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Encyclopedia > Empire State Building
Empire State Building
Empire State Building was the world's tallest building from 1931 to 1972.*
Preceded by Chrysler Building
Surpassed by World Trade Center (1972)
Information
Location 350 Fifth Avenue
New York, New York 10118
USA[1]
Coordinates 40°44′54.36″N 73°59′08.50″W / 40.7484333, -73.985694 (Empire State Building)Coordinates: 40°44′54.36″N 73°59′08.50″W / 40.7484333, -73.985694 (Empire State Building)
Status Complete
Constructed 1929–1931[2]
Height
Antenna/Spire 1,472 ft (448.7 m)[3]
Roof 1,250 ft (381.0 m)
Top floor 1,224 ft (373.2 m)[3]
Technical details
Floor count 102
Floor area 2,768,591 sq ft (257,000 m²) rentable (2007)
External: 2 acres (0.8 ha)[2]
Cost $40,948,900
Companies
Architect Shreve, Lamb and Harmon
Contractor Starrett Brothers and Eken
Management W&H Properties

*Fully habitable, self-supported, from main entrance to highest structural or architectural top; see the list of tallest buildings in the world for other listings.
Empire State Building
(U.S. National Historic Landmark)
Designated as NHL: June 24, 1986 [4]
Added to NRHP: November 17, 1982 [5]
NRHP Reference#: 82001192

The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. Its name is derived from the nickname for the state of New York. It stood as the world's tallest building for more than forty years, from its completion in 1931 until construction of the World Trade Center's North Tower was completed in 1972.[citation needed] Following the destruction of the World Trade Center in 2001, the Empire State Building again became the tallest building in New York City. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x2000, 1455 KB) yo motha fuckas this is new york city!! YAYA! auteur : slonecker There are no usage restrictions for this photo. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Street sign at Fifth Avenue and East 57th street Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in New York City. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon was the architectural firm best known for the 1931 Empire State Building, the tallest building in New York. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2318 × 3091 pixel, file size: 2. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Asheville City Hall. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Fifth Avenue redirects here. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... This article is about the state. ... The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


The Empire State Building has been named by the American Society of Civil Engineers as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. The building and its street floor interior are designated landmarks of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, and confirmed by the New York City Board of Estimate.[6] It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986.[4][7][8] In 2007, it was ranked number one on the List of America's Favorite Architecture according to the AIA. The building is owned and managed by W&H Properties.[9] “ASCE” redirects here. ... In an effort to recognize a contemporary equivalent to the heralded ancient Seven Wonders of the World, the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) has designated the following Seven Wonders of the Modern World [1]: The Empire State Building (New York, USA) Taj Mahal(Agra,India) The CN Tower (Toronto... The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission is the New York City agency charged with administering New Yorks Landmarks Preservation Law. ... The New York City Board of Estimate was a governmental body in New York City, responsible for budget and land-use decisions. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... In 2007, the American Institute of Architects released the following list, titled Americas Favorite Architecture, containing 150 of Americas most beautiful buildings, according to a survey of AIA members. ...

Contents

History of the building

The present site of the Empire State Building was first developed as the John Thomson Farm in the late 18th century. At the time, a stream ran across the site, emptying into Sunfish Pond, located a block away. The block was occupied by the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in the late 19th century, and was frequented by The Four Hundred, the social elite of New York. The hotels name with a single hyphen is engraved and gilded over the entrance. ... Samuel Ward McAllister (1827-1895) was the self-appointed arbiter of New York society in the 1880s. ...


Design and Construction

The Empire State Building was designed by Gregory Johnson and his architectural firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon, which produced the building drawings in just two weeks, using its earlier design for the Carew Tower in Cincinnati, Ohio, as a basis.[10] The building was actually designed from the top down.[11] The general contractors were Starrett Brothers and Eken, and the project was financed by John J. Raskob. The construction company was chaired by Alfred E. Smith, a former Governor of New York.[2] Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon was the architectural firm best known for the 1931 Empire State Building, the tallest building in New York. ... Carew Tower is the tallest building in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States. ... Cincinnati redirects here. ... John Jakob Raskob (1879-1950) was a financial executive and businessman who became chairman of the Democratic National Committee and a key supporter of Alfred E. Smiths candidacy for President of the United States. ... Alfred Emanuel Smith ( December 30, 1873– October 4, 1944), often known as Al Smith, was Governor of New York and a U.S. presidential candidate in 1928. ... This is a list of the Governors of New York. ...


Excavation of the site began on January 22, 1930, and construction on the building itself started symbolically on March 17—St.Patrick's Day—per Al Smith's influence as Empire State, Inc. president. The project involved 3,400 workers, mostly immigrants from Europe, along with hundreds of Mohawk iron workers, mainly from the Kahnawake reserve near Montreal. According to official accounts, five workers died during the construction.[12] Governor Smith's grandchildren cut the ribbon on May 1, 1931. is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the people known as Mohawk. For other uses, see Mohawk. ... The Kahnawake Mohawk Territory (formerly called Caughnawaga) is an Indian reserve on the south shore of the St. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The construction was part of an intense competition in New York for the title of the world's tallest building. Two other projects fighting for the title, 40 Wall Street and the Chrysler Building, were still under construction when work began on the Empire State Building. Each would hold the title for less than a year, as the Empire State Building would surpass them upon its completion, just 410 days after construction commenced. The building was officially opened on May 1, 1931 in dramatic fashion, when United States President Herbert Hoover turned on the building's lights with the push of a button from Washington, D.C. Ironically, the first use of tower lights atop the Empire State Building, the following year, was for the purpose of signalling the victory of Franklin D. Roosevelt over Hoover in the presidential election of November 1932.[13] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a mining engineer and author. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... FDR redirects here. ...


Empty State Building

The building's opening coincided with the Great Depression in the United States, and as a result much of its office space went unrented. In its first year of operation, the observation deck took in approximately 2 million dollars, as much money as its owners made in rent that year. The lack of renters led New Yorkers to deride the building as the "Empty State Building".[14] The building would not become profitable until 1950. The famous 1951 sale of The Empire State Building to Roger L. Stevens and his business partners was brokered by the prominent upper Manhattan real-estate firm Charles F. Noyes & Company for a record $51 million. At the time, that was the highest price ever paid for a single structure in real-estate history.[15] For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Dirigible Terminal

The building's distinctive Art Deco spire was originally designed to be a mooring mast and depot for dirigibles. The 102nd floor was originally a landing platform with a dirigible gangplank. A particular elevator, traveling between the 86th and 102nd floors, was supposed to transport passengers after they checked in at the observation deck on the 86th floor.[2] However, the idea proved to be impractical and dangerous after a few attempts with airships, due to the powerful updrafts caused by the size of the building itself. A large broadcast tower was added to the top of the spire in 1952. Asheville City Hall. ... A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... USS Akron (ZRS-4) in flight, November 2, 1931 An airship or dirigible is a buoyant lighter-than-air aircraft that can be steered and propelled through the air. ...


1945 Plane Crash

A worker bolts beams during construction; the Chrysler Building can be seen in the background.
A worker bolts beams during construction; the Chrysler Building can be seen in the background.


At 9:40 a.m. on Saturday, July 28, 1945, a B-25 Mitchell bomber, piloted in thick fog by Lieutenant Colonel William F. Smith, Jr., accidentally crashed into the north side of the Empire State Building, between the 79th and 80th floors, where the offices of the National Catholic Welfare Council were located. One engine shot through the side opposite the impact and fell on a nearby building; the other plummeted down an elevator shaft. The resulting fire was extinguished in 40 minutes. Fourteen people were killed in the incident.[16][17] Elevator operator Betty Lou Oliver survived a plunge of 75 stories inside an elevator, which still stands as the Guinness World Record for the longest survived elevator fall recorded.[18] Despite the damage and loss of life, the building was open for business on many floors on the following Monday. Download high resolution version (3000x2401, 1921 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (3000x2401, 1921 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The North American B-25 Mitchell (NA-62) was an American twin-engined medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation. ... For other uses, see Bomber (disambiguation). ... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ...


Tallest skyscraper for 41 years

The Empire State Building remained the tallest skyscraper in the world for 41 years, and stood as the world's tallest man-made structure for 23 years. It was surpassed as tallest building by the North Tower of the World Trade Center in 1972. With the destruction of the World Trade Center in the September 11, 2001 attacks, the Empire State Building again became the tallest building in New York City, and the second-tallest building in the United States. The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Skyline of Midtown Manhattan, as seem from the observation deck of the GE Building This list of tallest buildings in New York City ranks skyscrapers in New York City by height. ... 20 tallest buildings in the United States U.S. Bank Tower Columbia Center Chicago: 311 S. Wacker Dr. John Hancock Center Aon Center Sears Tower AT&T Corp. ...


Suicides

Over the years, more than thirty people have committed suicide from the top of the building.[19] The first suicide occurred even before its completion, by a worker who had been laid off. The fence around the observatory terrace was put up in 1947 after five people tried to jump during a three-week span.[20] In 1979, Elvita Adams jumped from the 86th floor, only to be blown back onto the 85th floor and left with only a broken hip.[21] The building was also the site of suicides in 2004 and 2006. The last suicide was by a lawyer who leapt from the 69th floor on Friday, April 13, 2007.[22] is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Features

Architectural

Street level view of the Empire State Building
Street level view of the Empire State Building

The Empire State Building rises to 1,250 feet (381.0 m) at the 102nd floor, and including the 203-foot (62 m) pinnacle, its full height reaches 1453 feet and 8 9/16th inches (443 m). The building has 85 stories of commercial and office space (2,158,000 sq ft/200,000 m) and an indoor and outdoor observation deck on the 86th floor. The remaining 16 stories represent the Art Deco tower, which is capped by a 102nd-floor observatory. Atop the tower is the 203-foot (62 m) pinnacle, much of which is covered by broadcast antennas, with a lightning rod at the very top. Download high resolution version (200x855, 31 KB)Empire State Building, New York City. ... Download high resolution version (200x855, 31 KB)Empire State Building, New York City. ...


The Empire State Building was the first building to have more than 100 floors. It has 6,500 windows and 73 elevators, and there are 1,860 steps from street level to the 102nd floor. It has a total floor area of approximately 2,768,591 square feet (257,000 m²); the base of the Empire State Building is about 2 acres (0.8 ha). The building houses 1,000 businesses, and has its own zip code, 10118. As of 2007, approximately 21,000 employees work in the building each day, making the Empire State Building the second-largest single office complex in America, after the Pentagon. The building was completed in one year and 45 days. Its original 64 elevators are located in a central core; today, the Empire State Building has 73 elevators in all, including service elevators. It takes less than one minute by elevator to get to the 86th floor, where an observation deck is located. The building has 70 miles (113 km) of pipe and 2,500,000 feet (760,000 m) of electrical wire.[23] It is heated by low-pressure steam; despite its height, the building only requires between two and three pounds per square inch (0.14 to 0.21 kg. per cm²) of steam pressure for heating. It weighs approximately 370,000 short tons (336,000 M/T). For other uses, see Elevator (disambiguation). ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the United States military building. ...


The Empire State Building cost $40,948,900 to build.

A series of setbacks causes the building to taper with height.
A series of setbacks causes the building to taper with height.

Unlike most of today's high-rise buildings, the Empire State Building features a classic façade. The modernistic stainless steel canopies of the entrances on 33rd and 34th Streets lead to two story-high corridors around the elevator core, crossed by stainless steel and glass-enclosed bridges at the second-floor level. The elevator core contains 67 elevators.[6] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 365 KB) Summary Picture taken by BigMac on September 9, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 365 KB) Summary Picture taken by BigMac on September 9, 2005. ... Setbacks on the Pyramid of Djoser. ...


The lobby is three stories high and features an aluminum relief of the skyscraper without the antenna, which was not added to the spire until 1952. The north corridor contains eight illuminated panels, created by Roy Sparkia and Renée Nemorov in 1963, depicting the building as the Eighth Wonder of the World, alongside the traditional seven. Eighth Wonder of the World is a term sometimes used to describe things in comparison to the Seven Wonders of the World, the widely-known list of seven remarkable constructions of classical antiquity. ...


Long-term forecasting of the life cycle of the structure was implemented at the design phase to ensure that the building's future intended uses were not restricted by the requirements of previous generations. This is particularly evident in the over-design of the building's electrical system.


Floodlights

Empire State Building - A Night View from GE Building with red and green lights for Christmas
Empire State Building - A Night View from GE Building with red and green lights for Christmas
Normal white lighting
Normal white lighting

In 1964, floodlights were added to illuminate the top of the building at night, in colors chosen to match seasonal and other events, such as St. Patrick's Day and Christmas.[24] After the eightieth birthday and subsequent death of Frank Sinatra, for example, the building was bathed in blue light to represent the singer's nickname "Ol' Blue Eyes". After the death of actress Fay Wray (King Kong) in late 2004, the building stood in complete darkness for 15 minutes.[25] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (3456 × 2304 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (3456 × 2304 pixel, file size: 3. ... GE Building at Rockefeller Center The GE Building at night Close-up against the night sky At night, from the ground View from Top of the Rock at dusk The GE Building is a slim gothic skyscraper and the focal point at the Rockefeller Center. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... A Source 4 ERS with major parts labeled Stage Lighting instruments are used in stage lighting to illuminate theatrical productions, rock concerts and other performances taking place in live performance venues. ... St. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Sinatra redirects here. ... Vina Fay Wray (September 15, 1907 – August 8, 2004) was a Canadian–American actress. ... This is about the original movie and novel. ...


The floodlights bathed the building in red, white, and blue for several months after the destruction of the World Trade Center, then reverted to the standard schedule.[26] Traditionally, in addition to the standard schedule, the building will be lit in the colors of New York's sports teams on the nights they have home games (orange, blue and white for the New York Knicks, red, white and blue for the New York Rangers, and so on). The building is illuminated in tennis-ball yellow during the US Open tennis tournament in late August and early September. It was even lit scarlet red twice for Rutgers University, once for a football game on November 9, 2006, when they played the University of Louisville in what would result in the biggest win in university history, and again on April 3, 2007 when the women's basketball team played Tennessee in the national championship game.[27] For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Knicks redirects here. ... The New York Rangers are a professional ice hockey team based in New York, New York, U.S.A. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... For other uses, see U.S. Open. ... Scarlet or Scarlett (often used interchangeably) may refer to a number of things or people: Things Scarlet (color), a bright shade of beauty boldness individuality or red Scarlet (cloth), a type of woollen cloth common in mediaeval England Scarlet (magazine), a womens magazine in the UK. Scarlett (novel), a... Rutgers redirects here. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Louisville (also known as U of L) is a public, state-supported university located in Louisville, Kentucky, United States. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


In June 2002, during the Golden Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, New York City illuminated the Empire State Building in purple and gold (the monarchical colors of the Royal House of Windsor). New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said that it was a sign of saying thank you to HM The Queen for having the National Anthem of the United States played at Buckingham Palace after the September 11, 2001 attacks, as well as the support the United Kingdom provided afterwards.[citation needed] Queen Elizabeth II makes an official appearance at the CBC Headquarters as part of her Jubilee goodwill tour, October 2002. ... The House of Windsor is the current Royal House of the United Kingdom and each of the other Commonwealth realms. ... For a list of the Dutch Director-Generals who governed New Amsterdam (as New York City was called when it was a Dutch-run settlement) between 1624 and 1664, see: Director-General of New Netherland. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of New York City. ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


In 1995, the building was lit up in blue, red, green and yellow due to the launch of Microsoft's Windows 95 operating system. This was considered a breakthrough in home computing, and the launch was met with great fanfare.[citation needed] Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ...


The building has also been known to be illuminated in purple and white in honor of graduating students from New York University.[citation needed] New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ...


When the New York Mets beat the New York Yankees in the May 2007 Subway Series, the building was bathed in the winner's colors, orange and blue, the following night.[citation needed] Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42, Shea Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964-present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The program for the 1936 Subway Series. The Subway Series is a series of Major League Baseball games played between teams based in New York City. ...


The building was lit green for three days in honor of the Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Fitr in October 2007. The lighting, the first for a Muslim holiday, is intended to be an annual event.[28] Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. ...


On April 25–27, 2008, the building was lit "pink-yet-lavender" for the release of Mariah Carey's E=MC².[citation needed] This article is about the singer. ...


Observation decks

The Empire State Building has one of the most popular outdoor observatories in the world, having been visited by over 110 million people. The 86th-floor observation deck offers impressive 360-degree views of the city. There is a second observation deck on the 102nd floor that is open to the public. It was closed in 1999, but reopened in November 2005. It is completely enclosed and much smaller than the first one; it may be closed on high-traffic days.

A panoramic view of New York City from the 86th-floor observation deck of the Empire State Building, spring 2005
A panoramic view of New York City from the 86th-floor observation deck of the Empire State Building, spring 2005

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (7979x740, 1523 KB) Skyline panorama of New York City from Empire State Building - Note that this is an updated photo, i. ...

New York Skyride

View from Macy's
View from Macy's

The Empire State Building also has a motion simulator attraction, located on the 2nd floor. Opened in 1994 as a complement to the observation deck, the New York Skyride (or NY Skyride) is a simulated aerial tour over the city. The theatrical presentation lasts approximately 25 minutes. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 974 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 974 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the R. H. Macy & Co. ... Simulator seating St. ...


Since its opening, the ride has gone through two incarnations. The original version, which ran from 1994 until around 2002, featured James Doohan, Star Trek's Scotty, as the airplane's pilot, who humorously tried to keep the flight under control during a storm, with the tour taking an unexpected route through the subway, Coney Island, and FAO Schwartz, among other places. After September 11th, however, the ride was closed, and an updated version debuted in mid-2002. Whereas the updated film was largely the same, shots of the World Trade Center were removed, and actor Kevin Bacon replaced Doohan as the pilot. The new version of the narration attempted to make the attraction more educational, and included some minor post-9/11 patriotic undertones. The new flight does still go haywire, but this segment is much shorter than in the original. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The starship Enterprise as it appeared on Star Trek Star Trek is a culturally significant science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry in the 1960s. ... Scotty redirects here. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Kevin Norwood Bacon[1] (born July 8, 1958) is an American film and theater actor who has starred in Footloose, Animal House, Stir of Echoes, Wild Things, JFK, and Apollo 13, among many others. ...


Broadcast stations

New York City is the largest media market in the United States. Since the September 11, 2001 attacks, nearly all of the city's commercial broadcast stations (both television and FM radio) have transmitted from the top of the Empire State Building, although a few FM stations are located at the nearby Condé Nast Building. Most New York City AM stations broadcast from just across the Hudson River in New Jersey. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Condé Nast Building, seen from Empire State Building The Condé Nast Building, officially Four Times Square, is a modern skyscraper in Times Square in Midtown Manhattan. ... , The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, the Great Mohegan by the Iroquois,[1][2][3] or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, Θkahnéhtati[4] in Tuscarora), is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Communications devices for broadcast stations are located at the top of the Empire State Building.
Communications devices for broadcast stations are located at the top of the Empire State Building.

Broadcasting began at Empire on December 22, 1931, when RCA began transmitting experimental television broadcasts from a small antenna erected atop the spire. They leased the 85th floor and built a laboratory there, and—in 1934—RCA was joined by Edwin Howard Armstrong in a cooperative venture to test his FM system from the Empire antenna. When Armstrong and RCA fell out in 1935 and his FM equipment was removed, the 85th floor became the home of RCA's New York television operations, first as experimental station W2XBS channel 1, which eventually became (on July 1, 1941) commercial station WNBT, channel 1 (now WNBC-TV channel 4). NBC's FM station (WEAF-FM, now WQHT) began transmitting from the antenna in 1940. NBC retained exclusive use of the top of the Empire until 1950, when the FCC ordered the exclusive deal broken, based on consumer complaints that a common location was necessary for the (now) seven New York television stations to transmit from so that receiving antennas would not have to be constantly adjusted. Construction on a giant tower began. Other television broadcasters then joined RCA at Empire, on the 83rd, 82nd, and 81st floors, frequently bringing sister FM stations along for the ride. Multiple transmissions of TV and FM began from the new tower in 1951. In 1965, a separate set of FM antennas were constructed ringing the 102nd floor observation area. When the World Trade Center was being constructed, it caused serious problems for the television stations, most of which then moved to the World Trade Center as soon as it was completed. This made it possible to renovate the antenna structure and the transmitter facilities for the benefit of the FM stations remaining there, which were soon joined by other FMs and UHF TVs moving in from elsewhere in the metropolitan area. The destruction of the World Trade Center necessitated a great deal of shuffling of antennas and transmitter rooms in order to accommodate the stations moving back uptown. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 3360 KB) Summary Photographed by and copyright of (c) David Corby (User:Miskatonic, uploader) 2006 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Empire State Building User:Miskatonic Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 3360 KB) Summary Photographed by and copyright of (c) David Corby (User:Miskatonic, uploader) 2006 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Empire State Building User:Miskatonic Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the former RCA Corporation. ... Edwin Howard Armstrong (December 18, 1890 – January 31, 1954) was an American electrical engineer and inventor. ... WNBC-TV, NBC4 is the flagship TV station of the NBC television network, with studios located in Rockefeller Center in Manhattan. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ...


As of 2007, the Empire State Building is home to the following stations: 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

WCBS-TV, channel 2, is the flagship station of the CBS television network, located in New York City. ... WNBC-TV, NBC4 is the flagship TV station of the NBC television network, with studios located in Rockefeller Center in Manhattan. ... WNYW, channel 5, is the flagship television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ... , WABC-TV, channel 7, is the flagship station of the Walt Disney Company-owned American Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ... WWOR-TV, channel 9, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Secaucus, New Jersey, and serving the New York City metropolitan area. ... Secaucus is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, USA. As of the United States 2000 Census, the town population was 15,931. ... WPIX (WB 11) is a television station in New York City. ... This article is about the Newark, New Jersey station. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... WNYE-TV is the TV station of the New York City Board of Education, with studios in Downtown Brooklyn. ... WPXN-TV, which broadcasts on channel 31 in New York City, is the flagship station of the ION Television network, formerly known as Pax TV and i. ... WXTV, known on-air as Univisión 41, is an owned and operated Univisión station that serves the New York City area. ... “Paterson” redirects here. ... WNJU is the Telemundo flagship station for the New York City area. ... Linden is a city in southeastern Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... WFUT is the TeleFutura affiliate for the New York City area. ... WXRK (92. ... WPAT-FM, known on-air as 93. ... WNYC (93. ... WPLJ (95. ... WQXR is a radio station that broadcasts from New York City on 96. ... WQHT, more commonly known as Hot 97, is a high-profile Rhythmic Contemporary radio station in New York City under the corporate ownership of Emmis Communications. ... WSKQ-FM, known on-air as Mega 97. ... WRKS-FM (98. ... WBAI, a part of the Pacifica Radio Network, is a non-commercial, listener-supported radio station, broadcasting at 99. ... WHTZ, also known as Z100, is a radio station that serves New York City and the neighboring Northern New Jersey region, broadcasting on the FM band at a frequency of 100. ... WCBS-FM (101. ... WWFS is a New York City FM radio station operating at 102. ... WKTU (103. ... Lake Success is a village in Nassau County, New York in the USA. The population was 2,797 at the 2000 census. ... WAXQ, known on-air as Q-104. ... WWPR-FM, also known as Power 105. ... WCAA, known on-air as 105. ... WLTW, known on-air as 106. ... WBLS is an Urban Adult Contemporary FM radio station that is licensed to New York City, operating on 107. ...

Empire State Building Run-Up

The Empire State Building Run-Up is a foot race from ground level to the 86th-floor observation deck that has been held annually since 1978. Its participants are referred to both as runners and as climbers. The race covers a vertical distance of 1,050 feet (320 m) and takes in 1,576 steps. The record time is 9 minutes and 33 seconds, achieved by Australian professional cyclist Paul Crake in 2003,[29][30] a climbing rate of 6,593 feet (2,010 m) per hour. Paul Crake Paul Crake (born 6 December 1976 in Canberra) is an Australian professional racing cyclist. ...


In popular culture

The iconic scene of King Kong battling an airplane on top of the Empire State Building.
The iconic scene of King Kong battling an airplane on top of the Empire State Building.
  • Perhaps the most famous popular culture representation of the building is in the 1933 film King Kong, in which the title character, a giant ape, climbs to the top to escape his captors but falls to his death. In 1983, for the 50th anniversary of the film, an inflatable King Kong was placed on the actual building. In 2005, a remake of King Kong was released, set in 1930s New York City, including a final showdown between Kong and bi-planes atop a greatly detailed Empire State Building. (The 1976 remake of King Kong was set in then-modern times and held its climactic scene on the towers of the World Trade Center.)
  • Andy Warhol's 1964 silent film Empire is one continuous, eight-hour shot of the Empire State Building at night, shot in black-and-white. In 2004, the National Film Registry deemed its cultural significance worthy of preservation in the Library of Congress.
Depiction of the Empire State Building from the 1964 film Empire, directed by Andy Warhol
  • The film Independence Day features the Empire State Building as ground zero for an alien attack; it is devastated by the aliens' primary weapon which incinerates most of New York City.
  • English progressive rock band Pink Floyd launched the U.S. release of their double live album, P*U*L*S*E*, with a laser light show beaming from the top of the Empire State Building in June 1995.
  • In the Latin American literary classic "Empire of Dreams (Yale, 1994)" by Giannina Braschi, the top of the Empire State Building is taken over by shephards who dance and sing, "Now we do whatever we please. Whatever we please. Whatever we damn well please."
  • The Empire State Building featured in the 1966 Doctor Who serial The Chase, in which the TARDIS lands on the roof of the building; The Doctor and his companions leave quite quickly, however, because The Daleks are close behind them. A Dalek is also seen on the roof of the building while it interrogated a human. In 2007, Doctor Who episodes "Daleks in Manhattan" and "Evolution of the Daleks" also featured the building, which the Daleks are constructing to use as a lightning conductor. Russell T Davies said in an article that "in his mind", the Daleks remembered the building from their last visit.
  • The Discovery Channel show MythBusters tested the "urban myth" which claims that if one drops a penny off the top of the Empire State Building, it could kill someone or put a crater in the pavement. The outcome was that, by the time the penny hits the ground, it is going roughly 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) (terminal velocity for an object of its mass and shape), which is not fast enough to inflict lethal injury or put a crater into the pavement.[citation needed] The urban legend is a joke in the 2003 musical Avenue Q, where a character waiting atop the building for a rendezvous tosses a penny over the side—only to hit her rival.
  • Many other movies that feature the Empire State Building are listed on the building's own website.[31]
  • A replica of the Empire State Building appears in Grand Theft Auto IV as the "Rotterdam Tower".

See also: 1932 in film 1933 1934 in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events British Film Institute founded. ... This is about the original movie and novel. ... In film, a remake is a newer version of a previously released film or a newer version of the source (play, novel, story, etc. ... King Kong is a 2005 remake of the 1933 King Kong film about a fictional giant ape called Kong. ... King Kong (also known as King Kong: The Legend Reborn) is a 1976 American motion picture produced by Dino de Laurentiis and directed by John Guillermin. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Empire was a silent, black and white film made in 1964 by Andy Warhol. ... Black-and-white or black and white) can refer to a general term used in photography, film, and other media (see black-and-white). ... The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... Image File history File links Empire_still. ... Image File history File links Empire_still. ... Empire was a silent, black and white film made in 1964 by Andy Warhol. ... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... Independence Day (also known by its promotional abbreviation ID4) is a 1996 Academy Award-winning science fiction film directed by Roland Emmerich. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... Empire of Dreams is a documentary about the Star Wars saga. ... Cutting-edge poet and novelist Giannina Braschi (b. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Chase is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in six weekly parts from May 22 to June 26, 1965. ... The current TARDIS prop. ... This article is about the character of the Doctor. ... This article is about the fictional species. ... Daleks in Manhattan is an episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Evolution of the Daleks is an episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... This article is about the fictional species. ... Russell T Davies, OBE (born Steven Russell Davies,[1] 27 April 1963), is a Welsh television producer and writer. ... MythBusters is an American popular science television program on the Discovery Channel starring American special effects experts Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman, who use basic elements of the scientific method to test the validity of various rumors, urban legends and news stories in popular culture. ... Urban Legend is also the name of a 1998 movie. ... For other uses, see Terminal velocity (disambiguation). ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Avenue Q is a Tony award-winning musical that was conceived by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx, who wrote the music and lyrics. ... Grand Theft Auto IV (also known as GTA IV and GTA 4) is an upcoming sandbox-style action-adventure video game developed by Rockstar North. ...

Gallery

References

  1. ^ The Empire State Building is located within the 10001 zip code area, but 10118 is assigned as the building's own zip code. Source: USPS.
  2. ^ a b c d Kenneth T. Jackson: The Encyclopedia of New York City: The New York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995. P. 375-376.
  3. ^ a b SkyscraperPage – Empire State Building, antenna height source: CTBUH, top floor height source: Empire State Building Company LLC
  4. ^ a b Empire State Building. National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service (2007-09-11).
  5. ^ National Register Information System. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service (2007-01-23).
  6. ^ a b White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot; AIA Guide to New York City, 4th Edition; New York Chapter, American Institute of Architects; Crown Publishers. 2000. p.226.
  7. ^ [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/82001192.pdf "Empire State Building", April 26, 1985, by Carolyn Pitts]PDF (138 KiB) National Historic Landmark Nomination]. National Park Service (1985-04-26).
  8. ^ [Empire State Building—Accompanying 7 photos, exterior and interior, from 1978.PDF (702 KiB) National Register of Historic Places Inventory]. National Park Service (1985-04-26).
  9. ^ W&H Properties – Empire State Building
  10. ^ Cincinnati Skyscrapers, Waymarketing.com
  11. ^ "Thirteen Months to Go", Geraldine B. Wagner, 2003, Quintet Publishing Ltd., pg. 32
  12. ^ about.com – Empire State Building Trivia and Cool Facts
  13. ^ Tower Lights History Retrieved 2007-12-16
  14. ^ NYT Travel: Empire State Building
  15. ^ [1]—New York: A Documentary Film.
  16. ^ "Empire State Building Withstood Airplane Impact"
  17. ^ "Plane Hits Building – Woman Survives 75-Story Fall"
  18. ^ guinnessworldrecords.com
  19. ^ iht.com
  20. ^ Compass American Guides: Manhattan, 4th Edition. Reavill, Gil and Zimmerman, Jean P. 160.
  21. ^ hytti.uku.fi
  22. ^ New York Daily News
  23. ^ Empire State Building : Official Internet Site
  24. ^ Lelyveld, Joseph. "The Empire State to Glow at Night", The New York Times, February 23, 1964. 
  25. ^ [2] thevillager.com
  26. ^ esbnyc.com
  27. ^ espn.com
  28. ^ Empire State Building Goes Green for Muslim Holiday
  29. ^ NYRR Empire State Building Run-Up Crowns Dold and Walsham as Champions, New York Road Runners
  30. ^ Empire State Building – Past Race Winners
  31. ^ www.esbnyc.com

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... This article is about the year. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... This article is about the year. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... New York: A Documentary Film is a seven-part American documentary on the history of New York City produced by Ric Burns that originally aired in the U.S. on PBS. The first four two-hour installments, which covered the history of the city from its founding to the turn...

Further reading

  • Aaseng, Nathan. (1999). Construction: Building the Impossible. Minneapolis, MN: Oliver Press. ISBN 1-881-50859-5.
  • Bascomb, Neal. (2003). Higher: A Historic Race to the Sky and the Making of a City. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-50660-0.
  • Goldman, Jonathan. (1980). The Empire State Building Book. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-24455-X.
  • James, Theodore, Jr. (1975). The Empire State Building. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-060-12172-6.
  • Kingwell, Mark. (2006). Nearest Thing to Heaven: The Empire State Building and American Dreams. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10622-X.
  • Macaulay, David. (1980). Unbuilding. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-29457-6.
  • Pacelle, Mitchell. (2001). Empire: A Tale of Obsession, Betrayal, and the Battle for an American Icon. New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-40394-6.
  • Tauranac, John. (1995). The Empire State Building: The Making of a Landmark. New York: Scribner. ISBN 0-684-19678-6.
  • Wagner, Geraldine B. (2003). Thirteen Months to Go: The Creation of the Empire State Building. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press. ISBN 1-592-23105-5.
  • Willis, Carol (ed). (1998). Building the Empire State. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-73030-1.

See also

Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building since its completion in 2004, is located in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan). ... The following information concerns the tallest fully-inhabitable buildings in each U.S. state. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Empire State Building
  • Empire State Building, official Web site
  • Lighting Schedule
  • Empire State Building Trivia
  • The Construction of the Empire State Building, 1930-1931, New York Public Library
  • 3D model of the building for use in Google Earth
  • Panoramic virtual tour of the Empire State Building at night
  • VIVA2, The Skyscraper Museum's online archive of over 500 construction photographs of the Empire State Building.
  • Empire State Building in the Structurae database
  • Pictures of Empire State Building and its observatory deck
Records
Preceded by
Chrysler Building
World's tallest structure
1931 – 1954
Succeeded by
KWTV Mast
World's tallest freestanding structure on land
1931 – 1967
Succeeded by
Ostankino Tower
Tallest building in the world
1931 – 1972
Succeeded by
World Trade Center
Tallest building in the United States
1931 – 1972
Tallest Building in New York City
1931 – 1972
Preceded by
World Trade Center
Tallest Building in New York City
2001 – present
Incumbent

% The New York Public Library (NYPL) is one of the leading public libraries of the world and is one of Americas most significant research libraries. ... Structurae is an on-line database containing works of structural and civil engineering of all kinds such as Bridges, High-rise buildings, towers, dams, etc. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... For many millennia the record holder for worlds tallest structure was clearly defined (see table below. ... Griffin Television Tower Oklahoma (KWTV Mast) is a 480. ... The CN Tower in Toronto is currently the tallest free-standing structure on land. ... Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... 20 tallest buildings in the United States U.S. Bank Tower Columbia Center Chicago: 311 S. Wacker Dr. John Hancock Center Aon Center Sears Tower AT&T Corp. ... Skyline of Midtown Manhattan, as seem from the observation deck of the GE Building This list of tallest buildings in New York City ranks skyscrapers in New York City by height. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Skyline of Midtown Manhattan, as seem from the observation deck of the GE Building This list of tallest buildings in New York City ranks skyscrapers in New York City by height. ...


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Empire State building is a steel frame 102 Story building completed in New York City in the year 1931.
But, the major set back of the empire state building in that at the fifth floor, at the plan of the top section, the tower is equal to the area of only one fourth of the plan at the ground level.
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The longest time the building was shown was in the episode "Anthology of Interest I", huge Bender falls on the Empire State Building which pierces through the robot while his two arms destroy two fantasy neighboring buildings, the Empire State Building Comes out undamaged.
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