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Encyclopedia > Enclave
C is A's enclave and B's exclave.
C is A's enclave and B's exclave.

In political geography, an enclave is a piece of land which is totally surrounded by a foreign territory. If another country has sovereignty over it, it is also called an exclave of that other country. First version drawn by Menchi using PSP. Second version drawn by Fabiform. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... Political geography is the scientific study of power relations in space and space implications on them. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (legislative, judicial and/or executive) authority over a geographic region, group of people or oneself. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ...


Exclaves may also exist on a subnational level when a subdivision exists outside of its parent division (see the section subnational enclaves below).


The word enclave crept into the jargon of diplomacy rather late in English, in 1868, coming from French, the lingua franca of diplomacy, with a sense inherited from late Latin inclavatus meaning 'shut in, locked up" (with a key, late Latin clavis). The word exclave is a logical extension created three decades later. Jargon is a type of terminology which is used in conjunction with a specific activity, e. ... The United Nations, with its headquarters in New York City, is the largest international diplomatic organization. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ... The United Nations, with its headquarters in New York City, is the largest international diplomatic organization. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


Enclaves may be created for a variety of historical, political or geographical reasons. Some areas have been left as enclaves simply due to changes in the course of a river. History is often used as a generic term for information about the past, such as in geologic history of the Earth. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of the record of human societies. ... Politics is the process and method of decision-making for groups of human beings. ... Physical map of the Earth (Medium) (Large 2 MB) Geography is the scientific study of the locational and spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena on Earth. ...


Since living in an enclave can be very inconvenient and many agreements have to be found by both countries over mail addresses, power supply or passage rights, enclaves tend to be eliminated and many cases that existed before have now been removed.


In English ecclesiastic history, subnational enclaves were known as peculiars (see also Royal Peculiar). Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st... This article is about the Christian buildings of worship. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: History For other senses of this word, see history (disambiguation). ... A Royal Peculiar is a place of worship that falls directly under the jurisdiction of the British monarch, rather than a diocese. ...

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Enclaved countries

Lesotho (shown in green) is completely surrounded by South Africa.
Lesotho (shown in green) is completely surrounded by South Africa.

Some enclaves are countries in their own right, completely surrounded by another one, and therefore not exclaves. Three such sovereign countries exist: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ...

See also List of countries that border only one other country. City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... This is a list of countries that have a land border with only one other country. ...


Coastal countries

Some countries may be enclaved inside another one, except for a small coastal section which allows them to have access to open waters. However, this access is more of a corridor.

  • The most typical country of this kind is The Gambia, prevented only by a 50 km shore strip on the Atlantic Ocean from being an enclave of Senegal.
  • The Sultanate of Brunei, within Malaysia. Brunei consists of two unconnected coastal parts. The smaller district of Temburong can be viewed as an exclave of Brunei, as well as an enclave in Malaysia (although here the 'coastal strip' extends the geographic length of the country).
  • The independent principality of Monaco within France.

Although Portugal and South Korea, for example, border just one other country, they have enough access to international waters not to be considered near-enclaves. Temburong is the eastern-most district (daerah) in Brunei. ...


Coastal fragments

Some territories cannot be reached from the country they belong to except by international waters. These are considered detached fragments of their motherland rather than enclaves, since they do not meet the criterion of being enclosed on all sides by foreign territory. Some examples:

Many countries have coastal fragments that can't be directly accessed from the mainland except by boat or aeroplane. An extreme example of this is Alaska, detached from the Lower 48 of the United States of America by Canada, but at least four other tiny parts of the USA can't be reached overland except by entering Canada: Point Roberts in northwestern Washington; the Northwest Angle in Minnesota, a peninsula bordering Lake of the Woods; Elm Point, a small piece nearby where the coastline of the Lake of the Woods dips slightly south over the border; and a similar unnamed sliver of land just west of Elm Point. Area  â€“ Total   28 km² Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  76,152  2719. ... Area  â€“ Total    20 km² (8 mi²) Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  65,488  3274. ... Oecussi-Ambeno (also variously Ocussi, Oekussi, Oekusi, Okusi, Oé-Cusse) is a district of East Timor. ... Map of Timor Timor Island from space, November 1989 (North is to the bottom of the image). ... Map of Timor (island only) West Timor is a political region that comprises the western half of Timor island with the exception of Oecussi-Ambeno district (which is politically part of East Timor) and forms a part of the Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur, (NTT or East Nusa Tenggara). ... Map of Angola, highlighting Cabinda Cabinda is a small territory, administered as an exclave of Angola, resulting from the fusion of three kingdoms: NGoyo, Loango and Kacongo. ... Map of Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad (Russian: ), briefly Kenigsberg (Russian: ) is a seaport city, capital and main city of the Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead:5 million Civilian dead:3 million Total dead:8 million Military dead:4 million Civilian dead:3 million Total dead:7 million The First World... Dubrovnik-Neretva county - Dubrovačko-neretvanska županija is the southernmost Croatian and Dalmatian county. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 14 335 km² Location Population 43,770 Mayor Dubravka Å uica Official website www. ... Shield of Neum Neum is the only seaside town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 1st 663,267 sq mi  1,717,854 km² 808 miles  1,300 km 1,479 miles  2,380 km 13. ... The continental United States refers (except sometimes in U.S. federal law and regulations) to the largest part of the U.S. that is delimited by a continuous border. ... Categories: US geography stubs | Canada and the United States | Towns in Washington | Whatcom County, Washington | Exclaves ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 18th 184,824 km² 385 km 580 km 6. ... The Northwest Angle (the purple portion) in Minnesota, bordering Manitoba, Ontario, and Lake of the Woods. ... Official language(s) None Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 12th 225,365 km² 400 km 645 km 8. ... Lake of the Woods from space, May 1998 Lake of the Woods. ... Lake of the Woods from space, May 1998 Lake of the Woods. ...


According to Map24 there is on the Russian/Estonian border a few sq kilometers on the southern coast of the Cudskoe Czero lake which belongs to the Russian Pskov administrative area, but is separated from the rest of Russia by several km of the Estonian Administrative area of Värska. It lies between the Estonian villages of Popwitse and Podmotsa, but appears to contain no villages of its own.


See also: Exclave D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ...


True enclaves

This refers to those territories where a country is sovereign, but which cannot be reached without entering another country. The best-known example was West Berlin, before the reunification of Germany, which was de facto a West German exclave within East Germany, and thus an East German enclave (many small West Berlin land areas, such as Steinstücken, were in turn separated from the main one, some by only a few meters). De jure all of Berlin was ruled by the four Allied powers; this meant that West Berlin could not send voting members to the German Parliament, and that its citizens were exempt from conscription. Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... West Germany was the informal but almost universally used name for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1990, during which years the Federal Republic did not yet include East Germany. ... National motto: none Official languages German Capital East Berlin Largest city East Berlin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 106th 108,333 km² Negligible Creation -Abolition 7 October 1949 3 October 1990 Currency East German Mark Time zone  â€“ in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) National anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Internet... Steinstücken, a small settlement with approximately 200 inhabitants, is the southernmost territory of the Berlin borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf. ...


From the numerous enclaves that used to exist in Europe, only the following ones now remain:

  • The town of Baarle (51°26′N 4°56′E) in the southern Netherlands is made up of the municipality of Baarle-Hertog, a group of 22 Belgian enclaves within the Netherlands; and of the Dutch municipality of Baarle-Nassau, which itself has 3 enclaves in Belgian soil and a small one inside one of the Belgian enclaves.
  • Büsingen, Germany (47°42′N 8°42′E) is an exclave in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. Germany also has a group of 5 enclaves created by a railway track between the towns of Roetgen and Monschau (south of Aachen) that was granted Belgian sovereignty.
  • The town of Campione, in Italy (45°59′N 8°59′E), is enclaved in the canton of Ticino, Switzerland, although in practice it is administered as part of Switzerland. It is part of Swiss customs, uses the Swiss Franc, and its inhabitants don't have to pay any income tax to Italy, but it is under Italian sovereignty.
  • The Spanish town of Llívia (42°28′N 1°59′W), an exclave in southern France, a few kilometers east of the Principality of Andorra.
  • In the eastern part of Belarus, the Russian exclave of San'kovo-Medvezh'e (52°29′N 31°33′E) is made up of two villages.
  • The villages of Ormidhia and Xylotymvou in Cyprus (34°59′N 33°47′E), surrounded by the British Sovereign Base Area of Dhekelia. Inside this base, the Dhekalia Power Station also belongs to Cyprus although it's surrounded by British land and is even divided in two by a British road.
  • In Armenia, there exist three exclaves of Azerbaijan. Barxudarli (41°00′N 45°13′E) and Yuxari Askipara (41°04′N 45°01′E) in north-eastern Armenia. The other one, Karki (Kerki, 39°48′N 44°58′E), is located north of the region of Nakhchivan (which is a detached fragment of Azerbaijan stuck between Armenia, Iran and Turkey).
  • Reciprocally, there exists one Armenian exclave, a village called Artsvashen in north-western Azerbaijan (40°38′N 45°31′E).
  • There are two tiny Russian enclaves - villages of Akhty and Krakhoba in the northern rayon of Xacmaz (Khachmaz), Azerbaijan.

Outside Europe, enclaves are to be found in Asia : Location of Baarle-Hertog within the province of Antwerp Baarle-Hertog is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ... Baarle-Nassau is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Büsingen am Hochrhein is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen. ... The Canton of Schaffhausen is a canton of Switzerland. ... Roetgen is a village and a municipality in the district of Aachen in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Aachen (French Aix-la-Chapelle, Dutch Aken, Latin Aquisgranum, Ripuarian Oche) is a spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany. ... Campione (also known as Campione dItalia) is an Italian enclave within the Swiss canton of Ticino, separated from the rest of Italy by Lake Lugano and mountains. ... Canton Ticino or Ticino (German: (help· info)) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Llívia is a town of Cerdagne, located in the Catalan comarca of Baixa Cerdanya, province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain, that forms a Spanish exclave surrounded by French territory (Pyrénées-Orientales département). ... Ormidhia is a village in Larnaca District in south-eastern Cyprus. ... Xylotymvou is a village in Larnaca District in south-eastern Cyprus. ... Map of Akrotiri (Western) SBA Akrotiri (also known as the Western Sovereign Base Area or WSBA) and Dhekelia (also known as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area or ESBA) are UK Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) in Cyprus, a former British Crown Colony. ... Map of Azerbaijan, showing Naxçıvan to the bottom-left Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (or Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası) is an exclave of Azerbaijan. ...

  • Madha (25°19′N 56°14′E) is an Omani territory enclaved in the United Arab Emirates which in turn hosts the tiny territory of Nahwa, an UAE enclave within Madha.
  • On the India-Bangladesh border in the Indian district of Cooch-Behar, there are 92 exclaves of Bangladesh, with a total area of 47.7 km2. Similarly, there are 106 exclaves of India inside Bangladesh, with a total area of 69.5 km2. 21 of the Bangladeshi exclaves are within Indian exclaves. 3 of the Indian exclaves are within Bangladeshi exclaves. The largest Indian exclave, Balapara Khagrabari, surrounds one Bangladeshi exclave, Upanchowki Bhajni, which itself surrounds an Indian exclave called Dahala Khagrabari, of less than one hectare.
  • The Fergana Valley, a region where Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan meet, has a large number of enclaves. Barak, a small Kyrgyz village is surrounded by Uzbekistan. The Tajik village of Sarvan is in Uzbek territory and the Tajik village of Vorukh (39°52′N 70°39′E) and a small piece of land near Kairagach are embodied in Kyrgyz land. The Uzbek towns of Sokh (39°58′N 71°08′E) and Shakhimardan and the two tiny Uzbek territories of Qalacha and Khalmion, north of Sokh are all surrounded by Kyrgyz territory.
  • Mount Scopus was a true enclave of Israeli territory within East Jerusalem between 1949 and 1967. Israel has controlled the whole of Jerusalem since 1967, but the exact status of East Jerusalem is disputed so it may still be considered an enclave.

Three sets of islands, surrounded by the territorial waters of another country, can be found elsewhere: The Omani territory of Madha or Wadi Madha is located in the United Arab Emirates, halfway between the Musandam Peninsula and the rest of Oman. ... According to The Encyclopedia of International Boundaries there is one enclave within the Omani Madha exclave, named Nahwa, belonging to the Emirate of Sharjah. ... The India-Bangladesh border in the Indian state of West Bengal has about 51 exclaves of Bangladesh and 111 enclaves of India are within Bangladesh soil. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Fergana Valley (also Ferghana Valley) is a region in the Tian Shan mountain ranges of Central Asia spreading across eastern Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. ... Mount Scopus (הר הצופים, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ; Arabic جبل المشارف Jabal al-Mašārif, جبل المشهد Jabal al-Mašhad, جبل الصوانة ) is a mountain in East Jerusalem. ... East Jerusalem is that part of Jerusalem which was held by Jordan from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War until the Six-Day War in 1967. ...


The life in such areas varies greatly from one to another. Whereas in modern times European enclaves are usually legally well-defined and their population is often free to move from one country to another, Asian enclaves often result from disagreement over border treaties. This causes their inhabitants to be at worst enclosed inside, at best seriously impaired in their usual life. Chizumulu Island is the smaller of two inhabited islands in Lake Malawi, the larger being the nearby Likoma island. ... Likoma Island is the larger of two inhabited islands in Lake Malawi, the smaller being the nearby Chizumulu island. ... A view of the lake from Likoma Island Lake Malawi, originally known as Lake Nyasa, Lake Nyassa and Lake Niassa after the Yao word for lake, is the most southerly lake in the Great African Rift Valley system. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Río de la Plata in relation to Uruguay and Argentina A satellite view of the estuary The Río de la Plata (from Spanish: River of Silver), also known by the English name River Plate, as in the Battle of the River Plate, or sometimes [La] Plata River, is... The French Overseas Departments and Territories (often abbreviated DOM-TOM for départements doutre-mer, territoires doutre-mer) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (French Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) 46°47′N 56°12′W is a French overseas collectivity consisting of several small islands off the eastern coast of Canada near Newfoundland. ... A nautical mile is a unit of length. ...


"Practical" enclaves

Some territories, while not geographically detached from their motherland, are more easily reached by entering a foreign country, because of their location in a hilly area, or because the only road available enters that foreign place before coming back to the mother country. These territories may be called "practical enclaves," "pene-enclaves" or "quasi-enclaves" and can be found along many borders, particularly those that are not heavily defended. They will only be attached to the motherland via an extremely small or thin slice of land. Here are some examples:

Jungholz is a small town in the Austrian district of Reutte, Tyrol that is only accessible via Germany. ... Kleinwalsertal is a valley at the border between Austria and Germany. ... Vorarlberg is the westernmost federal state of Austria. ... View from the Nebelhorn, April 2004 Located in the Allgäu region of the Bavarian Alps, Oberstdorf is a quaint skiing and hiking village in southwest Germany. ... Samnaun is a municipality of the canton of Graubünden, eastern Switzerland, situated in the Kreis (subdistrict) of Ramosch of the administrative district of Inn. ... Lej da Segl and Lej da Silvaplauna, Upper Engadin Piz Roseg and Vadret da Roseg as seen from Fuorcla Surlej The Engadine (German: Engadin, Romansch: Engiadina) is a long mountain valley located in the canton of Graubünden in southeast of Switzerland. ... Livigno is a town excluded from EU VAT. It is in the Alps and belongs to Italy. ... Lutepää is a small community on the Värska to Saatse gravel road in southeast Estonia. ... Monaghan (Irish: Contae Muineachán) is a county in the Republic of Ireland. ... County Fermanagh (Contae Fhear Manach or Fear Manach in Irish), is the westernmost of the six counties that form Northern Ireland. ... Dieu et mon droit (motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked 4th... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... Point Roberts is a town in Whatcom County, Washington, United States located on the southernmost tip of Tsawassen Peninsula. ... Peninsula A peninsula (from Latin paene insula, almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages none stated in law; English is de facto Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 5th 944,735... Hyder is a census-designated place located in Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Census Area, Alaska. ... Stewart, British Columbia, main street Stewart is a small town at the head of the Portland Canal in western British Columbia, Canada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 1st 663,267 sq mi  1,717,854 km² 808 miles  1,300 km 1,479 miles  2,380 km 13. ... The Northwest Angle (the purple portion) in Minnesota, bordering Manitoba, Ontario, and Lake of the Woods. ... Official language(s) None Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 12th 225,365 km² 400 km 645 km 8. ... Lake of the Woods from space, May 1998 Lake of the Woods. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English (some French services are provided, but French does not have official status at the provincial level) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total... Campobello is an island in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1 458 km... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 86,542 km² 305 km 515 km 13. ...

Subnational enclaves

Sometimes, administrative divisions of a country, due to historical or practical reasons, caused some areas to belong to a division while being attached to another one. There are countless examples; here are some:

Emblems: ? (please edit) Motto: For the Queen, the Law and the People Slogan or Nickname: (none) Other Australian states and territories Capital Canberra Government Administrator Chief Minister Const. ... Emblems: Floral - Waratah (Telopea Speciosissima); Bird - Kookaburra (Dacelo Gigas); Animal - Platypus (Ornithorhynchus Anatinus); Fish - Blue Groper (Achoerodus Viridis) Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Governor Premier Const. ... The Jervis Bay Territory is a territory of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Länder in Austria. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Croatian and Serbian: Beč Romanian: Viena, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya, Russian: Вена) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Flanders (Flemish, Fleming) (Dutch: Vlaanderen (Vlaams, Vlaming)) has two main designations: a geographical region in the north of Belgium, corresponding to the Flemish Region, a consituent part of the federal Belgian state. ... Flanders (Flemish, Fleming) (Dutch: Vlaanderen (Vlaams, Vlaming)) has two main designations: a geographical region in the north of Belgium, corresponding to the Flemish Region, a consituent part of the federal Belgian state. ... Voeren (French: Fourons) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg. ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, Walloon: Walonreye) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... Comines-Warneton (Dutch: Komen-Waasten) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... The German-speaking Community of Belgium or Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgien in German is one of several federal communities in Belgium. ... Official language Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital de jure Sarajevo de facto Banja Luka Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  24,811 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  1,411,000  60/km² Ethnic groups (2005 est. ... Official language Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital de jure Sarajevo de facto Banja Luka Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  24,811 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  1,411,000  60/km² Ethnic groups (2005 est. ... Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located at 43°52N and 18°25E. According to a 1991 census, its population was 529,672; currently estimated at around 700,000. ... Sanhe (三河) is a county-level city in Hebei province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... (help· info) (IPA peiË© tɕɪŋ˦), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Tianjin (Chinese: 天津; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Bogota (Spanish: Bogotá) officially named Bogotá D.C. (), is the capital of Colombia, as well as the largest and most populous city in the country with a population of roughly 8. ... Cundinamarca is a department of Colombia, one of the original nine states of the United States of Colombia. Most of Cundinamarca is in the Eastern Cordillera, just south of Boyacá, bordered by the Magdalena River on the west, reaching down into the Amazon River basin on the east, and bordering... Template:France divisions levels, Junkyard Willie The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... The Vaucluse is a département in the southeast of France. ... The Enclave des Papes (Enclave of the Popes) is a canton of the Vaucluse département, a part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur (PACA) région in southern France. ... Valréas is a commune of the Vaucluse département, in France. ... Drôme is a département in southeastern France named after the Drôme River. ... The Enclave des Papes (Enclave of the Popes) is a canton of the Vaucluse département, a part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur (PACA) région in southern France. ... The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, States of the Church) was one of the major historical states of Italy before the boot-shaped peninsula was unified under the Piedmontese crown of Savoy (later a republic). ... View over the Rhône River to North-East with Mt Ventoux at the rear Palais des papes Square below the Palace of the Popes Paul Vs coat-of-arms on the Palais des papes The Notre Dame des Doms cathedral is located in the heart of Avignon, near... The Comtat Venaissin, often called the Comtat for short, was the name formerly given to the region around the city of Avignon in Provence, in what is now southern France. ... Watershed of the River Weser Bremerhaven is a city in the federal state of Bremen, Germany. ... The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (official name; German: Freie Hansestadt Bremen) is a port city in northern Germany and one of its 16 Federal States (Bundesländer). ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union Territory in western India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union Territory in western India. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... Gujarat (Gujarati: , Hindi: ,, IPA ; also spelled Gujrat and sometimes Gujarath). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... Gujarat (Gujarati: , Hindi: ,, IPA ; also spelled Gujrat and sometimes Gujarath). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Andhra Pradesh: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్; Ä€ndhra Prādesh), is a state in Eastern India and is part of the linguistic-cultural region of South India but is also considered Eastern and sometimes even Central India. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry ... Kerala (IPA: ; Malayalam: കേരളം — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Yogyakarta, Indonesia Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Map of Central Java province within Indonesia Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Saint Columbanus (543 - 21 November 615; also Columban), was an Irish missionary notable for founding a number of monasteries on the European continent and therefore as an exemplar of Irish missionary activity in early medieval Europe. ... This is about the Italian city of Milan. ... For other places called Lodi, see Lodi. ... Church San Michele in Pavia The Old Bridge (Ponte Vecchio) on the Ticino river is a symbol of Pavia Pavìa (the ancient Ticinum) (population 71,000) is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy, northern Italy, 35 km south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its... Kitayama (北山村; -mura) is an enclave village that belongs to Higashimuro District, Wakayama, Japan, but is located on the border between Mie and Nara prefectures. ... Kumanogawa (熊野川町; -cho) is an enclave town that belongs to Higashimuro District, Wakayama, Japan, but is located on the border between Mie and Nara prefectures. ... Wakayama Prefecture (和歌山県; Wakayama-ken) is part of the Kii Peninsula in the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Mie Prefecture (三重県; Mie-ken) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Nara Prefecture (奈良県; Nara-ken) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu Island, Japan. ... Wilayah Persekutuan is the Malay term for Federal Territory. ... Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan Area  - Total (City) 243. ... Image:InsertMapHere Mayor Tan Sri Samsudin Osman District Federal Territory Area 46 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Metropolitan 45,000 (est. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah Capital Shah Alam Royal Capital Klang Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Chief Minister Mohd Khir bin Toyo Area 7,956 km2 Population  - Estimated 4,100,000 State anthem Duli Yang Maha Mulia Selangor (Jawi: سلنجور, population 4. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Moscow oblast (Моско́вская о́бласть) is an administrative subdivision of Russia officially established on January 14, 1929. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Leningrad Oblast (Russian: , tr. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53 deg. ... The Republic of Adygea (Russian: ; Adyghe: Адыгэ Республик) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic) enclaved within Krasnodar Krai. ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Aga Buryatia (Аги́нский-Буря́тский автоно́мный о́круг) is an autonomous district of Chita Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Ust-Orda Buryatia (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Irkutsk Oblast). ... Capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Official languages Basque and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 14th  7 234 km²  1,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 7th  2 124 846  4,9%  293,73/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Basque  Basque  vasco/a euskal herritar, euskaldun GDP GDP/Cápita 30. ... Álava province Álava (Basque: Araba) is a province of northern Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos. ... Capital Valladolid Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 1st  94,223 km²  18,6% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 6th  2,510,849  5. ... The Hemispheric at the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències by Santiago Calatrava, Valencia, Spain. ... Rincón de Ademuz is an enclave of the province of València located between the provinces of Cuenca and Teruel. ... Teruel is a city in Aragon, Spain, the capital of the province of the same name. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Cuenca province Cuenca is a province of central Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. ... Capital Toledo Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 3rd 79 463 km² 15,7% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 9th  1 782 038  4,3%  22,43/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Castilian-Manchego  castellano-manchego Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 CM Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ... KwaZulu-Natal, often referred to as KZN, is a province of South Africa. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Appenzell (or Appenzellerland) is a region in the northeast of Switzerland, entirely surrounded by the Canton of St. ... St. ... For other uses, see Fribourg (disambiguation). ... The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Lake Neuchâtel (French: Lac de Neuchâtel; German: Neuenburgersee) is a lake in Western Switzerland (French-speaking Switzerland). ... The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the name of the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... Coligny can refer to: Gaspard de Coligny (1519_1572), Seigneur (Lord) de Châtillon, admiral of France and Protestant leader Coligny, a commune of the Ain département, in France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Lake Geneva - or Lake Léman, (French Lac Léman, le Léman, or Lac de Genève, German Genfer See) is the second largest freshwater lake in Central Europe (after Lake Balaton), divided as 40% France (Haute-Savoie) and 60% Switzerland (cantons of Vaud, Geneva, and Valais). ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Flintshire (Welsh Sir y Fflint) is a county in northern Wales. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Dee can be: a name of the letter D a familiar form of the name Deanna, Dianne, Diane, Douglas, Denise, Dolores, Deidre a shortening of the name Jody a transliteration of the Chinese word for brother into English. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Glendale is a city located in Arapahoe County, Colorado. ... Arapahoe County, Colorado Arapahoe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Cammack Village is a city located in Pulaski County, Arkansas. ... Pulaski County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. ... Little Rock skyline Motto: Nickname: The Capital City, Rock-Town, City of Roses Map Political Statistics Founded 1821 Incorporated 1831 Pulaski County Mayor Jim Dailey Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 302. ... Medford Lakes highlighted in Burlington County. ... Medford, New Jersey may refer to the Township of Medford in Burlington County in the southern part of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Seal of Brookline, MA Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... The city of Piedmont highlighted within Alameda County Piedmont is a city located in Alameda County, California. ... Oakland, founded in 1852, is a major city on the east side (also called East Bay) of San Francisco Bay in Northern California in the United States. ... The city of Newark highlighted within Alameda County Newark is a city located in Alameda County, California. ... Fremont (IPA: ) is a city in California which was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Niles, and Warm Springs. ... Alameda County is a suburban county in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... Highland Park is a city located in Wayne County, Michigan. ... Hamtramck is a city located in Wayne County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Motor City Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Official website: www. ... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie (pronounced ) is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, which are among the largest in the world. ... Nickname: The Glass City, T-Town Official website: http://www. ... Killington, Vermont Killington is a town (known from 1761 until 1999 as Sherburne), located in Rutland County, Vermont. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Town meeting is a form of local government commonly practiced in the U.S. region of New England, but uncommon elsewhere in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 46th 24,239 km² 110 km 305 km 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 24 923 km² 130 km 260 km 3. ... Carter Lake is a city located in Pottawattamie County, Iowa. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 16th 200,520 km² 340 km 690 km 0. ... An oxbow lake is a type of lake which is formed when a wide meander from a stream or a river is cut off to form a lake. ... The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the U.S. and leads the judicial branch of the U.S. federal government. ... Scituate is a small seacoast town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod Bay midway between Boston and Plymouth. ... Marshfield is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Long Island, situated in Boston Harbor in Massachusetts, is part of the City of Boston yet remains accessible by road only from Quincy. ... Categories: Stub | Massachusetts geography | Boston ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 10,555 mi²; 27,360 km² 183 mi; 295 km 113 mi; 182 km 13. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... Nickname: The City of Presidents Official website: http://ci. ... Fulton County is a county located in the state of Kentucky. ... Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ... The Kentucky Bend seen from the south, in Tennessee. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... Official language(s) none, English most common Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 195 km 710 km 2. ... Spuyten Duyvil Creek, also known as the Harlem River Ship Canal, is a one-mile-long channel connecting the Hudson and Harlem Rivers in New York City, separating the island of Manhattan from the mainland. ... Marble Hill is the northernmost section of the borough of Manhattan in New York, New York. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... Spuyten Duyvil Creek, also known as the Harlem River Ship Canal, is a one-mile-long channel connecting the Hudson and Harlem Rivers in New York City, separating the island of Manhattan from the mainland. ... View of Rikers Island Rikers Island is New York Citys largest jail facility, sitting on a 415 acre (1. ... -1... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... Queens Borough in New York City, in yellow Queens is the largest in area and second most populous of the five boroughs of New York City. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require removal of its excessive redlinks. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... Statue of Liberty and Liberty Island Liberty Enlightening the World, known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty, is a statue given to the United States by France in the late 19th century, standing at Liberty Island in the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor as a... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... View of the Hudson in the 1880s showing Jersey City The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Ellis Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor, was at one time the main immigration port for immigrants entering the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... View of the Hudson in the 1880s showing Jersey City The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Mount Oliver can refer to: the borough of Mount Oliver in Pennsylvania Mount Oliver in Antarctica. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 255 km 455 km 2. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 94,000 Total dead: 258,000 Wounded: 137,000+  The American... Winn Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... The Union was a name used by many to refer to the Northern states during the American Civil War. ... National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 31st 134,382 km² 210 km 610 km 16 29°N to 33°N 89°W to 94°W Population... BIA map of Indian reservations in the continental United States. ... Alamo Heights is a city located in Bexar County, Texas. ... Castle Hills is a city located in Bexar County, Texas. ... Hill Country Village is a city located in Bexar County, Texas, United States. ... Hollywood Park is a town located in Bexar County, Texas. ... Kirby is a city located in Bexar County, Texas, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 8,673. ... Leon Valley is a city located in Bexar County, Texas. ... ... Shavano Park is a city located in Bexar County, Texas. ... Nickname: Alamo City Official website: www. ... Payne, or more commonly known as Payne City, is a small city located in Bibb County, Georgia. ... Macon is a city located in Bibb County, Georgia, USA. It lies near the geographic center of Georgia, approximately 80 miles (129 km) south of Atlanta, hence the citys nickname as the Heart of Georgia. ...

Ethnic enclaves

Ethnic enclaves are communities of an ethnic group inside an area where another ethnic group predominates. Jewish ghettos and shtetls, barrios and Chinatowns are examples. These areas may have a separate language, culture and economic system. There is also a Hungarian ethnic enclave in Transylvania in Romania. Historically, there also was a Jewish settlement within Kaifeng, China with outside reports dating back to the 12th century. However, after World War II, the culture was determined to be almost entirely assimilated. Native American reservations in the United States enjoy limited national sovereignty, and are generally located completely within the confines of a U.S. state. A shtetl or shtetele (Yiddish: , derived from German: , meaning little town/city) was typically a small town or village with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... Barrio is a Spanish word meaning district. ... Chinese New Year celebrated in a Chinatown in Paris. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Jews in China have historically been divided into several populations of Chinese Jews. ... Kaifeng (Simplified Chinese: 开封; Traditional Chinese: 開封; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kai-feng), formerly known as Bianliang (汴梁), is a prefecture-level city in eastern Henan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II... In the social sciences, assimilation is the process of integration whereby immigrants, or other minority groups, are absorbed into a generally larger community. ... In the United States an Indian reservation is land which is managed by a Native American tribe under the United States Department of the Interiors Bureau of Indian Affairs. ...


Extraterritoriality

Embassies and military bases are usually exempted from the jurisdiction of the host country, i.e., the laws of the host nation the embassy is in do not typically apply to the land of the embassy or base itself. This exemption from the jurisdiction of the host coutry is defined as extraterritoriality. Areas of extraterritoriality are not true enclaves as they are still part of the host country. In addition to embassies some other areas have extraterritoriality. A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... Extraterritoriality is the state of being exempt from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations. ...


Examples of this include:

Pavillon de Breteuil, a legal enclave of France, inaugurated by Louis XIV in 1672, and used from 1875 by the General Conference on Weights and Measures. ... The Conférence générale des poids et mesures (General Conference on Weights and Measures or CGPM) is one of the three organizations established to maintain the SI system under the terms of the Metre Convention (1875). ... United Nations headquarters, view from East River United Nations headquarters in New York City United Nations headquarters, facade detail The United Nations headquarters is a distinctive complex in New York City that has served as the United Nationss headquarters since its completion in 1952. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Knights Hospitaller (also known by such names as Knights of Rhodes, Knights of Malta, Cavaliers of Malta, and Order of St John of Jerusalem) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine hospitaller Order founded in Jerusalem, following the First Crusade, ca. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Suleyman Shah (Süleyman Åžah, d. ... ErtuÄŸrul (أرطغل), also ErtoÄŸrul (with title ErtuÄŸrul Gazi), (1198-1281) was the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. ... Sultan Osman I Osman I (1258–1326) (Ottoman: عثمان بن أرطغل) was born in 1258 and inherited the title bey (chief) from his father, ErtuÄŸrul, as the ruler of the village of Söğüt in 1281. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Land ceded to a foreign country

Some areas of land in a country are owned by another country and in some cases it has special privileges, such as being exempt from taxes. These lands are not enclaves and do not have extraterritoriality.


Examples of this include:

For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Longwwod is a district of island of Saint Helena, where Napoleon was exiled (1916) to his death in (5th May 1821) Pop: 951 h. ... Normandy American Memorial The World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial honors American soldiers who died during operations in Europe during World War II. // History The cemetery is located on the site of the temporary American St. ... Monument to Suvorov as youthful Mars, the Roman god of war (1801). ... Göschenen is a small Swiss town on the northern end of the St. ... The Canadian National Vimy Memorial The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is one of Canadas most important overseas war memorials to those who served their country in World War I and risked or gave their lives during the war. ... Template:Infobox Military Conflict Hero of war Mike Labelle says kyle lane. ... Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead:5 million Civilian dead:3 million Total dead:8 million Military dead:4 million Civilian dead:3 million Total dead:7 million The First World... Detail from the Magna Carta Memorial Runnymede is a water-meadow alongside the River Thames in the English county of Surrey. ...

See also

D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... A panhandle is a geographic term for a long and usually thin projection of a U.S. state. ... A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. ... This is a list of countries that have a land border with only one other country. ... The New Yorkistan cover of The New Yorker spoofs urban Americas tendency to huddle into cultural or ethnic enclaves— although many of New Yorks neighborhoods are in fact well-integrated. ... Throughout history there has been a number of enclaves created that, for whatever reason, no longer exist. ... During the 18th century merchants from Western Europe came to China in increasing numbers. ...

External links

  • Rolf Palmberg's Enclaves of the world
  • Provence Hideaways Enclave des Papes
  • Jan S. Krogh's Geosite
  • exclave.info
  • 'Tangled Territories' 2005 review article on exclaves and enclaves in Europe published in hidden europe magazine

  Results from FactBites:
 
Enclave - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3880 words)
In Belgium, the Brussels-Capital Region is an enclave of Flanders.
In Russia, Adygea is an enclave in Krasnodar Krai.
In Spain, the Condado de Treviño is an enclave of the Basque province of Álava and administratively part of the province of Burgos in Castile-Leon.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Enclave (2852 words)
In human geography, an enclave is a piece of land which is totally enclosed within a foreign territory.
Since living in an enclave can be very inconvenient and many agreements have to be found by both countries over mail addresses, power supply or passage rights, enclaves tend to be eliminated and many cases that existed before have now been solved.
In Spain, the Condado de Treviño is an enclave of the Basque province of Álava and administratively part of the province of Burgos in Castile-Leon.
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