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Encyclopedia > Emerald Necklace
Boston Public Garden, the second "link" of the Emerald Necklace

The Emerald Necklace consists of an 1,100-acre chain of parks linked by parkways and waterways in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. The Emerald Necklace includes: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1194 KB) Summary My photo from spring 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1194 KB) Summary My photo from spring 2006. ... Equestrian statue of George Washington. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1638 Incorporated 1705 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  6. ...

The parks are almost contiguous with one another and are irregularly-shaped according to whatever land was available at the time of each park area's foundation.From Boston Common to Franklin Park it is approximately 7 miles by foot or bicycle through the parks.[1] Image:Boston common Boston Massachusetts USA.jpg Boston Common in 2005, with the State House looming in the background 1890 Map of Boston Common and the adjacent Public Garden View of the Water Celebration, on Boston Common, October 25th 1848 Boston Common Engraving For the television series, see Boston Common... Equestrian statue of George Washington. ... Commonwealth Avenue (often abbreviated Comm Ave by locals) is a road in the city of Boston, Massachusetts beginning at the western edge of the Public Garden, and continuing west through the Back Bay, Kenmore Square, and the suburbs of Brighton and Chestnut Hill. ... Sunset view of the Back Bay Fens in Boston The Back Bay Fens (also called The Fens), once a salt water shallow bay, is now a fresh water park in Boston, Massachusetts, USA designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Riverway ia a parkway in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Olmsted Park named for Frederick Law Olmsted is a linear park in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts, and a part of Bostons Emerald Necklace of connected parks. ... Jamaica Pond, boathouse in distance, 2005 Jamaica Pond is a small kettlehole pond at the center of Jamaica Park, part of the Emerald Necklace of parks in Boston. ... The Jamaicaway is a four-lane, undivided parkway in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts near the border of Brookline. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... The Arborway is a four-lane, divided parkway in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Franklin Park, a partially-wooded 527-acre parkland in the Jamaica Plain and Roxbury neighborhoods of Boston, Massachusetts, is maintained by the Department of Conservation and Recreation. ...


Several components of the Emerald Necklace pre-date the plan to unite them. Some links of the Emerald Necklace not only offer an opportunity for recreation in a wooded environment, but are also ecologically-important urban wilds that provide nesting places for migratory birds and improve the air quality of the city. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Category:Nature Image:Shea circle. ... A basket style nest A nest is place of refuge built to hold an animals eggs and/or provide a place to raise their offspring. ... The species that periodically migrate are called migratory bird, those that do not are called resident bird See also Resident bird Category: ... The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a standardized index of the air quality in a given location, given in parts per billion. ...

Contents

History

This linear system of parks and parkways was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted to connect the Boston Common (dating from the colonial period) and Public Garden (1837) to the great country estate known as Franklin Park. Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was a United States landscape architect, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City. ... Colonial America may refer to: Colonial North America north of Rio Grande the Thirteen Colonies that declared independence from Britain in 1776 The period after the European colonization of the Americas Category: ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The project began around 1878 with the effort to clean up and control the marshy area which became the Back Bay and the Fens. In 1880, Olmsted proposed that the Muddy River, which flowed from Jamaica Pond into the Fens, be included in the park plan. The current was dredged into a winding stream and directed into the Charles River. The corridor encompassing the river became a linear park. Olmsted's vision of a linear park of walking paths along a gentle stream connecting numerous small lakes was complete by the turn of the century. 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Freshwater marsh in Florida In geography, a marsh is a type of wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, cat tails, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water. ... Back Bay is the name of several places and neighborhoods in the world, including: Back Bay, Boston Back Bay, New Brunswick This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Fens may also refer to the Back Bay Fens, park in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ...


Shape

  • See Diagram

As implied by the name "Emerald Necklace", these parks do not proceed in a straight line but rather form a sort of "L" shape. The Emerald Necklace begins near Boston's Downtown Crossing, proceeds along the Boston/Brookline Border, then curves back into Jamaica Plain. At the extreme border of Arnold Arboretum, at the point most distant from its beginning, the Emerald Necklace is almost in West Roxbury. Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Originally part of the town of Roxbury, West Roxbury formed its own government in 1851 and was annexed by Boston in 1874. ...


Jurisdiction

Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... The Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) is a state agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...

Recent Improvement

Over the past decade, almost $60 million in capital expenditures for parks and waterway improvements have been made in the Emerald Necklace by the City of Boston and the Town of Brookline. These efforts have included improved pathways, plantings and signage, bridge repairs, and the restoration of boardwalks and buildings. In some areas (especially Franklin Park) these efforts have only begun to address the over fifty years of neglect the Emerald Necklace has suffered.[1] Photograph of the boardwalk in Atlantic City, NJ, USA, taken August 2003. ...


The Conservancy

The Emerald Necklace Conservancy was established in 1996 to support and build upon public sector initiatives. A not-for-profit organization, the Emerald Necklace Conservancy is a public-private partnership comprised of community, business government and institutional representatives, residential neighbors, representatives of Necklace-related associations and interested citizens.[1]


Other Areas

There are a few other green areas in the vicinity of the Emerald Necklace which are never considered a part of it but are worth mentioning:

  • Charles River Esplanade is not contiguous with the rest of the Necklace, but is is not far from Commonwealth Ave and is a scenic greenspace.
  • Forest Hills Cemetery fills in much of the area of Forest Hills between Arnold Arboretum and Franklin Park and is a beautifully-landscaped and waterscaped 275-acre attraction in its own right.
  • Larz Anderson Park is a wooded, landscaped, and waterscaped 64-acre parkland that extends into Brookline from the vicinity of Jamaica Pond. It was donated to the public in 1948.
  • Olmsted's early designs included The Dorchesterway, a parkway linking Franklin Park to Pleasure Bay. The parkway was never executed, leaving Pleasure Bay a separate unconnected park.

The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ... The Forest Hills Cemetery (1848) in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (formerly in the city of Roxbury, now in the city of Boston) is an early suburban garden cemetery inspired by the Mount Auburn Cemetery. ... Forest Hills is a part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Larz Anderson Park is a wooded, landscaped, and waterscaped 64-acre parkland in Brookline, Massachusetts that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

Sites along the necklace

Along or near the Emerald Necklace one can find:

The Boston Pops performing at the Hatch Shell on July 4, 2005 The Hatch Shell is an outdoor concert venue adjacent to the Charles River Esplanade near downtown Boston. ... The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum is a museum in Boston, Massachusetts with a collection of over 2,500 works of European, Asian and American art, including paintings, sculpture, tapestries, and decorative arts. ... Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (Doù venons-nous? Que faisons-nous? Où allons-nous?) (1897). ... Emerson College was founded in 1880 by Charles Wesley Emerson as a school of oratory, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... There is more than one Emmanuel College: Emmanuel College, Cambridge (part of the University of Cambridge) Emmanuel College, Boston Emmanuel College, Georgia Emmanuel College, Toronto (part of Victoria University in the University of Toronto) Emmanuel College, Carrara This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share... “Fenway” redirects here. ... Zoo New Englands Logo The Franklin Park Zoo, located in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the oldest zoos in the U.S. It is operated by Zoo New England, which also operates the Stone Zoo in Stoneham, Massachusetts. ... Landmark Center in Boston, Massachusetts; On the right side of this photo, the CITGO sign in Kenmore Square can be glimpsed in the distance Landmark Center in Boston, Massachusetts is commercial center situated in an art deco building built in 1929 for Sears, Roebuck and Company. ... MassArt, August 2005 Massachusetts College of Art (also known as MassArt) is a publicly funded college of visual and applied art, founded in 1873. ... Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences is one of the largest colleges of pharmacy in the United States. ... The Massachusetts State House Full view of the south side The Massachusetts State House is the state capitol of Massachusetts. ... Simmons College is a liberal arts womens college in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Symphony Hall in Boston, Massachusetts is widely considered to be one of the two or three finest concert halls in the world, alongside Amsterdams Concertgebouw and Viennas Grosser Musikvereinssaal. ... The Wentworth Institute of Technology is a nationally accredited institution located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Wheelock College is an institution of higher learning located in Boston, Massachusetts. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c City of Boston - The Emerald Necklace

External links

  • The Emerald Necklace Conservancy
  • City of Boston Website

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