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Encyclopedia > Elpidio Quirino
Elpidio Quirino
Elpidio Quirino

6th President of the Philippines
2nd President of the 3rd Republic
In office
April 18, 1948[1] – December 30, 1953
Vice President(s)   Fernando Lopez (1949-1953)
President Manuel Roxas
Preceded by Manuel Roxas
Succeeded by Ramon Magsaysay

2nd Vice President of the Philippines
2nd and Last Vice President of the Commonwealth
1st Vice President of the 3rd Republic
In office
May 28, 1946 – April 17, 1948
Preceded by None[2]
Succeeded by None[3]

In office
September 16, 1946 – April 17, 1948
Preceded by Restored[4]
Succeeded by Joaquin Miguel Elizalde

Born November 16, 1890
Vigan, Ilocos Sur
Died February 29, 1955
Quezon City
Political party Liberal Party
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. He served from April 17, 1948 to December 30, 1953. Elpidio Quirino was a Roman Catholic and was the first president of Ilocano descent. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (465x658, 63 KB)Portrait of Pres. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Fernando Lopez (April 13, 1904—May 26, 1993) was a Filipino statesman and a Nacionalista. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 – March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Philippines Department of Foreign Affairs (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Ugnayang Panlabas), abbreviated as DFA, is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for planning, organizing, directing, coordinating and evaluating the total national effort in the field of foreign relations. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Vigan is the capital city of the province of Ilocos Sur in the Philippines. ... Ilocos Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... February 29th, or bissextile day, is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon), is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1166x137, 15 KB)From a public document. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... February 29th, or bissextile day, is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Ilocano or Ilokano people are the third largest Filipino ethnic group. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur to Mariano Quirino and Gregoria Rivera, Quirino spent his early years in Aringay, La Union. He received secondary education at Vigan High School, then went to Manila where he worked as junior computer in the Bureau of Lands and as property clerk in the Manila police department. He graduated from Manila High School in 1911 and also passed the civil service examination, first-grade. Vigan is the capital city of the province of Ilocos Sur in the Philippines. ... Ilocos Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... Aringay (16°N 26, 120°E 21) is a municipality in the province of La Union in the Ilocos Region of the Philippines. ... La Union is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ...


Quirino attended the University of the Philippines in 1915, earning his law degree and practicing law until he was elected as member of the Philippine House of Representatives from 1919 to 1925, then as senator from 1925 to 1931. He then served as secretary of finance and secretary of the interior in the Commonwealth government. The University of the Philippines (Filipino: Unibersidad ng Pilipinas) or U.P. or State U is the premiere state university of the Philippines. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ...


In 1934, Quirino was a member of the Philippine Independence mission to Washington D.C., headed by Manuel Quezon that secured the passage in the United States Congress of the Tydings-McDuffie Act. This legislation set the date for Philippine independence by 1945. Official declaration came on July 4, 1946. 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel L. Quezon Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 - August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... The Tydings-McDuffie Act or the Philippine Independence Act (Public Law 73-127) approved on March 24, 1934 is a piece of U.S. legislation which provided for the independence of the Philippines (from the United States) on July 4, 1946. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


During the Japanese invasion during World War II, he became a leader of the underground rebellion and was captured and imprisoned. He suffered the execution of his wife, Alicia Syquía, and three of his five children by the Japanese conquerors. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


After the war, Quirino continued public service, becoming president pro tempore of the senate. In 1946, he was elected first vice president of the independent Republic of the Philippines, serving under Manuel Roxas. He also served as secretary of state. A President Pro Tempore is a constitutionally recognized officer of the United States Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the President of the Senate. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ...


Presidency

President Quirino presenting a gift to U.S. President Harry S. Truman at the Oval Office on September 13, 1951. Ambassador Joaquin Elizalde looks on.
President Quirino presenting a gift to U.S. President Harry S. Truman at the Oval Office on September 13, 1951. Ambassador Joaquin Elizalde looks on.

Quirino assumed the presidency on April 17, 1948, taking his oath of office two days after the death of Manuel Roxas. The next year, he was elected president on his own right for a four-year term as the candidate of the Liberal Party. Image File history File linksMetadata Truman_Quirino. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Truman_Quirino. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ...


Quirino's administration faced a serious threat in the form of the communist Hukbalahap movement. Though the Huks originally had been an anti-Japanese guerrilla army in Luzon, communists steadily gained control over the leadership, and when Quirino's negotiation with Huk commander Luis Taruc broke down in 1948, Taruc openly declared himself a Communist and called for the overthrow of the government. This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Luis Taruc (June 21, 1913 - May 4, 2005) was a Philippine Communist political figure and revolutionary. ...


His six years as president were marked by notable postwar reconstruction, general economic gains, and increased economic aid from the United States. Basic social problems, however, particularly in the rural areas, remained unsolved, and his administration was tainted by widespread graft and corruption.


Although ill, Quirino ran for re-election in 1953, but he was overwhelmingly defeated by Ramon Magsaysay. Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 – March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. ...


Post-presidency

Official Malacañang Portrait of Elpidio Quirino
Official Malacañang Portrait of Elpidio Quirino

Following his failed bid for re-election, Quirino retired to private life in Quezon City, Manila. He died of a heart attack on February 29, 1956. His death anniversary is observed on February 28. Official portrait of Philippine president Elpidio Quirino. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Elpidio Quirino. ... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon), is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ...

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Relatives

TV host and fitness expert Cory Quirino is the granddaughter of Elpidio Quirino. Cory Quirino featured in the GMA Network morning show Unang Hirit Cory Quirino (born August 11) is a Filipina TV host as well as a beauty and fitness expert. ...


External links

Notes

  1. ^ Elected December 30, 1949
  2. ^ Congress did not appoint a Vice President after Osmeña assumed the Presidency from Quezon, as required by the 1935 Constitution
  3. ^ Congress did not appoint a Vice President after Quirino assumed the Presidency from Roxas, as required by the 1935 Constitution
  4. ^ On September 16, 1946, President Manuel Roxas issued Executive Order No. 18, which provided for the organization and operation of the DFA and the Foreign Service. The main tasks of the DFA then were to assist in postwar rehabilitation, formulate policies for the promotion of investment, and re-establish diplomatic relations with neighboring countries.

December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...

References

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 
Preceded by
Santiago Fonacier
Senator of the Philippine, 1st Senatorial District
1925–1935
Along with Isabelo de los Reyes (1925-1928) and Melecio Arranz (1928-1935)
Succeeded by
Abolished
Restored in 1945 but the Senatorial Districts were abolished pursuant to the 1935 Philippine Constitution.
Preceded by
Unknown
Secretary of the Interior
1935–1938
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Restored
Senator of the Philippines
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Pedro C. Hernaez
Preceded by
Restored
Senate President Pro-tempore
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Melencio Arranz
Preceded by
Sergio Osmeña
Vice President of the Philippines
1946–1948
Succeeded by
Fernando Lopez
Preceded by
Manuel Roxas
President of the Philippines
1948–1953
Succeeded by
Ramon Magsaysay


The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Isabelo de los Reyes (July 7, 1864-October 10, 1938) was a prominent Filipino politician and labor activist in the 19th and 20th century. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior, concerned with such matters as national parks and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... Fernando Lopez (April 13, 1904—May 26, 1993) was a Filipino statesman and a Nacionalista. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 – March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. ...

Presidents of the Philippines - List
Seal of the President of the Philippines
  Aguinaldo | Quezon | Osmeña | Laurel | Roxas | Quirino | Magsaysay  
  Garcia | Macapagal | Marcos | Aquino | Ramos | Estrada | Arroyo   


The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... This a complete list of Presidents of the Philippines that consists of the 14 heads of state in the history of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (793x792, 592 KB)[1] This logo is an official seal of a government or one of its government agencies, and may be subject to copyright, trademark, and/or other restrictions on its reproduction, especially in commercial contexts. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Jose P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 – March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... For the airport, see Diosdado Macapagal International Airport Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was a Filipino politician who served as the 9th President of the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... Joseph Ejercito Estrada (born José Marcelo Ejército on April 19, 1937) widely known as Erap is a popular film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... The young Gloria Macapagal (far right) and her family; when this picture was taken, her father Diosdado was the President of the Philippines. ...

Vice Presidents of the Philippines

Trías | Osmeña | Quirino | Lopez | Garcia | Macapagal | Pelaez
Lopez | Tolentino | Laurel | Estrada | Arroyo | Guingona | de Castro Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... Mariano Trías y Closas (October 12, 1868 – February 22, 1914) was the first Vice President of the government established at the Tejeros Convention. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Fernando Lopez (April 13, 1904—May 26, 1993) was a Filipino statesman and a Nacionalista. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... For the airport, see Diosdado Macapagal International Airport Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was a Filipino politician who served as the 9th President of the Philippines. ... Emmanuel Pelaez (1915-2003) was a Vice-President in the Philippines. ... Fernando Lopez (April 13, 1904—May 26, 1993) was a Filipino statesman and a Nacionalista. ... Arturo M. Tolentino Arturo M. Tolentino (September 19, 1910 – August 2, 2004) was a prominent political figure in the Philippines. ... Salvador Doy Laurel in a portrait for the Philippine Centennial Commission Salvador Doy Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004), was vice-president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under Corazon Aquino. ... Joseph Ejercito Estrada (born José Marcelo Ejército on April 19, 1937) widely known as Erap is a popular film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... The young Gloria Macapagal (far right) and her family; when this picture was taken, her father Diosdado was the President of the Philippines. ... Teofisto Guingona, Jr. ... Manuel Noli de Castro, Jr. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Elpidio Quirino (511 words)
Elpidio Quirino was born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur to Mariano Quirino and Gregoria Rivera.
Quirino was elected to the Senate in 1925 and re-elected in 1931.
Quirino was re-elected as president in the dishonest and fraudulent elections of 1949.
Elpidio Quirino - Encyclopedia.com (412 words)
Quirino was elected (1919) to the Philippine house of representatives, and as senator (1925-35, 1941) he devoted himself to problems of finance.
After the liberation (1945) of the Philippines, Quirino became president pro tempore of the senate and was elected (1946) first vice president of the independent Philippine republic.
When President Manuel Roxas died (1948), Quirino succeeded to the presidency and was elected to that office in 1949.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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