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Encyclopedia > Emperor Taizong of Tang China
Emperor Taizong of Tang China
Birth and death: Jan. 23, 599–Jul. 10, 649
Family name: Lee (李)
Given name: Shimin (世民)
Dates of reign: Sept. 4, 626–Jul. 10, 649
Temple name: Taizong (太宗)
Posthumous name:
(short)
Emperor Wen (文皇帝)
Posthumous name:
(full)
Emperor Wen Wu
Dasheng Daguang Xiao¹
文武大聖大廣孝皇帝
General note: Dates given here are in the Julian calendar.

They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.
———
1. Final version of his posthumous name as given in 754.
Download high resolution version (419x866, 118 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Events The Chinese win the war at Ordos. ... Events July 5 - Martin I becomes pope Arabs conquer Cyprus Reccaswinth succeeds his father Chindaswinth as king of the Visigoths. ... Chinese personal names follow a number of conventions different from those of Western personal names. ... Chinese personal names follow a number of conventions different from those of Western personal names. ... Events July 2 - In the early morning, Li Shimin, the future Emperor Tang Taizong of China, eliminated two of his brothers, Li Yuanji and the crown prince Li Jiancheng in a coup détat at the Xuanwu Gate in Changan. ... Events July 5 - Martin I becomes pope Arabs conquer Cyprus Reccaswinth succeeds his father Chindaswinth as king of the Visigoths. ... Temple names (Traditional Chinese: 廟號 Simplified Chinese: 庙号 Pinyin: miào hào;), are commonly used when naming most Chinese, Vietnamese (such dynasties as Tran,Anterior Lê and Nguyen Dynasty) and most Korean rulers of the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasties. ... A posthumous name (Traditional Chinese: 諡號/謚號 Simplified Chinese: 谥号; Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... A posthumous name (Traditional Chinese: 諡號/謚號 Simplified Chinese: 谥号; Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and took force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... The proleptic Gregorian calendar is produced by extending the Gregorian Calendar to dates preceding its official introduction in 1582. ... Events Pope Stephen III crowns Pepin the short King of the Franks at St. ...

Emperor Taizong of Tang China (January 23, 599July 10, 649), born Li Shimin (李世民 Lĭ ShìMín), was the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China from 626 to 649. He encouraged his father, Lee Yuan, to start the uprising that established the Tang dynasty, and many now consider Taizong to have been the co-founder of the dynasty. In 630, Taizong's general Li Jing conquered the once mighty Eastern Turkic Khanate and allowed Tang to become the major political and military power of the region. Accordingly, leaders of bordering tribes convened at Chang'an (Xian) the same year and asked for Taizong to take on the title of Heavenly Khan (天可汗). Under his reign, the famous rule of Zhenguan (貞觀之治) took place (his era name was Zhenguan). At the time, it was said that there was no need for the people to lock doors at night and that items left on the road remain untouched by others. The prosperity of the era and the leadership of Taizong and his renowned officials epitomizes the peak of traditional rulership that future generations would strive to emulate. His posthumous name was Wenwu-dasheng-daguang Xiao Huangdi (文武大聖大廣孝皇帝 "Filial Emperor who is Civil and Martial, Greatly Holy, and Greatly Expansive"). January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events The Chinese win the war at Ordos. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events July 5 - Martin I becomes pope Arabs conquer Cyprus Reccaswinth succeeds his father Chindaswinth as king of the Visigoths. ... Also the name of a rock band. ... Events July 2 - In the early morning, Li Shimin, the future Emperor Tang Taizong of China, eliminated two of his brothers, Li Yuanji and the crown prince Li Jiancheng in a coup détat at the Xuanwu Gate in Changan. ... Events July 5 - Martin I becomes pope Arabs conquer Cyprus Reccaswinth succeeds his father Chindaswinth as king of the Visigoths. ... Emperor Gaozu of Tang China (566 - June 25, 635), born Lee Yuan, was the founder of the Tang Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 618 to 626. ... Events Muhammad captures Mecca (January). ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Changan â–¶(?) (Simplified Chinese: 长安; Traditional Chinese: 長安; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang-an) is the ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in China. ... See also: ERA (disambiguation page). ... A posthumous name (Traditional Chinese: 諡號/謚號 Simplified Chinese: 谥号; Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ...

Contents


Early Achievements

Taizong was born in Lunghsi (in present-day Kansu. Taizong was known as a Hojen (胡人).) as the second son of Li Yuan, and was of one-quarter Xianbei (a people related to modern-day Turks) blood. The most capable and militarily inclined of Lee Yuan's many sons, Taizong showed his promise at an early age, helping to rescue Emperor Yang from a Turkic ambush and besiegement at the age of sixteen. In 616, the eighteen-year-old Taizong followed his general-father to his garrison-post at Jinyang, Shanxi, where he instigated his father to stage a military coup against the autocratic and fast crumbling Sui regime. Leading the troops with his elder brother Li Jiancheng, the rebel army took the capital Chang'an in September 617, thereafter putting a puppet emperor on the throne before Lee Yuan himself proclaimed the establishment of a new dynasty, the Tang, in 618. This article or section should include material from Gansu, China Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; pinyin: Gānsù; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, or modified as Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Xianbei (鮮卑, written XiānbÄ“i in pinyin or Hsien-pei in Wade-Giles) were a significant nomadic people residing in modern Manchuria and eastern Mongolia before migrating into areas of the modern Chinese provinces of Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, and Liaoning. ... Emperor Yang of Sui China (560-618), or Yang-ti was the son and heir of Emperor Wen of Sui, and then the second emperor of Chinas Sui Dynasty. ... Turkic peoples are Northern and Central Eurasian peoples who speak languages belonging to the Turkic family, and who, in varying degrees, share certain cultural and historical traits. ... Events The Persians capture Alexandria. ... Taiyuan (太原, pinyin: Tàiyuán, Wade-Giles:Tai-yüan) is a city in China, capital of the Shanxi province. ... Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... Autocracy is a form of government where unlimited power is held by a single individual. ... The Sui Dynasty (隋朝 Hanyu Pinyin: Suí, 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Events Sui Gong Di succeeds Sui Yang Di as emperor of China. ... Events End of the Sui Dynasty and beginning of the Tang Dynasty in China. ...


After the establishment of Tang, Taizong was appointed the Prince of Qin (秦王) by his father. In the succeeding campaigns to augment the power of the new dynasty, Taizong made numerous contributions, intensifying the heated sibling rivalry between him and his two brothers—Li Jiancheng, the heir apparent, and Li Yuanji, a younger brother. Qin, Qín or Chin (Wade-Giles) can refer to. ...


Taizong is credited with creating the custom of Door gods, colorful block prints and carvings placed by the doors of temples, homes, businesses, etc., to ward off evil spirits. Colorful Door Gods adorn a temple door in Taichung, Taiwan. ...


The Palace Coup at the Xuanwu Gate

The original crown prince was Taizong's elder brother Li Jiancheng (李建成) although their father had promised the throne to Taizong more than once for his contributions to Tang. The situation was very similar to that of the Sui Dynasty where an ordinary crown prince would feel his future throne threatened by a more capable younger brother. Fearful of losing his throne, Li Jiancheng colluded with his fourth brother, Li Yuanji (李元吉 aka Prince Qi 齊王), to get rid of Taizong. They attempted to poison Taizong during a feast and at another event urged him to ride a wild horse with hopes that he should fall. They also bribed Lee Yuan's concubines to defame Taizong and tried unsuccessfully to lure his subordinates away with gold. Coincidentally, there was an Eastern Turk raid into Tang territory. Li Jiancheng recommended Li Yuanji to defend against this attack and used it as an excuse to summon many of Taizong's subordinates and soldiers out of his control. With much of Taizong's forces in Li Yuanji's command, Li Jiancheng plotted to assassinate Taizong in the farewell feast for Li Yuanji. However, Taizong was tipped of this plot and pre-empted it by ambushing and killing both Jiancheng and Yuanji at the Xuanwu Gate (玄武門之變) on July 2, 626 (武德九年六月四日). Jiangcheng and Yuanji on approaching the gate sensed danger and turned their horses to flee. Taizong himself led the pursuit and struck Jiancheng dead with an arrow. Taizong's horse then became frightened and ran towards a patch of forest where Taizong fell. Yuanji suddenly appeared and tried to strangle the unhorsed Taizong with a bow. Taizong's general, Weichi Jingde then rode to Taizong's rescue and speared Yuanji. Jiancheng and Yuanji's forces still fought at the Xuanwu Gate, then ceased resistance upon being shown their leaders' heads. All of Jiancheng and Yuanji's sons were subsequently executed but all others involved were pardoned. Two days later, Taizong was made the new crown prince and regent (in that he would make decisions on all affairs and then notify the emperor). Two months later, Taizong's father Emperor Gaozu abdicated and he became emperor. A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... Events July 2 - In the early morning, Li Shimin, the future Emperor Tang Taizong of China, eliminated two of his brothers, Li Yuanji and the crown prince Li Jiancheng in a coup détat at the Xuanwu Gate in Changan. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... Emperor Gaozu of Tang China (566 - June 25, 635), born Lee Yuan, was the founder of the Tang Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 618 to 626. ... Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio, disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one) is the act of renouncing and resigning from a formal office, especially from the supreme office of state. ...


Taizong died in Hanfeng Hall of Cuiwei Palace in the year 649 (翠微宮含風殿) and was buried in August in Zhao Mausoleum (now Shaanxi). He was fifty years old. Events July 5 - Martin I becomes pope Arabs conquer Cyprus Reccaswinth succeeds his father Chindaswinth as king of the Visigoths. ... Zhao Mausoleum (昭陵; pinyin: Zhāolíng; Zhao means the light of the sun) is the mausoleum of Emperor Taizong of Tang (599-649). ...


Family

He had:

  • Wende-shunsheng Empress (文德順聖皇后), Zhangsun-shi (長孫氏)
  • Xian Consort (賢妃), Xu Hui (徐惠)
  • Consort Yang I (楊妃)
  • Consort Yang II (楊妃)
  • Yang-shi (楊氏)
  • Consort Yin (陰妃)
  • Consort Yan (燕妃)
  • Secondary Consort Wei (韋貴妃)
  • Wang-shi (王氏)

He had fourteen sons (in order):

  1. Crown Prince Li Chengqian: son of Wende Empress
  2. Prince Chu, Li Kuan (楚王寬): son of one from the harem
  3. Prince Wu, Li Ke (吳王恪): son of Consort Yang I
  4. Prince Bu, Li Tai: son of Wende Empress
  5. Commonor, Li Yu (庶人祐): son of Consort Ying
  6. Prince Shu, Li Yin (蜀王愔): son of Consort Yang I
  7. Prince Jiǎng, Li Yun (蔣王惲): son of Wang-shi
  8. Prince Yue, Li Zhen (越王貞): son of Consort Yan
  9. Emperor Gaozong of Tang China: son of Wende Empress
  10. Prince Ji, Li Shen (紀王慎): son of Secondary Consort Wei
  11. Prince Jiāng, Li Xiao (江王囂): son of Consort Yan
  12. Prince Dai, Li Jian (代王簡): son of one from the harem
  13. Prince Zhao, Li Fu (趙王福): son of Consort Yang II
  14. Prince Cao, Li Ming (曹王明): son of Consort Yang-shi

He had twenty-two daughters (not in order): Li Chéngqián (李承乾) (619 - October 1, 644) was the original crown prince of Emperor Taizong of Tang China, but was replaced later by his younger brother Li Tai. ... In traditional Arab culture, the harîm حريم (cf. ... Li Tai (李泰) (620 - ?) was once a crown prince of the Tang Empire of China. ... Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty in China ruled from 650 to 683. ...

  • Princess Annan (洝南公主)
  • Princess Nanping (南平公主)
  • Princess Suian (遂安公主)
  • Princess Pu'an (普安公主)
  • Princess Jin'an (晉安公主)
  • Princess Changle (長樂公主), daughter of Wende Empress
  • Princess Yuzhang (豫章公主)
  • Princess Baling (巴陵公主)
  • Princess Nanling (蘭陵公主), Li Shu (淑), courtesy name Lizhen (麗真)
  • Princess Dongyang (東陽公主)
  • Princess Jinyang (晉陽公主), Li Mingda (明達), daughter of Wende Empress
  • Princess Gaoyang (高陽公主)
  • Princess Chengyang (城陽公主)
  • Princess Xincheng (新城公主), daughter of Wende Empress
  • Princess Xiangcheng (襄城公主)
  • Princess Ankang (安康公主)
  • Princess Xinxing (新興公主)
  • Princess Jinshan (金山公主)
  • Princess Changshan (常山公主)
  • Princess Linchuan (臨川公主), daughter of Secondary Consort Wei
  • Princess Qinghe (清河公主), Li Jin (敬), courtesy name Dexian (德賢)
  • Princess Wencheng (文成公主)

Literature

He was the subject of a 64-chapter (in eight volumes) The Novel of the Prince of Qin of the Great Tang (大唐秦王詞話 Datang Qin Wang Cihua) by Zhu Shenglin (諸聖鄰) of the Ming Dynasty. The novel is also known as The Biography of the Prince of Qin of the Tang Dynasty (唐秦王本傳 Tang Qin Wang Benzhuan), Romance of Tang (唐傳演義 Tang Chuan Yiyan), and Romance of the Prince of Qin (秦王演義 Qin Wang Yanyi). Ming Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ...


Chinese popculture

  • Hong Kong TVB made a TV drama about Lee Shimin adventure based from the "Novel of the Prince of Qin of the Great Tang (大唐秦王詞話)". TVB's 1983 martial arts drama "The Foundation" also featured a young Lee Shimin prominently as one of its three leads (and later, villain).
  • In the epic novel Journey to the West,a fictional account of Lee Shimin invention of the Door Gods is to protect him from an vengenceful beheaded Dragon after failing to protect him.

REDIRECT Television Broadcasts Limited ... The four heros of the story, left to right: Sun Wukong, Xuanzang, Zhu Wuneng, and Sha Wujing. ... Chinese dragon, colour engraving on wood, Japanese Chinese school, 19th Century A dragon is a mythological creature, typically depicted as a large and powerful serpent or other reptile, with magical or spiritual qualities. ...

External links

Preceded by:
Emperor Gaozu
Emperor of Tang China Succeeded by:
Emperor Gaozong

  Results from FactBites:
 
Emperor Taizong of Tang China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1231 words)
Emperor Taizong of Tang China (January 23, 599–July 10, 649), born Li Shimin (李世民 Lĭ ShìMín), was the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China from 626 to 649.
Taizong was born in Lunghsi (in present-day Kansu.
Taizong was known as a Hojen (胡人).) as the second son of Li Yuan, and was of one-quarter Xianbei (a people related to modern-day Turks) blood.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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