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Encyclopedia > Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom
Crest of NHS ambulance services in England

Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom are almost all provided under the National Health Service through local ambulance services, known as trusts. Each trust is specific to a county or area, and so the country is divided across a number of ambulance trusts, in a similar way to the British Police are. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Nhs_amb_crest. ... Image File history File links Nhs_amb_crest. ... The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly-funded healthcare system of the United Kingdom. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Image File history File links Logo_scotamb. ... Image File history File links Logo_scotamb. ... Two Mercedes-Benz Sprinter-based ambulances of the Scottish Ambulance Service The Scottish Ambulance Service serves all of Scotland and is a special health board funded directly by the health department of the Scottish Executive. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... , the information in this article describes the current English public health service. ... An ambulance in San Jose Del Cabo, Mexico A Helicopter used as an Ambulance. ... The British police are a group of similar but independent police services which operate in the United Kingdom. ...

An ambulance waiting outside of a hospital in Leeds, West Yorkshire.

In England there are thirteen ambulance 'trusts', with boundaries generally following those of the regional government offices[1]. In Scotland, the Scottish Ambulance Service NHS trust serves the whole of Scotland, in Wales the Welsh Ambulance Service covers throughout the country and similarly in Northern Ireland the Northern Ireland Ambulance Service provides cover. Image File history File linksMetadata IL_ambulance. ... Image File history File linksMetadata IL_ambulance. ... Leeds is a major city in West Yorkshire, England. ... West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... Two Mercedes-Benz Sprinter-based ambulances of the Scottish Ambulance Service The Scottish Ambulance Service serves all of Scotland and is a special health board funded directly by the health department of the Scottish Executive. ... This article is about the country. ... The Welsh Ambulance Service (also called the Welsh Ambulance Services NHS Trust or Ymddiriedolaeth GIG Gwasanaethau Ambiwlans Cymru) was established on April 1, 1998 and has 2,500 staff providing ambulance and related services to the 2. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The Northern Ireland Ambulance Service (NIAS) is the ambulance service that serves the whole of Northern Ireland. ...

Contents

Remit of the Ambulance Trusts

The ambulance trusts have been increasing busy, with the financial year 2004/5 seeing 5.62 million emergency calls, compared to 2.61 million in the same period 1994/5[2] A medical emergency is an injury or illness that poses an immediate threat to a persons health or life which requires help from a doctor or hospital. ...


NHS ambulance services are required by law to respond to four types of requests for care[3], which are:

  • Emergency Calls (via the 999 system)
  • Doctor's urgent admission requests
  • High dependency and urgent inter-hospital transfers
  • Major incidents

They may also undertake non-urgent patient transport services on a commercial arrangement with their local hospital trusts, or in some cases on directly funded government contracts. This is an area where an increasing amount of private firms are taking business away from the trusts.


Ambulance Trusts

England

Following consultation, on 1 July 2006 the number of ambulance trusts fell from 29 to 13. The reduction can be seen as part of a trend dating back to 1974, when local authorities ceased to be providers of ambulance services. This round of reductions in the number of trusts originated in the June 2005 report "Taking healthcare to the Patient", authored by Peter Bradley, Chief Executive of the London Ambulance Service, for the Department of Health. Most of the new Trusts will follow government office regional boundaries.


Exceptions include Staffordshire Ambulance Service (which has a temporary reprieve), the Isle of Wight (where provision will remain with the island's Primary Care Trust), South East Coast Ambulance Service, and South Central Ambulance Service. This has lead to a number of old trusts ceasing to exist. The new trust structure is as follows: Prior to changes in July 2006, when the number of ambulance service trusts was reduced to 13, England was covered by 31 ambulance trusts, which were structured as below. ...

Ambulance Service Headquarters Local Authority Areas Covered
NHS Ambulance Service Trusts East Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust Nottingham Derby, Derbyshire, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, North Lincolnshire, North East Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire
East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust Norwich Luton, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Peterborough, Southend-on-sea, Thurrock and Essex
Great Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust Chippenham Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, Gloucestershire, South Gloucestershire, North Somerset, Swindon and Wiltshire
Isle of Wight Primary Care Trust Newport Isle of Wight
London Ambulance Service NHS Trust London Greater London
North East Ambulance Service NHS Trust Newcastle-upon-Tyne Darlington, Durham, Hartlepool, Middlesborough, Northumberland, Redcar & Cleveland, Stockton-on-Tees and Tyne & Wear
North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust Bolton Blackburn with Darwen, Blackpool, Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside
South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust Wokingham Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Milton Keynes, Oxfordshire, Portsmouth & Southampton
South East Coast Ambulance Service NHS Trust Lewes Brighton & Hove, Kent, Medway, Surrey, East Sussex and West Sussex
South Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust Exeter Bournemouth, Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Plymouth, Poole, Somerset and Torbay
Staffordshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust Stafford Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent
West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust Brierley Hill Herefordshire, Shropshire, Telford & Wrekin, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire
Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust Wakefield East Riding of Yorkshire, Kingston-upon-Hull, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and York

The East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS) is an ambulance service formed in April 1999 as a result of the merging of the Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire (including Rutland) ambulance services. ... Nottingham is a city (and county town of Nottinghamshire) in the East Midlands of England. ... Derby (pronounced dar-bee ) is a city in the East Midlands of England. ... Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England. ... Nottingham is a city (and county town of Nottinghamshire) in the East Midlands of England. ... Nottinghamshire (abbreviated Notts) is an English county in the East Midlands, which borders South Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire and Derbyshire. ... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. ... St Clements Church, Worlaby North Lincolnshire is a unitary authority in England, established in April 1996, one of the first unitary councils. ... North East Lincolnshire is a unitary authority in the north east of England, bordering onto North Lincolnshire and Lincolnshire. ... Leicestershire ( IPA: (RP), IPA: (locally)), abbreviation Leics. ... Oakham Castle Rutland is traditionally Englands smallest county and is bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and southeast by Northamptonshire. ... Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants or Nhants) is a landlocked county in central England with a population of 629,676 (2001 census). ... The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Luton, Norfolk, Peterborough, Southend-on-Sea, Suffolk and Thurrock, in the East of England region. ... Norwich (IPA: //) is a city in East Anglia, in Eastern England. ... For other uses, see Luton (disambiguation). ... Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds) is a county in England that forms part of the East of England region. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ... Norfolk (IPA: //) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... Peterborough is a cathedral city and unitary authority in the East of England, with an estimated population of 161,000 as of 2006. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... The Great Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust provides services in Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, Gloucestershire, North Somerset, South Gloucestershire, Swindon and Wiltshire in the South West England region. ... Chippenham is a market town in Wiltshire, England, located at grid reference ST919733, some 21 km (13 miles) east of Bath and 163 km (96 miles) west of London. ... Bath and North East Somerset (commonly referred to as BANES or B&NES) is a unitary authority that was created on April 1, 1996 following the abolition of the County of Avon. ... View from Cumberland Basin of the Clifton Suspension Bridge and the Avon Gorge Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... South Gloucestershire is a local government area in South West England. ... North Somerset is a unitary authority in England, historically part of the county of Somerset but now administered independently. ... For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Statistics Population: 23,957 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SZ502893 Administration District: Isle of Wight Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Isle of Wight Historic county: Hampshire Services Police force: Hampshire Constabulary Ambulance service: South Central Post office and telephone Post town... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire. ... The London Ambulance Service (LAS) is the largest ambulance service in the world that does not directly charge its patients for its services. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The North East Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Darlington, Durham, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Northumberland, Stockton-on-Tees, and Tyne and Wear in the North East England region. ... Newcastle upon Tyne (usually shortened to Newcastle) is a city in north-east England. ... View of Darlington including the town clock. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. ... Hartlepool is a town and North Sea port in North East England. ... Middlesbrough is a town in North-East England, with a resident population in 2001 of 134,855. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Stockton-on-Tees is an industrial town and port on the River Tees in north-eastern England. ... Tyne and Wear is one of six metropolitan counties in England, comprising the estuary areas of the rivers Tyne and Wear. ... The North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust was formed on 1 July 2006 as part of Health Minister Lord Warners plans to reduce the number of NHS ambulance service trusts operating in the United Kingdom to 12. ... Bolton is a large town in the north-west of England. ... Blackburn with Darwen (Dwrgwyn) is a borough in Lancashire, North West England. ... It has been suggested that South Shore, Blackpool be merged into this article or section. ... The Cheshire Plain - photo taken adjacent to Beeston Castle The Cheshire Plain - photo taken towards Merseyside The Cheshire Plain panorama - photo taken from Mid-Cheshire Ridge Cattle farming in the county Black-and-white timbered buildings on Nantwich High Street Cheshire (or, archaically, the County of Chester)[1] is a... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England which has a population of 2. ... Lancashire is a county in North West England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1,365,900. ... The South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Milton Keynes, Oxfordshire, Portsmouth, and Southampton, in the South East England region. ... Statistics Population: 30,403 (Parish, 2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU804685 Administration Parish: Wokingham Unitary authority: Wokingham Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Berkshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Police Ambulance service: South Central Post office and telephone... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. ... Milton Keynes is a large town in northern Buckinghamshire, in South East England, about 45 miles/75 km north-west of London, and roughly halfway between London and Birmingham. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Southampton is a city, unitary authority and major port situated on the south coast of England. ... As of 1st July the NHS Ambulance Services Trusts of Kent, Surrey and Sussex are being joined together to form a new South East Coast Ambulance Service . ... Statistics Population: 16,000 Location OS grid reference: TQ414101 Administration District: Lewes Shire county: East Sussex Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: East Sussex Historic county: Sussex Services Police force: Sussex Police Fire and rescue: East Sussex Ambulance: South East Coast Post... Brighton is located on the south coast of England, and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton and Hove. ... Floral Clock, Palmeira Square Hove promenade facing towards Brighton Hove is a town on the south coast of England immediately to the west of its twin, Brighton. ... coat of Arms of Kent For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... Medway is the name given to a conurbation in the north of Kent, England. ... Not to be confused with Surry. ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... The South Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in the counties of Devon, Cornwall, Somerset and Dorset (including the Bournemouth, Plymouth, Poole, Torbay and Isles of Scilly unitary authorities) in South West England. ... The city of Exeter is the county town of Devon, in the southwest of England, also known as the Westcountry. ... See also Bournemouth a place in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Cornwall (Cornish: ) is a county in South West England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... “Devonshire” redirects here. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dɔ.sət], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Plymouth is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the world... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ... Torbay (IPA: ) is an east-facing bay, at the western most end of Lyme Bay in the south-west of England, situated roughly midway between the cities of Exeter and Plymouth. ... The Staffordshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent in the West Midlands region. ... This article is about the town of Stafford, England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... This page is about Stoke-on-Trent in England. ... The West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Herefordshire, Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin, Warwickshire, West Midlands, and Worcestershire in the West Midlands region. ... Map sources for Brierley Hill at grid reference SO9286 Brierley Hill is a town in Dudley Metropolitan Borough, West Midlands, England. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... Shropshire (alternatively Salop or abbreviated Shrops) is an English county in the West Midlands region of the United Kingdom. ... Telford and Wrekin is a unitary district with borough status in the West Midlands region of England. ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced //, //, or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... // The West Midlands is an area of central England. ... Worcestershire (pronounced ; abbreviated Worcs) is a county located in the West Midlands region of central England. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Wakefield The Town Hall, Wood St. ... The East Riding of Yorkshire is a local government district with unitary authority status, and a ceremonial county of England. ... Kingston upon Hull, more usually referred to simply as Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. ... North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... South Yorkshire is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in the Yorkshire and the Humber Government Office Region of England, in the United Kingdom. ... West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. ... York is a city in North Yorkshire, England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ...

Scotland

Two Mercedes Sprinter vehicles of the Scottish Ambulance Service

The Scottish Ambulance Service is a special trust funded directly by the Health Department of the Scottish Executive. In 2006 the service responded to over 520,000 emergency calls. Scotland also has Britain's only publicly funded Air Ambulance service, comprising of two Eurocopter EC 135 Helicopters (based in Glasgow & Inverness) and two Beech King Air 200c fixed-wing aircraft (based at Glasgow & Aberdeen). In the rest of the UK, air ambulances are funded by public and corporate donation. Image File history File linksMetadata Ambulances. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ambulances. ... The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter is a tall delivery van, pickup truck and minibus built by DaimlerChrysler and sold under its Mercedes-Benz, Dodge, and Freightliner brands. ... Two Mercedes-Benz Sprinter-based ambulances of the Scottish Ambulance Service The Scottish Ambulance Service serves all of Scotland and is a special health board funded directly by the health department of the Scottish Executive. ... Two Mercedes-Benz Sprinter-based ambulances of the Scottish Ambulance Service The Scottish Ambulance Service serves all of Scotland and is a special health board funded directly by the health department of the Scottish Executive. ... The Executives logo, shown with English and Scottish Gaelic caption The term Scottish Executive is used in two different, but closely-related senses: to denote the executive arm of Scotlands national legislature (i. ... Ontario Health air ambulance An air ambulance is an aircraft used for emergency medical assistance in situations where either a traditional ambulance cannot easily or quickly reach the scene or the patient needs to be repositioned at a distance where air transportation is most practical. ... The EC 135 is a twin-engine civil helicopter produced by Eurocopter, widely used amongst police and ambulance services, and for executive transport. ... Glaswegian redirects here. ... Inverness (Inbhir Nis in Scottish Gaelic) is the only city in the Highland council area and the Highlands of Scotland. ... Beech King Air Categories: Aircraft stubs | U.S. civil utility aircraft 1960-1969 ... Aberdeen (IPA: ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is Scotlands third largest city with a population of 202,370. ...


Northern Ireland

The Northern Ireland Ambulance Service (NIAS) is the ambulance service that serves the whole of Northern Ireland. As with other ambulance services in the United Kingdom, it does not charge its patients directly for its services, but instead receives funding through general taxation. It responds to medical emergencies in Northern Ireland with the 270 plus ambulances at its disposal. The Service employs approximately 850 staff based across 32 stations & sub-stations, 4 Control Centres and a Regional Training Centre. The Northern Ireland Ambulance Service (NIAS) is the ambulance service that serves the whole of Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ...


Wales

The Welsh Ambulance Service NHS Trust (also called Ymddiriedolaeth GIG Gwasanaethau Ambiwlans Cymru) was established on April 1, 1998 and has 2,500 staff providing ambulance and related services to the 2.9 million residents of Wales. The Welsh Ambulance Service (also called the Welsh Ambulance Services NHS Trust or Ymddiriedolaeth GIG Gwasanaethau Ambiwlans Cymru) was established on April 1, 1998 and has 2,500 staff providing ambulance and related services to the 2. ...


Its headquarters is located at H.M.Stanley Hospital, St Asaph, Denbighshire and it is divided into three regions: St Asaph (Welsh: Llanelwy) is a town in Denbighshire, Wales on the River Elwy. ... Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych) is a county in North Wales. ...

  • Central and West Region based at Ty Maes Y Gruffudd, Cefn Coed Hospital, Cockett, Swansea
  • North Region based at H.M.Stanley Hospital, St Asaph, Denbighshire
  • South-East Region based at Caerleon House, Mamhilad Park Estate, Pontypool

The electoral ward of Cockett, City and County of Swansea, South Wales consists of some or all of the following areas: Cadle, Cwmdu, Coedweig, Gendros, Gors, Fforestfach, Cockett and Waunarlwydd, in the parliamentary constituency of Swansea West Cockett The suburb of Cockett is located about 1. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... St Asaph (Welsh: Llanelwy) is a town in Denbighshire, Wales on the River Elwy. ... Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych) is a county in North Wales. ... Pontypool (Welsh: Pont-y-pŵl) is a town of approximately 36,000 people in the traditional county of Monmouthshire, southern Wales. ...

Measuring performance

The performance of every Ambulance Trust is measured by the government, as part of a system called 'ORCON'. The Governments targets are to reach 75% of Category A (life threatening) calls - as decided by the computerised AMPDS (except the Berkshire Division of South Central Ambulance were CBD (Criterion Based Dispatch) is used), within 8 minutes. A number of initiatives have been introduced to assist meeting these targets, including Rapid Responders and Community Responders. Orcon is the 4th largest ISP in New Zealand. ... Star of Life AMPDS stands for the Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch System, and is a piece of computer software used by ambulance services worldwide to prioritise calls by priorty. ...


==Private Ambulance Services==First Care Ambulance Exeter Devon


Private ambulance services are becoming more common in the UK, performing a number of roles, including providing medical cover at large events, either alongside, or instead of the voluntary sector providers. Some organisers use a private firm instead of a voluntary ambulance service because of wider availability during the week (sometimes difficult for a voluntary service to cover) or for a wider range of skills, such as provision of qualified Paramedics. A Paramedic is a specialized health care professional who responds to medical and trauma emergencies in the pre-hospital (out-of-hospital) environment for the purpose of stabilizing and transporting the patient to an appropriate medical facility, usually by ambulance. ...


The most common type of private ambulance provider is in the Patient Transport role, with many trusts and hospitals choosing to outsource this function to a private company, rather than use the NHS service, although the policy differs from trust to trust. Tt is uncommon to find an emergency (999 call) being attended by a private ambulance, although it has become more common with some of the PTS contracted ambulance companies providing 'second-tier' vehicles, capable of stretcher transport or attending non-life threatening emergencies. Recently, some companies have been contracted to provide additional emergency crews and vehicles to supplement the core NHS staff at busy times (such as New Year). The relevant UK legislation applies to all ambulances with no discrimination as to who owns or operates them.


Another type of private ambulance, are those operated by undertakers, who generally favour black vans, with the words private ambulance written discreetly.


==Voluntary Ambulance Services==

St. John Ambulance emergency/multi-purpose ambulance.

The main voluntary ambulance providers are the British Red Cross and St. John Ambulance, who have both been providing medical medical cover in the UK for many years, including active service in both World Wars (pre-dating the existence of any government organised service). The primary activity of both organisations in relation to ambulances, is the provision of ambulance cover at events, as an extension of their First aid contract. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1768x1333, 563 KB) Saint John ambulance in a London street. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1768x1333, 563 KB) Saint John ambulance in a London street. ... The British Red Cross Society is a prominent part of the largest independent humanitarian organisation in the world – the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. ... St. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ...


Depending on their agreement, or agreements, with their local ambulance service trust (known as a Memorandum of Understanding), they may treat and transport certain categories of patient to hospital, although for more serious incidents, such cardiac arrest it is likely that they would be expected to summon the assistance of the statutory ambulance service.


Both organisations also provide 'reserve' or 'support' cover to some of the ambulance trusts (dependent on the local 'memorandum of understanding'), where ambulance crews from one of the organisations (who are usually volunteers, but in some instances may be paid staff) will attend 999, GP Urgent or PTS calls on behalf of the ambulance trust, with the organisation receiving recompense from the trust. This service is most often called on during major incidents, when there is a high level of staff absence or when there is an unusually high call volume.


Both organisations have also provided cover for the public when unionised NHS ambulance trust staff have held strikes or walk outs.


See also

Scottish Ambulance Service Eurocopter EC-135 (G-SASA) The following is a list of Air Ambulances in the United Kingdom and the area they cover where that is not obvious from the title Anglian Air Ambulance - Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire (may expand to cover Hertfordshire) Cornwall Air Ambulance County Air Ambulance... Blues and twos is a colloquial term that refers to the blue flashing lights and two-tone sirens that the Emergency Services in the UK use when responding to an incident. ... , the information in this article describes the current English public health service. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Prior to changes in July 2006, when the number of ambulance service trusts was reduced to 13, England was covered by 31 ambulance trusts, which were structured as below. ...

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