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Encyclopedia > Empress dowager

Empress Dowager (Chinese: 皇太后; Chinese Pinyin: Húang Tài Hòu, Korean pronunciation: Hwang Tae Hu, Japanese pronunciation: Kōtaigō, Vietnamese pronunciation: Hoàng Thái Hậu) was the title given to the mother of a Chinese, Japanese, Korean, or Vietnamese emperor. Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The following list contains, among other information, the era names for all emperors of the Nguyen dynasty. ...

The title was also given occasionally to another woman of the same generation, while a woman from the previous generation was sometimes given the title of Grand Empress Dowager. Numerous empress dowagers held regency during the reign of an underage emperor. Many of the most prominent empress dowagers also extended their control for long periods after the emperor was old enough to govern. This was a source of political turmoil according to traditional view of Chinese history. Diverse women. ... The title Grand Empress Dowager (simplified and traditional Chinese: 太皇太后, pinyin tai4 huang2 tai4 hou4) was given to the grandmother or a woman from the grandmother generation of the Chinese dynastic ruler. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ...

Chronological list of notable Chinese empress dowagers

Han dynasty Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220...

Northern Dynasties Empress Lü Zhi (呂雉) (died 180 BC), commonly known as Empress Dowager Lü (呂太后, pinyin: Lü Taihou) or formally as Empress Gao (高皇后, pinyin: Gaō Huánghoù), was the wife of Emperor Gao of the Han Dynasty. ... Empress Dou (竇皇后, given name 漪 Yi) (d. ... Empress Wang Zhengjun (Traditional Chinese: 王政君), official imperial title Empress Xiaoyuan (孝元皇后), later and more commonly known as Grand Empress Dowager Wang (b. ... Empress Deng Sui (鄧綏) (AD 81 - 121), formally Empress Hexi (和熹皇后, literally the moderate and pacifying empress) was an empress during Han Dynasty. ... Empress Liang Na (梁妠) (116-150), formally Empress Shunlie (順烈皇后, literally the kind and achieving empress), was an empress during the Han Dynasty. ... Empress He (何皇后, personal name unknown) (d. ... The Northern Dynasties (北朝 bei3 chao2) included Northern Wei Dynasty, Eastern Wei Dynasty, Western Wei Dynasty, Northern Qi Dynasty, Northern Zhou Dynasty. ...

  • Empress Dowager Feng
  • Empress Dowager Hu

Tang Dynasty Empress Feng (馮皇后, personal name unknown) (442-490), formally Empress Wenming (文明皇后, literally the civil and understanding empress) was an empress of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei. ... China under the Tang Dynasty (yellow) and its sphere of influence Capital Changan (618–904) Luoyang (904-907) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 618-626 Emperor Gaozu  - 684, 705-710 Emperor Zhongzong  - 684, 710-712 Emperor Ruizong  - 904-907 Emperor Ai History  - Li Yuan...

  • Empress Dowager Wu, more commonly known as Wu Zetian
  • Empress Dowager Wei, daughter-in-law of Wu Zetian.

Qing Dynasty Wu Zetian (武則天) (625 - December 16, 705), personal name Wu Zhao (武曌), was the only female emperor in the history of China, founding her own dynasty, the Zhou (周), and ruling under the name Emperor Shengshen (聖神皇帝) from 690 to 705. ... Empress Dowager Wei (衛太后, personal name unknown) was an empress dowager of the Chinese/Di state Later Liang. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Territory of Qing China in 1892 Capital Shengjing (1636-1644) Beijing (1644-1912) Language(s) Chinese Manchu Mongolian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1636-1643 Huang Taiji  - 1908-1912 Xuantong Emperor Prime Minister  - 1911 Yikuang  - 1911-1912 Yuan Shikai History  - Establishment of the Late...

The Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Manchu: Hiyoošungga Ambalinggū Genggiyenšu Hūwanghu; March 28, 1613 - January 27, 1688), known for the majority of her life under the title Grand Empress Dowager, was the mother of the Shunzhi Emperor and the grandmother of the Kangxi Emperor during the Qing... The Empress Dowager Cian (Chinese: 慈安皇太后) 1837 - April 8, 1881, popularly known in China as the East Empress Dowager (Chinese: 东太后), before she was widowed known as Empress Zhen (Chinese: 贞皇后), and officially known posthumously as the Xiaozhen Empress (Chinese: 孝贞显皇后), was the second Empress Consort of the Xian Feng Emperor (b. ... Empress Dowager Cixi (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tzu-Hsi Tai-hou) (November 29, 1835 – November 15, 1908), popularly known in China as the West Empress Dowager (Chinese: 西太后), was from the Manchu Yehe Nara Clan. ... Yehenara, Empress Xiao Ding Jing (Chinese: 孝定景皇后叶赫那拉氏); is better known as the Empress Dowager Longyu (Chinese: 隆裕皇后), (given name: Jingfen 靜芬) (1868 - 1913). ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Royalty.nu - Chinese History - Dowager Empress Tzu Hsi or Cixi (3042 words)
The dowager empress certainly seems to have had a high opinion of her own intelligence and importance; a member of her court, Princess Der Ling, who wrote a book called Two Years in the Forbidden City, quoted Tzu Hsi as saying, "I have often thought that I am the most clever woman that ever lived...
The new emperor, Kuang Hsu, was skinny, sickly, and terrified of the Empress Dowager.
With the Empress Dowager of China by Katherine A. Carl.
Empress Dowager Cixi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3767 words)
She was privileged to become empress dowager only because she was the biological mother of Emperor Tongzhi.
Concubine Dowager Kangci was the highest ranking surviving concubine of the late emperor Daoguang, and so she was the woman with the highest status inside the Forbidden City.
Empress Dowager Ci'an died suddenly on April 8, 1881, during an audience at the court.
  More results at FactBites »



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