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Encyclopedia > Elizabethan Age

Elizabethan redirects here. For the Elizabethan architectural style, see Tudor style. The Tudor style, a term applied to the Perpendicular style, was originally that of the English architecture and decorative arts produced under the Tudor dynasty that ruled England from 1485 to 1603, characterized as an amalgam of Late Gothic style formalized by more concern for regularity and symmetry, with round...

The Elizabethan Era is the period associated with the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (15581603) and is often considered to be a golden age in English history. It was the height of the English Renaissance, and saw the flowering of English literature and poetry. This was also the time during which Elizabethan Theatre grew and Shakespeare, among others, composed plays that broke away from England's past style of plays. It was an age of expansion and exploration abroad, while at home the Protestant Reformation was established and successfully defended against the Catholic powers of the Continent. Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Events March 24 - Elizabeth I of England dies and is succeeded by her cousin King James VI of Scotland, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England April 28 – Funeral of Elizabeth I of England in Westminster Abbey July 17 or July 19 - Sir Walter Raleigh arrested for treason. ... A golden age is period in a field of endeavour where great tasks were accomplished. ... England is the largest and most populous of the four main divisions of the United Kingdom. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance This article is about the cultural movement known as the English Renaissance. ... The term English literature refers to literature written in the English language, or literature composed in English by writers who are not necessarily from England. ... The history of English poetry stretches from the middle of the 7th century to the present day. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Continental Europe is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding the European islands and peninsulae. ...

The Elizabethan age is viewed so highly in part because of the contrasts with the periods before and after. It was a brief period of largely internal peace between the English Reformation and the battles between Protestants and Catholics and the battles between parliament and the monarchy that would engulf the seventeenth century. The Protestant/Catholic divide was settled, for a time, by the Elizabethan Religious Settlement and parliament was still too weak to challenge royal absolutism. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The debating chamber or hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. ... The Elizabethan Religious Settlement was Elizabeth I’s response to the religious divisions created over the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I.This response was set out in two acts of parliament. ...

Britain was also well-off compared to the other nations of Europe. The Italian Renaissance had come to an end under the weight of foreign domination of the peninsula. France was embroiled in its own religious battles that would only be settled in 1598 with the Edict of Nantes. In part because of this, but also because the English had been expelled from their last outposts on the continent, the centuries long conflict between France and England was suspended during the Elizabethan era. By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance The Italian Renaissance was the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century following the Middle Ages. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a Catholic nation. ...

The one great rival was Spain, which British conflicted with both in Europe and the Americas. While Britain lost some noted battles to the Spanish, the most important was won when the Spanish Armada was defeated. Spanish Armada Conflict Anglo-Spanish War Date June 19, 1588 – August 12, 1588 Place The English Channel off Gravelines, France Result Decisive English victory The Spanish Armada (Old Spanish: la Felicissima Armada, most fortunate fleet; Modern Spanish: la Armada Invencible, the Invincible Fleet) was a fleet sent by King Philip...

Britain during this period had a centralized, well organized, and effective government, largely a result of the reforms of Henry VII and Henry VIII. Economically the country began to benefit greatly from the new era of Atlantic trade. Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), was the founder of the Tudor dynasty and is generally acknowledged as one of Englands most successful kings. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ...

Modern historians and biographers in post-imperial Europe have tended to take a far more literal-minded and dispassionate view of the Tudor period. Elizabethan England was not particularly successful in a military sense during the period. The economic well being of the country has also been called into question.

The Elizabethan era also saw Britain begin to play a leading role in the slave trade and saw a series of bloody English military campaigns in still Catholic Ireland—notably the Desmond Rebellions and the Nine Years War. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Desmond Rebellions occurred in the 1560s, 1570s and 1580s in Munster in southern Ireland. ... The Nine Years War in Ireland took place from 1594 to 1603. ...

See also modern Elizabethan historiography and assessments for more. Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ...

Despite the heights achieved during the era, less than 40 years after the death of Elizabeth the country was to descend into the English Civil War. The English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, specifically to the first (1642–1645) and second (1648–1649) civil wars between the supporters of King Charles I and the supporters of...

Some weapons used were the yew longbow and the newly invented musket. Species Taxus baccata - European Yew Taxus brevifolia - Pacific Yew Taxus canadensis - Canadian Yew Taxus chinensis - Chinese Yew Taxus cuspidata - Japanese Yew Taxus floridana - Florida Yew Taxus globosa - Mexican Yew Taxus sumatrana - Sumatran Yew Taxus wallichiana - Himalayan Yew Yews are small coniferous trees or shrubs in the genus Taxus in the... The longbow (or English longbow, or Welsh longbow, see below) was a type of bow about 6 feet long used in the Middle Ages both for hunting and as a weapon of war. ... A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smooth-bore long gun. ...

Notable Elizabethans

Sir Francis Bacon Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Albans (January 22, 1561 – April 9, 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, spy and essayist. ... John Dee (July 13, 1527 – 1608 or 1609) was a noted British mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, geographer, and consultant to Queen Elizabeth I. He also devoted much of his life to alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy. ... Sir Francis Drake, c. ... Sir Richard Grenville (alternately spelt Greynvile, amongst others) (June 6, 1542 - September 1591) was an Elizabethan sailor, explorer, and soldier. ... Benjamin Jonson ( June 11, 1572 – August 6, 1637) was an English Renaissance dramatist, poet and actor. ... Thomas Kyd (1558 - 1594) was an English dramatist, the author of The Spanish Tragedy, and one of the most important figures in the development of Elizabethan drama. ... An anonymous portrait, often believed to show Christopher Marlowe Christopher (Kit) Marlowe (baptised February 26, 1564–May 30, 1593) was an English dramatist, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era. ... Sir Thomas North (1535? - 1601?), English translator of Plutarch, second son of the 1st Baron North, was born about 1535. ... Alternatively, Professor Walter Raleigh was a scholar and author circa 1900. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Philip Sidney Sir Philip Sidney (November 30, 1554 - October 17, 1586) became one of the Elizabethan Ages most prominent figures. ... Edmund Spenser Edmund Spenser (c. ... Sir Francis Walsingham (c. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
§34. The Women of the age. XIV. Some Political and Social Aspects of the Later Elizabethan and Earlier Stewart ... (744 words)
This quality of fortitude the women of the age shared with the men, as Portia shared it with Brutus, and to this they bore testimony with the same readiness on many occasions and in many places besides the scaffold and the stake.
The looseness and licence of the age form a feature of its life and character well enough known to students, and were by no means, as is sometimes supposed, derived altogether, or perhaps even mainly, from the example of court or town.
The Elizabethan and Jacobean drama would have been unable, even if it had been willing, to detach itself altogether from the conditions of things in which it necessarily found much of its material, and to which it could not but, in many ways, assimilate the remainder.
Elizabethan Recipes (1601 words)
In some respects the Elizabethan palate is extremely modern and the only major difference between the Elizabethans and us is their extreme use of sugar (which was becoming a common commodity supplied by the Canaries).
The Elizabethans used blanched young leaves in salads and powdered the dry root to yield a clove-like spice.
The Elizabethans used the roots of the plant which were generally boiled in spirit of vinegar to extract the deep red colour.
  More results at FactBites »



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