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Encyclopedia > Elkhart County, Indiana
Elkhart County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Elkhart County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1830
Seat Goshen
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,212 km² (468 mi²)
1,201 km² (464 mi²)
10 km² (4 mi²), 0.86%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

182,791
152/km² 
Website: www.elkhartcountyindiana.com

Elkhart County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 182,791. The county seat is Goshen. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_IN.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Indiana ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Goshen (IPA: ) is a city of about 30,000 people located about 100 miles east of Chicago and 30 miles east of South Bend in north-central Indiana. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Goshen (IPA: ) is a city of about 30,000 people located about 100 miles east of Chicago and 30 miles east of South Bend in north-central Indiana. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,212 km² (468 mi²). 1,201 km² (464 mi²) of it is land and 10 km² (4 mi²) of it (0.86%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Elkhart County is located in the Northern Indiana region known as Michiana, 150 miles north/northeast of Indianapolis, 100 miles east of Chicago and 50 miles northwest of Fort Wayne. Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwest Michigan centered around the city of South Bend, Indiana. ... Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County Marion Founded 1821 Government  - Mayor Bart Peterson (D) Area  - City  372 sq mi (963. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Nickname: The Summit City Location in the state of Indiana, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Indiana County Allen Founded October 22, 1794 Incorporated February 22, 1840  - Mayor Graham Richard (D)  - City Clerk Sandra Kennedy (D)  - City Council John N. Crawford (R) Samuel J. Talarico, Jr (R) John Shoaff (D...


Adjacent counties

St. ... Historic county courthouse in Lagrange, built in the 1870s. ... Noble County is a county located in the state of Indiana. ... Kosciusko County is a county located in the state of Indiana. ... Marshall County is a county located in the state of Indiana. ... St. ... Cass County is a county located in the state of Michigan. ...

History

The Elkhart County courthouse in Goshen.
The Elkhart County courthouse in Goshen.

Elkhart County was formed on April 1, 1830 with the original county seat being in Dunlap. After some reorganizing of the county borders, the seat was moved to Goshen near the center of the county.[1] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1628, 2027 KB) Summary Elkhart County courthouse in Goshen, Indiana. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1628, 2027 KB) Summary Elkhart County courthouse in Goshen, Indiana. ... Goshen (IPA: ) is a city of about 30,000 people located about 100 miles east of Chicago and 30 miles east of South Bend in north-central Indiana. ...


There are many stories for the origin of this name. One is that there was an island in the St. Joseph River that was shaped like the heart of an elk, so that the French named the place "heart of the stag", which became "elkhart" in English. The St. ...


Another story says the County was named for the Elkhart tribe, however, no reference to such a tribe can be found.


Another story, and the most likely origin of the name, is that the County was named for Shawnee Chief Elkhart. In 1801, a Shawnee Chief Elkhart attacked the Potawatomi, driving them out of nearby St. Joseph County, Michigan. In the process, the Potawatomi took his daughter, Princess Mishawaka. The neighboring tribes eventually united against Chief Elkhart and sent him back to the Wabash Valley to the south.[2] The Shawnee are a people native to North America, and are therefore considered to be Native Americans. ... Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... St. ...


Demographics

Elkhart County
Population by year

2000 182,791
1990 156,198
1980 137,330
1970 126,529
1960 106,790
1950 84,512
1940 72,634
1930 68,875
1920 56,384
1910 49,008
1900 45,052
1890 39,201
1880 33,454
1870 26,026
1860 20,986
1850 12,690
1840 935

As of the census² of 2000, there were 182,791 people, 66,154 households, and 47,630 families residing in the county. The population density was 152/km² (394/mi²). There were 69,791 housing units at an average density of 58/km² (150/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.40% White, 5.23% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.36% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. 8.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 66,154 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.10 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $44,478, and the median income for a family was $50,438. Males had a median income of $35,907 versus $24,051 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,250. About 5.80% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.20% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cities and towns

The St. Joe River widens as it flows west through Elkhart, Indiana.
The St. Joe River widens as it flows west through Elkhart, Indiana.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1601, 1074 KB) Summary St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1601, 1074 KB) Summary St. ... Elkhart is the name of some places in the United States of America: Elkhart, Illinois Elkhart, Indiana Elkhart, Iowa Elkhart, Kansas Elkhart, Texas Elkhart County, Indiana There is also Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin. ... Bristol is a town located in Elkhart County, Indiana. ... Dunlap is a census-designated place located in Elkhart County, Indiana. ... Elkhart (IPA: ) is a city part of the South Bend metropolitan statistical area in Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. ... Goshen (IPA: ) is a city of about 30,000 people located about 100 miles east of Chicago and 30 miles east of South Bend in north-central Indiana. ... Memorial Park. ... Millersburg is a town located in Elkhart County, Indiana. ... Nappanee from above. ... New Paris is a census-designated place located in Elkhart County, Indiana. ... Simonton Lake is a census-designated place located in Elkhart County, Indiana. ... Wakarusa from the air, looking east. ...

Transportation

Roads

The Indiana Toll Road (Interstates 80/90) runs through the northern fringes of the county. Ellkhart has two interchanges (exits 92 & 96) while Bristol and Middlebury have one apiece (exits 101 and 107 respectively.) US Highway 20 skirts the southern edges of Elkhart as the St. Joseph Valley Parkway until that highway ends at County Road 17. After that, U.S. 20 continues eastward as a regular surface highway. U.S. Highways 6, 33, and 131 also run through the county along with Indiana State Highways 4, 13, 15, 19, 119, 120, and 219. U.S. 33 was once part of the original Lincoln Highway. Indiana Toll Road Length: 156. ... Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 90 Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in the United States at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ... U.S. Highway 20 is an east-west United States highway. ... The St. ... U.S. Route 6 is a main route of the U.S. Highway system, running east-northeast from Bishop, California to Provincetown, Massachusetts. ... United States Highway 33 is a north-south United States highway that runs northwest-southeast for 709 miles (1,141 km) from northern Indiana to Richmond, Virginia. ... U.S. Highway 131 (US-131) is a north-south United States highway. ... State Road 4 in the U.S. State of Indiana is in fact three different, disconnected surface highways in northern Indiana, although local highways that have never been part of the state highway system could in fact connect them. ... State Road 13 in the U.S. State of Indiana is a north-south highway in north-central and central Indiana. ... State Road 15 is a north-south road in northeastern Indiana. ... State Road 19 in the U.S. State of Indiana runs from the Michigan state line to Elkhart was originally part of U.S. Highway 112 from 1926 to 1934, and U.S. Highway 112S from 1934 to 1936. ... State Road 120 in the U.S. State of Indiana is an east-west state highway in the U.S. state of Indiana located close to the Michigan border. ... State Road 219 was a state highway on the St. ... Lincoln Highway bridge in Tama, Iowa The Lincoln Highway was the first transcontinental highway in the United States. ...


Other Forms

A bus system known as the Inter-Urban Trolley runs through Elkhart and Goshen with busses that look like trolley cars. This article refers to the mass transit vehicle running on rails. ...


Elkhart and Goshen both have municipal airports.


Amtrak makes daily stops in Elkhart.


Education

The county has seven public school districts and one college. Other colleges have satilite campuses located in the city of Elkhart. Elkhart is the name of some places in the United States of America: Elkhart, Illinois Elkhart, Indiana Elkhart, Iowa Elkhart, Kansas Elkhart, Texas Elkhart County, Indiana There is also Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin. ...


Public School Districts & High Schools

Baugo Community Schools

  • Jimtown High School

Concord Community Schools

  • Concord High School

Elkhart Community Schools

  • Elkhart Central High School
  • Elkhart Memorial High School

Fairfield Community Schools

  • Fairfield Jr. Sr. High School

Goshen Community Schools

  • Goshen High School

Middlebury Community Schools

  • Northridge High School

Wa-Nee Community Schools

  • NorthWood High School

Private Schools

Bethany Christian High School
Clinton Christian High School
Elkhart Christian Academy


Higher Education

Goshen College is a small Mennonite college of 1000 students located in Goshen. Goshen College, (also known as Goshen or GC) is a private Mennonite liberal arts college in Goshen, Indiana with an enrollment of around 1,000 students. ...


Ivy Tech Community College is a statewide system of community colleges and has a campus in Elkhart. Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana (usually shortened to Ivy Tech Community College or, colloquially, Ivy Tech) is the state of Indianas system of community colleges, formed in 2005, as a rechartering of a system of vocational technical schools. ...


Bethel College in Mishawaka has a small satellite campus in Elkhart. For other institutions of this name, see the Bethel College disambiguation page. ... Mishawaka (IPA: ) is a city on the St. ...


Indiana University South Bend has an Elkhart Center located in the city's downtown area. Indiana University South Bend is the third largest campus of the Indiana University system. ...


Claims to Fame

Elkhart County is known as the RV capital of the world. A regional center of entrepreneurship and innovation, Elkhart County is rapidly becoming a technological center in a wide variety of industries which would include health & life sciences, information technology, logistics, and advanced manufacturing.[citation needed]


The area is also known for its large Amish population. For this reason, the county teams up with neighboring Lagrange County to promote tourism by refering to the area as Northern Indiana Amish Country.[3] The Amish (Amisch or Amische) (IPA: ) are an Anabaptist Christian denomination in the United States and Canada (Ontario and Manitoba) that are known for their plain dress and limited use of modern conveniences such as automobiles and electricity. ... Historic county courthouse in Lagrange, built in the 1870s. ...


Infamy

On Palm Sunday, 1965, a flury of severe weather moved through the county. After 3 tornadoes (one was a twin tornado) 66 people had died in Elkhart County alone. 137 would die on this day statewide.[4]


The Indiana Toll Road in recent years has seen more than its share of deadly accidents within the Elkhart County lines.


Elkhart County is also known for its fast-growing Hispanic population. While this in itself is not a bad thing, it has sparked controversy with recent debates on immigration reform.


See Also

Elkhart, Indiana, Goshen, Indiana, Michiana Elkhart (IPA: ) is a city part of the South Bend metropolitan statistical area in Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. ... Goshen (IPA: ) is a city of about 30,000 people located about 100 miles east of Chicago and 30 miles east of South Bend in north-central Indiana. ... Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwest Michigan centered around the city of South Bend, Indiana. ...


References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 


 
 

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