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Encyclopedia > Emergency telephone number

Many countries' public telephone networks have a single emergency telephone number, sometimes known as the universal emergency telephone number or occasionally the emergency services number, that allows a caller to contact local emergency services for assistance. The emergency telephone number may differ from country to country. It is typically a three-digit number so that it can be easily remembered and dialed quickly. Some countries have a different emergency number for each of the different emergency services; these often differ only by the last digit. The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the network of the worlds public circuit-switched telephone networks, in much the same way that the Internet is the network of the worlds public IP-based packet-switched networks. ... Emergency services are public services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ...

Contents

Use of emergency numbers

In most areas, the emergency number is intended to be used only in an emergency. Routine and non-urgent calls as well as hoax or prank calls to emergency services numbers waste the time of both dispatchers and emergency responders and can endanger lives. False reports of emergencies are often prosecuted as crimes. A prank call, also known as a crank call, hoax call, phony call, or phony phone call is a form of practical joke committed over the telephone. ... A dispatch can be: A report sent to a newspaper by a correspondent. ... Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ...


For routine and non-urgent enquiries emergency services generally provide traditional telephone numbers for contact. These are normally listed in the local telephone directory. In England and Wales, for example, where serious emergencies have a three-digit number 999, the number 0845 46 47 can be dialled for NHS Direct, a non-emergency medical service. (In Scotland the number 08454 24 24 24 is used to connect to NHS24, the equivalent service). Moscow phone book, 1930. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... This article is about the country. ... NHS Direct is the name of a telephone and online service provided by the National Health Service in the UK. It was introduced throughout England and Wales in 1999 and rolled out into Scotland (where it is called NHS24) in 2004. ...


In many areas in the North American Numbering Plan, 311 has been assigned as an urgent telephone number that may be used to contact the police and other services to report minor incidents and historic crime that does not endanger life, to avoid overloading 911. Other cities in North America use 311 as a general contact number for municipal government or for reporting situations such as power outages. The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is an integrated telephone numbering plan of 24 countries and territories: the United States and its territories, Canada, Bermuda, and 16 Caribbean nations. ... The non-emergency telephone number 3-1-1 is a special N-1-1 telephone number in many communities in Canada and the United States that provides quick, easy-to-remember access to non-emergency municipal services or a Citizen Service Center. ... The non-emergency telephone number 3-1-1 is a special telephone number in many communities in Canada and the United States that provides quick, easy-to-remember access to non-emergency municipal services or a Citizen Service Center. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Power Outage is an episode of The WB drama series, Charmed. ...


The telephone number 112 is the international emergency telephone number for GSM mobile phone networks. It does not necessarily work on mobile phone networks based on other technologies. In all European Union countries it is also the emergency telephone number for both mobile and fixed-line telephones.[1] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Emergency telephone number. ... Not to be confused with Get Some Mates The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ...


To avoid overloading the European normal 112 number, Sweden has an automatic routing of the incoming phone calls. If the local emergency center is overloaded the call will be routed to an another emergency center that's not overloaded, thus avoiding queuing of emergency calls.


Emergency numbers and mobile telephones

The GSM mobile phone standard includes 112 as an emergency number, and in countries where 112 is not the standard emergency telephone number, GSM telephone users who make calls to 112 generally have their calls redirected to the local emergency telephone number, if it exists. This is valuable for foreign travelers, who may not know the local emergency number. Most GSM mobile phones can dial 112 calls even when the phone keyboard is locked, the phone is without a SIM card, or instead of the PIN number. SIM re-directs here; for alternate uses see Sim (disambiguation) A SIM card taken from a GSM mobile phone A subscriber identity module (SIM) is a smartcard securely storing the key identifying a mobile subscriber. ... PINs are most often used for ATMs but are increasingly used at the Point of sale, especially for debit cards. ...


Using 112 instead of another emergency number on a GSM phone may be advantageous, since 112 is recognized by all GSM phones as an emergency number. A phone dialing a different emergency service's number may refuse to roam onto another network, leading to trouble if there is no access to the home network. Dialing 112 forces the phone to make the call on any network possible. However, some GSM networks (e.g. in Belgium, Spain, UK, Liechtenstein, Austria) are reported to connect emergency calls only from phones with a valid account on their network, e.g. customers and roamers only.[citation needed] Some GSM networks will not accept emergency calls from phones without a SIM card, or even require a SIM card that has credit. Latin American GSM networks typically do not allow 112 calls without a SIM.


Not all countries treat wireless emergency calls in the same way. In general, a country's emergency numbers will all route to 112 as a single point of contact for mobile-originated emergency calls. By contrast, Singapore treats 995 calls for Fire or Ambulance as an emergency call but these calls are not routed to 112. So the phone will dial this number using emergency rules but the call routes to 995 not 112. In Singapore, 112 is only for the Police.


In the United States, the FCC requires networks to route every mobile-phone 911 call to an emergency service call center, including phones that have never had service, or whose service has lapsed. As a result, there are programs that provide donated used mobile phones to victims of domestic violence and others especially likely to need emergency services. The FCCs official seal. ...


Mobile phones generate additional problems for emergency operators, as many phones will allow emergency numbers to be dialed even while the keypad is locked. Since mobile phones are typically carried in pockets and small bags, the keys can easily be depressed accidentally, leading to unintended calls. A system has been developed in the UK which connects calls where the caller is silent to an automated system, leaving more operators free to handle genuine emergency calls.[2]


Configuration and operation

The emergency telephone number is a special case in the country's telephone number plan. In the past, calls to the emergency telephone number were often routed over special dedicated circuits. Though with the advent of electronic exchanges these calls are now often mixed with ordinary telephone traffic, they still may be able to access circuits that other traffic cannot. Often the system is set up so that once a call is made to an emergency telephone number, it must be answered. Should the caller abandon the call, the line may still be held until the emergency service answers and releases the call.


An emergency telephone number call may be answered by either a telephone operator or an emergency service dispatcher. The nature of the emergency (police, fire, medical) is then determined. If the call has been answered by a telephone operator, they then connect the call to the appropriate emergency service, who then dispatches the appropriate help. In the case of multiple services being needed on a call, the most urgent need must be determined, with other services being called in as needed. A telephone operator at work on a private switchboard A telephone operator is either a person who provides assistance to a telephone caller, usually in the placing of operator assisted telephone calls such as calls from a pay phone, collect calls (called reversed-charge calls in the UK), calls which... Emergency service dispatchers are qualified operatives, who handle emergency calls. ... A forest fire Fire is a rapid oxidation process that creates light, heat, smoke, and releases energy in varying intensities. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ...


Emergency dispatchers are trained to control the call in order to provide help in an appropriate manner. The emergency dispatcher may find it necessary to give urgent advice in life-threatening situations. Some dispatchers have special training in telling people how to perform first aid or CPR. First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: First Aid/CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency first aid procedure for a victim of cardiac arrest. ...


In many parts of the world, an emergency service can identify the telephone number that a call has been placed from. This is normally done using the system that the telephone company uses to bill calls, making the number visible even for users who have unlisted numbers or who block caller ID. For an individual fixed landline telephone, the caller's number can often be associated with the caller's address and therefore their location. However, with mobile phones and business telephones, the address may be a mailing address rather than the caller's location. The latest "enhanced" systems, such as Enhanced 911, are able to provide the physical location of mobile telephones. This is often specifically mandated in a country's legislation. Caller ID (caller identification or CID, and more properly calling number identification - CNID) is a telephony intelligent network service that transmits the callers telephone number and in some places the callers name to the called partys telephone equipment during the ringing signal or when the call is... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it easier to understand, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


History of emergency services numbers

When an emergency happened in the pre-dial (or "manual") telephone era, the user simply picked up the telephone receiver and waited for the operator to answer "number, please?" The user responded with "get me the police," "get me the Fire Department," or "I need an ambulance/doctor." Even in a large city it was seldom necessary to ask for these services by number.


In small towns, operators frequently went the extra mile by knowing where to reach doctors, vets, and law enforcement personnel at all times. Frequently, the operator was also responsible for activating the town's fire alarm.


When manual switching systems began to be replaced by automatic, or "dial" systems, there was frequently concern among users that the very personalized emergency service provided by manual operators would be lost.


This problem was at least partially solved in the USA, Canada, and the UK by dialing "0" for the local assistance operator in case of emergency, although faster service could be obtained if the user dialed the full number for the Police or Fire Department. This system remained essentially unchanged throughout most of North America until the 1970's.


The first emergency number system to be deployed was in London on June 30, 1937. When 999 was dialed, a buzzer sounded and a red light flashed in the exchange to attract an operator's attention. It was gradually extended to cover the entire country, but it was not until the late 1970s that the facility was available from every telephone. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ...


In the days of loop disconnect dialing, attention was devoted to making the numbers difficult to dial accidentally by making them involve long sequences of pulses, such as with the UK 999 emergency number. This contrasts to modern times, where repeated sequences of numbers are easily dialed on mobile phones, particularly as mobile phones will dial an emergency number while the keypad is locked or even without a SIM card. Some people in the UK have reported accidentally dialing 112 by loop-disconnect while working on extension telephone wiring, and point to this as a disadvantage of that number.[citation needed] Pulse dialing or loop disconnect dialing, also called Rotary or Decadic dialling in the United Kingdom (because up to 10 pulses are sent), is pulsing in which a direct-current pulse train is produced by interrupting a steady signal according to a fixed or formatted code for each digit and... Look up SIM, Sim, sim in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The first North American emergency number was the 999 system deployed in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada in 1959 at the urging of Stephen Juba, mayor of Winnipeg at the time. The first US 911 emergency phone system was set up in Alabama in 1968, but it was not in use everywhere until the 1980's to standardize the number across most of the NANP, Canada switched to using 911 as its emergency number in 1972. (Some Caribbean islands use 999.) Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stephen Juba (born July 1, 1914 in Winnipeg, died May 2, 1993) was a Canadian politician. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a system for three-digit area codes that direct telephone calls to particular regions on a public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The implementation of 911 service in the USA was a gradual and haphazard process. The chief obstacle was the fact that telephone service boundaries seldom, if ever coincide exactly with governmental and other jurisdictional boundaries. In other words, a user might dial 911, only to discover that he had been connected to the wrong dispatch center because he had telephone service from one location, but lived within the boundaries of another jurisdiction.


Furthermore, a great deal of electromechanical switching equipment was still in use, and much of it was difficult if not impossible to adapt to recognize 911, especially in small towns and rural areas where the call might have to be switched over a considerable distance. For this reason, it is still not unusual for a County Sheriff's Department to have an "800" (long distance, toll-free) number.


Gradually, various problems were overcome; "smart" or "enhanced" 911 systems were developed that not only displayed the caller's number and address at the dispatch center, but also could be configured so that 911 calls were automatically routed to the correct dispatch center, regardless of which central office the caller was served from.


The rapid replacement of electromechanical switching systems in the 1980's with electronic or digital systems eliminated the problem of older switches that would not recognize 911. At this point, 911 service is available in most of North America, but there is still the occasional small, remote town that does not have it.



In France, in 1928, telephone operators had to connect the calls for emergency reasons even when the phone service was closed. In 1929, an automatic connection system was set up, initially for fewer than 10,000 people in Paris, allowing them to dial 18 to reach the fire brigade. The service was not widespread until the 1970s. Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ...


The CEPT recommended the use of 112 in 1972. The European Union subsequently adopted the 112 number as a standard on 29 July 1991. It is now a valid emergency number throughout EU countries and in many other CEPT countries. It sometimes works in parallel with other emergency numbers in countries such as Britain and Ireland. The European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) was established on June 26, 1959 as a coordinating body for European state telecommunications and postal organizations. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Emergency numbers

Image File history File links Information. ...

Worldwide 767

Subscribers of Iridium Satellite phone and SOS International can dial 767 (SOS) to get help or medical evacuation to the nearest SOS International medical centre. An Iridium phone (without the aerial) The Iridium satellite constellation is a system of 66 active communication satellites and spares around the Earth. ...


This number has not been yet installed in fixed telephony. A telephone handset A touch-tone telephone dial Telephone The telephone or phone (Greek: tele = far away and phone = voice) is a telecommunications device that transmits speech by means of electric signals. ...


Africa

Country Police Medical Fire Notes
Flag of Chad Chad 17 18
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti 17 18
Flag of Ghana Ghana 191 or 999 193 or 999 192 or 999
Flag of Morocco Morocco City 19
Country 177
15
Flag of South Africa South Africa 10111 10177 10111 From mobile phones 112 (soon also from fixed line phones)
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 197 190 198 National guard 193
Flag of Uganda Uganda 999
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 995 or 999 994 or 999 993 or 999

Image File history File links Flag_of_Chad. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uganda. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ...

Asia

Country Police Medical Fire Notes
Flag of the People's Republic of China China 110 120 119 traffic accident 122
Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong 999 992 (fax on fixed line; SMS on mobile phones - latter being only available to subscribers with disabilities); 112 can be dialed from mobile phones
Flag of India India 100 102 101 traffic police 103. 112 calls dialed from any GSM handsets are redirected to the local emergency number.
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia 110 118/119 113 search and rescue team: 115; natural disaster: 129; electricity: 123; cellular phone and satellite phone emergency number: 112
Flag of Iran Iran 110 115 125 110 also serves as general relay. 112 also works for all emergencies from mobile phones.
Flag of Israel Israel 100 101 102
Flag of Japan Japan 110 119 emergency at sea 118
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 777
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon 112
Flag of Macau Macau 999
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 999 994 civil defense 991;112 can be dialed from mobile phones
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia 101 102 100
Flag of Oman Oman 9999
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 15
Flag of the Philippines Philippines 117 112 or 911
Flag of Qatar Qatar 999
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 999 997 998 traffic police 993; rescue emergency 911, 112, or 08
Flag of Singapore Singapore 999 995 112 and 911 can be dialed from mobile phones. 112 and 999 route only to the Police. 995 numbers do not dial the Police but go only to Fire and Ambulance.
Flag of South Korea South Korea 112 119 national security hotline 111; reporting spies 113; 114 connects to the phone service provider
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 119 accident service 11-2691111
Flag of the Republic of China Taiwan 110 119
Flag of Thailand Thailand 191 1669 199
Flag of Turkey Turkey 155 112 110 Gendarmerie: 156; Coast Guard 158
Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 999 997 998
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam 113 115 114

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... 1-1-9 is the emergency telephone number in parts of Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... 1-1-9 is the emergency telephone number in parts of Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macau. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... 1-1-9 is the emergency telephone number in parts of Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... 1-1-9 is the emergency telephone number in parts of Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... A gendarmerie or gendarmery (pronounced ) is a military body charged with police duties among civilian populations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ...

Europe

[SOS 112]

The most common European emergency number 112 (following Directive 2002/22/EC - Universal Service Directive) and also standard on GSM mobile phones. 112 is used in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom in adition to their other emergency numbers.(sources: European Radiocommunications Office, European Union, SOS 112 Europe, latest status on E-112 initiative: http://www.esafetysupport.org/en/esafety_activities/28_recommendations/). Image File history File links Summary From SOS 112: You are welcome to use any of these logos when You link to www. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Emergency telephone number. ... 112 1-1-2 (one-one-two ) is the emergency telephone number for GSM and Europe. ... The Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ...

Country Police Medical Fire Notes
Flag of Austria Austria 112 Alternative numbers: 133 for police, 144 for medical emergencies, 122 for fire, 140 for alpine emergency
Flag of Belgium Belgium 101 or 112 100 or 112 Missing children 110; mental problems/suicide 106
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 166 or 112 150 or 112 160 or 112 Bulgaria is currently in the process of introducing the unversal 112 emergency telephone number
Flag of Croatia Croatia 92 94 or 112 93 or 112 Road help 987
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus 112 or 199
Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic 158 or 112 155 or 112 150 or 112 Municipal police 156
Flag of Denmark Denmark 112
Flag of Estonia Estonia 112 Alternative numbers: 110 for police
Flag of Finland Finland 112
Flag of France France 17 or 112 More severe 15 or 112
Less severe 18 or 112
18 or 112
Flag of Germany Germany 112 or 110 112 Ambulance number is 19222 in Baden-W├╝rttemberg, Bavaria and Niedersachsen.
Flag of Greece Greece 100 or 112 166 or 112 199 or 112 forest fire 191; coast guard emergency intervention 108; counter-narcotics immediate intervention 109
Flag of Hungary Hungary 107 or 112 104 or 112 105 or 112
Flag of Iceland Iceland 112
Flag of Ireland Republic of Ireland 112 or 999
Flag of Italy Italy 112 or 113 118 115 Carabinieri (military police) 112; Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs/Financial/Border Police) 117; Polizia di Stato (National Police) 113; Medical Emergency 118; Vigili del Fuoco (Firefighters), 115.
Flag of Latvia Latvia 02 or 112 03 or 112 01 or 112 gas leaks 04
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania 02, 102, 022, or 112 03, 103, 033, or 112 01, 101, 011, or 112 The non-112 numbers are for separate emergency services differ in distinct telecommunications networks, whereas 112 available on all networks.
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 112 or 113 112
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia 192 or 112 194 or 112 193 or 112
Flag of Malta Malta 112
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 112 Formerly 06-11. Police (non-urgent) 0900-8844
Flag of Norway Norway 112 113 110 Police (non-urgent) 02800
Flag of Poland Poland 997 or 112 999 or 112 998 or 112 Municipal wardens 986; natural gas/LPG emergencies 992
Flag of Portugal Portugal 112 Forest fire 117
Flag of Romania Romania 112
Flag of Russia Russia 02 (militsia) 03 01 gas leaks 04
Flag of Serbia Serbia 92 or 112 94 or 112 93 or 112
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia 158 or 112 155 or 112 150 or 112
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia 113 112
Flag of Spain Spain National 091 or 112
Local 092 or 112
061 or 112 080,085, or 112 Civil Guard 062; Mossos d'Esquadra (Catalan police) 088. 112 connects with all the Spanish emergency numbers.
Flag of Sweden Sweden 112 Non-urgent police 11414
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland 117 or 112 144 or 112 118 or 112 poison 145; road emergency 140; psychological support (free and anonymous) 143; psychological support for teens and children (free and anonymous) 147; helicopter air-rescue (Rega) 1414 or by radio on 161.300 MHz.
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine 02 or 102 (militsia) 03 or 103 01 or 101 112 is being implemented. Gas leaks 04 or 104
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 999 or 112 101 is now used as a non-emergency number for police and local authorities in several areas in England and Wales, and will be extended to cover all of England and Wales by 2008. However, some other numbers are sometimes classed as "emergency": 0800 111 999 for gas leaks, 08 45 46 47 for NHS Direct etc.

Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Carabinieri is the shortened (and common) name for the Arma dei Carabinieri, an Italian military corps of the gendarmerie type with police functions, which also serves as the Italian military police. ... The MP Command providing security coverage at the Padang in Singapore during the National Day Parade in 2000. ... The Guardia di Finanza () is an Italian police force directly under the authority of the Minister of Economy and Finance. ... One of the Lamborghini Gallardo of the Polizia Stradale Police trucks in Venice Railway Station The Polizia di Stato (State Police) is one of the national police forces of Italy. ... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... 0-3 is the landline emergency telephone number used in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus (and possibly elsewhere in the CIS) for summoning emergency medical service. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... 0-3 is the landline emergency telephone number used in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus (and possibly elsewhere in the CIS) for summoning emergency medical service. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Patrol car (Z car). ... Río Nervión patrol boat, in Bilbao. ... Mosso dEsquadra in dress uniform Mossos dEsquadra (lit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Agusta A109 K2 landed near Grindelwald Eurocopter EC145. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... 0-3 is the landline emergency telephone number used in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus (and possibly elsewhere in the CIS) for summoning emergency medical service. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... 999 is the United Kingdoms emergency telephone number along with the EU standard 112. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... NHS Direct is the name of a telephone and online service provided by the National Health Service in the UK. It was introduced throughout England and Wales in 1999 and rolled out into Scotland (where it is called NHS24) in 2004. ...

Oceania

Country Police Medical Fire Notes
Flag of Australia Australia 000 On a mobile phone, dial 112 or 000, remembering to tell the operator your exact location. If you have a textphone/TTY, you can use the National Relay Service on 106. SES units in The Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia can be contacted on 132 500. In Western Australia, the number is 1300 130 039. In Tasmania and Northern Territory, you will have to call the individual units. The number 131 444 is used for non-emergency police.
Flag of Fiji Fiji 911 9170
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 111 Urgent but not emergency police/traffic number *555 (from mobile phones only). Redirect connects many popular foreign emergency numbers. From mobile phones, the international emergency numbers 112, 911 and 08 also work. The 0800 161616 TTY and 0800 161610 fax numbers are operated by the police for all three services.
Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu 112

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... 000 (mostly known as triple-zero or triple-O) is the primary national emergency number in Australia. ... 106 is the Australian national textphone/TTY emergency number. ... Western Australia SES OKA 4WD vehicle. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... 111 has been the emergency telephone number in New Zealand since September 1958. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... TTY is a short form of several things: Short form of Teletype, in turn short form of Teletypewriter. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ...

North America

Country Police Medical Fire Notes
Flag of Canada Canada 911 Some rural areas still lack 911 service.
Flag of Mexico Mexico 066, 060, or 080
Flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon 17 15 18
Flag of the United States United States of America 911 Non-emergency 311 in certain areas. A few rural areas still lack 911 service.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The non-emergency telephone number 3-1-1 is a special N-1-1 telephone number in many communities in Canada and the United States that provides quick, easy-to-remember access to non-emergency municipal services or a Citizen Service Center. ...

Central America and the Caribbean

Country Police Medical Fire Notes
Flag of Barbados Barbados 211 511 311
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica 911
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 911
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica 119
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 999 990

Image File history File links Flag_of_Barbados. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ...

South America

Country Police Medical Fire Notes
Flag of Argentina Argentina 101 107 100 emergency dispatcher for Buenos Aires (city) and Buenos Aires (province) 911
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia 110 118
Flag of Brazil Brazil police 190; federal highway police 191; federal police 194; civil police 197; state highway police 198; civil defense 199 192 193 human rights 100; emergency number for Mercosul area 128. See also: Brazilian telephone numbering plan#Public utility.
Flag of Chile Chile 133 131 132
Flag of Colombia Colombia 112 or 123 (landlines and mobile phones) Traffic accidents 127, GAULA (anti-kidnapping) 165. More specialized three-digit numbers are available; check the local Yellow Pages for more information.
156 132 119
Flag of Guyana Guyana 911 913 912
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay 911
Flag of Peru Peru 105 116
Flag of Suriname Suriname 115
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay 911
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela 171

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Flag of Mercosur Mercosur or Mercosul (Spanish: Mercado Común del Sur, Portuguese: Mercado Comum do Sul, English: Southern Common Market) is a trading zone among Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, founded in 1991. ... In Brazil (country code: 55), the telephone numbering plan uses eight-digit local phone numbers, plus a two-digit area code. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... For the use in computing, see Yellow Pages (computing). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guyana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Suriname. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ...

See also

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Distress call. ... Emergency telephone on a beach at Trefor in North Wales An Emergency telephone is a phone specifically provided for making calls to emergency services and are most often found in places of special danger or where it is likely that there will only be a need to make emergency calls. ... The ICE (In Case of Emergency) program was conceived by paramedic Bob Brotchie in May 2005. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... As a suicide prevention initiative, this sign on the Golden Gate Bridge promotes a special telephone that connects to a crisis hotline. ... The non-emergency telephone number 3-1-1 is a special telephone number in many communities in Canada and the United States that provides quick, easy-to-remember access to non-emergency municipal services or a Citizen Service Center. ... Several Maybach 57 and 62 models at the 2005 Concours dElegance in Pebble Beach, CA. Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH (IPA: ), founded by Wilhelm Maybach and his son Karl, was a German manufacturer of engines for Zeppelins and later, large and luxurious automobiles. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Council Decision 91/396/EEC of 29 July 1991 on the introduction of a single European emergency call number, OJ L217, 6.8.91, p.31.
  2. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2002446.stm

is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

112
112 Canary Islands, Spain.
  • Emergency Call Number 1-1-2

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Emergency telephone number (2504 words)
Many countries' public telephone networks have a single emergency telephone number, sometimes known as the universal emergency telephone number or occasionally the emergency services number, that allows a caller to contact local emergency services for assistance.
In many areas in the North American Numbering Plan, 311 has been assigned as an urgent telephone number that may be used to contact the police and other services to report minor incidents and historic crime that does not endanger life, to avoid overloading 911.
The first US 911 emergency phone system was set up in Alabama in 1968, but it was not in use everywhere until the 1980's to standardize the number across most of the NANP, Canada switched to using 911 as its emergency number in 1972.
Emergency telephone number - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2304 words)
In the North American Numbering Plan, 3-1-1 is the new urgent telephone number, that can be used to contact the police and other services to report minor incidents and historic crime that does not endanger life, to avoid overloading 9-1-1.
An emergency telephone number call may be answered by either a telephone operator or an emergency service dispatcher.
The European emergency number 112 is also supported, and is the one recommended to be used from cellphones.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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