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Encyclopedia > Emperor Gong of Jin China

Format of naming convention in English is under discussion at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese) and Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese)/monarchical titles.


Emperor Gong of Jin China (晋恭帝, 晉恭帝, Pinyin Jìn Gōngdì, Wade-Giles Chin Kung-ti) was last emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. He was assassinated under the order of Liu Yu, founder of the Song Dynasty (420-479). Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiǎntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiǎnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (拼音, pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... The Jin Dynasty (晉 pinyin jìn, 265-420) followed the Three Kingdoms and preceded the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. ... This is an incomplete list of persons that were assassinated for political and other reasons, and who have individual entries. ... The Song Dynasty (宋朝, previous spelling Sung) (420-479) was first of the four Southern Dynasties in China, followed by the Qi Dynasty. ...


Personal information

Family name Sima (司馬 py. Sīmǎ) in Chinese
Given name Dewen (德文, py. Déwén)
Era names Yuanxi (元熙 Yuánxī) February 11, 419-July 10, 420
Father Emperor Xiaowu
Mother Chen Guinü (陈归女) (d. 390 or 391), posthumous name: Empress Dowager De (德太后, literary meaning: the virtuous empress dowager)
Wife Xu Lingyuan (褚灵媛) (383 or 384-August 7, 436), posthumous name: Queen Si (思皇后, literary meaning: the admired queen)
Major concubines
Children Princess of Haiyan (海盐公主) and Princess of Fuyang (富阳公主)
Lived 385 or 386-October or November, 421
Reigned January 28, 419-July 7, 420
Tomb Chongping Tomb (ch. 冲平陵), believed to be near Nanjing
Temple name
Courtesy name 德文, py. Déwén, literary meaning: "virtuous and civil"
Posthumous name 恭, py. Gōng, literary meaning: "respectable"
Preceded by:
Emperor An
Jin Dynasty (265-420)

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