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Encyclopedia > Ellison Onizuka
Ellison Shoji Onizuka
(kanji: 鬼塚承二)
Astronaut
Nationality: American
Date of birth: June 24, 1946
Date of death: January 28, 1986
Place of birth: Kona, Hawai'i
Place of death: Cape Canaveral, Florida
Previous Occupation: Research Engineer
Current Occupation: {{{current_occupation}}}
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel, USAF
Time Spent in Space: 3d 01h 33m
Selection: 1978 NASA Group
Mission(s): STS-51-C, STS-51-L
Mission Insignia:

Ellison Shoji Onizuka (June 24, 1946 - January 28, 1986) was an American astronaut from Kealakekua, Kona, Hawai'i who died during the destruction of the Space Shuttle Challenger, where he was serving as mission specialist on mission STS-51-L. Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Rōmaji ローマ字 Kanji ( ) are the Chinese characters (Hanzi) that are used in the modern Japanese logographic writing system along with hiragana (平仮名), katakana (片仮名) and the Roman alphabet. ... Image File history File links Ellison Onizuka portrait by NASA. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... There is also a town of Kailua on the Island of O‘ahu. ... Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Largest city Honolulu Honolulu Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 10,941 sq mi  28,337 km² n/a miles  n/a km 1,522 miles  2,450 km 41. ... Cape Canaveral from space, August 1991 Cape Canaveral (Cabo Cañaveral in Spanish) is a strip of land in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of that states Atlantic coast. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1958 June 25... STS 51-C was the fifteenth flight of a Space Shuttle and the third flight of Discovery. ... An iconic image of the disaster. ... Download high resolution version (708x717, 195 KB)Space shuttle mission 51-C patch from NASA File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... STS-51-L INSIGNIA The STS-51-L crewmembers designed this insignia to represent their participation in NASAs mission aboard the Challenger, depicted launching from Florida and soaring into space to carry out a variety of goals. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... U.S. Space Shuttle astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit (MMU) outside the Challenger in 1984. ... Kealakekua is a census-designated place located in Hawaii County, Hawaii. ... There is also a town of Kailua on the Island of O‘ahu. ... Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Largest city Honolulu Honolulu Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 10,941 sq mi  28,337 km² n/a miles  n/a km 1,522 miles  2,450 km 41. ... The Challenger breaks apart 73 seconds into its final mission, STS-51-L. Space Shuttle Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was NASAs second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service, after Columbia. ... The launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger on mission 51L/STS-33, the 25th of the STS (Space Transportation System) program, began at an estimated time of 16:38:00. ...

Contents


Early life

Ellison Onizuka was the oldest son and second youngest child of the late Masamitsu and Mitsue Onizuka's children. He had two older sisters, Shirley and Norma, and a younger brother, Claude. Claude became the family spokesman when Ellison attained fame as an astronaut and continued after the Challenger accident. Growing up Ellison was an active participant in 4-H and Boy Scouts, where he reached the level of Eagle Scout. STS-51-L was the 25th launch of a Space Shuttle and the tenth launch of the Challenger. ... 4-H is a youth organization in the United States administered by the Department of Agriculture Cooperative Extension System with the mission of empowering youth to reach their full potential, working and learning in partnership with caring adults. ... This article is about the national organization. ... Eagle Scout is the highest rank attainable by a Scout in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA), and is also used as a title of a Scout who has achieved this honor. ...


He graduated from Konawaena High School in Kealakekua in 1964. He received a Bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering in June 1969, and a Master's in that field in December of the same year, from the University of Colorado. He participated in Air Force ROTC during his time there. The School System This is by far one of the worst schools in the state of Hawaii. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft and related topics. ... The University of Colorado (CU) System consists of five campuses: University of Colorado at Boulder University of Colorado at Colorado Springs University of Colorado at Denver University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Fitzsimons campus of the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, scheduled to open in 2007 in Aurora, Colorado...


Onizuka married Lorna Leiko Yoshida while completing his studies at the University of Colorado. They had two daughters, Janelle Mitsue (b. 1968) and Darien Lei Shizue (b. 1975). 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...


Air Force career

In January 1970, Onizuka entered active duty with the United States Air Force, where he served as a flight test engineer and as a test pilot. At the Sacramento Air Logistics Center at McClellan Air Force Base, he worked in test flight programs and systems security engineering for the F-84, F-100, F-105, F-111, EC-121T, T-33, T-39, T-28, and A-1. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerospace branch of the United States armed forces. ... McClellan Air Force Base was a United States Air Force base located 10 miles (16 Kilometers) northeast of Sacramento, California. ... The F-84 Thunderjet was an American built fighter-bomber aircraft made by the Republic Aviation Company. ... F-100A Super Sabre The North American F-100 Super Sabre was a jet fighter aircraft that served with the USAF from 1954 to 1971 and with the ANG until 1979. ... The Republic F-105 Thunderchief was a single-seat, supersonic fighter-bomber used by the United States Air Force. ... A U.S. Air Force F-111 The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark (the nickname was unofficial for most of its lifespan, but it was officially named Aardvark at its retirement ceremony for the United States Air Force) is a long-range strategic bomber, reconnaissance, and tactical strike aircraft. ... The EC-121 Warning Star was a US Air Force/US Navy version of the Lockheed Constellation designed to serve as an airborne early warning system to supplement the Distant Early Warning Line. ... Categories: Aircraft stubs | U.S. military trainer aircraft 1940-1949 ... The North American T-39 Sabreliner was a trainer version of the commercial North American Aviation Sabreliner used both by the US Air Force and the US Navy. ... T-28D Trojan The North American T-28 Trojan was a piston-engined military trainer aircraft used by the United States armed forces in the 1950s and into the early 1970s. ... An AD-4N Skyraider The Douglas AD (later A-1) Skyraider, nicknamed the SPAD after early American fighter ace Eddie Rickenbackers mount of choice, was a US single-seat attack bomber of the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s, a propeller-driven anachronism in the jet age with a remarkably...


From August 1974 to July 1975, Onizuka attended the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School. In July 1975, he was assigned to the Test Flight Center at Edwards Air Force Base in California. He became a squadron test flight engineer at the Test Pilot School, and later worked as a manager for engineering support in the training resources division. His duties there were based on the instruction of courses and the management of all flight test modifications for all of the airship fleet (A-7, A-37, T-38, F-4, T-33, and NKC-135) being used for the Test Pilot School and Test Flight Center. Onizuka managed to register more than 1,700 flight hours. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... The U.S. Air Force Flight Test School is located on Edwards Air Force Base in California. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Edwards Air Force Base is a USAF airbase located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County, California in the Antelope Valley, 7 miles (11 km) due East of Rosamond, USA at 34°57′ N 117°52′ W. An airbase since 1933, Edwards has long been a home... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq. ... A-7 Corsair II The Ling-Temco-Vought A-7 Corsair II was a light attack aircraft based on the F-8 Crusader. ... T-37s in formation One of the most prominent of the trainer-attack type aircraft is the Cessna T-37/A-37, known in various forms as the Tweety Bird, Tweet, Dragonfly, or Super Tweet. ... The Northrop T-38 Talon is a US-built supersonic jet trainer for military pilots and NASA astronauts. ... The F-4 Phantom II (simply F-4 Phantom after 1990) is a two-place (tandem), supersonic, long-range, all-weather fighter-bomber built by McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... Categories: Aircraft stubs | U.S. military trainer aircraft 1940-1949 ... The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is an aerial refueling tanker aircraft, first manufactured in 1956 and expected to remain in service into the 2020s. ...


NASA career

Onizuka was selected for the astronaut program in January 1978, and completed one year of evaluation and training in August 1979. Later, he worked in the experimentation team, Orbiter test team, and launch support crew at the Kennedy Space Center for the STS-1 and STS-2. At NASA, he worked on the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL) test and revision software team. He also collaborated on other technical projects, for instance, as astronaut crew team coordinator. Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is the NASA space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) at Cape Canaveral on Merritt Island in Florida, United States. ...


His first space mission took place on January 24, 1985, with the Kennedy Space Center launch of mission STS 51-C on Space Shuttle Discovery, the first space shuttle mission for the Department of Defense. Onizuka was accompanied by the commander Ken Mattingly, pilot Loren Shriver, fellow mission specialist James Buchli, and payload specialist Gary E. Payton. During the mission, Onizuka was responsible for the activities of the primary payloads, which included the unfolding of the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) surface. After 48 orbits around the Earth, Discovery landed at the Kennedy Space Center on January 27, 1985. Onizuka had completed a total of 74 hours in space. January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... STS 51-C was the fifteenth flight of a Space Shuttle and the third flight of Discovery. ... Shuttle Orbiter Discovery (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is a NASA Space Shuttle. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... Thomas Kenneth (Ken) Mattingly II (born March 17, 1936) is an American astronaut who flew on the Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C missions. ... Loren J. Shriver (born 23 September 1944), is a NASA astronaut, aviator, and a retired US Airforce Colonel. ... James F. Buchli (Colonel, USMC, Ret. ... NAME: Gary E. Payton (Major, USAF) Payload Specialist PERSONAL DATA: Born June 20, 1948, in Rock Island, Illinois. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Onizuka was assigned to the mission STS 51-L on the Space Shuttle Challenger that took off from Kennedy Space Center at 11:38:00 EST (16:38:00 UTC) on January 28, 1986. The other Challenger crew members were commander Dick Scobee, pilot Michael J. Smith, mission specialists Ronald McNair, Judith Resnik, and Gregory Jarvis, and payload specialist Christa McAuliffe. Challenger was destroyed by aerodynamic stress when rupture of the fuel tank at 73 seconds after launch turned the spacecraft out of proper position. All seven crew members were killed. NASA had estimated that the probability of a catastrophic accident during launch, the most perilous portion of space flight, was 1 in 438. STS-51-L was the 25th launch of a Space Shuttle and the tenth launch of the Challenger. ... The Challenger breaks apart 73 seconds into its final mission, STS-51-L. Space Shuttle Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was NASAs second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service, after Columbia. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dick Scobee Francis Richard Dick Scobee (May 19, 1939 - January 28, 1986) was an American astronaut who died commanding the Space Shuttle Challenger, which suffered catastrophic booster failure during launch of the STS-51-L mission. ... Michael J. Smith Michael John Smith (April 30, 1945 - January 28, 1986) was an American astronaut, pilot of the Space Shuttle Challenger when it exploded because of booster failure on the STS-51-L mission. ... Ronald Ewald McNair, Ph. ... Judith Resnik Judith Arlene Resnik (April 5, 1949 – January 28, 1986) was an astronaut who died at the age of 36 in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster during the launch of the mission STS-51-L. Born in Akron, Ohio, Dr. Resnik received a B.S. in electrical engineering from... Gregory Jarvis Memorial at Hermosa Beach Gregory Bruce Jarvis (August 24, 1944 - January 28, 1986) was an American astronaut who died during the destruction of the Space Shuttle Challenger on mission STS-51-L, where he was serving as payload specialist. ... Christa McAuliffe Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe (September 2, 1948 – January 28, 1986), better known simply as Christa McAuliffe, and prior to her marriage, Christa Corrigan, was an American teacher from Concord, New Hampshire, who was selected from among more than 11,000 applicants to be the first teacher in space. ...


At the time of his death, Onizuka held the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.


Memberships and distinctions

Onizuka belonged to the following organizations: Society of Flight Test Engineers, the Air Force Association, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Tau, and Triangle Fraternity.


Among his distinctions are the Air Force Medallion of Merit, Air Force Service Medallion, Air Force Organizational Excellence Award, and National Defense Service Medal.


Legacy

Onizuka Air Force Station in Sunnyvale, California, Onizuka Center for International Astronomy at the Mauna Kea Observatory and the Astronaut Ellison S. Onizuka Space Center at Kona International Airport in Hawaii are named after him. Onizuka Air Force Station Onizuka Air Force Station is a US Air Force installation in Sunnyvale, California. ... Nickname: Motto: Official website: http://www. ... The Mauna Kea Observatory, an institute of the University of Hawaii, is considered one of the most important land-based observatories in the world for its isolated, unobstructed views of space without interference from man-made light sources. ... Kona International Airport at Keahole (IATA: KOA, ICAO: PHKO) is an airport on the Island of Hawai‘i, Hawai‘i. ... Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Largest city Honolulu Honolulu Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 10,941 sq mi  28,337 km² n/a miles  n/a km 1,522 miles  2,450 km 41. ...


Two astronomical features were also named after him: an asteroid discovered by Edward L. G. Bowell on February 8, 1984, 3355 Onizuka and a 29 km diameter crater on the moon, Onizuka Crater. Little Tokyo in Los Angeles, California also has a street named after him, as does the street surrounding Whitcomb Elementary in Clear Lake (Houston) Texas, where his daughters attended school at the time of the Challenger disaster. Radio telescopes are among many different tools used by astronomers Astronomy (Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος, astronomia = astron + nomos, literally, law of the stars) is the science of celestial objects and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere, such as stars, planets, comets, auroras, galaxies, and the cosmic background radiation. ... An asteroid is a small, solid object in our Solar System, orbiting the Sun. ... Edward L. G. Bowell (or Ted Bowell) (* 1943 in London) is an American astronomer. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tycho crater on Earths moon. ... Bulk composition of the moons mantle and crust estimated, weight percent Oxygen 42. ... Onizuka is a small lunar impact crater that lies within the inner ring of the Apollo impact basin. ... Japantown is a common name for Japanese-American or Japanese-Canadian communities in big cities. ... Nickname: City of Angels Official website: http://www. ...


In fiction

  • Onizuka was portrayed by Keone Young in the controversial 1990 TV movie Challenger, which was produced against the wishes of the Challenger families.
  • The main protagonist of the manga Great Teacher Onizuka also bears a similar name - Eikichi Onizuka. It is likely that Eikichi's ability to withstand most degrees of physical injury may have been inspired by Ellison's legacy.
  • In Star Trek: The Next Generation, a shuttle carried aboard USS Enterprise NCC-1701-D bears his name, although only shown in one episode, The Ensigns of Command.

Keone Young gives voice to Grandpa in American Dragon: Jake Long and Kaz in Hi Hi Puffy Ami Yumi ... This article is about the year. ... Great Teacher Onizuka (more commonly abbreviated to GTO) is a manga, anime and drama series created by Tohru Fujisawa. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ...

External links

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
The My Hero Project - Ellison S. Onizuka (1031 words)
Hosted by the Astronaut Ellison S. Onizuka Committee and USC, and sponsored by Honda Motor Company, Inc., the conference is held every year to honor the dreams and contributions of the late Onizuka.
The Astronaut Ellison S. Onizuka Space Center is a not-for-profit educational facility dedicated to reaching out to children and adults to further their understanding of science and space.
Ellison S. Onizuka has a legacy that continues to live on after the Challenger disaster.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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