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Encyclopedia > Elizabeth Smart kidnapping

Elizabeth Ann Smart (born 1987) was abducted from her Salt Lake City, Utah bedroom on June 5, 2002 at the age of 14. She was found alive nine months later on March 12, 2003 in Sandy, Utah, about 18 miles from her home, in the company of Brian David Mitchell and Wanda Ileen Barzee, who were indicted for her kidnapping but ruled unfit to stand trial. Her abduction and recovery were widely reported in North American media and internationally and were the subject of a made-for-TV movie and a published book. Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Utah. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,889 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A view of the Wasatch Mountains from a Sandy neighborhood. ...

Contents

Abduction

Ed and Lois Smart, with their six children, resided in the upper middle class neighborhood of Federal Heights in Salt Lake City, Utah.[1] On the evening of June 4, 2002, the family attended a ceremony at Elizabeth's school, where she received many awards. Returning home, the family had evening prayers together and kissed each other good night. As the family got ready for bed, Ed made sure the doors were all locked, but he didn’t turn on the alarm. "If the children got up and moved (in the night), it would set the alarm off. And so we just, we’re not going to bother with it," Lois later explained.[2]


In the early hours of the morning, someone broke into the home and came to the bedroom that Elizabeth shared with her 9-year-old sister, Mary Katherine.[3] While Mary Katherine pretended to be asleep,[4] she watched the abduction,[5] and later gave these hints as to what happened:

  • A white man about the height of her brother Charles (5 ft 8 in)[6] about 30 or 40 years old, wearing light-colored clothes and a golf hat.[7][8] (He was actually wearing black, did not have a golf hat and was 49.)[9]
  • He had dark hair, and also dark hair on his arms and on the back of his hands.[8]
  • The man threatened Elizabeth with a gun.[8] (It was actually a knife, but Mary Katherine thought it was a gun.)[10]
  • When Elizabeth said "ouch" after stubbing her toe on a chair, the man said something that sounded like: "You better be quiet, and I won’t hurt you."[11]
  • She heard Elizabeth ask "Why are you doing this?" and though the answer was not clear, Mary Katherine thought the answer might have been "for ransom."[12][13]
  • The abductor was soft-spoken — even polite, calm, and nicely dressed.[8]
  • Although the stranger spoke to Elizabeth quietly, Mary Katherine thought the kidnapper's voice seemed somehow familiar, but she couldn’t pinpoint where or when she had heard it.[14]
  • She never got a good look at his face.[15] This fact was kept a secret by the police during the investigation.[16]

By listening to the creaking floor as Elizabeth and the kidnapper walked, Mary Katherine thought she could tell where the kidnapper and Elizabeth were, so when it seemed safe she hopped out of bed to tell her parents, but froze in terror when she nearly ran into the abductor and Elizabeth as they seemed to be looking into her brothers' bedroom.[17] Fearful that she had been spotted by the abductor, she crept back into her bed. "I thought, you know, be quiet, because if he hears you, he might take you too, and you're the only person who has seen this," Mary Katherine said in a later interview. "I was, like, shaking."[18] She hid for an undetermined amount of time. Investigators later concluded that she may have been hiding over two hours before she felt safe enough to come out.[19]


Just before 4 a.m., Mary Katherine came to her parents' bedroom and woke them up. She told them Elizabeth was gone, but her parents thought she was having a bad dream. Ed went from room to room, and didn’t find her. Mary Katherine told him, "You’re not going to find her. A man took her. A man took her with a gun."[20] Still, the parents found this hard to believe until Lois spotted a screen window downstairs that had been cut with a knife.[21] They immediately began contacting authorities, neighbors, family, and friends. The neighborhood was searched thoroughly and many of the neighbors were immediately there to help.[22] Although this caused some problems with crime scene contamination, it was not considered a major cause for problems in the investigation.[23] One of their neighbors who came to help was Jake Garn, a retired United States senator.[24] Edwin Jacob Garn (born October 12, 1932) is an American politician, a member of the Republican Party, and served as a U.S. Senator representing Utah from 1974 to 1993. ...


That morning, Ed went on television and asked the kidnapper to return his daughter.[25] A massive search for Elizabeth began.[26]


Search and investigation

A massive community search effort, organized by the Laura Recovery Center, looked for Elizabeth in the days immediately following her abduction. Up to 2000 volunteers a day were dispatched to the area surrounding her home trying to find any trace of the missing girl. Word spread quickly as an impromptu coalition of websites facilitated the distribution of information about Elizabeth Smart with pre-formatted flyers that could be downloaded for printing or immediately circulated online by email or Internet fax. Volunteers combed the hills near her family's home and extended the search using search dogs and aircraft. After many days of intensive searching, the community-led search was closed by the local volunteers and efforts were directed to other means of finding Elizabeth. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... LRC Logo The Laura Recovery Center is a foundation designed to foster communication between law enforcement, families, and local communities in their efforts to recover lost and abducted children. ...


Although police had an eye-witness, Mary Katherine's report was not very helpful to investigators. Furthermore, there was almost no significant forensic evidence such as clear fingerprints or DNA samples to help identify the abductor, so the investigation was difficult. For reasons unclear, a search using bloodhound dogs was unsuccessful in following Mitchell and Elizabeth's path on foot. Police questioned and interviewed hundreds of potential suspects including one individual, Bret Michael Edmunds, a 26-year-old drifter who was pursued across the country but ultimately was cleared of suspicion in the case after being located in a West Virginia hospital suffering from a drug overdose. One by one, the leads that were pursued often put at-large criminals back in prison, but they did not produce the desired result of finding Elizabeth. Ultimately, the Salt Lake City police signaled that their prime person of interest was Richard Ricci, being held in custody for unrelated reasons. Ricci, a handyman hired by the Smarts, was on parole for a 1983 attempted murder of police officer Mike Hill. He was charged with felony burglaries of homes in the area and similar in circumstances to the break-in at the Smarts. Ricci later died in jail from a brain hemorrhage a few weeks after he refused to provide a confession to Utah corrections officers. With his death, it seemed that all leads were exhausted. Fingerprints can refer to: Human fingerprints Fingerprints, a Leonard Cohen song. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions for the development and function of living organisms. ... A cerebral hemorrhage is a condition in the brain in which a blood vessel leaks. ...


Nevertheless, Ed and Lois Smart and their extended family persistently maintained a presence in the local and national media, fighting hard to keep Elizabeth's name in the press. They provided the media with home videos of her as both a teenager and as a child, and uploaded over twenty photos on a website which served as a resource center.


After many months of no positive news and a growing sense of inevitable disappointment, a breakthrough came in October 2002, when Mary Katherine suddenly had a flash of insight. Cleaning her room, she came across a copy of a Guinness Book of World Records and saw a picture of a very muscular woman that somehow triggered her memory of the abduction.[27] Suddenly, she remembered where she had heard that voice before. Getting up, she went to her parents' room and said, "Dad, I think I know who it might be." The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ...


The Smarts sought to help unemployed people in the community by paying them for odd jobs or handy work around the property.[28] Mary Katherine now identified a man who had worked in the home for one day in November 2001 — "Emmanuel." Lois and some of the children had met him downtown as he was asking for spare change. He was clean, soft-spoken, well-groomed, Caucasian, 5’8" tall, had dark hair, and was "about 45 years old". He called himself "Emmanuel," but it seemed clear that this was not his real name, but had something to do with his self-proclaimed calling as a minister to the homeless. He took a bus to a stop close to their home and then walked to the house. He worked for five hours, helping on the roof and raking leaves. While they worked together on Ed's roof, he told Ed that he was traveling to different cities preaching to homeless.


When this insight was reported to the police, they had doubts as to its reliability. Mary Katherine had barely heard the suspect's voice, for only a few minutes, in a whisper, several months previously, and after coming out of a sleep. Suddenly, she remembered it was the voice of a man she had met for a few moments a year earlier. To the police, this was not the most trustworthy lead.


Tensions developed as the parents accused the police of not thoroughly following up on this lead. The family used the services of a sketch artist to draw "Emmanuel"'s face from memory. In February, this drawing was released to the media, with the assistance of John Walsh, who revealed it in an appearance on Larry King Live and on his own series, America's Most Wanted. The drawing was recognized by Emmanuel's family and they reported his actual name, Brian David Mitchell, to the police along with contemporary photographs. John E. Walsh (born December 26, 1945 in Auburn, New York) is the host of the TV show Americas Most Wanted. ... For the professional wrestling tag team, see Americas Most Wanted (wrestling). ...


On March 12, 2003, just over nine months after the abduction, Mitchell, who was now wanted by police for questioning, was spotted in the street (by a woman who alerted police) with two companions in Sandy, Utah. The companions were Elizabeth Smart — disguised in a gray wig, sunglasses, and veil — and Wanda Ileen Barzee. Smart was finally recognized by the officers during questioning, and was promptly reunited with her parents, little sister, and four brothers. Mitchell and Barzee were taken into custody as suspected kidnappers. A view of the Wasatch Mountains from a Sandy neighborhood. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,889 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ...


Mitchell was a polygamist who believed it was his religious right to have more than one wife even by force.


Legal proceedings

Brian David Mitchell (born October 18, 1953) and his wife, Wanda Ileen Barzee, were indicted by a Utah grand jury. His trial on these charges has been postponed indefinitely, following a court ruling that he is not mentally competent to stand trial.


For several months, Mitchell and Barzee were held on $10 million bond awaiting the outcome of mental competency tests. Prosecutors said that Mitchell and Barzee kidnapped Elizabeth to be Mitchell's "second wife",[citation needed] held her against her will in the foothills near Federal Heights until October 8,[citation needed] and then took her to California, where they stayed until March 5.[citation needed] In law, competence is conerns the mental capacity of a individual to participate in legal proceedings. ... The term polygamy (many marriages in late Greek) is used in related ways in social anthropology, sociobiology, and sociology. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


In January 2004, Barzee was found incompetent to stand trial on charges including kidnapping, sexual assault, and burglary. On July 26, 2005, Mitchell was also found incompetent to stand trial, facing the same charges. A district judge has ordered him held until he is deemed fit for trial.[29][30] Barzee's condition has not improved since she was found incompetent to stand trial. Barzee has also refused "to take medication that might restore her mental competence."[31]


In February 2006, a bill went before the Utah legislature to allow prosecutors to apply for forcible medication of defendants to restore their competence to face trial. Permission to forcibly medicate Wanda Barzee was also sought, relying upon the U.S. Supreme Court's 2003 Sell decision, which permits compulsory medication when the state can demonstrate a compelling interest is served by restoring a person's competence and that medication would not harm the individual or prevent them from defending themselves. In June 2006, a Utah judge approved the forcible medication of Barzee so that she could stand trial. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States...


On Monday, December 18, 2006, Mitchell was again declared unfit to stand trial after screaming at a judge, during a hearing, to "forsake those robes and kneel in the dust." Doctors have been trying to treat Mitchell without drugs, but prosecutor Kent Morgan said after Monday's scene in court that a request likely will be made for permission to forcibly administer drugs.


Recovery

Elizabeth was kept close to her family after her rescue, in order to protect her from face-to-face media exposure. Her father stated that she was not being "questioned to death" at home about her activities with vagrants. Elizabeth took her parents to the location where she was chained by her kidnappers and announced this as her personal victory over that event. Later that year, and subsequently, her family has said that they receive counseling as needed, but that their lives are back on a more normal track. The word counseling or counselling comes from the Middle English counseil, from Old French conseil, from Latin cōnsilium; akin to cōnsulere, to take counsel, consult. ...


Smart has moved on, becoming a music student at Brigham Young University. At a reception for the passage of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, she stated, however, that "life will never be the same."[32] Brigham Young University Brigham Young University (BYU), located in Provo, Utah, is the flagship university of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS or Mormon Church). ... The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act (Pub. ...


Media

Television interviews

In October 2003, Elizabeth Smart and her parents were interviewed for a special segment of Dateline NBC. The interview, conducted by the Today show's Katie Couric, featured Elizabeth's first interview with any media outlet. Couric questioned Elizabeth's parents about their experiences while Elizabeth was missing, including the Smarts' personal opinions concerning Elizabeth's captors. Couric then interviewed Elizabeth about school and her life following her kidnapping. Katherine Anne Couric (born January 7, 1957) is an American media personality who became well-known as co-host of NBCs Today. ...


Shortly after the Dateline interview, Elizabeth Smart and her family were featured on The Oprah Winfrey Show, where Winfrey questioned the Smarts about the kidnapping. One detail she disclosed is that Mitchell forced her to keep a diary and to write in it daily. She knew he would read the entries she made, so she wrote such things as: "I like it here. They are nice to me." But below the entries in English, she wrote in French things such as: "I hate it here. I hate them. I want to be back with my family." The Oprah Winfrey Show (also known as Oprah) is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest-rated talk show in American television history. ... Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


She also revealed that after her experience, she has more compassion for the homeless. Asked if she felt sorry for her captors, she stated that she was not referring to them and that they were homeless by choice and she had no compassion for their condition or what they did to her. But she went on to say, "It's hard to be cold. It's hard to not have enough to eat." A homeless man pushes a cart down the street. ...


On July 19, 2006, CNN's Nancy Grace interviewed Elizabeth Smart, who appeared on behalf of a bill requiring sex offenders to register with their state of residence. Despite Smart's objection, Grace asked Smart a long series of questions about her abduction, relenting only when Smart, clearly upset, said "I really—I really—to be frankly honest, I really don't appreciate you bringing all this up." Grace then apologized and continued with the show. Nancy Ann Grace (born October 23, 1958) is an American talk show host and former prosecutor. ...


Book and film

The Smart family published a book, Bringing Elizabeth Home, which was used as the basis of the television movie The Elizabeth Smart Story that aired November 9, 2003 on CBS. The Smarts claimed they wanted to avoid subjecting their daughter to the limelight, but that after realizing it was inevitable, they decided it would be preferable to allow a film authorized by them to be created, rather than allowing an unauthorized version to surface.[citation needed] “Telefilm” redirects here. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ...


A lawyer for Mitchell said the national broadcast of the television film would further delay justice and considered filing a motion. The piece characterizes Mitchell and Barzee as deranged religious zealots, and provides no background on either of them.


A small but detailed section of the book Under the Banner of Heaven by Jon Krakauer describes Mitchell and his kidnapping of Smart in the larger context of Mormon fundamentalism. Under the Banner of Heaven: A Story of Violent Faith (ISBN 1400032806) is a book of investigative non-fiction written by Jon Krakauer. ... Jon Krakauer Jon Krakauer (born April 12, 1954), is an American non-fiction author and mountaineer, well-known for outdoor and mountain-climbing writing. ... Teens From Polygamous Families protested on August 19, 2006 In Salt Lake City Mormon fundamentalism most often describes splinter movements of Mormonism that believe or practice what its adherents consider the fundamental aspects of Mormonism. ...


Elizabeth's uncle, Tom Smart, wrote a book called In Plain Sight: The Startling Truth Behind the Elizabeth Smart Investigation criticizing the investigation process by the Salt Lake City Police Department, as well as the media influences that led to her recovery.[33]


Timeline of events

  • 4 June 2002 -- Smart Family arrives late at the Bryant Middle School awards function. Elizabeth receives awards in physical fitness and academics but does not play her harp as planned. Family returns home and retires to bed.
  • 5 June 2002 -- Elizabeth is abducted from her bedroom in the early hours of the morning. Mary Katherine, her sister, is a witness to the crime. Elizabeth is taken to a secret camp in Emigration Canyon where she is held prisoner and raped.
  • 6 June 2002 -- Bounty for her return is at $250,000
  • 7 June 2002 -- Milkman reports suspicious activities of Bret Michael Edmunds in neighborhood.
  • 9 June 2002 -- Ed Smart questioned / polygraphed
  • 12 June 2002 -- Manhunt for Bret Michael Edmunds
  • 14 June 2002 -- Richard Ricci arrested
  • 21 June 2002 -- Bret Michael Edmunds caught in West Virginia and questioned the next day.
  • 24 June 2002 -- Richard Ricci arrest announced
  • 11 July 2002 -- Richard Ricci charged with theft in the Smart home. Denies any involvement with Elizabeth's kidnapping.
  • 24 July 2002 -- Attempted kidnapping at Elizabeth's cousin's house
  • August 2002 -- Mitchel, Barzee and Elizabeth leave Emigration Canyon and go to Salt Lake City
  • 27 Aug. 2002 -- Richard Ricci collapses
  • 30 Aug. 2002 -- Richard Ricci dies of brain hemorrhage
  • 17 Sep. 2002 -- Police suspend regular briefings with the Smart family.
  • 27 Sep. 2002 -- Police Arrest Mitchell for shoplifting and later release him.
  • 8 Oct. 2002 -- Mitchell, Barzee and Elizabeth leave Salt Lake City and head to San Diego.
  • 12 Oct. 2002 -- Mary Katherine remembers the voice of the kidnapper -- Emmanuel
  • 3 Feb. 2003 -- Smart family releases the sketch of the man known as Emmanuel
  • 12 Feb. 2003 -- Mitchell arrested in El Cajon for breaking into a church. Not recognized as the person wanted in Utah.
  • 15 Feb. 2003 -- America's Most Wanted features Emmanuel and requests responses.
  • 16 Feb. 2003 -- Family of Mitchell step forward and identify Emmanuel as Brian David Mitchell
  • 17 Feb. 2003 -- Newly released, more recent photographs of Mitchell made available
  • 5 Mar. 2003 -- Mitchell, Barzee and Elizabeth leave Lakeside, Calif.
  • 12 Mar. 2003 -- Elizabeth Smart found alive in Sandy, Utah
  • 18 Mar. 2003 -- Mitchell and Barzee charged with aggravated kidnapping, aggravated sexual assault and aggravated burglary.
  • 30 Apr. 2003 -- Elizabeth makes her first public appearance after her return
  • 27 Oct. 2003 -- Dateline NBC Interview with Elizabeth
  • 26 July 2005 -- Mitchell declared mentally incompetent to stand trial
  • 9 Mar. 2006 -- Elizabeth Smart goes to Congress to support Sexual Predator Legislation
  • 26 July 2006 -- Spoke after the signing of the Adam Walsh Act
  • 18 Dec. 2006 -- Mitchell again declared unfit to stand trial

Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... A view of the Wasatch Mountains from a Sandy neighborhood. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,889 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... Dateline NBC, or Dateline, is a U.S. weekly television newsmagazine broadcast by NBC similar to ABCs 20/20 or CBSs 60 Minutes. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act (Pub. ...

References

  • Smart, Ed and Smart, Lois. Bringing Elizabeth Home: A Journey of Faith and Hope (2003). U.S.: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-51214-7 (U.S.).
  • Haberman, Maggie and MacIntosh, Jeane. Held Captive: The Kidnapping and Rescue of Elizabeth Smart (2003). U.S.: Avon. ISBN 0-06-058020-8 (U.S.).
  • Smart, Tom and Benson, Lee. In Plain Sight: The Startling Truth Behind the Elizabeth Smart Investigation (2005). U.S.: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1-55652-579-6 (U.S.).

Notes

  1. ^ "S.L. girl taken from her home", Deseret News, June 5, 2002, Page A01
  2. ^ CBS News Article: Elizabeth's Road Home, March 12, 2003
  3. ^ "Kidnap theories expand", Deseret News, June 13, 2002, Page A01
  4. ^ "Details Emerge", Deseret News, June 19, 2002, Page A01
  5. ^ "Sister reported the abduction relatively quickly", Deseret News, June 16, 2002, Page A15
  6. ^ "Utah Girl, 15, Is Found Alive 9 Months After Kidnapping", New York Times, March 16, 2003 Section A, Page 1, Column 3,
  7. ^ "S.L. girl taken from her home", Deseret News, June 5, 2002, Page A01
  8. ^ a b c d "Police add details to data on abductor", Deseret News, June 18, 2002, Page B01
  9. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/Primetime/story?id=965906&page=2 Sister Recounts How She Helped Find Elizabeth Smart
  10. ^ Sister Recounts How She Helped Find Elizabeth Smart. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  11. ^ "Elizabeth's Road Home", CBS News, March 12, 2003. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  12. ^ "Sister thought abductor was after a ransom", Deseret News, January 11, 2003, Page A01
  13. ^ "Elizabeth's Road Home", CBS News, March 12, 2003. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  14. ^ "Kidnapper's voice sounded familiar, but the sister of Elizabeth Smart cannot identify it yet", Deseret News, August 2, 2002, Page B01
  15. ^ Elizabeths Smart's Younger Sister Speaks Out Publicly. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  16. ^ Sister of Elizabeth Smart is Prime Witness. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  17. ^ Elizabeth's Road Home. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  18. ^ http://i.abcnews.com/Primetime/story?id=965906&page=1 Sister Recounts How She Helped Find Elizabeth Smart
  19. ^ "Sister's story: New details emerge", Deseret News, June 19, 2002, Page A01
  20. ^ MSNBC, "Bringing Elizabeth Smart home". Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  21. ^ "Girl's family clings to hope", Deseret News, June 9, 2002 Page A01
  22. ^ "S.L. girl taken from her home", Deseret News, , June 5, 2002, Page A01
  23. ^ "Smart scene unsealed for hours", Deseret News, September 7, 2002, Page A01
  24. ^ MSNBC, "Bringing Elizabeth Smart home". Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  25. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2002/US/06/05/utah.teenager/index.html CNN, "Father pleads for kidnapped Utah girl"
  26. ^ "Elizabeth's Road Home", CBS News, March 12, 2003. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  27. ^ Smart's younger sister speaks publicly for first time. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  28. ^ "The Miracle Girl", People Magazine, March 20, 2003 "Lois and her husband, like many Mormons, often made such offers to people in need."
  29. ^ Smart's accused kidnapper ruled incompetent. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  30. ^ Ruling on competence to proceed (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  31. ^ Elizabeth Smart Kidnapper Refuses Medication. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  32. ^ Hixon, Marion. "Elizabeth Smart Will 'Never Be the Same'" (HTML), People Magazine, July 28, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-26. (in English) 
  33. ^ Smart, Tom (2005). In Plain Sight: The Startling Truth Behind the Elizabeth Smart Investigation. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1556525796. 

June 5 is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Independent Publishers Group, or IPG, is a book distributor, founded in 1971 to exclusively market titles from independent client publishers to the book trade. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Elizabeth Smart kidnapping: Information from Answers.com (4704 words)
Elizabeth Ann Smart (born November 3 1987) is a young American woman from Salt Lake City, Utah who was kidnapped from her bedroom on June 5 2002, at the age of 14.
Smart was finally recognized by the officers during questioning, and was promptly reunited with her parents, little sister and four brothers.
Elizabeth recalled that one time her uncle was close enough that she heard him calling for her during one of the search efforts in the hills, but she was too afraid to call back.
Elizabeth Smart Biography (Kidnapping Victim) — Infoplease.com (403 words)
Elizabeth Smart was kidnapped from her bedroom on 5 June 2002, by a stranger who snuck into her family's Salt Lake City home with a gun.
Ricci was never charged with Smart's kidnapping, but in August 2002 he died of a brain hemorrhage in prison while being held on a parole violation from another crime...
Elizabeth Smart, - Elizabeth Smart, Utah teenager, was reunited with her family in March, nine months after being...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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