His Imperial Majesty Akihito (明仁) (born December 23, 1933) is the current and 125th Emperor of Japan.
Akihito is the eldest son and the fifth child of the Emperor Showa (Hirohito) and the Empress Kojun (Nagako). Titled Tsugu no miya (継宮; Prince Tsugu) as a child, he was raised and educated by private tutors and then attended the Boy's Elementary and Secondary Departments of the Peers' School (Gakushuin) from 1940 to 1952. He was separated from his parents at the age of three.
During the American firebombing of Tokyo in March 1945, he and his younger brother, Prince Masahito (now Prince Hitachi), were evacuated from Tokyo. During the American occupation of Japan following World War II, Crown Prince Akihito was tutored in English by Elizabeth Gray Vining. He briefly studied at the Department of Political Science at Gakushuin University in Tokyo, although he never received a degree. However, he later became an amateur specialist of ichthyology and published numerous papers and books about gobiid fishes. Although he was heir-apparent to the Chrysanthemum throne from the moment of his birth, his formal investiture as Crown Prince (Rittaishi no Rei, 立太子の礼) was held at Imperial Palace on November 10, 1951.
In June 1953, Crown Prince Akihito represented Japan at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. On April 10, 1959, he married Miss Shoda Michiko (born October 24, 1934), the eldest daughter of Mr. Shoda Hidesaburo, the president and later honorary chairman of Nisshin Flour Milling Company. The marriage broke all precedents as the new Crown Princess was the first commoner to marry into the imperial family. Then-Crown Prince Akihito and Crown Princess Michiko made official visits to 37 countries. The Crown Prince assumed the throne after the death of his father on January 7, 1989, formally becoming the 125th Japanese monarch on November 12, 1990.
Despite being constrained by his constitutional position, Akihito issued several wide ranging statement of remorse to Korea and China, for their suffering under Japanese occupation, beginning with an expression of remorse to China made in April 1989, three months after the death of his father.
Since succeeding to the throne, the present Emperor has made an effort to bring the imperial family closer to the Japanese people. He and the Empress have made official visits to 18 countries, as well as all 47 prefectures of Japan. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko have three children: Crown Prince Naruhito (born February 23, 1960), Prince Akishino (Fumihito, born November 11, 1965) and Princess Sayako (titled, Nori no miya, or Princess Nori, born April 18, 1969).
His era is entitled "Heisei" (平成).
- See also: Emperor of Japan.
- Extensive biography by the Imperial Household Agency : http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e03/ed03-01.html