloodstream. ... Tocopherol, or Vitamin E, is a fat-soluble vitamin in eight forms that is an important antioxidant. ... Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone). ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ... Choline is an organic compound, classified as an essential nutrient and usually grouped within the Vitamin B complex. ... General Name, symbol, number chlorine, Cl, 17 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 17, 3, p Appearance yellowish green Standard atomic weight 35. ... REDIRECT [[ Insert text]]EWWWWWWWWWWWWW YO General Name, symbol, number chromium, Cr, 24 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 6, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 51. ... For other uses, see Cobalt (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Distinguished from fluorene and fluorone. ... For other uses, see Iodine (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... General Name, symbol, number magnesium, Mg, 12 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, period, block 2, 3, s Appearance silvery white solid at room temp Standard atomic weight 24. ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... General Name, Symbol, Number molybdenum, Mo, 42 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 5, d Appearance gray metallic Standard atomic weight 95. ... General Name, symbol, number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... General Name, symbol, number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, period, block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... For other uses, see Selenium (disambiguation). ... For sodium in the diet, see Salt. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) found in connective tissue and the nervous system, normally attached to a protein core. ... Capsules of Cod Liver Oil Cod liver oil, as its name suggests, is an oil extracted from cod livers. ... Copper gluconate is the copper salt of D-gluconic acid. ... For the use of creatine to enhance athletic performance, please see Creatine supplements. ... For the biochemistry and physiology of creatine, please see Creatine. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water and making defecation easier. ... Elemental calcium is a term that is in common use in the context of dietary supplements. ... Ephedra in medicine. ... Fish Oil is oil derived from fishes. ... Folic acid and folate (the anion form) are forms of the water-soluble Vitamin B9. ... Species Subgenus Panax Section Panax Series Notoginseng Panax notoginseng Series Panax Panax bipinnatifidus Panax ginseng Panax japonicus Panax quinquefolius Panax vietnamensis Panax wangianus Panax zingiberensis Section Pseudoginseng Panax pseudoginseng Panax stipuleanatus Subgenus Trifolius Panax trifolius Ginseng field in Wisconsin Ginseng refers to species within Panax, a genus of 11 species... Glucosamine (C6H13NO5) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids. ... Glutamine (abbreviated as Gln or Q; Glx or Z represents either glutamine or glutamic acid) is one of the 20 amino acids encoded by the standard genetic code. ... Iron supplements are supplements that can be prescribed by a doctor for a medical reason. ... Binomial name Thunb. ... Krill oil is made from krill. ... Binomial name (Curtis) P. Karst LíngzhÄ« (traditional Chinese: 靈芝; simplified Chinese: 灵芝; Japanese: reishi; Korean: yeongji, hangul: 영지) is the name for one form of the mushroom Ganoderma lucidum, and its close relative Ganoderma tsugae, which grows in the northern Eastern Hemlock forests. ... Flax oil (in bottles) and coconut oil (in jars in the middle) Linseed oil, also known as flax seed oil, is a yellowish drying oil derived from the dried ripe seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum, Linaceae). ... Melatonin, 5-methoxy-N-acetyltryptamine, is a hormone found in all living creatures from algae[1] to humans, at levels that vary in a diurnal cycle. ... Dried grain red yeast rice Red yeast rice (Chinese: 紅麴米, 红曲米; pinyin: hóng; lit. ... Royal jelly is a honey bee secretion that is used in the nutrition of the larvae. ... Saw palmetto extract is an extract of the fruit of Serenoa repens. ... Species About 35. ... Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic acid. ... For other uses, see Wheatgrass (disambiguation). ... Species Lycium barbarum L. Lycium chinense Mill. ... Yohimbine, also known under the outdated names quebrachin, aphrodin, corynine, yohimvetol and hydroergotocin, is the principal alkaloid of the bark of the West-African tree Pausinystalia yohimbe Pierre (formerly Corynanthe yohimbe), family Rubiaceae (Madder family). ... Zinc gluconate is the salt of gluconate and zinc II. It is an ionic compound consisting of two moles of gluconate for each mole of zinc. ... The Codex Alimentarius (Latin for food code or food book) is a collection of internationally recognized standards, codes of practice, guidelines and other recommendations relating to foods, food production and food safety under the aegis of consumer protection. ... Enzyte is an herbal nutritional supplement manufactured by Berkeley Premium Nutraceuticals of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Metabolife is an American corporation which manufactures dietary supplements. ... Hadacol was a patent medicine marketed as a vitamin supplement. ... Nutraceutical is a portmanteau of [Nutrition] and [pharmaceutical] and refers to foods thought to have a beneficial effect on human health. ... A multivitamin is any preparation containing more than a single vitamin. ... The Nutrition Facts table indicates the amounts of nutrients which experts recommend you limit or consume in adequate amounts. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Energy drink - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (774 words)
Energy drinks are beverages that are designed to give the consumer a burst of energy by using a combination of methylxanthines, B vitamins, and exotic herbal ingredients.
Energy drinks commonly include caffeine, guarana (extracts from the guarana plant), taurine, various forms of ginseng, maltodextrin, inositol, carnitine, creatine, glucuronolactone and ginkgo biloba.
In Japan, the energy drink phenomenon dates at least as far back as the early 1960s, with the release of the Lipovitan D drink from Taisho Pharmaceuticals.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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