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Encyclopedia > Ely Cathedral
Front of Ely Cathedral
Front of Ely Cathedral

Ely Cathedral (in full, The Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Ely) is the principal church of the diocese of Ely, in Cambridgeshire, England, and the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Ely. It is known locally as "the ship of the Fens", because of its prominent shape that towers above the surrounding flat and watery landscape. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1224x1632, 259 KB) Ely Cathedral Source: Tom- File links The following pages link to this file: Ely Cathedral ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1224x1632, 259 KB) Ely Cathedral Source: Tom- File links The following pages link to this file: Ely Cathedral ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... There are other places also called Ely. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Arms of the Bishop of Ely The Bishop of Ely heads the Church of England Diocese of Ely in the Province of Canterbury, in England. ... A fen is a sere, a phase in the natural ecological succession from the open water of a lake to (for example) woodland. ...

Contents




History

West Tower of Ely Cathedral, from The Gallery, 2004
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West Tower of Ely Cathedral, from The Gallery, 2004
Choir of the Ely Cathedral, looking east. ca. 1890
Choir of the Ely Cathedral, looking east. ca. 1890
The tower of Ely cathedral from the North-West.
The tower of Ely cathedral from the North-West.
Distant view of the cathedral
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Distant view of the cathedral
Stained glass commemorating WWII
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Stained glass commemorating WWII
Engraving of Ely Cathedral, ca. 1830
Enlarge
Engraving of Ely Cathedral, ca. 1830

Download high resolution version (396x606, 92 KB)Ely Cathedral West Tower from The Gallery. ... Download high resolution version (396x606, 92 KB)Ely Cathedral West Tower from The Gallery. ... WASHINGTON, George Wilson. ... WASHINGTON, George Wilson. ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1956x1440, 1011 KB) Photo taken by me, user:Lofty. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1956x1440, 1011 KB) Photo taken by me, user:Lofty. ... Poor image of Ely Cathedral taken near the Fish and Duck pub at the junction of the River Cam and the Old West River. ... Poor image of Ely Cathedral taken near the Fish and Duck pub at the junction of the River Cam and the Old West River. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 156 KB) Summary Stained glass window, Ely Cathedral, showing a WWII plane flying over the cathedral. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 156 KB) Summary Stained glass window, Ely Cathedral, showing a WWII plane flying over the cathedral. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (754x1200, 259 KB) Summary Engraving of Ely Cathedral from The Youths Instructor and Guardian, Volume XIV, published 1830. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (754x1200, 259 KB) Summary Engraving of Ely Cathedral from The Youths Instructor and Guardian, Volume XIV, published 1830. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Previous buildings

The first Christian building on the site was founded by Etheldreda, daughter of the Anglo-Saxon king of East Anglia, who was born in 630 at Exning near Newmarket. She acquired the land from her first husband, Tondberct, chief of the South Gyrvians, and after the end of her second marriage to Eegrfrid, a Northumbrian prince, set up and ran a monastery on the site in 673. When she died, a shrine was built to her memory in the Saxon church on the same site. (Incidentally, the common version of Etheldreda's name was St. Awdrey, which is the origin of the word tawdry - because cheap souvenirs were sold at fairs held in her name.) The monastery, and much of the city of Ely, were destroyed in the Danish invasions that began in 869 or 870. Æthelthryth (also Etheldreda, Ediltrudis, Audrey or Awdrey) (c. ... The Anglo-Saxons refers collectively to the groups of Germanic tribes who achieved dominance in southern Britain from the mid-5th century, forming the basis for the modern English nation. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... Events Muhammad captures Mecca (January). ... Map sources for Newmarket at grid reference TL6463 Local celebrity jockey Frankie Detorri in the parade ring at Newmarket after riding in the 2000 Guineas 2005 Newmarket is a market town in the English county of Suffolk, approximately 65 miles north of London, which has grown and become famous because... Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of an Anglian kingdom which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, and of the much smaller earldom which succeeded the kingdom. ... Events Hlothhere becomes king of Kent Maelduin becomes King of Dalriada Foundation of Ely, England Births Bede, English monk, writer and historian (or 672) Deaths Childeric II, Frankish king of Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy Domangart II, King of Dalriada General Kim Yu-shin of Silla Heads of states Japan - Temmu... Events Western Emperor Louis II allies with eastern Emperor Basil I against the Saracens. ... Events February 28 - End of the Fourth Council of Constantinople. ...


A new Benedictine monastery was built on the site by Athelwold, Bishop of Winchester, in 970. This became a cathedral in 1109, after a new Diocese of Ely was created out of land taken from the Diocese of Lincoln. Winchester Cathedral as seen from the Cathedral Close Arms of Winchester City Council Winchester is a city in southern England, and the administrative capital of the county of Hampshire, with a population of around 35,000. ... Events Major volcano eruption in Mashu Japan Devastating decade long famine begins in France Byzantine Emperor John I successfully defends the Eastern Roman Empire from massive barbarian invasion Construction completed on Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo, worlds oldest Islamic university Births Leif Ericson, Norse explorer Seyyed Razi, important Muslim... Events Battle of Naklo Battle of Hundsfeld Fulk of Jerusalem becomes count of Anjou Alfonso I of Aragon marries Urraca of Castile Crusaders capture Tripoli Anselm of Laon becomes chancellor of Laon Births July 25 - Afonso, first king of Portugal Deaths Alfonso VI of Castile Anselm of Canterbury, philosopher and... Lincoln (pronounced Ling-kn) is a cathedral city and county town of Lincolnshire, England, a bridging point over the River Witham, with a population, at the 2001 Census of 85,595. ...


The present building

The present cathedral was started by Abbot Simeon (1082-1094) under William I in 1083. Building continued under Simeon's successor, Abbot Richard (1100-1107). The Anglo-Saxon church was demolished, but some of its relics, such as the remains of its benefactors, were moved to the cathedral. The main transepts were built early on, and are the oldest surviving part of the cathedral. The West Tower (215 feet) was built between 1174 and 1197, and the octagon was added to it in 1400. In 1322 the main crossing tower of Simeon's cathedral collapsed, injuring nobody but destroying the choir, and was rebuilt as an octagonal tower to a plan by the sacrist, Alan de Walsingham. This central octagon (1322-1328) rises from the whole breadth of the building and towers up until its roof forms the only Gothic dome in existence. The Galilee porch (1198-1215) is unrivalled. Events England - The Rochester Cathedral was completed Europe - The German Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor besieges Rome and gains entry, a synod is agreed upon by the Romans to rule on the dispute between Henry and Pope Gregory VII Styria - Ottokar II succeeds his brother Adalbero (died 1086 or 1087... Events May - the siege of Valencia ends November 27 - Urban II in Clermont Synod proclaims crusade Duncan III of Scotland succeeds Duncan II of Scotland as King of Scotland The first mention of the city of Zagreb, Croatia, as it became a bishopric see. ... William I ( 1028 – 9 September 1087), was King of England from 1066 to 1087, and as Guillaume II was Duke of Normandy from 1035 to 1087. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... Events September 27/September 28 - Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, in which Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria Births January 11 - Emperor Komyo of Japan (died 1380) Deaths January 3 - King Philip V of France (born 1293) March 16 - Humphrey de...


The cathedral is built from stone quarried from Barnack in Northamptonshire, with decorations in Purbeck marble and local clunch. The plan of the building is cruciform (cross-shaped), with the altar at the east end. The total length is 565 feet (172.2 m). The transepts cross the nave below the Octagon. Attached to the north transept is the Lady Chapel (built 1321-1349 in the Decorated style). The Romanesque style of the west front shows that it was built in the 12th century, with the addition of a 13th-century Galilee (porch). The west tower is about 65m high. The north-west transept collapsed in the 15th century and was never rebuilt, leaving a scar on the outside of that corner that can still be seen. The nave is over 75 m long and has a Victorian painted wooden ceiling. Barnack is a village and civil parish in the City of Peterborough unitary authority of Cambridgeshire, England. ... Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants or Nhants) is a landlocked county in central England with a population of 629,676 (2001 census). ... Purbeck is a local government district in Dorset, England, named for the Isle of Purbeck. ... Marble This page is about the metamorphic rock. ... Clunch is a traditional building material used mainly in eastern England. ... An ancient Roman altar An altar is any structure upon which sacrifices or other offerings are offered for religious purposes. ... Romanesque St. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


In 1539, during Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries, the cathedral suffered only minor damage, but St Etheldreda's shrine was destroyed. The cathedral was soon refounded in 1541. Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... The Dissolution of the Monasteries (referred to by Roman Catholic writers as the Suppression of the Monasteries) was the formal process, taking place between 1538 and 1541, by which King Henry VIII confiscated the property of the Roman Catholic monastic institutions in England and took them to himself, as the... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ...


The building has been the subject of several major restoration projects:

  1. in the 18th century, under James Essex
  2. in 1839, under George Peacock, with the architect George Gilbert Scott (the architect Basevi died in a fall from the west tower)
  3. from 1986 to 2000

The building is still in active use, and also houses a collection of stained glass from the 13th century to the present that is of national importance. 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 - March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...


List of abbots and abbesses of the first monastery (673-870)

Æthelthryth (also Etheldreda, Ediltrudis, Audrey or Awdrey) (c. ... Events The abbey of Abingdon, England is founded Aldhelm made abbot Aethelred succeeds his brother Wulfhere as king of Mercia Births Deaths Wulfhere, king of Japan - Temmu Emperor of Japan (672-686) Categories: 675 ... Wulfhere (d. ...

List of abbots and abbesses of the Benedictine monastery (970-1109)

  • 1. Brythnoth (970- )
  • 2. Thurstan ( - 1072) - the last Saxon abbot
  • 3. Theodwin (secular governor)
  • 4. Godfrey (secular governor)
  • 5. Simeon (1082-1094) - began building the cathedral
  • [vacancy]
  • 6. Richard FitzRichard de Clare (1100-1107) - the last abbot

For a list of the Bishops of Ely, Catholic and Protestant, see Bishop of Ely. Arms of the Bishop of Ely The Bishop of Ely heads the Church of England Diocese of Ely in the Province of Canterbury, in England. ...


Pink Floyd connection

The cathedral features on the cover of the 1994 Pink Floyd album The Division Bell. 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Pink Floyd (formed in 1965 in Cambridge, England) is a British progressive rock band, noted for their progressive compositions, thoughtful lyrics, sonic experimentation, album art and live shows. ... This article is about the Pink Floyd album. ...


References

  • Richard John King, Handbook to the Cathedrals of England, John Murray, Albemarle Street, Ely, 1862 (online version)

External links

  • Ely Cathedral
  • The Stained Glass Museum at Ely Cathedral.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ely - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (566 words)
Ely has been known as a city since time immemorial, and this status was confirmed by Royal charter in 1974, at which time the city council was formed during a reorganisation of local government.
Ely railway station, situated on the Fen Line, is a major train hub with direct trains to Cambridge, London King's Cross, London Liverpool Street, Stansted Airport, King's Lynn, Ipswich, March, Peterborough, Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Thetford and Norwich.
The magnificent cathedral of Ely, the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, is known as the "Ship of the Fens" and it dominates the low-lying wetland countryside called the Fens.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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