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Encyclopedia > Enactivism
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In psychology, and the cognitive sciences more generally, enactivism is a theoretical approach to understanding the mind. It incorporates an historical perspective -- in the sense that each individual's developmental trajectory shapes their understanding of reality -- with the result that it can be seen to subsume and synthesize arguments from embodied and situated cognition to present an alternative to cognitivism. Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of the human mind, brain and behaviour. ... Image File history File links Human_brain_NIH.jpg NIH image of human brain Source: http://lbc. ... The history of psychology consists of a prescientific and a scientific epoch. ... The basic premise of applied psychology is the use of psychological principles and theories to overcome practical problems in other fields, such as business management, product design, ergonomics, nutrition or clinical medicine. ... Biological psychology is the scientific study of the biological bases of behavior and mental states. ... Clinical psychology is the application of psychology to problematic mental distress in a health and social care context. ... Cognitive Psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. ... Hans Baldung Grien: The Ages And Death, c. ... Evolutionary psychology (abbreviated ev-psych or EP) is a theoretical approach to psychology that explains many mental traits as adaptations in the sense of evolutionary biological, as a product of natural or sexual selection. ... Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental method. ... Industrial and organizational psychology (or I/O psychology) is also known as occupational psychology (in the United Kingdom) and work psychology (from the German, Arbeitspsychologie). ... Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, and understand language. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This is a list of important publications in psychology, organized by field. ... link title Headline text --Cknuth7 16:35, 3 April 2006 (UTC) This page aims to list articles related to psychology. ... Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of the human mind, brain and behaviour. ... Rendering of human brain based on MRI data Cognitive science is usually defined as the scientific study either of mind or of intelligence (e. ... Embodiment is the way in which human (or any other animals) psychology arises from the brains and bodys physiology. ... Situated cognition is a new movement in cognitive psychology which derives from pragmatism, Gibsonian ecological psychology, ethnomethodology, the theories of Vygotsky and the writings of Heidegger. ... In psychology, cognitivism is a theoretical approach to understanding the mind, which argues that mental function can be understood by quantitative, positivist and scientific methods, and that such functions can be described as information processing models. ...

   
Enactivism (psychology)
Enactivists criticize representational views of the mind and emphasize the importance of embodiment and action to cognition.
   
Enactivism (psychology)
-Evan Thompson, Dept. of Philosophy, University of Toronto.[1]


At a fundamental level, enactivism is anti-dualist. There is no "core" self, but there is rather an enchained set of context-dependent associations that collectively provide a point-of-view in approaching the momentary problems of being. In this sense, individuals can be seen to "grow into"[1] the world; it is not, a priori, "represented."[2] Image File history File links Cquote1. ... Representationalism, or the representational theory of perception, is a philosophical doctrine that in any act of perception, the immediate (direct) object of perception is a sense-datum that represents an external object, which is the mediate (indirect) object of perception. ... Embodiment is the way in which human (or any other animals) psychology arises from the brains and bodys physiology. ... Action, as a concept in philosophy, is what humans can do. ... Look up Cognition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Cquote2. ... In the philosophy of mind, dualism is a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter, which begins with the claim that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical. ...

Contents


Scholars with sympathetic ideas

Rodney Allen Brooks (b. ... Jerome S. Bruner (b. ... Hubert Dreyfus (born 1929) is a professor of philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Dr. Walter Jackson Freeman II (November 14, 1895 – May 31, 1972) was a physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, graduate of Yale and the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, advocate and very prolific practitioner of psychosurgery, specifically lobotomy. ... Carlos Fernando Flores Labra (born January 9, 1943) is a former Chilean cabinet minister and current senator. ... Mark L. Johnson is Knight Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Oregon. ... George P. Lakoff (, born 1941) is a professor of linguistics (in particular, cognitive linguistics) at the University of California, Berkeley, where he has taught since 1972. ... Humberto Maturana (born 1928 in Santiago) is a Chilean biologist and philosopher. ... Jean Piaget [] (August 9, 1896 – September 16, 1980) was a Swiss natural scientist and developmental psychologist, well known for his work studying children and his theory of cognitive development. ... Richard McKay Rorty (born October 4, 1931 in New York City) is an American philosopher. ... Francisco Varela (Santiago, September 7, 1946 – May 28, 2001, Paris) was a Chilean biologist and philosopher who, together with his teacher Humberto Maturana, is best known for introducing the concept of autopoiesis to biology. ... Terry Allen Winograd (born February 24, 1946) is a professor of computer science at Stanford University. ...

Other related scholars

Gregory Bateson (9 May 1904–4 July 1980) was a British anthropologist, social scientist, linguist and cyberneticist whose work intersected that of many other fields. ... Stuart Alan Kauffman (born September 28, 1939), originally trained as a physician, is a theoretical biologist and complex systems researcher, who studies the origin of life. ... Maurice Merleau-Ponty (March 14, 1908 – May 4, 1961) was a French phenomenologist philosopher, strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl, who is often (some think mistakenly) classified as an existentialist thinker because of his close association with Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, and his distinctly Heideggerian conception of Being. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Lev Vygotsky Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky (Лев Семенович Выготский) (November 12 (November 5 Old Style), 1896 – June 11, 1934) was a Soviet developmental psychologist whose work received widespread recognition in the Western world around the 1960s. ... Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (IPA: ) (April 26, 1889 – April 29, 1951) was an Austrian philosopher who contributed several ground-breaking works to contemporary philosophy, primarily on the foundations of logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of language, and the philosophy of mind. ...

See also

Look up Cognition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Rendering of human brain based on MRI data Cognitive science is usually defined as the scientific study either of mind or of intelligence (e. ... Cognitive Psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... Embodiment is the way in which human (or any other animals) psychology arises from the brains and bodys physiology. ... Representationalism, or the representational theory of perception, is a philosophical doctrine that in any act of perception, the immediate (direct) object of perception is a sense-datum that represents an external object, which is the mediate (indirect) object of perception. ... Situated cognition is a new movement in cognitive psychology which derives from pragmatism, Gibsonian ecological psychology, ethnomethodology, the theories of Vygotsky and the writings of Heidegger. ... Social cognition is the name for both a branch of psychology that studies the cognitive processes involved in social interaction, and an umbrella term for the processes themselves. ... The term Neural Darwinism is used in two different ways. ...

Further reading

  • McGann, M. & Torrance, S. (2005). Doing it and meaning it (and the relationship between the two). In R. D. Ellis & N. Newton, Consciousness & Emotion, vol. 1: Agency, conscious choice, and selective perception. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. ISBN 1-58811-596-8
  • Hutto, D. D. (Ed.) (in press). Radical Enactivism: Intentionality, phenomenology, and narrative. In R. D. Ellis & N. Newton (Series Eds.), Consciousness & Emotion, vol. 2. ISBN 90-272-4151-1

References

  1. ^ Burman, J. T. (in press). [Review of the book Consciousness & Emotion, vol. 1: Agency, conscious choice, and selective perception.], Journal of Consciousness Studies.
  2. ^ Varela, F., Thompson, E., & Rosch, E. (1991). The embodied mind: Cognitive science and human experience. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

 
 

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