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Encyclopedia > Endless Mountains

The Endless Mountains are a chain of mountains in northeastern Pennsylvania. The Endless Mountains region includes Bradford, Sullivan, Susuquehanna, and Wyoming Counties. State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... Bradford County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Sullivan County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Susquehanna County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Wyoming County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ...


History and geography

They are part of the Appalachian Mountains chain. The "mountains" are not true mountains, geologically speaking, but are a dissected plateau and are part of the Allegheny Plateau. The Catskill Mountains are the highest expression of the plateau, located to the east of the Endless Mountains, and separated from them by the Delaware River. The Appalachian Mountains are a system of North American mountains running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada to Alabama in the United States, although the northernmost mainland portion ends at the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... Shaded relief map of Cumberland Plateau and Ridge and Valley Appalachians on the Virginia/West Virginia border A dissected plateau is an area that has been uplifted, then severely eroded so that the relief is sharp. ... The Allegheny Plateau is a large, dissected plateau area in southern New York, western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio. ... Catskill Escarpment and Blackhead Range as seen from Overlook Mountain The Catskill Mountains, a natural area in New York State northwest of New York City and southwest of Albany, are not, despite their popular name, true geological mountains, but rather a mature dissected plateau, an uplifted region that was subsequently... The Delaware River at New Hope, Pennsylvania The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ...


The current geography was slightly modified during the last ice age by the Wisconsin Glacier about 15,000 years Before Present. Glacial striations can be found on the rocks of some of the high ridges, but the area was at the margin of the ice sheet, and the impact was much less than in New York just to the north. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Vegetation types at time of last glacial maximum. ... Before Present is a year numbering system, used for the far past times, relating dates to the year 1950. ... Rock may refer to: Rock, a geologic substance composed of minerals Rock, the super-genre of the styles of music evolved from Rock and roll Rock, a small offshore islet with minimal soil Rock, a confectionery made and sold in many of the UKs seaside holiday resorts Rock candy... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki (R) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ...


The "mountains" are made up of sedimentary rocks (mostly sandstone and shales, with a little conglomerate) that were part of a lowland that collected sediments eroded from mountains to the southeast in Mississippian and Pennsylvania geologic time. The area has been uplifted and lowered several times. The highest points are all nearly the same elevation, establishing that the area had once been eroded into a nearly level peneplane, which has since been uplifted. The present Susquehanna River established its meandering course during that time, when it was a mature stream on a topography of very low relief. When the area was uplifted, the river's bends were preserved as incised meanders. The large river cut a deep valley and established a low baseline for its tributaries, which then cut the plateau into the rugged hills of the present day. Two types of sedimentary rock: limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Red Sandstone in Wyoming Sandstone is an arenaceous sedimentary rock composed mainly of feldspar and quartz and varies in colour (in a similar way to sand), through grey, yellow, red, and white. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... A mineral conglomerate In geology, a conglomerate is a rock consisting of other stones that have been cemented together. ... Look up Erosion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock, and so forth) by the agents of wind, water, ice, movement in response to gravity, or living organisms (in the case... This article is about the geologic period; for the North American culture, see Mississippian culture. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... The Susquehanna River is a river in the northeastern United States, approximately 410 mi (715 km) long. ... The word meander has a number of senses. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A tributary (or affluent or confluent) is a contributory stream, a river that does not reach the sea, but joins another major river (a parent river), to which it contributes its waters, swelling its discharge. ...


Human history

Native American bands settled the area in prehistoric times. By the early colonial period, Susquehannock and Iroquois were the principle occupants of the region. The majority of the local place names were derived from the Native Americans. The native groups were driven out by late colonial period and white settlement began. Many settlers came from Connecticut leading to armed conflict with settlers from Pennsylvania (See Pennamite Wars). During the American Revolution in 1778, a combined Native American and British force attacked the Wyoming Valley settlers on the eastern edge of this region, and killed many of the settlers. Washington sent general John Sullivan on a campaign to destroy the Native American threat by a "scorched earth" drive up the Susquehanna, and Chemung Rivers into central and western New York. The Susquehannock people were natives of areas adjacent to the Susquehanna River and its tributaries from the southern part of what is now New York, through Pennsylvania, to the mouth of the Susquehanna in Maryland at the north end of the Chesapeake Bay. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... State nickname: The Constitution State Other U.S. States Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Governor M. Jodi Rell (R) Official languages English Area 14,371 km² (48th)  - Land 12,559 km²  - Water 1,809 km² (12. ... The Pennamite Wars, fought between 1769 and 1799, were a series of military clashes for control of the Wyoming Valley in northeastern Pennsylvania. ... Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... re: Wyoming Valley in what is now northeastern Pennsylvania, USA See: Albany Congress and Pennamite Wars ... A nineteenth century American depiction of the Wyoming Valley massacre. ... John Sullivan (February 17, 1740 – January 23, 1795) was an American general in the Revolutionary War and a delegate in the Continental Congress. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ...


The region's economy was formerly based on mining and industry but is now largely agricultural with forestry and tourism contributing to the economic base. Much of the land is steep, but there are a few good farms on rolling hilltops or valley bottoms; many of these farms have been occupied by Mennonite and Amish people who have migrated northward as their traditional homelands became developed. The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Beaches make popular tourist resorts Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations based on the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons. ... The Amish are a denomination of Anabaptists related to the Mennonites noted for their restricted use of modern devices such as automobiles and electricity. ...


Quarrying remains an important local industry with the region's high quality Blue stone being particularly valuable. The area is on the edge of Pennsylvania's Coal Region, with some minor veins of coal extending into the area. A small cinder quarry A dimension stone quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. ... Blue stone is a generic mineral description commonly applied to a variety of minerals. ... The Coal Region is a term used to refer to an area of Northeastern Pennsylvania comprised by Lackawanna, Luzerne, Carbon, Columbia and Schuylkill and Northumberland counties. ...


Songwriter Stephen Foster lived in the area for awhile and one town Camptown is immortalized in his song Camptown Races. Stephen Collins Foster (Born in Pittsburgh on July 4, 1826, died on January 13, 1864) was the pre-eminent songwriter in the United States of his era. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Endless Mountains - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (561 words)
The Endless Mountains are a chain of mountains in northeastern Pennsylvania.
The Catskill Mountains are the highest expression of the plateau, located to the east of the Endless Mountains, and separated from them by the Delaware River.
The "mountains" are made up of sedimentary rocks (mostly sandstone and shales, with a little conglomerate) that were part of a lowland that collected sediments eroded from mountains to the southeast in Mississippian and Pennsylvania geologic time.
Endless Mountains Pennsylvania - A History by Clifford Rowland (659 words)
In Northeast Pennsylvania, there are 4,500 square miles of green mountains and lush valleys, laced with silvery rushing streams and lakes of cool, pure water and bisected from northwest to southeast by the wide, slow-moving, and beautiful Susquehanna River.
The first inhabitants of the area, the Delaware Indians, were the first to call the area "the endless mountains," and interchanged that with "the land of paradise" because of the abundance of game and fish.
The mountains are a treasure for outdoor persons and families, regardless of the preferred activity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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