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Encyclopedia > Elizabeth Campbell

Elizabeth Pfohl Campbell (December 2, 1902 - January 9, 2004) is one of the first and most prominent public television pioneers in the United States. Campbell also served as a teacher, college administrator, as a notable school board member for Arlington Public Schools, and as the founder of WETA-TV, the first public television station in Washington, D.C. Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... Arlington Public Schools is a school district that serves Arlington County, Virginia. ... WETA-TV is the PBS station serving the Washington, D.C., area. ... ...


Early Life and Education Career

Elizabeth Pfohl was born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina to a Moravian minister and a music teacher. She received her high school education at Salem Academy where she graduated in 1919, and received her bachelors degree in Education from Salem's sister institution, Salem College in 1923. She then went to receive her master’s degree in Education from Columbia University and taught high school girls at Salem Academy afterwards. She also served as an administrator at Moravian College and Mary Baldwin College after teaching at Salem. Pfohl married Edmund Campbell in 1936, a trial lawyer and moved with him to Arlington, Virginia, where he lived. They would have four children together. Nickname: Motto: Youre Something Special in Winston-Salem Location in North Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State North Carolina Counties Forsyth County Founded Incorporated 1766 (Salem) 1849 (Winston) 1913 Government  - Mayor Allen Joines (D) Area  - City  109. ... A Moravian is a Protestant belonging to a religious movement that originated in Moravia, Czech Republic. ... Salem Academy is a private, residential, all-girls high school founded in 1772 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. ... Salem College is a small, womens liberal arts college located in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States. ... Moravian College is a private liberal arts college located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States, in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania. ... Mary Baldwin College is a private independent comprehensive four-year liberal arts womens college in Staunton, Virginia. ...


In 1948, Campbell was elected to the school board of Arlington Public Schools of Arlington County, Virginia, which was the first school board in Virginia to be directly elected. While on the school board, she was instrumental adding fine arts classes in the Arlington schools, comparable facilities between African American and White students, higher teacher salaries, and building new schools. She served as the School Board chair from 1950-1956 when she retired temporarily, and again from 1960-1962. In 1954, she helped pave the way to desegregate schools in Arlington, despite Virginia's defiance against Brown vs. Board of Education's decision. Arlington County is an urban county of about 203,000 residents in the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the U.S., directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. [1] Originally part of the District of Columbia, the land now comprising the county was retroceded to Virginia in a July... George E.C. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, and James Nabrit, congratulating each other, following Supreme Court decision declaring segregation unconstitutional Brown v. ...


WETA and Public Broadcasting

For more on WETA, go to WETA's wikipedia page. WETA-TV is the PBS station serving the Washington, D.C., area. ...


Campbell was intrigued by the power of television since the 1940's, believing that it could be used for educational purposes. In 1952, the FCC authorized Channel 26 to be designated for educational television, and in 1953, the Greater Washington Educational Television Association (GWETA) was created. Campbell joined the GWETA in 1956 initially as vice chairman, but became president only a year later. While she was the GWETA president, Campbell worked hard to raise funds for a local educational TV station in Washington, DC. In 1961, an application was sent to the FCC to open WETA, and on October 2, the station finally went on the air. The abbreviation FCC can refer to: Face-centered cubic (usually fcc), a crystallographic structure Federal Communications Commission, a US government organization Farm Credit Corporation/Farm Credit Canada, a Canadian government organization Families with Children from China, an adoption support organization Florida Christian College, a college in central Florida Fresno City...


The station initially was on the air only during daytime hours on weekdays, but it was soon on the air 86 hours a week, including weekends in 1966. WETA-TV today is on the air 24 hours a day and is the third largest public television station in the United States. In 1966, Campbell helped expand WETA into the radio market, with a WETA radio station going on the air in 1970 at 90.9 FM, which plays mostly classical music, and NPR news programming. NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ...


Post WETA work

In 1971, Campbell retired from the GWETA and WETA-TV as its president, but held the position of Vice President of Community Affairs, which she held until she died. During this time, Campbell helped launch the Children’s Art Festival of the Washington, DC area; and the Elizabeth P. Campbell Lecture Series, which presented broadcasting notables. Because of her groundwork for WETA as well as public broadcasting in general, Campbell was given high honors, including an Emmy Award in 1987, Honorary Doctorate Degrees from Washington and Lee University and Salem College. Campbell also won many awards in the Public Broadcasting community for her service, from PBS and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Campbell continued to serve on other community boards, including the Northern Virginia Fine Arts Association, the YWCA, and as a Board of Trustees member for Salem Academy, where she organized a partnership between the school and WETA-TV which included internships for Salem students during their unique January term. Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Virginia, located adjacent to (but not affiliated with) Virginia Military Institute. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ...


On January 9, 2004, Campbell died in Arlington due to a brief illness at the age of 101.


 
 

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