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Encyclopedia > Embroidery
Embroidery in silk thread on linen, 19th century
Embroidery in silk thread on linen, 19th century

Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. Sewing machines can be used to create machine embroidery. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 637 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1214 × 1142 pixel, file size: 786 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 637 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1214 × 1142 pixel, file size: 786 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... A handicraft shop in Delhi, India Handicraft, also known as craftwork or simply craft, is a type of work where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Look up material in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In everyday language, a stitch in the context of embroidery or hand-sewing is defined as the movement of the embroidery needle from the backside of the fabric to the front side and back to the back side. ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ... Needles used for sewing A sewing needle is a long slender object with a pointed tip. ... This article is about metallic materials. ... For other uses, see Pearl (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bead (disambiguation). ... A quill pen is made from a flight feather (preferably a primary) of a large bird, most often a goose. ... Sequins on a hip-cloth Sequins are disk shaped beads used for decorative purposes. ... Sewing machines can make a great variety of plain or patterned stitches. ... Commercial machine embroidery in chain stitch on a voile curtain, China, early 21st century. ...

Contents

Types of embroidery

In a local fashion boutique in Bangalore, India, a craftsman seen busy with needlework on a designer-ware
Detail of an embroidered silk gauze ritual garment from a 4th century BC, Zhou era tomb at Mashan, Hubei province, China.
Detail of an embroidered silk gauze ritual garment from a 4th century BC, Zhou era tomb at Mashan, Hubei province, China.

[[Image:Oldest pakko embroidery.JPG|thumb|right|Traditional Pakko embroidery of Tharparker since centuries Embroidery is classified according to its use of the underlying foundation fabric. One classification system divides embroidery styles according to the relationship of stitch placement to the fabric: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2128 × 2832 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2128 × 2832 pixel, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 564 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1038 × 1104 pixels, file size: 202 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 564 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1038 × 1104 pixels, file size: 202 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ancient Chinese dynasty. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

  • In free embroidery, designs are applied without regard to the weave of the underlying fabric. Examples include crewel and traditional Chinese embroidery.
  • In counted-thread embroidery, patterns are created by making stitches over a pre-determined number of threads in the foundation fabric. Counted-thread embroidery is more easily worked on an even-weave foundation fabric such as embroidery canvas, aida cloth, or specially woven cotton and linen fabrics although non-evenweave linen is used as well. Examples include needlepoint and cross-stitch.

A second division classifies embroidery according to whether the design is stitched on top of or through the foundation fabric: An example of free embroidery: Madame de Pompadour in an elaborately embroidered gown and matching petticoat in the style of the 1760s. ... Crewel embroidery is an embroidery technique which is at least a thousand years old. ... Counted-thread embroidery is any embroidery in which the fabric threads are counted by the embroiderer before inserting the needle into the fabric. ... Cross-stitch on even-weave fabric, Hungary, mid-20th century Even-weave fabric or canvas is any woven textile where the warp and weft threads are of the same size. ... Look up Canvas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Introduction Aida cloth is a coarse open-weave fabric traditionally used for cross-stitch. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. ... Needlepoint is a form of canvas work created on a mesh canvas. ... A sample cross-stitch of a Welsh dresser Cross-stitch is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches are used to form a picture. ...

  • In Surface embroidery, patterns are worked on top of the foundation fabric using decorative stitches and laid threads. Surface embroidery encompasses most free embroidery as well as some forms of counted-thread embroidery (such as cross-stitch).
  • In Canvas work, threads are stitched through a fabric mesh to create a dense pattern that completely covers the foundation fabric. All canvas work is not counted-thread embroidery. There are printed and hand painted canvases where the painted or printed image is meant to serve as a color guide. Stitches are sometimes of the stitcher's choosing.

An important distinction between canvas work and surface embroidery is that surface work requires the use of an embroidery hoop or frame to stretch the material and ensure even stitching tension that prevents pattern distortion. Canvas work tends to follow very symmetrical counted stitching patterns with designs developing from repetition of one or only a few similar stitches in a variety of thread hues. Most forms of surface embroidery, by contrast, are distinguished by a wide range of different stitching patterns used in a single piece of work. Surface embroidery is any form of embroidery in which the pattern is worked using decorative stitches and laid threads on top of the foundation fabric or canvas rather than through the fabric; it is contrasted with canvas work. ... A sample cross-stitch of a Welsh dresser Cross-stitch is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches are used to form a picture. ... Modern canvas work done in wool using petit point stitch Canvas work is embroidery on canvas. ... An embroidery hoop. ...


History

The origins of embroidery are lost in time, but examples survive from ancient Egypt, Iron Age Northern Europe and Zhou Dynasty China. It has many roots all around the world and is being done in many different ways because of their cultures. == Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern part of the European continent. ... This article is about the ancient Chinese dynasty. ...


Elaborately embroidered clothing, religious objects, and household items have been a mark of wealth and status in many cultures including ancient Persia, India, Byzantium, medieval England (Opus Anglicanum or "English work"), and Baroque Europe. Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Byzantium (Greek: Βυζάντιον) was an ancient Greek city, which, according to legend, was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Opus Anglicanum are fine needlework done for the Church primarily by nuns and then by laywomen in workshops. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Hand embroidery is a traditional art form passed from generation to generation in many cultures, including northern Vietnam, Mexico, and eastern Europe. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The Bayeux Tapestry is not a true tapestry; it is an elaborately embroidered wall hanging originally displayed at the Bayeux Cathedral, and now housed at a special museum in Bayeux, Normandy. The Bayeux Tapestry (French: Tapisserie de Bayeux) is a 50 cm by 70 m (20 in by 230 ft) long embroidered cloth which depicts the events leading up to the 1066 Norman invasion of England as well as the events of the invasion itself. ... This article is about tapestry the textile. ... Bayeux Cathedral Bayeux Cathedral (Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Bayeux) is a Norman-Romanesque cathedral, located in the town of Bayeux. ... Bayeux (pronounced ) is a small town and commune in the Calvados département, in Normandy, northwestern France. ... For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ...


Gallery

Additional Information

  • S.F.A. Caulfield and B.C. Saward, The Dictionary of Needlework, 1885.
  • Virginia Churchill Bath, Needlework in America, Viking Press, 1979 ISBN 0-670-50575-7
  • Readers Digest Complete Guide to Needlework, 1979, ISBN 0-89577-059-8.

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

External Links

NowSewing.net The latest in embroidery and seiwng techniques all on our online webisodes, Behind the Seams. Embroidery Stitch Video Tutorials - free tutorials for learning how to embroider. Embroidery Depot


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Embroidery (1240 words)
The oldest extant examples are the remains of a maniple and of a stole dating from the beginning of the tenth century, in the museum of Durham cathedral, and fragments of an altar-cover of the same century in the National Museum at Ravenna.
The first reference to embroidery in Scripture is found in the Book of Exodus (xxvi, 1, 31, 36) in the directions given to Moses concerning the curtains of the Tabernacle, the veil for the Ark, and the hanging in the entrance to the Holy of Holies.
Besides the hanging at the entrance of the Tabernacle (Exodus 26:36), the hanging in the entrance of the court (Exodus 26:16) and the girdle of the high-priest (Exodus 28:39; 39:28) were the work of the "embroiderer", whereas in regard to the ephod (Exodus 28:6; 39:3) and the rational (Exodus 28:15; 39:8) another word is employed.
embroidery: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1150 words)
Embroidery as folk art was far less varied, complex, and imaginative than the masterworks produced by professional church and court embroiderers.
Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle.
Counted-thread embroidery is more easily worked on an even-weave foundation fabric such as embroidery canvas, aida cloth, or specially woven cotton and linen fabrics although non-evenweave linen is used as well.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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