FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Emperor Huizong of Song China
Emperor Huizong of Song China
Birth and death: Nov. 2, 1082–Jun. 4, 1135
Family name: Zhao (趙)
Given name: Ji (佶)
Dates of reign: Feb. 24, 1100–Jan. 18, 1126¹
Temple name: Huizong (徽宗)
Posthumous name:
(short)
Never used short
Posthumous name:
(full)
Emperor Tishen Hedao Junlie
Xungong Shengwen Rende
Xianci Xianxiao Huangdi²
體神合道駿烈遜功聖文仁德
憲慈顯孝皇帝
General note: Dates given here are in the Julian calendar.
They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.
———
1. Abdicated in favor of his son, and was granted the title
Taishang Huang
(太上皇). Was demoted to the rank of commoner
by the Jin on March 20, 1127.
2. Given in 1143
.

Emperor Huizong (November 2, 1082June 4, 1135) was the eighth and one of the most famous emperors of the Song Dynasty of China, with a personal life spent amidst luxury, sophistication, and art, and ending in tragedy. Download high resolution version (768x1240, 214 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Events England - The Rochester Cathedral was completed Europe - The German Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor besieges Rome and gains entry, a synod is agreed upon by the Romans to rule on the dispute between Henry and Pope Gregory VII Styria - Ottokar II succeeds his brother Adalbero (died 1086 or 1087... Events Stephen of Blois succeeds King Henry I. Empress Maud, daughter of Henry I and widow of Henry V opposed Stephen and claims the throne as her own Owain Gwynedd of Wales defeats the Normans at Crug Mawr. ... A Chinese name is written with the surname first and the given name second. ... A Chinese name is written with the surname first and the given name second. ... For alternate uses, see Number 1100. ... Events Rutherglen becomes one of the first Royal Burghs in Scotland. ... Temple names (廟號 or less commonly 庙號 Pinyin: miào hào;), are commonly used when naming most Chinese and certain Korean rulers. ... A posthumous name (諡號/謚號 Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... A posthumous name (諡號/謚號 Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, taking force in 45 BC or 709 ab urbe condita. ... The proleptic Gregorian calendar is produced by extending the Gregorian Calendar to dates preceding its official introduction in 1582. ... Taishang Huang (Chinese: 太上皇; pinyin: tàishàng huáng) was a Chinese title used all across Eastern Asia for a retired emperor. ... Jin may refer to: Jin Dynasty (265-420) Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) (Jinn) Jin, a state in China during the Spring and Autumn Period Later Jin Dynasty, founded in 1616 by Nurhaci Jin, a ruler of the Xia dynasty The Jin state of late Bronze Age Korea Jin, Chinese American... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... Events Conrad III establishes the Hohenstaufen dynasty when he is crowned antiking to the Holy Roman Emperor, Lothar II. First coalition of the Norman princes against Roger II of Sicily. ... Events Celestine II is elected pope. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events England - The Rochester Cathedral was completed Europe - The German Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor besieges Rome and gains entry, a synod is agreed upon by the Romans to rule on the dispute between Henry and Pope Gregory VII Styria - Ottokar II succeeds his brother Adalbero (died 1086 or 1087... June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... Events Stephen of Blois succeeds King Henry I. Empress Maud, daughter of Henry I and widow of Henry V opposed Stephen and claims the throne as her own Owain Gwynedd of Wales defeats the Normans at Crug Mawr. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ...


Born Zhao Ji, he was the 11th son of Emperor Shenzong. In February 1100 his older half-brother Emperor Zhezong (哲宗) died childless, and Huizong succeeded him the next day as emperor. He reigned from 1100 to 1126. Emperor Shenzong (May 25, 1048 - April 1, 1085) was an emperor of Song Dynasty China. ... For alternate uses, see Number 1100. ... Categories: Song Dynasty emperors | People stubs ... For alternate uses, see Number 1100. ... Events Rutherglen becomes one of the first Royal Burghs in Scotland. ...


Huizong was famed for his promotion of Taoism, and was one of the three Chinese emperors to prohibit Buddhism. He was also a good poet and calligrapher. The Yin-Yang or Taiji diagram, often used to symbolize Taoism. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... Bust of Homer, one of the earliest European poets, in the British Museum Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... Calligraphy in a Latin Bible of 1407 AD on display in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England. ...


While a real artist, Huizong neglected the army, and Song China became increasingly weak and at the mercy of foreign enemies. When the Jurchen of Manchuria founded the Jin Dynasty and attacked the Liao kingdom to the north of the Song empire, the Song court allied with the Jin and attacked the Liao from the south. This succeeded in destroying the Liao kingdom, a long time enemy of the Song. However, an enemy even more formidable, the Jin, was now on the northern border. Not content with the annexation of the Liao kingdom, and measuring rightly the weakness of the Song empire, the Jin soon declared war on their former ally, and by the beginning of 1126 they crossed the Yellow River and came in sight of Kaifeng, the capital of the Song empire. Stricken with panic, Huizong abdicated on January 18, 1126 in favor of his son who became Emperor Qinzong (欽宗). The Jurchens (Chinese: 女真, pinyin: nǚzhēn) were a Tungusic people who inhabited parts of Manchuria and northern Korea until the seventeenth century, when they became the Manchus. ... Approximate extent Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 东北; Traditional Chinese: 東北; pinyin: ; literally east-north), historically known as Manchuria, is the name of a region (ca. ... The Jin Dynasty (金 pinyin: Jīn 1115-1234; Anchu in Jurchen), also known as the Jurchen dynasty, was founded by the Wanyan (完顏 Wányán) clan of the Jurchen, the ancestors of the Manchus who established the Qing Dynasty some 500 years later. ... The Liao Dynasty (T: 遼朝 S: 辽朝 pinyin: Liáo Cháo), 907-1125, sometimes also known as the Kingdom or Empire of the Khitan, was founded by the Yelü (耶律 Yēlǜ) family of the Khitan tribes in the final years of the Tang Dynasty, although Yelü Abaoji did not declare an... Events Rutherglen becomes one of the first Royal Burghs in Scotland. ... For other Yellow Rivers, see Yellow River (disambiguation). ... Kaifeng (Simplified Chinese: 开封; Traditional Chinese: 開封; pinyin: Kāifēng) is a city in the Henan province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the Huang He, 70 km from Zhengzhou, the provincial capital. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Rutherglen becomes one of the first Royal Burghs in Scotland. ... Categories: Song Dynasty emperors | People stubs ...


Overcoming the walls of Kaifeng was a difficult undertaking for the Jin cavalry, and this, conjugated with fierce resistance from some Chinese officials who had not totally lost their temper like Huizong, resulted in the Jin raising the siege of Kaifeng and returning north. The Song empire, however, had to sign a humiliating treaty with the Jin, agreeing to pay a colossal war indemnity and to give a tribute to Jin every year. A tribute (from Latin tribulum, contribution) is wealth one party gives to another as a sign of respect or, as was often case in historical contests, of submission or allegiance. ...


But even such humiliating terms could not save the hopeless Song empire. Within a matter of months, the Jin were back south again, and this time they were determined to overcome the walls of Kaifeng. After a bitter siege, the Jin eventually entered Kaifeng on January 9, 1127, and many days of looting, rapes, and massacre followed. Huizong, his son Emperor Qinzong, as well as the entire imperial court and harem were captured by the Jin. One of the sons of Huizong managed to escape to Southern China where after many years of struggle he would establish the Southern Song Dynasty, of whom he was the first emperor, Emperor Gaozong (高宗). January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Conrad III establishes the Hohenstaufen dynasty when he is crowned antiking to the Holy Roman Emperor, Lothar II. First coalition of the Norman princes against Roger II of Sicily. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... Emperor Gaozong (June 12, 1107 - November 9, 1187), born Zhao Gou, was the tenth emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of the Southern Song. ...


Huizong and Qinzong were demoted to the rank of commoners by the Jin on March 20, 1127. Then on May 10, 1127, Huizong was deported to Northern Manchuria, where he spent the last 8 years of his life as a captive. The man who once had been the most powerful ruler on earth and had lived in opulence and art died a broken man in far-away Northern Manchuria in June 1135 at the age of 52. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... Events Conrad III establishes the Hohenstaufen dynasty when he is crowned antiking to the Holy Roman Emperor, Lothar II. First coalition of the Norman princes against Roger II of Sicily. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... Events Conrad III establishes the Hohenstaufen dynasty when he is crowned antiking to the Holy Roman Emperor, Lothar II. First coalition of the Norman princes against Roger II of Sicily. ... Events Stephen of Blois succeeds King Henry I. Empress Maud, daughter of Henry I and widow of Henry V opposed Stephen and claims the throne as her own Owain Gwynedd of Wales defeats the Normans at Crug Mawr. ...


He was also a great painter and calligrapher who invented the "Slender Gold" (瘦金體) style. East Asian calligraphy typically uses ink brushes to write Chinese characters (called Hanzi in Chinese, Kanji in Japanese, and Hanja in Korean). ...


The era names of his reign were: See also: ERA (disambiguation page). ...

  • Jianzhongjingguo (建中靖國 Jiànzhōngjìngguó) 1101
  • Chongning (崇寧 Chóngníng) 1102-1106
  • Daguan (大觀 Dàguān) 1107-1110
  • Zhenghe (政和 Zhènghé) 1111-1118
  • Chonghe (重和 Chónghé) 1118-1119
  • Xuanhe (宣和 Xuānhé) 1119-1125
Preceded by:
Emperor Zhezong
Emperor of the Song Dynasty Succeeded by:
Emperor Qinzong

  Results from FactBites:
 
Emperor Huizong (Song Dynasty) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (636 words)
Emperor Huizong (November 2, 1082 – June 4, 1135) was the eighth and one of the most famous emperors of the Song Dynasty of China, with a personal life spent amidst luxury, sophistication and art but ending in tragedy.
Huizong was famed for his promotion of Taoism, and was one of the three Chinese emperors to prohibit Buddhism.
Huizong and Qinzong were demoted to the rank of commoners by the Jin on March 20, 1127.
Song (5706 words)
All You Zombies (song) " All You Zombies " is a song by 1985.
Song of Solomon The Song of Solomon or Song of Songs (שיר השירים)...
Song of the Forests The Song of the Forests (opus 81) is an 1949.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m