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Encyclopedia > Elizabeth (Biblical person)

Elizabeth, also spelled Elisabeth or Elisheva (Hebrew אֱלִישֶׁבַע / אֱלִישָׁבַע "My God is an oath", Standard Hebrew Elišévaʿ / Elišávaʿ, Tiberian Hebrew ʾĔlîšéḇaʿ / ʾĔlîšāḇaʿ)(Arabic: إشاع) was the mother of John the Baptist and the wife of Zacharias, according to the New Testament. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 334 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1117 × 2005 pixel, file size: 726 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: statue of Saint Elizabeth in the parish church of Memmelsdorf near Bamberg, Franconia in northern Bavaria (Germany) Source: photographed in April 2003... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 334 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1117 × 2005 pixel, file size: 726 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: statue of Saint Elizabeth in the parish church of Memmelsdorf near Bamberg, Franconia in northern Bavaria (Germany) Source: photographed in April 2003... Elisheva was the wife of Aaron, the forefather of The Kohanim, the Jewish priests, in The Bible. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Elohim (אֱלוֹהִים , אלהים) is a Hebrew word which expresses concepts of divinity. ... The Modern Hebrew language is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ... Tiberian Hebrew is an oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient forms of Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Bible, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early middle ages, beginning in the 8th century. ... Icon depiction of Jesus baptism by the hand of John, Jordan River, Jordan The excavated remains of the baptism site in Bethany beyond the Jordan John the Baptist (also called John the Baptiser, or Yahya the Baptiser) was a 1st century Jewish preacher and ascetic regarded as a prophet by... According to the Gospel of Luke, Zechariah (Zacharias in the King James Version of the Bible) was a priest of the line of Abijah, during the reign of King Herod the Great, and was the father of John the Baptist and husband of Elizabeth, a woman from the priestly family... John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ...

Contents

Relation to Mary

In Luke 1:36 Elizabeth is described as the a relative of Mary, the mother of Jesus. The Greek word used is συγγενίς, which can refer to various forms of kinship.[1] According to the Catholic Encyclopedia their relation is given by St. Hippolytus, according to whom they are cousins; the mother of Elizabeth, Sobe and the mother of Mary, Saint Anne are sisters [2]. The mother of Mary is also known from an other source, the infancy Gospel of James. Mary, Virgin of the Passion. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ... Besides the presbyter, writer and anti-pope St. ... This article is about the mother of the Virgin Mary. ... The Gospel of James, also sometimes known as the Infancy Gospel of James or the Protevangelium of James, is an apocryphal Gospel probably written about AD 150. ...


Some translations of this verse states their relations as relative [3] [4] , kinswoman [5] or 'of your family' [6] , others such as the King James, states that they are cousins [7]


In the Bible

According to the Gospel of Luke, Elizabeth was a descendant of Aaron the priest (Luke 1:5). She and her husband Zechariah were "righteous before God, living blamelessly" (1:6), but childless. Zechariah was visited by the Angel Gabriel, who told him his wife would have a son who "will be great in the sight of the Lord" (1:15). The Gospel of Luke is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... Aaron (אַהֲרֹן, a word meaning bearer of martyrs in Hebrew [perhaps also, or instead, related to the Egyptian Aha Ra, Warrior Lion], Standard Hebrew (w/o vowels) AHRvN, Tiberian Hebrew (), was one of two brothers who play a unique part in the history of the Hebrew people. ... Roman Catholic priests in clerical clothing. ... According to the Gospel of Luke, Zechariah (Zacharias in the King James Version of the Bible) was a priest of the line of Abijah, during the reign of King Herod the Great, and was the father of John the Baptist and husband of Elizabeth, a woman from the priestly family... The Annunciation - the Angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she will bear Jesus (El Greco, 1575) An angel is a supernatural being found in many religions. ... 12th-century icon of Archangel Gabriel from Novgorod In Abrahamic religions, Gabriel (גַּבְרִיאֵל, Standard Hebrew Gavriʼel, Latin Gabrielus, Greek , Tiberian Hebrew Gaḇrîʼēl, Arabic جبريل Jibrīl or Jibrail, literally Master, of God, i. ...


The pregnant Elizabeth was visited by her relative (1:36) , who was pregnant with Jesus: The Visitation is a Catholic feast day (2 July) commemorating the visit of the Virgin Mary to Elizabeth as recorded in the Gospel of Luke. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...

When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the child leapt in her womb.
And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and exclaimed with a loud cry:
"Blessed are you amongst women and blessed is the fruit of your womb." (1:41-2)

Elizabeth is not mentioned in the New Testament outside of the Gospel of Luke. Some modern sceptical scholars argue that she is a fictional character and that Luke invented the notion that Jesus and John the Baptist were related.[attribution needed] However, their critics have pointed out such a claim is impossible to prove and that it would be ludicrous to dismiss a character like Elizabeth solely on the basis that she is mentioned in only one of the four Biblical gospels.[attribution needed] There are several female characters who are mentioned in only one of the gospels - including Mary, the wife of Cleopas, Saint Joanna and the female apostle, Susanna. Some theologians[attribution needed] have suggested that Elizabeth is included in Luke's nativity account because his version of events deliberately focuses more upon the personal experience of the Virgin Mary during her pregnancy than Matthew's account (the two other gospels, Mark and John, do not include an account of Jesus's birth and instead start their narratives at the beginning of his ministry.) Elizabeth is also mentioned in several books of the Apocrypha, most prominently in the Protevangelion of James, in which the birth of her son and the subsequent murder of her husband are chronicled. In various religions, most notably Trinitarian Christianity, the Holy Spirit (in Hebrew רוח הקודש Ruah haqodesh; also called the Holy Ghost) is the third consubstantial Person of the Holy Trinity. ... In the New Testament, Cleophas is the single English rendering of two men, who are in the Greek originalsCleopas, an abbreviated form of Cleopatros, a commonplace Hellenistic name meaning son of a renowned father, and the other Clopas. Cleopas was one of the two disciples to whom the risen... Joanna is a feminine given name and may refer to: Joanna the Mad, queen regnant of Castile Joanna, one of the women associated with the ministry of Jesus of Nazarath Joanna, a recording artist with Interscope Records Joanna, a chess engine Joanna, a woman who drowned in an episode of... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... The Gospel of James is an apocryphal gospel also sometimes known as the Infancy Gospel of James or the Protevangelium of James probably written about 150 AD. The document presents itself as written by James: I, James, wrote this history in Jerusalem. ...


Sainthood

Elizabeth is revered as a saint in the Catholic, Orthodox and Anglican traditions. She is also commemorated as a matriarch in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod on September 5, the same day her husband Zechariah is commemorated as a prophet.[citation needed] ... The Anglican Communion is a world-wide organisation of Anglican Churches. ... The Lutheran Calendar of Saints is a listing which details the primary annual festivals and events that are celebrated liturgically by the Lutheran Church. ... LCMS redirects here. ... According to the Gospel of Luke, Zechariah (Zacharias in the King James Version of the Bible) was a priest of the line of Abijah, during the reign of King Herod the Great, and was the father of John the Baptist and husband of Elizabeth, a woman from the priestly family...


Movies

In recent film The Nativity Story she was played by actress Shohreh Aghdashloo.[citation needed] The Nativity Story, previously titled Nativity, is a 2006 film starring Keisha Castle-Hughes, the Oscar-nominated actress of The Whale Rider and Shohreh Aghdashloo, the Oscar-nominated supporting actress of House of Sand and Fog. ... Shohreh Aghdashloo as Dina Araz in 24 Shohreh Aghdashloo (Persian: شهره آغداشلو, born 11 May 1952) is an Academy Award nominated Iranian-American actress and self-proclaimed activist. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ Henry George Liddell; and Robert Scott (1940). A Greek-English Lexicon, revised by Henry Stuart Jones and Roderick McKenzie, Oxford: Clarendon Press, s.v. συγγενίς, συγγενής. ISBN 0-19-864226-1. Retrieved on 2007-02-28. 
  2. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia [1]
  3. ^ Good News Bible, (Today's English Version) American Bible Society
  4. ^ World English Bible
  5. ^ American Standard Version, 1901
  6. ^ Bible in Basic English
  7. ^ King James

  Results from FactBites:
 
Elizabeth I of England (4274 words)
Elizabeth's performances--her displays of infatuation, her apparent inclination to marry the suitor of the moment--often convinced even close advisers, so that the level of intrigue and anxiety, always high in royal courts, often rose to a feverish pitch.
Elizabeth, moreover, had no interest in probing the inward convictions of her subjects; provided that she could obtain public uniformity and obedience, she was willing to let the private beliefs of the heart remain hidden.
Elizabeth herself showed few signs of concern--throughout her life she was a person of remarkable personal courage--but the anxiety of the ruling elite was intense.
Bienvenidos a predicar.org (1329 words)
Biblical preaching occurs when there is a positive correlation between the content, the function and the form of the sermon and the biblical text.
As we have seen, preaching is truly biblical when there is a positive correlation between the content, the function and the form of the text.
[7] The task of the biblical preacher is, therefore, to let the text speak [8]; to allow the text to witness about God to the congregation; to let the theological insights of the text, calm the lives of the audience for God.
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