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Encyclopedia > Endemism

Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope.


It also has two specific meanings:

  • In ecology, an organism being "endemic" means exclusively native to a place or biota. It is in contrast to being cosmopolitan and to any one of several terms meaning "not native" (e.g., adventive, exotic, alien, introduced, naturalized, non-native). See endemic (ecology).
  • In epidemiology, an infection is said to be "endemic" in a population when that infection is maintained in the population without the need for external inputs. See endemic (epidemiology).

  Results from FactBites:
 
Endemism (242 words)
Endemism describes species that are native to a particular geographic area or continent.
Examples of endemism in Australia are the koala and the red kangaroo, both of which are not naturally found anywhere else in the world.
Endemism usually occurs in areas that are isolated in some way.
Bear Lake Geologic Background: Endemism (177 words)
Endemism describes species that are native to a particular geographic area and are not naturally found anywhere else in the world.
Endemism usually occurs in areas that are isolated in some way, but it can occur in small areas, such as around springs.
Bear Lake has a high rate of endemism, in its ostracodes, fish and snails, because of the unique water chemistry contributed by the springs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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