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Encyclopedia > Elizabeth Bacon Custer
George and Libbie Custer
George and Libbie Custer

Elizabeth Bacon Custer (April 8, 1842 - April 6, 1933) was the wife of General George Armstrong Custer. After his death, she became an outspoken advocate for her husband's legacy. Custer's portrayal as a gallant fallen hero and the glory of Custer’s Last Stand that were canons of American history for more than a century after his death was largely the result of her endless campaigning on his behalf. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2808x3712, 833 KB) Permission PD Note: some large areas of damage touched up by Dave Pape. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2808x3712, 833 KB) Permission PD Note: some large areas of damage touched up by Dave Pape. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... “Custer” redirects here. ...


Elizabeth “Libbie” Bacon was born in Monroe, Michigan in 1842, the daughter of a wealthy and influential judge. As the only one of the judge’s children that would live to adulthood, her father doted on her. Elizabeth was both beautiful and intelligent, and her father hoped she would make a good marriage with a man from her own elevated social class. Monroe is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ...


She met her future husband in 1862 in the midst of the American Civil War. She fell deeply in love with him but her father refused to allow them to get married. Custer was from a poor undistinguished family and the Judge hoped Libby would have better than the life of an army wife. After Custer was promoted to Brevet Brigadier General, Judge Bacon finally relented and they were married on February 9, 1864. This article is becoming very long. ... In the US military, brevet referred to a warrant authorizing a commissioned officer to hold a higher rank temporarily, but usually without receiving the pay of that higher rank. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Libbie and George had a loving but tumultuous relationship. Both were stubborn, opinionated, and ambitious. Their private correspondences were filled with sexually charged double entendres. Despite hardships, they were utterly devoted to each other. She followed him to every assignment, even during the latter days of the Civil War. The depth of their relationship has been the subject of considerable interest in books and film. A double entendre or innuendo is a figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways. ...


After the war, he reverted from his rank of general and was assigned to a series of dreary and unsatisfying assignments in Texas, Kansas, and the Dakota Territory. Life on the frontier outposts was difficult and Custer’s career was plagued by problems including a court martial (brought about by his leaving the field to be with Libbie). Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Dakota Territory was the name of the northernmost part of the Louisiana Purchase of the United States. ... A court-martial (plural courts-martial) is a military court that determines punishments for members of the military subject to military law. ...


The 1876 campaign against the Sioux seemed like a chance for glory to Custer. From Fort Abraham Lincoln in what is now North Dakota, He led the Seventh Cavalry in pursuit of Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse and the Sioux and Northern Cheyenne who refused to be confined to the reservation system. Fort Abraham Lincoln was an important infantry and cavalry post about seven miles south of todays Mandan, North Dakota. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Portrait of Sitting Bull taken in 1885 by D. F. Barry Sitting Bull (Sioux: Tatanka Iyotake or Tatanka Iyotanka or Ta-Tanka I-Yotank, first named Slon-he, Slow), (c. ... For other uses, see Crazy Horse (disambiguation). ...


After her husband’s column was wiped out at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in June 1876, many in the press, Army, and government criticized Custer for blundering into a massacre. President Ulysses S. Grant publicly blamed Custer for the disaster. Fearing that her husband was to be made a scapegoat by history, Libbie launched a one woman campaign to rehabilitate her husband's image. She began writing articles and making speaking engagements praising the glory of her martyred husband. Her three books, Boots and Saddles, (1885), Following the Guidon (1890); and Tenting on the Plains, (1893) were brilliant pieces of propaganda aimed at glorifying her dead husband’s memory. Though generally considered to be largely factually accurate, they were clearly slanted in Custer's favor. The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also called Custers Last Stand, was an engagement between a Lakota-Cheyenne combined force and the 7th Cavalry of the United States Army that took place on June 25, 1876 near the Little Bighorn River in the eastern Montana Territory. ... Ulysses S. Grant[2] (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American general and the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... The Scapegoat by William Holman Hunt, 1854. ...


Her efforts were largely successful. The image of a steely Custer leading his men against overwhelming odds only to be wiped out while defending their position to the last man became as much a part of American lore as the Alamo. It would not be until the late 20th century, more than a half century after her death, that many historians began to take a second look at Custer’s actions leading up to the battle and found much to criticize. Combatants Republic of Mexico Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas Commanders Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón William Travis† Jim Bowie† Davy Crockett† Strength 6,000 in attack {1,800 in assault-see below} 183 to 250 Casualties 370 to 600 total 70 to 200...


Libbie remained utterly devoted to her husband and never remarried. She died in New York City a few days before her 91st birthday. She was buried next to her husband at West Point. Nickname: Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1625 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area  - City  468. ... USMA redirects here. ...


Libbie was portrayed by actress Olivia de Havilland in the 1941 film They Died with their Boots On, by Mary Ure in the 1967 film Custer of the West, by Blythe Danner in the 1977 television movie The Court Martial of George Armstrong Custer, and by Rosanna Arquette in the 1991 television mini-series Son of the Morning Star. Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two time Academy Award winning Japanese-born British actress who became an American citizen in 1941. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Errol Flynn portrays George Armstrong Custer in the 1941 Warner Brothers film They Died With Their Boots On. ... Mary Ure (February 18, 1933 - April 3, 1975) was a British actress. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Blythe Katherine Danner (born February 3, 1943) is a prolific two time Emmy-winning American actress who has appeared in numerous stage, screen, and film roles. ... Rosanna Lauren Arquette (born August 10, 1959) is an American actress, film director, and film producer. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Son of the Morning Star is a book and a movie (in 1991) based on the book. ...


External links

  • Boots and Saddles by Libbie Custer (archive link)
  • Western Women's Autobiographies Database: Elizabeth Bacon Custer(archive link)

  Results from FactBites:
 
PBS - THE WEST - George Armstrong Custer (818 words)
In July of 1866 Custer was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Seventh Cavalry.
Custer was sent to the Northern Plains in 1873, where he soon participated in a few small skirmishes with the Lakota in the Yellowstone area.
Custer, however, advanced much more quickly than he had been ordered to do, and neared what he thought was a large Indian village on the morning of June 25, 1876.
Elizabeth Bacon Custer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (660 words)
Elizabeth Bacon Custer (April 8, 1842 - April 6, 1933) was the wife of General George Armstrong Custer.
Custer's portrayal as a gallant fallen hero and the glory of Custer’s Last Stand that were canons of American history for more than a century after his death was largely the result of her endless campaigning on his behalf.
Elizabeth “Libbie” Bacon was born in Monroe, Michigan in 1842, the daughter of a wealthy and influential judge.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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