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Encyclopedia > Empress Michiko
Empress Michiko of Japan
Empress Michiko of Japan

Her Imperial Majesty Empress Michiko of Japan (美智子), (born October 20, 1934) formerly Michiko Shoda (正田美智子 shoda michiko) and later the Crown Princess of Japan (April 10, 1959 to January 7, 1989), is the wife and consort of the reigning Emperor of Japan, Akihito. She was the first commoner to marry into the Japanese imperial family. As crown princess and later as empress, she has become the most visible and widely travelled imperial consort in Japanese history. File links The following pages link to this file: Empress Michiko of Japan Categories: Images with unknown source ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... His Majesty The Emperor Akihito of Japan The Emperor of Japan (天皇 tennō) is Japans titular head of state and the head of the Japanese Imperial Family. ... His Imperial Majesty Emperor Akihito His Imperial Majesty Emperor Akihito (明仁), tennō heika (天皇陛下), (born December 23, 1933) is the 125th, and current, Emperor (天皇 tennō) of Japan. ...

Empress Michiko was born in Tokyo, the eldest daughter of Hidesaburo Shoda, president and later honorary chairman of Nisshin Flour Milling Company, and his wife, Fumiko Soejima. She attended Futaba Elementary School in Tokyo, but was obliged to leave during the fourth grade because of the American bombing during World War II. She returned to school after the war ended and attended the Seishin (Sacred Heart) High School in Tokyo. Long a symbol of Tokyo, the Nijubashi Bridge at the Imperial Palace. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

She earned a bachelor of arts in English literature from the Faculty of Literature at the University of the Sacred Heart, Tokyo in 1957. In August of that year, she met then-Crown Prince Akihito on a tennis court at Karuizawa. The Imperial Household Council (a body comprised of the prime minister of Japan, the presiding officers of the two houses of the Diet of Japan (or parliament), the chief judge of the Supreme Court, and two members of the imperial family) formally approved the engagement of the Crown Prince to Michiko Shoda on November 27, 1958. (Biographers of the writer Yukio Mishima report that he had considered marrying Michiko Shoda and was introduced to her for that hopeful purpose sometime in the 1950s.) University of the Sacred Heart (聖心女子大学 Seishin Joshi Daigaku) is a Japanese private female university located in Shibuya, Tokyo. ... Karuizawa (軽井沢町; -machi) is a town located in Kitasaku District, Nagano, Japan. ... A paulownia flower pattern is considered to be a symbol of the Japanese prime minister and cabinet routinely. ... The National Diet of Japan (国会; Kokkai) is Japans legislature. ... Yukio Mishima Yukio Mishima (三島由紀夫 Mishima Yukio), was the public name of Kimitake Hiraoka (平岡公威 Hiraoka Kimitake), (January 14, 1925 - November 25, 1970), a Japanese author and rightist political activist, notable for both his nihilistic post-war writing and the circumstances of his suicide. ...

Although the future crown princess was the daughter of a wealthy industrialist, she was a commoner. During the 1950s, the media and most persons familiar with the Japanese monarchy had assumed the powerful Imperial Household Agency (Kunaicho) would select a bride for Crown Prince Akihito from among the daughters of the former court nobility (kuge) or from one the former branches of the imperial family. Some traditionalists opposed the engagement, and it was widely rumored that the Empress Nagako also was against her son's engagement. When the dowager empress died in 2000, Reuters news agency reported that she had reportedly bullied her effervescent new daughter-in-law into a rumored nervous breakdown in the early 1960s. The young couple nonetheless proved widely popular among the Japanese public. The couple married on April 10, 1959. The kuge (公家) was a Japanese aristocratic class that dominated the Japanese imperial court in Kyoto until the rise of the Shogunate in the 12th century at which point it was eclipsed by the daimyo. ... Nagako (良子), Empress and later Empress Dowager of Japan, consort to the Emperor Showa Hirohito, (March 6, 1903 - June 16, 2000) and mother of the Emperor Akihito. ...

Three children were born to the couple: the current

  1. Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan, b. February 23, 1960;
  2. Prince Akishino (Fumihito), b. November 11, 1965; and
  3. Princess Nori (Sayako), b. April 18, 1969.

Crown Prince Akihito and Crown Princess Michiko again broke precedent by preferring to raise their children instead of entrusting them to the care of court chamberlains; the crown princess even breastfed. Her efforts to break free of suffocating court etiquette regarding childrearing may have been even more serious than is popularly known. An article written by Sheila K. Johnson and published in 1997 in the "JPRI Critique, the journal of the Japan Policy Research Institute -- "Sad Lives: A Tale of Two Princesses," Vol. 4, No. 9 -- reported that in the 1960s, rumors abounded that Crown Princess Michiko underwent an abortion partly to spite her controlling father-in-law, Hirohito. Crown Prince Naruhito His Imperial Highness The Crown Prince Naruhito (徳仁), Kōtaishi denka (皇太子殿下), (born at Togu Palace, Tokyo February 23, 1960) is the eldest son of His Majesty the Emperor Akihito and Her Majesty the Empress Michiko. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Prince and Princess Akishino after the funeral of Grand Duchess Josephine-Charlotte of Luxembourg His Imperial Highness Prince Akishino (秋篠宮文仁親王殿下 akishino no miya fumihito denka) also known as Prince Fumihito (文仁親王 fumihito shinnō) (born 30 November 1965) is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Her Imperial Highness Princess Sayako, the third child and only daughter of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko, was born on 18 April 1969. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... The Japan Policy Research Institute (JPRI) is a non-profit organization organized under §501(c)(3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code that was founded in 1994 by Chalmers Johnson and Steven C. Clemons in order to promote public education about Japan, its then growing significance in world affairs... Hirohito (裕仁), the Shōwa Emperor (昭和天皇, Shōwa tennō), (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) reigned over Japan from 1926 to 1989. ...

Upon the death of the Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito) on January 7, 1989, her husband became Japan's 125th emperor and she became empress (consort). The new Emperor and Empress celebrated were enthroned (Sokui Rei Seiden no Gi) at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo on November 12, 1990. Hirohito (裕仁), the Shōwa Emperor (昭和天皇, Shōwa tennō), (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) reigned over Japan from 1926 to 1989. ... January 7 is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

As Crown Prince and Crown Princess, Akihito and Michiko made official visits to thirty-seven countries. Since their enthronement, the imperial couple have visited an additional eighteen countries.

  Results from FactBites:
Pandoras Box (3356 words)
Michiko was the first commoner ever to marry an Emperor, in a marriage that was a huge break from tradition.
Empress Nagako could barely manage the fact that the new royal was a commoner; the second break from centuries of tradition was the last straw.
The Empress didn’t always adapt well to the changes – and she definitely was a martinet – but she was also one of the best examples of the multi-layered, dichotomous undercurrents running through the Imperial Family, their situation, the conflict with the past, and their uneasy adjustment to their modern, post-war life.
ipedia.com: Akihito Article (436 words)
Akihito is the eldest son and the fifth child of the Emperor Showa and the Empress Kojun.
Akihito is the eldest son and the fifth child of the Emperor Showa (Hirohito) and the Empress Kojun (Nagako).
In June 1953, Crown Prince Akihito represented Japan at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
  More results at FactBites »



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