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Encyclopedia > Elmira, New York
Elmira, New York
Official flag of Elmira, New York
Flag

Seal
Location in Chemung County in the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°5′7″N 76°48′33″W / 42.08528, -76.80917
Country United States
State New York
County Chemung County
Government
 - Mayor John S. Tonello (D)
Area
 - City  7.58 sq mi (12.2 km²)
 - Land  7.28 sq mi (11.72 km²)
 - Water  0.3 sq mi (0.48 km²)
Elevation 873 ft (266 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 30,940
 - Density 4,229.5/sq mi (1,632/km²)
 - Metro 90,070 (Chemung County)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-5)
Incorporated in 1864
Website: http://www.cityofelmira.net/

Elmira is a city in Chemung County, New York, USA. It is the principal city of the 'Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses Chemung County, New York. The population was 30,940 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Chemung County. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x924, 393 KB)[edit] Summary As an employee of the City of Elmira, I am the author of this image and make it available in the public domain. ... Image File history File links Elmiraflag. ... Image File history File links Elmiracityseal. ... Image File history File links Elmiranymap. ... Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... This article is about the state. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the state. ... List of New York counties Map of the counties of New York State (click for larger version) Albany County: formed in 1683 as one of the original 12 counties. ... Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... This article is about the state. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ...


The City of Elmira is located in the south-central part of the county, surrounded on three sides by the Town of Elmira. It is in the Southern Tier of New York a short distance north of the Pennsylvania state line. Elmira is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... The Southern Tier is a geographical term that refers to the counties of upstate New York State west of the Catskill Mountains along the northern border of Pennsylvania, with the exception of the counties in the far west of the state near the city of Buffalo. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ...

Contents

History

Image File history File links Copyright-problem_paste. ... This page is about computer text editing. ...

Early history

The Sullivan Expedition of 1779 passed through the area and fought a British force at the Battle of Newtown, south of the current city. The Iroquois and the new United States made a treaty at Elmira in 1791 to settle territorial disputes in the region. The Sullivan Expedition, also known as the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition, was a campaign led by Major General John Sullivan and General James Clinton against Loyalists (Tories) and the four nations of the Iroquois who had sided with the British in the American Revolutionary War. ... The Battle of Newtown (29 August 1779) was the only major battle of the Sullivan Expedition, an armed offensive led by Gen. ... For other uses, see Iroquois (disambiguation). ...


The first settler in Elmira was captain Abraham Miller of the Continental Army. He built a cabin after resigning just before the Revolutionary war. Miller's pond and Elmira,NY are named after him where his house was originally built. Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... Millers Pond State Park is located off of Foothills Road in Durham, Connecticut. ...


Elmira's formation

The New York legislature established the Township of Chemung, now Chemung County, in 1788. The settlement of Newtown was soon established at the intersection of Newtown Creek and the Chemung River. In 1792, the settlement at Newtown joined with the Wisnerburg and DeWittsburg settlements to form the village of Newtown. In 1808, the village officially changed its name to the Town of Elmira, at a town meeting held at Teal's Tavern. It's said the town was named after tavern owner Nathan Teal's young daughter, but that story has never been confirmed. In any case, the City of Elmira, also called "The Queen City", was incorporated in 1864 from part of the town of Elmira and the village of Elmira. The remaining part of the town of Elmira exists still, surrounding the city on the west, north, and east. The city and town share an intricately entwined history. According to Amos B. Carpenter's Family History book printed in 1898, Elmira is named after Major General Matthew Carpenter's daughter. This occurred according to the book in 1821 at the constitutional convention which Matthew was a delegate to. Chemung is a town in Chemung County, New York, USA. The population was 2,665 at the 2000 census. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Elmira is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Elmira served as a transportation hub for New York's Southern Tier in the 1800s, connecting commercial centers in Rochester and Buffalo with Albany and New York City, via the canal system and railroads. The city was the southern terminus of the Chemung Canal (completed in 1833); later, the Junction Canal was constructed to connect Elmira with Corning, facilitating transport of coal from the Pennsylvania mines via the Northern branch of the Susquehanna Canal system. Some years after, the Erie and New York Railroads were completed and criss-crossed in the midst of the city, making it a prime location for an Army training and muster point early in the Civil War. The Chemung Canal is a former canal in New York, USA. The canal connected Seneca Lake at Watkins Glen to the Chemung River at Elmira, New York. ... The Junction Canal was a canal in the states of New York and Pennsylvania in the USA. The canal was also called the Arnot Canal, after the name of its principal stockholder, John Arnot of Elmira, New York. ...


A great deal of the 30 acre Union installation, known as Camp Rathbun, fell into disuse as the Civil War progressed, and the camp's "Barracks #3" were converted into a Civil War prison camp in the summer of 1864. The camp, in use from June 6, 1864 until the fall of 1865, was dubbed "Hellmira" by its inmates. Towner's history of 1892 and maps from the period indicate the camp occupied a somewhat irregular parallelogram, running about 1,000 feet (300 m) west and approximately the same distance south of a location a couple of hundred feet west of Hoffman Street (Foster Avenue?) and Winsor Avenue, bordered on the south by Foster's Pond more or less, on the north bank of the Chemung River. Elmira Prison was a prisoner-of-war camp constructed by the Union Army during the American Civil War to house captive Confederate soldiers. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


In the months the site was used as a camp, 12,123 Confederate soldiers were incarcerated; of these, 2,963 died during their stay from a combination of malnutrition, prolonged exposure to brutal winter weather, and disease directly attributable to the dismal sanitary conditions on Foster's Pond and lack of medical care. The camp's dead were prepared for burial and laid to rest by the sexton at Woodlawn National Cemetery, ex-slave John W. Jones. At the end of the war, each prisoner was given a loyalty oath and given a train ticket back home; the last prisoner left the camp on September 27, 1865. The camp was closed, demolished and converted to farm land. Woodlawn cemetery, about 2 miles (3 km) north of the original prison camp site (bounded by West Hill, Bancroft, Davis, and Mary Streets), was designated a National Cemetery in 1877. The prison camp site is today both a residential area and few of the city's residents are aware that the prison camp ever existed. Woodlawn National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the city of Elmira, in Chemung County, New York. ... John Winston Jones (1791 - 1848) was a U.S. political figure. ...


As Elmira grew, so did the citizens' concern about increased crime after the end of the war; the idea of constructing a reformatory within the city had been discussed for some years. Finally, lands on which the present-day Elmira Correctional Facility resides, approximately 280 acres (1.1 km²) in all (north of Bancroft across the street from Woodlawn Cemetery), were purchased in 1869 and 1870 by the state legislature, specifically for construction of the reformatory and an armory. These lay within the boundaries of the town of Elmira, rather than the city. Around the same time, Dr. Eldwin Eldridge purchased a large tract of wilderness (~ 100 acres (0.4 km²)) with a small pond, also within the township, and developed it into a fabulous garden spot. His sudden death in 1876 put paid to his plans to develop the land further. After his death, Dr. Eldridge's estate granted access to the parkland to Elmira residents and tourists. In 1889, the city purchased the land, calling it Eldridge Park in the doctor's honor. The park this time held a nearly 15 acre lake in its center, along with marble statuary, flower gardens, fountains, driving and walking paths, and a labyrinth. In 1890, along with Eldridge park, the Reformatory, and Armory, the city added a well-populated area known as "Carr's Corners" (area bounded by Hoffman, West Hill, and Hillcrest (old Carr Road) - and appears to include the residential area around and to the south of Woodlawn National Cemetery[citation needed].


The Underground Railroad in Elmira

Elmira played a role in the escape of slaves to Canada on the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad operated at its peak from 1830-1865 and served as an avenue of escape for many fugitive slaves hoping to find freedom in the northern United States or in Canada. Along the Underground Railroad route stood "stations," or safe-havens for the runaway slaves, which were run by "conductors", people who helped the escaped slaves to freedom.


The "Fugitive Slave Act" of 1850 further strengthened the Underground Railroad because the act "violated the inherent rights of human beings to be free," according to Rochester Historian Arch Merrill in a June 26, 1964 article in the Star-Gazette.


One of the best routes on the Underground Railroad wound from Washington D.C., through Pennsylvania's Harrisburg, Williamsport, Canton, and Alba, to New York's Elmira and Canandaigua, followed by Rochester or other stations that connected to Canada.


According to a July 16, 1986 article in the Niagara Gazette, Elmira became a growing transportation center in the mid-19th century as railroads came into the city and use of the Chemung Canal increased ... increasing population brought money and created a more intellectual atmosphere ...


New railroad routes contributed to Elmira's popularity in the Underground Railroad. Geography and transportation routes added to Elmira's appeal for the Underground Railroad. Elmira is at the center of several river valleys, which have always been the basis for transportation routes. With the construction of the Chemung Canal between the Chemung River and Seneca Lake in 1833 and the completion of railroad lines in 1850, Elmira had major connections with much of New York and Pennsylvania. The same valleys that attracted railroad and canal construction also attracted slaves running towards freedom because they were the easiest and fastest route to travel.


Elmira's illustrious John W. Jones served as one of the area's most successful and most used conductors. In all, he found shelter for more than 800 escaped slaves - many in his own home behind Elmira's First Baptist Church. Jones often received fugitives in parties of six to 10, but at times he assisted 30 men, women, and children at once.


Elmira was the only regular agency between Philadelphia and Canada. Some fugitives passed from Elmira through Ithaca and Trumansburg to Lake Ontario. Others made the trip through Hornell to the Niagara. Towanda, Big Flats, Burdett, and Spencer were other Underground stations.


When the railway from Williamsport to Elmira was completed in 1854, Jones received many more fugitives by train, whom he shipped away in the 4 o'clock "Freedom Baggage Car." The railroad employees were friendly to the cause and placed them in the baggage cars for transport without charge through Watkins Glen and Canandaigua to Canada.


Jervis Langdon, Elmira merchant, and supporter of the underground railroad. According to papers left by Jones, the fugitives were often penniless when they arrived, and money had to be obtained to send them on their way. A few loyal men, including Jervis Langdon, James M. Robinson, William Yates, and Riggs Watrous, responded to frequent calls for contributions to replenish empty purses.


Elmira merchant, Jervis Langdon spent much of his money on social causes, particularly aiding runaway slaves, but there is no evidence he was a conductor, said Herbert Wisbey, retired history professor and first director of the Center of Mark Twain studies at Elmira College.


"He would be there with the purse to help out," Wisbey said. "Langdon could have been much wealthier in his later years, but he gave out much of his money, often anonymously."


It was also noted in Jones' papers that Riggs Watrous assisted in hiding fugitives. "Upon delivery in Elmira, Riggs Watrous would hide the slaves in the upper chambers of his house which was the first residence at Lake Street north of Market Street."


Because of Langdon's role and others close to him, Elmira was considered a safe location for the fugitive slaves. Many of the fugitives who arrived in Elmira liked the area so much they decided to stay instead of continuing the journey toward the Canadian border.


Elmira Economy

In 1950, the population of the City of Elmira peaked at about 50,000, which represented 57 percent of Chemung County’s total population at that time. Today, the City has just 30,000 residents, which represents 34 percent of Chemung County’s total population. This population decline is due to the National decline in Railroads and manufacturing.


Today, the primary manufacturing employers are:


The Hilliard Corporation is an Elmira manufacturer that makes over 16,000 different specialized one-of-a-kind products for businesses all over the world.


Kennedy Valve, a division of McWane Corporation, manufactures valves and fire hydrants at its plant on East Water Street in Elmira.


Eastern Metal, USA Sign, and the Sign Man manufactures interior and exterior signs, including the City of Elmira historical entrance sign, erected on E. Church Street in 2004.


Creative Orthotics and Prosthetics custom designs and manufactures orthotic and prosthetic devices for individuals.


Spanish manufacturer, CAF, calls Elmira Heights its headquarters for operations in North America where it constructs rail cars for the transit systems of the cities of Pittsburgh and Sacramento.


Vulcraft, a division of NuCor, manufactures steel joists, joist girders, steel floors, and roof decks at the new plant in the Town of Chemung.


Hardinge Incorporated is an international company with corporate headquarters located in Horseheads. Hardinge is a world-renowned and respected manufacturer of precision machine tools.


Schweizer Aircraft in nearby Big Flats manufactures helicopters, surveillance aircraft, and aviation parts. Schweizer is a contractor for the federal government, constructing unmanned helicopters for the military.


Also in Big Flats, Corning Life Sciences manufactures laboratory glassware, IST creates nuclear instrumentation and radiation tolerant cameras, and Orthstar is a software engineering company that creates software to automate and simulate systems


Flood of 1972

On June 22-23, 1972, Elmira recorded the worst flood in its history. There was no loss of life in The Flood of 1972; however, there was an estimated $291.2 million in damage to the city. The cause of the flood was Tropical Storm Agnes, which was apparently headed out to sea when it changed its course. The storm stalled over northern Pennsylvania and southwest New York. The Flood of '72 waters rose at least three feet higher than the flood of May 28, 1946 Hurricane Agnes was the first tropical storm and first hurricane of 1972 Atlantic hurricane season. ...


About 15,000 people were driven from their homes, as the streets were flooded and the water rose to dangerous heights. Automobiles by the hundreds were ruined by the immense floodwaters. By Thursday night at 11pm, the Chemung River had risen to 17 feet (5 m) above normal at the Lake Street Bridge. Elmira became a city divided, as all of the bridges were unusable at the peak of the disaster. The City suffered a power outage and communications were knocked out all over town. "We're like a lost nation over here," remarked one of the Southport firemen during the intensity of the flood.


The remains of the Walnut Street Bridge At its peak, the flood carried away the southern spans of the Walnut Street Bridge, built back in 1896. The Main Street Bridge was damaged, but later opened for emergency traffic. There was devastating damage to Falck Street, after the former Harris, McHenry & Baker lumber company was swept away by the current. Porches and garages were ripped loose, and siding was torn from the houses by a destructive riptide.


The massive floodwaters stretched out from Water Street to Wall Street. On Hoffman Street, the water reached past First Street and Walnut Street. Elmira College and the Elmira City Schools were set up as survival centers for flood refugees. The flood knocked out important utilities such as water, power, and telephone. The Walnut Street bridge was washed away. Citizens were advised to boil all water before drinking it. Helicopters were evacuating people from hazardous properties in Big Flats, Wellsburg and Katydid Curve. In nearby Big Flats, nearly half a million gallons of furnace oil, kerosene and gasoline spilled from two cracked Sun Oil Company tanks and spread East. Crews from three oil companies worked to recover most of the spill.


Downtown was completely submerged. Elmira's City Hall escaped flooding, with the water only covering the third step of the entrance to the building. All of the churches downtown were damaged, so congregations met at churches outside of the flood zone, such as the First Presbyterian and the Southside Baptist Church. Marine Midland Bank took 66 inches of water and Chemung Canal Trust Company had 71 inches of floodwater in its lobby. The safe deposit boxes and the vault were flooded in their deep basement. Trayer Products on Madison Avenue flooded and its heat-treating facility also burned to the water line before firemen could reach it. At St. Joseph's Hospital, the ground floor took 9 feet (3 m), 1 inch of water and the damage was estimated at over $8 million.


Water flowed down streets On June 23, President Nixon declared Chemung County and 13 other New York State counties disaster areas. Chemung County received generous help from the National Guard, the Army, the American Red Cross, the Salvation Army and several private businesses who donated food, clothing, and money. Hardinge Brothers Foundation Inc. announced a grant of $300,000 to help the flood victims restore their homes. President Nixon called The Flood of '72 the greatest natural disaster in the nation's history. Federal and state funds came in by the millions, as the extent of the destruction was still unknown. Stanley J. Roth, the Executive Director of the Urban Renewal, estimated the flood affected 45% of Elmira.


In hundreds of homes, the flooding ruined furnaces, washing machines, water heaters, walls, bedding and carpets. Retail stores had heavy losses in ruined merchandise, broken windows and warped floors. The records of industry were turned into a brown pulp. Schools lost boThe Southside suffers from the wrath of the Chemung Riveroks, furnishings, and gym floors. Government units faced costly repaving projects as well as restoration of grounds and buildings. It took more than a month for many of the city's structures to dry out.


John Nickerson wrote and recorded the song "It Sprinkled, It Rained, and It Poured" about the Flood of 1972. Tedd Arnold wrote a Young Adult Fiction book based upon the Flood of 1972 called "Rat Life".


Notable people with ties to Elmira

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... Olivia Langdon Clemens (November 27, 1845 - June 5, 1904) was the wife of famous American author, Samuel Langhorne Clemens (known as Mark Twain). ... Ernie Davis (December 13, 1939 - May 18, 1963) was an American Football player who became the first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy. ... John Winston Jones (1791 - 1848) was a U.S. political figure. ... Photographs of Jane Roberts on the cover of her biography by Susan Watkins Jane Roberts (1929-1984) was an American author, poet and psychic. ... Henry Jacob Friendly (July 3, 1903 in Elmira, New York - 1986) served as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit on active service from 1959 through 1974 and in senior status from 1974 to 1986. ... Eileen Marie Collins (b. ... This article is about the American journalist. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ... Thomas Jacob Hilfiger (born March 24, 1951 in Elmira, New York) is a world-famous American fashion designer and creator of the eponymous Tommy Hilfiger and Tommy brands. ... Jeanine Pirro Jeanine Ferris Pirro (born June 2, 1951) is an American lawyer, prosecutor, and politician from the state of New York. ... Frederick Collin was a partner in the Elmira, New York law firm Reynolds, Stanchfield & Collin before serving on the New York Court of Appeals from 1910-1920. ... John Arnot, Jr. ... Charles Tomlinson Griffes (Elmira, New York September 17, 1884 – April 8, 1920 in New York City} was an American composer. ... Charles Thomas McMillen (b. ... William P. Perry is an American composer and television producer. ... Tedd Arnold is a childrens book writer and illustrator, he has written over 50 books and has also won the Theodor Seuss Geisel Honor, for his book Hi! Fly Guy!, dedicated to Sam and Eli. He currently lives in Elmira, New York. ... Elizabeth Carolan née Kocanski[2] (born November 24, 1980) is an American professional wrestler currently working for World Wrestling Entertainment on its RAW brand as Beth Phoenix. ...

Geography

Elmira is located at 42°5′23″N, 76°48′34″W (42.089874, -76.809559)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.6 km² (7.6 mi²). 19.0 km² (7.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (3.56%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...

The Chemung River at Elmira
The Chemung River at Elmira

The Chemung River flows eastward through the city. Elmira is built almost entirely in the flood plain of the Chemung River and has suffered many floods over its history, the worst from Hurricane Agnes in 1972. Newtown Creek, flowing from the north, joins the Chemung River at the southeast corner of the city. Image File history File links Chemung_River. ... Image File history File links Chemung_River. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ... Hurricane Agnes was the first tropical storm and first hurricane of 1972 Atlantic hurricane season. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Newtown Creek and its tributaries: Maspeth Creek, English Kills, and Dutch Kills Newtown Creek is a tributary of the East River, approximately 3. ...


New York State Route 17, The Southern Tier Expressway, connects with the city at Exit 56. New York State Route 14 passes through Elmira between Watkins Glen and Pennsylvania. New York State Route 352 begins in Elmira at Exit 56 of the Southern Tier Expressway and continues West into Corning. Junction Location US routes and Interstates only. ... New York State Highway 17, also known as The Southern Tier Expressway, runs from Suffern, New York (where it connects to NJ 17) to the Pennsylvania border in Western New York where it connects to Interstate 86. ... Route 14 is a state highway that enters New York in the Town of Ashland, Chemung County, and runs north to Sodus Point, Wayne County on the shore of Lake Ontario. ... Watkins Glen is a village located in Schuyler County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 2,149. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... New York State Route 352 is a New York state highway that begins at Exit 56 of the future Interstate 86 (currently New York State Route 17), the Southern Tier Expressway, in Elmira, Chemung County, New York. ... New York State Highway 17, also known as The Southern Tier Expressway, runs from Suffern, New York (where it connects to NJ 17) to the Pennsylvania border in Western New York where it connects to Interstate 86. ... Rockwell Museum Corning is a city in Steuben County, New York, United States, on the Chemung River. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Year Population
1890 30,893*
1900 35,672*
1910 37,176*
1920 45,393*
1930 47,397*
1940 45,106*
1950 49,716*
1960 46,517*
1970 39,945*
1980 35,327*
1990 33,724*
2000 30,940
* Source document from Chemung County, not Census Bureau. Document here.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 30,940 people, 11,475 households, and 6,701 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,632.0/km² (4,229.5/mi²). There were 12,895 housing units at an average density of 680.2/km² (1,762.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.03% White or European American, 13.05% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.37% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.14% of the population. The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 11,475 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.3% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.05. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $27,292, and the median income for a family was $33,592. Males had a median income of $31,775 versus $22,350 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,495. About 17.9% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The Elmira Metropolitan Statistical Area (or Elmira MSA) is frequently used for statistical information such as labor rates and includes all of Chemung County with a population in 2000 of 90,070. Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ...


The Elmira MSA was ranked as the 59th safest place to live out of 344 Metro Areas in 2005 by Morgan Quitno Press [1]. Morgan Quitno Press is an independent research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ...


City government

Mayors of Elmira
Mayor Party Term
John S. Tonello D 2006-present
J. William O'Brien D 3/2005-2006
Stephen M. Hughes D 1998-2/2005
Howard F. Townsend R 1994-1997
James E. Hare D 1988-1993
Stephen J. Fesh Jr. R 1984-1987
Mary P. Ciccariello D 1982-1983
Robert G. Densberger R 1980-1981
John M. Kennedy D 1976-1979
Richard C. Loll R 1972-1975
Edward T. Lagonegro D 1968-1971
Howard H. Kimball R 1966-1967
Edward T. Lagonegro D 1962-1965
Edward A. Moores R 1956-1961
Emory Strachen R 1940-1955
J. Maxwell Beers R 1936-1939
Henry W. Honan D 1934-1935
W. Glenn Sweet R 1932-1933
Frank P. Robinson D 1930-1931
David N. Heller D 1926-1929
J. Norton Wood R 1922-1925
George W. Peck D 1920-1921
Harry N. Hoffman - 1914-1919
Daniel Sheehan D 1908-1913
Z. Reed Brockway - 1906-1907
William T. Coleman R 1904-1905
Daniel Sheehan - 1902-1903
Frank H. Flood - 1900-1901
Edgar Denton De 1898-1899
Frederick Collin - 1894-1897
David C. Robinson D 1892-1894
Charles S. Davison D 1888-1892
John B. Stanchfield D 1886-1888
Henry Flood - 1884-1886
Stephen T. Arnot D 1883-1884
David B. Hill D 1882-1883
Alexander Diven R 1880-1882
Granville D. Parsons - 1878-1880
Robert T. Turner - 1876-1878
Howard M. Smith - 1875-1876
Luther Caldwell - 1873-1874
Patrick H. Flood - 1872-1873
John Arnot Jr. D 1870-1871
Stephen McDonald - 1868-1870
John I. Nicks - 1866-1868
John Arnot Jr. D 1864-1865
* Source: City Clerk of the City of Elmira[2]

The city government is a Council-Manager form of government in which the City Manager is the primary administrator of the City. There is one mayor elected at large and six councilmembers elected from each of six council districts. The term of office of the mayor and councilmembers was 2 years until a referendum passed in 2003 extended the terms to 4 years (4 year terms will begin after the 2007 election). The mayor and councilmembers are all part-time employees. The City Manager, City Clerk, City Chamberlain, City Assessor, and Corporation Counsel are all appointed by the City Council. All remaining department heads serve at the request of the City Manager. The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ...


The city has 125 miles (201 km) of road, 210 miles (340 km) of water lines, and 175 miles (282 km) of sewer lines. There are four ZIP codes in the City of Elmira: 14901 (northside), 14902 (downtown), 14904 (southside), and 14905 (West Elmira).


Facts about City Government

  • The city police department employs approximately 81 full-time officers.
  • The city fire department employs approximately 60 full-time firefighters and officers.
  • The city animal shelter has a goal to become by 2007 a no-kill animal shelter based on a model by Tompkins County SPCA..
  • The city received $1.4 million in Community Development Block Grant funds and $368,000 in HOME funds in FY2006-2007 from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. These funds are used for programs and projects for low-moderate income families and neighbohood blocks.
  • The City of Elmira has more than 20 parks including Eldridge Park with a walking trail, restored carousel, skateboard park, and fishing lake and Wisner Park with memorials to veterans from World War I, World War II, the Vietnam War and the Fallen Officers Memorial.
  • The City Manager of the City of Elmira is currently [3]John J. Burin.
  • The Chief of Police is currently [4]W. Scott Drake III.

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Tompkins County is a county located in the state of New York. ... The SPCA (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) is an acronym used to refer to a number of national societies to protect and provide shelter to animals in danger. ... The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG), one of the longest-running programs of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, funds local community development activities such as affordable housing, anti-poverty programs, and infrastructure development. ... The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, often abbreviated HUD, is a Cabinet department of the United States government. ...

More information about the City of Elmira

The City Slogan is "Honoring the Past, Building the Future". It is featured on an Entrance sign into the City from Exit 56 of the Southern Tier Expressway along with other honored Elmirans including (L to R) Brian Williams, Hal Roach, Ernie Davis, Mark Twain, Eileen Collins, John Jones, and Tommy Hilfiger. The sign was erected in 2003 by The Sign Man and designed by the City of Elmira Webmaster, Joshua Miller. The slogan was designated by Mayor Stephen Hughes following the conclusion of a slogan contest in which Marlin Stewart, Alan and Barbara Hutchinson, and James Lloyd were recognized for their contributions to the winning slogan. Image File history File links ElmiraEntrancesign. ... This article is about the American journalist. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ... Ernie Davis (December 13, 1939 - May 18, 1963) was an American Football player who became the first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... Eileen Marie Collins (b. ... John W. Jones was born in 1817 on a plantation in Leesburg, Virginia as a slave to the Elzy family. ... Thomas Jacob Hilfiger (born March 24, 1951 in Elmira, New York) is a world-famous American fashion designer and creator of the eponymous Tommy Hilfiger and Tommy brands. ...


On at least two hilltops near the city (mostly on Harris Hill to the northwest) pioneer pilots established the sport of gliding in America. Harris Hill is the site of the National Soaring Museum.

  • The last Labrador Duck was seen at Elmira on December 12, 1878.
  • The Elmira-Corning Regional Airport is located about 10 miles (20 km) outside of the City in the Town of Big Flats.
  • The Chemung County Chamber of Commerce has represented business and Industry in Elmira in such diverse areas as local, State and Federal legislation, small business concerns, tourism promotion and economic development.
  • Dunn Field is a baseball stadium located along the banks of the Chemung River on the southside. The Elmira Pioneers play at Dunn Field. Other famous players that have played or managed at Dunn Field include Babe Ruth, Earl Weaver, Don Zimmer, Wade Boggs, and Curt Schilling.
First Arena in Elmira, New York.
First Arena in Elmira, New York.
  • The First Arena was built in Elmira in 2000 (originally opened as the Coach USA Center). It serves as the home of the Elmira Jackals ECHL Franchise.
  • The Arnot-Ogden Medical Center and St. Joseph's Hospital are located in the city.
  • The Elmira Psychiatric Center is located in the city. In 2003, Governor George Pataki proposed closing this facility in the budget, but the community rallied together and protested the effect that the closing would have on the region. The State Legislature vetoed the Governor's closure and the EPC remains open. It serves hundreds of individuals on both an outpatient and inpatient basis.
  • The Elmira Correctional Facility is located on the city's Northwest side. The Southport Correctional Facility is located about 2 miles (3 km) outside the city's southern border. Joseph 'Joe Cargo'Valachi, the former Mafia member that first publically acknowledged that the Italian Mafia existed, revealed in the "Valachi Papers" by Peter Maas they he spent some time at the Elmira Correctional Facility (formerly the Elmira Reformatory).
  • The Arnot Art Museum is located in the downtown Civic-Historic District.
  • The recently restored Eldridge Park Carousel began operation in May of 2006 and is the fastest carousel in the world, spinning at nearly 18 miles per hour. [5]

Binomial name Camptorhynchus labradorius (Gmelin, 1789) The Labrador Duck (Camptorhynchus labradorius) was a striking black and white eider-like sea duck that was never known to be common, and is believed to be the first bird to go extinct in North America after 1500. ... FAA diagram of Elmira/Corning Regional Airport (ELM) Elmira-Corning Regional Airport (IATA: ELM, ICAO: KELM) is a medium-sized regional airport located in the town of Big Flats, six miles (10 km) northwest of the city Elmira, in Chemung County, New York, USA. The airport serves the Southern Tier... Big Flats is a town in Chemung County, New York, USA, New York. ... Elmira Free Academy, or EFA, is a high school in Elmira, New York, USA. It is one of several public high schools serving Chemung county. ... Eileen Marie Collins (b. ... Thomas Jacob Hilfiger (born March 24, 1951 in Elmira, New York) is a world-famous American fashion designer and creator of the eponymous Tommy Hilfiger and Tommy brands. ... Ernie Davis (December 13, 1939 - May 18, 1963) was an American Football player who became the first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy. ... Image:Dunn Field. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ... The Elmira Pioneers are an amateur baseball team based in Elmira, New York, playing in the New York Collegiate Baseball League. ... Elmira College is a coeducational private liberal arts college located in Elmira, in New York States Southern Tier region. ... Image File history File links Elm_first_arena. ... Image File history File links Elm_first_arena. ... First Arena is a 4,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Elmira, New York. ... The Elmira Jackals began play in 2000-2001 and are the Affiliates of the AHLs Syracuse CRUNCH and the NHLs Columbus Blue Jackets. ... George Elmer Pataki (born June 24, 1945) is an American politician who was the 57th Governor of New York serving from January 1995 until January 1, 2007. ... The Southport Correctional Facility is an ultra-maximum-security, or supermax, prison in New York State, USA. It is located in the town of Pine City, New York, in upstate Chemung County. ... Woodlawn Cemetery is the name of a cemetery in Elmira, New York, United States. ... Woodlawn National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located in the city of Elmira, in Chemung County, New York. ...

Media

Newspapers

  • Star-Gazette[6], daily morning newspaper owned by Gannett Co. Inc. It was Gannett's first newspaper.
  • Chemung Valley Reporter, weekly newspaper based in nearby Horseheads

Gannett Company, Inc. ... Horseheads is a village located in Chemung County, New York. ...

Television

  • WETM [7]
  • WSKA [8]
  • WENY [9] (studio in Horseheads, licensed to Elmira)
  • WJKP-LP [10] (studio and license in Corning, with which Elmira shares TV market)
  • WYDC [11] (studio and license in Corning, with which Elmira shares TV market)

WETM-TV (Channel 18) is the NBC affiliate for Elmira, New York. ... WSKG is a public television station in Binghamton, New York, broadcasting locally on channel 46 as a PBS member station. ... WENY-TV (ABC-36) is the ABC affiliate for Elmira, New York, WENY also serves the Ithaca and Corning areas. ... WJKP-LP is a television station located in Corning, New York, which is the MyNetwork TV affiliate for the Corning-Elmira area. ... WYDC is a television station in Corning, New York, serving the Elmira, New York market on channel 48 as an affiliate of Fox, with additional programming from UPN. Founded October 2, 1989, the station is owned by WYDC, Inc. ...

Radio

  • WLVY [12]
  • WNKI [13]
  • WENY-FM
  • WELM
  • WEHH
  • WPIE (studio in Elmira, tower in Trumansburg)
  • WOKN

WENY-FM signed on the air in the mid 1960s as a sister station to WENY. In the late 1970s, the station changed call letters to WLEZ, playing adult contemporary music. ... WELM signed on in 1947 as Chemung Countys second radio station and the Elmira-Corning, New York markets third. ... WEHH signed on the air in 1956, the third AM radio station to sign on in Chemung County and the fifth to sign on in the Elmira-Corning market in New York state. ... WPIE signed on in 1989 as Tompkins Countys third AM radio station and the Ithaca, New York markets 12th station on both radio bands. ...

References

External links

  • City of Elmira website
  • Interactive Elmira HyperLocal Journalism
  • Mayor John Tonello's website
  • Chemung County Chamber of Commerce
  • Chemung County History
  • elmira-ny.com - Keeping memories alive...
  • History and information about Elmira
  • Maps and aerial photos for 42°05′24″N 76°48′34″W / 42.089874, -76.809559Coordinates: 42°05′24″N 76°48′34″W / 42.089874, -76.809559
    • Maps from WikiMapia, Google Maps, Live Search Maps, Yahoo! Maps, or MapQuest
    • Topographic maps from TopoZone or TerraServer-USA
  • Union Civil War Prison at Elmira

  Results from FactBites:
 
Elmira, Chemung River, Finger Lakes Region, Underground Railroad, About New York State – NY Biker Lawyers (592 words)
Elmira, New York sits on the banks of the Chemung River in the Southern Tier portion of the state.
Known as the gateway to New York's enchanting Finger Lakes Region, Elmira is the main commercial hub for all of Chemung County, and serves as the county seat.
Elmira, New York is a thriving community with a strong and robust economy.
Elmira, New York - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2537 words)
It is in the Southern Tier of New York a short distance north of the Pennsylvania state line.
Former New York Court of Appeals judge, Frederick Collin was from Elmira.
Elmira is built almost entirely in the flood plain of the Chemung River and has suffered many floods over its history, the worst from Hurricane Agnes in 1972.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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