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Encyclopedia > Elisabeth of Bosnia

Elisabeth of Bosnia (1340-1387) was a Queen consort of the Kingdom of Hungary and Poland, and regent of Hungary. She was the second wife of Louis I of Hungary and Poland. Events Europe has about 74 million inhabitants. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... King George V of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Mary A queen consort is the wife and consort of a reigning king. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Louis the Great. ...


Elisabeth's father was Stephen II of Bosnia and Syrmia, the head of Kotromanic dynasty and clamant of the kingdom of Serbia. She descended from the Nemanjic dynasty too. Her mother was Elisabeth of Kujavia, a grandniece of Władysław I the Elbow-high. Death of Stephen II Kotromanić, detail from St. ... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... The Kotromanić dynasty ruled various regions in Bosnia and the surroundings from the 13th century as Bans until the crowning with the Bosnian and Serbian crown in 1377 and then as Kings until the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia in 1463. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Nemanjić (Serbian Немањић; also Nemanjid) was a medieval Serb ruling dynasty. ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I the Short or Elbow-high (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Łokietek) (1261–1333), was a King of Poland. ...


Elisabeth of Poland, the mother of the Hungarian King had heard that Stephen II had a little daughter Jelisaveta, and she insisted immediately to bring her to the Hungarian Court for fosterage. Stephen was reluctant at first, but eventually dispatched Jelisaveta. After three years of life on the Hungarian Court, Jelisaveta fell in love with king Louis and the King's mother immediately invited Stephen II to Hungary and arranged a marriage so that she would become the King's wife. The first queen, a Polish princess died earlier without children. The Bosnian Ban became heavily ill and could not be present the actual wedding. On 20 June 1353 Elisabeth married with the Hungarian King, achieving a huge diplomatic success for her father. Elisabeth of Kujavia (died 1380) was Queen consort of Hungary and regent of Poland. ... King George V of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Mary A queen consort is the wife and consort of a reigning king. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... Events The Decameron was finished by Giovanni Boccaccio. ...


It was discovered that Jelisaveta and the Hungarian King were related in fourth degree through a common ancestor, a Duke of Kujavia in Poland (some have also insinuated a link through a branch of the House of Nemanja), so the Roman Catholic Church regarded the marriage to be in prohibited degree of consanguinity and some eccleasiastics were tempted to curse the couple. Later the same year Pope Innocent IV wrote to the Bishop in Zagreb granting a dispensation for the marriage and forgiving the sin. Kuyavia (sometimes spelt Cuyavia, Polish Kujawy) is a historical region of Poland. ... Nemanjić dynasty insignia Nemanjić (Serbian Немањић; in English formerly Nemanjid) was a medieval Serbian ruling dynasty. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus of Nazareth, with its traditions first established by the Twelve Apostles and... Consanguinity, literally meaning common blood, describes how close a person is related to another in the sense of a family. ... Look up Curse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pope Innocent IV (Manarola, 1180/90 – Naples, December 7, 1254), born Sinibaldo de Fieschi, Pope from 1243 to 1254, belonged to the feudal nobility of Liguria, the Fieschi, counts of Lavagna. ... Two bishops assist at the Exhumation of Saint Hubert, who was a bishop too, at the église Saint-Pierre in Liège. ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the capital and largest city of Croatia. ... Dispensation is a term used in the Canon Law of the Catholic Church referring to the suspension by competent authority of general rules of law in particular cases. ...


Elisabeth gave birth to three daughters (one died young):

Her eldest surviving daughter Mary was intended to inherit her father's both kingdoms, Hungary and Poland, or at least the hereditary kingdom of Poland. Mary of Hungary (c. ... This article is about the 14th-century queen and saint. ...


Her father king Louis had arranged marriages for Maria and Jadwiga: ultimately Sigismund of Luxemburg (1368-1437), a heir of the Polish Kujavian dynasty and a member of Bohemian royal family, married Mary. William of Habsburg then was to marry her younger sister, who however, after Sigismund was expelled by Poles, where he had been living in Cracow since 1381, unexpectedly became Queen Jadwiga of Poland, and became instead married to Jogaila of Lithuania by Act of Kreva, where Elisabeth, as her daughter's guardian, was one party to negotiate. Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... Kuyavia (sometimes spelt Cuyavia, Polish Kujawy) is a historical region of Poland. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... The state formed by Boleslaus I of Poland in 1025 during his coronation. ... ...


Mary became Queen regnant of Hungary as a ten-year-old child after her father's death in 1382 (her elder sister Catherine having died four years earlier, and the eldest, Elisabeth, years earlier). A queen regnant is a female monarch who possesses all the monarchal powers that a king would have without regard to gender. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ...


Elisabeth of Bosnia acted as the Regent of Hungary from 1382 onwards on behalf of her daughter Queen Mary, but was murdered in 1387. The countries were ruled by Elisabeth, but soon the Poles discontinued her regency in Poland. Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ...


In Hungary, Elisabeth was helped by Palatine Miklós Garai, Nikola I Gorjanski Stariji. Gorjanski (Hungarian: Garay) were a noble family in the Kingdom of Hungary, with notable members in the 14th and 15th centuries. ...


Sigismund, his powerful brother king Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia and many noblemen of Hungary were opposed to Elisabeth and the Palatine. Some noblemen helped Mary's relative Charles of Durazzo, King of Naples to become briefly the King of Hungary in 1385. Dowager Queen Elisabeth and Garai had Charles II assassinated in 1386. Charles's heir was his underage son Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414) who attempted all his life to conquer Hungary, but despite some support in the country, did not succeed. Wenceslaus (German: Wenzel, Czech: Václav IV; sometimes known as the Drunkard) (February 26, 1361 - August 16, 1419), of the house of Luxembourg, was king of Bohemia from 1378 to his death; until 1400, he also headed the Holy Roman Empire (as King of the Romans), and he continued to... Charles III, King of Naples, also known as Charles II of Hungary and Charles of Durazzo, reigned as King of Naples from 1381 to 1386 and as King of Hungary (under the name of King Károly II the Small) for one year only from 1385 to 1386. ... The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ... Events August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese under John I of Portugal and the Castilians, under John I of Castile. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... King Ladislas of Naples, the Magnanimous (February 11, 1377–August 6, 1414), was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier 1386–1414, and titular King of Hungary 1390–1414. ... // Events Council of Constance begins. ...


Magnates of Lesser Poland had been deeply unsatisfied with personal union (1370-1382) with Hungary, and despite of decreed succession order, chose the nine-year-old Jadwiga of Hungary the King of Poland in 1384. After a couple of years, Jadviga was compelled to leave Hungary for Poland. Mary and her guardians never managed in governing nor obtaining Poland. Halych, the Ruthenian province recently (1340-1366) annexed by Poland, however was taken by Hungary, and only after several years, Poland recovered it. Jackdaw on the coat-of-arms of Galicia alludes to the name of Halych Halych (Russian and Ukrainian: ) is a historic town in Western Ukraine on the Dniester River. ...


Elisabeth and Mary were captured in 1386 by powerful Horvat brothers, but probably on the orders of Maria's smart seventeen-year-old husband and king-consort Sigismund of Luxembourg. On the first anniversary of the death of Charles II, January 1387, Elizabeth was strangled before Mary's eyes. Mary bitterly accused squarely her husband, king-consort Sigismund for arranging the kidnapping and murder of her mother Elisabeth. Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ...


She reconciliated with Horvats and granted them estates in Slavonia and Northern Bosnia. Kidnappers had been surmised as having been supporters of late king Charles II, alternatively. Mary did not want to live with Sigismund, due to the matricide of her mother, therefore keeping a separate household.


In July 1387 Mary was rescued from that captivity by troops of Trvtko I of Bosnia (cousin and adoptive brother of queen Elisabeth) and the Croatian noble family later known as Frankopan (who were relatives of the Garay (Gorjanskih) clan), main support of the Bosnian faction. The Frankopans are a Croatian-Dalmatian noble family. ... Garai is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ...


It has been claimed that Sigismund took revenge on the murderers of Elizabeth. Horvats were murdered by Sigismund's men near their stronghold of Dobor.


Her both daughters proved unable to have surviving children, so Elisabeth's progeny (of Kotroman blood) went extinct with the death of Jadwiga, the last surviving of them, in 1399.


 
 

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