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Encyclopedia > Emperor Xuanzong of Tang China
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang China
Birth and death: Sept. 8, 685–May 3, 762
Family name: Li (李)
Given name: Longji (隆基)
Dates of reign: Sept. 8, 712¹–Aug. 12, 756²
Temple name: Xuanzong (玄宗)
Posthumous name:
(short)
Emperor Ming³ (明皇)
Posthumous name:
(full)
Emperor Zhidao Dasheng

Daming Xiao
至道大聖大明孝皇帝 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Events Umayyad caliph Marwan I (684-685) succeeded by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685-705) Justinian II succeeds Constantine IV as emperor of the Byzantine Empire Sussex attacks Kent, supporting Eadrics claim to the throne held by Hlothhere Pope Benedict II succeeded by Pope John V Cuthbert consecrated... Events Abbasid caliph al-Mansur founds new capital at Baghdad, Iraq Births Deaths Emperor Xuanzong of Tang China Chinese poet Li Po, the Poet Immortal. ... A Chinese name is written with the surname first and the given name second. ... A Chinese name is written with the surname first and the given name second. ... Events Ansprand succeeds Aripert as king of the Lombards June 12 - Luitprand succeeds his father Ansprand as king of the Lombards Tang Xuan Zhong succeeds Tang Rui Zong as emperor of China Births Al-Mansur, second Abbasid caliph Du Fu, Chinese poet Deaths Aripert, king of the Lombards Ansprand, king... Events Abd-ar-rahman I conquers Iberia and establishes a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Temple names (廟號 or less commonly 庙號 Pinyin: miào hào;), are commonly used when naming most Chinese and certain Korean rulers. ... A posthumous name (諡號/謚號 Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... A posthumous name (諡號/謚號 Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ...

General note: Dates given here are in the Julian calendar.

They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.
———
1. Ascended the throne following his father's abdication, who
received the title Taishang Huang
(太上皇).
In practice, his father continued to rule until the palace coup
of July 29, 713, and Xuanzong obtained full power from his
father on July 30.

2. Following the rebellion of An Lushan, Xuanzong's son was
proclaimed emperor by the army on August 12, 756, but
Xuanzong and his retinue, who had escaped to Sichuan, only
heard the news on September 10, 756, that date marking the
end of Xuanzong's reign in practice
.
3. This is the name under which Emperor Xuanzong is most
known inside China
. The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, taking force in 45 BC or 709 ab urbe condita. ... The proleptic Gregorian calendar is produced by extending the Gregorian Calendar to dates preceding its official introduction in 1582. ... Taishang Huang (Chinese: 太上皇; pinyin: tàishàng huáng) was a Chinese title used all across Eastern Asia for a retired emperor. ... Events Byzantine Emperor Philippicus deposed. ... An Lushan (安禄山; Hanyu Pinyin: ān lùshān) (703 - 757) was a military leader of Sogdian origin during the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I conquers Iberia and establishes a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Sichuan (Chinese: 四川; pinyin: Sìchuān; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ch`uan; non-standard transliteration: Szechwan) is a province in central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...

Emperor Tang Xuanzong (唐玄宗) (685 - 762), born Li Longji (李隆基), was the sixth emperor of the Tang dynasty of China reigining from 712 to 756. Events Umayyad caliph Marwan I (684-685) succeeded by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685-705) Justinian II succeeds Constantine IV as emperor of the Byzantine Empire Sussex attacks Kent, supporting Eadrics claim to the throne held by Hlothhere Pope Benedict II succeeded by Pope John V Cuthbert consecrated... Events Abbasid caliph al-Mansur founds new capital at Baghdad, Iraq Births Deaths Emperor Xuanzong of Tang China Chinese poet Li Po, the Poet Immortal. ... An emperor is a monarch and sovereign ruler of an empire or any other imperial realm. ... The Tang Dynasty (唐&#26397 Hanyu Pinyin táng cháo; 618-907) followed the Sui Dynasty and preceded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. ... Events Ansprand succeeds Aripert as king of the Lombards June 12 - Luitprand succeeds his father Ansprand as king of the Lombards Tang Xuan Zhong succeeds Tang Rui Zong as emperor of China Births Al-Mansur, second Abbasid caliph Du Fu, Chinese poet Deaths Aripert, king of the Lombards Ansprand, king... Events Abd-ar-rahman I conquers Iberia and establishes a new Umayyad dynasty. ...


In 710 Xuanzong conspired with his aunt Princess Taiping (daughter of Empress Wu Zetian) to put an end to Empress Wei's attempted usurpation of power. He killed Empress Wei, the wife of his recently dead uncle Emperor Zhongzong, in a palace coup which placed his own father, Emperor Ruizong, on the throne. Xuanzong himself succeeded the throne in 712. Events End of the Asuka period, the second and last part of the Yamato period and beginning of the Japan. ... Wu Zetian (武則天) (625 - December 16, 705), personal name Wu Zhao (武曌), was the only female emperor in the history of China, founding her own dynasty, the Zhou (周), and ruling under the name Emperor Shengshen (聖神皇帝) from 690 to 705. ...


Known also as Tang Minghuang, the early half of his reign (712-730's) saw Tang China reach the height of her powers, in a period known popularly as the Kaiyuan era (開元之治). He is famous, amongst other things, as being a patron of the arts and for his infamous love affair with Yang Guifei. She was the young wife of his son Prince Shou (壽王), but he decreed their divorce and then entered her into a nunnery for a couple of years so that he could take her as his palace consort without shame. He rebuilt the ancient hot springs palace at the foot of Lishan Mountain for his consort and her sisters, naming it Huaqing Palace. Events Ansprand succeeds Aripert as king of the Lombards June 12 - Luitprand succeeds his father Ansprand as king of the Lombards Tang Xuan Zhong succeeds Tang Rui Zong as emperor of China Births Al-Mansur, second Abbasid caliph Du Fu, Chinese poet Deaths Aripert, king of the Lombards Ansprand, king... Events Emperor Leo III of the Byzantine Empire orders the destruction of all icons. ... Yang Guifei (楊貴妃 Secondary-consort Yang) (June 1, 719- 756), born Yang Yuhuan (楊玉環), was one of the Four Beauties of ancient China. ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... A consort is somebodys spouse, usually a royalty. ...


As Xuanzong turned his attention to pleasure-seeking with Yang and her family, he paid less and less attention to the running of his empire, and much of his power fell into the hands of court officials like corrupt Li Linfu (who was succeeded by Yang's dissolute cousin Yang Guozhong), and the influential court eunuch Gao Lishi. Yang Guozhong (楊國忠 Pinyin: yang2 guo2 zhong1) (? - 756) was a official who achieved high rank due to his relation with Emperor-Consort Yang Guifei. ... Gao Lishi (高力士) (684-762) was a eunuch official during Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Chinas reign, reaching high ranks like Biaoqi Grand General (驃騎大將軍) and Jinkai Fu Yitong Sansi (進開府儀同三司). ...


In the meantime, the Jie Du Shi, (generals) of the outlying provinces (many of which had been recently reconquered) took more and more regional power into their own hands. One of these, a Turkish/Sogdian named An Lushan started the An Lushan Rebellion in Fanyang in 755. The rebels captured the city of Luoyang and the capital Chang'an six months later. An Lushan (安禄山; Hanyu Pinyin: ān lùshān) (703 - 757) was a military leader of Sogdian origin during the Tang Dynasty in China. ... The Anshi Rebellion (安史之亂 pinyin: an1 shi3 zhi1 luan4) occurred in China, during the Tang Dynasty, from 756 to 763. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I lands in Spain, where the next year he will establish a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Luoyang (Simplified Chinese: 洛阳; Traditional Chinese: 洛陽; pinyin: ) is a city in Henan province, China. ... For the town in the Guangdong province of China, see Changan Town Changan  listen? ( Simplified Chinese: 长安; Traditional Chinese: 長安; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang-an) is the ancient capital of more than 10 dynasties in China. ...


Xuanzong fled to Sichuan during the war, and Yang Guifei and Yang Guozhong who attempted to flee with him were killed by the Imperial army for their perceived part in the Emperor's weakness and loss of control. Sichuan (Chinese: 四川; pinyin: Sìchuān; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ch`uan; non-standard transliteration: Szechwan) is a province in central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...


Xuanzong abdicated his position to Suzong, the heir apparent in 756, and died in 762 shortly before the rebellion was finally quashed. His rule would be the longest of the Tang dynasty lasting 44 years. Emperor Tang Suzong (肅宗 r. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I conquers Iberia and establishes a new Umayyad dynasty. ...


The strength that Xuanzong had allowed the warlords in the border provinces (Fanzhen) led to a period of increasing conflict and instability which set the stage for the end of the Tang Dynasty and the ensuing Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (Traditional Chinese: 五代十國 Simplified Chinese: 五代十国 Hanyu pinyin: Wǔdàishíguó) (907-960) was a period of political upheaval in China, between the Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty. ...


See also:

Preceded by:
Emperor Ruizong
Emperor of Tang China Succeeded by:
Emperor Suzong

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Emperor Xuanzong (1582 words)
Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty is most famous for the period of his life during the An Lushan Rebellion, which appears to be very similar to a soap opera.
Emperor Xuanzong was blinded by his love for a woman which ultimately caused him to lose his empire and sent China into a period fighting to regain its land.
Emperor Xuanzong and his relationship with the consort, Yang Guifei, will continue to be told as a story that is as an essential part of the An Lushan Rebellion.
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