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Encyclopedia > Elis

Elis, or Eleia (Greek, Modern: Ήλιδα Ilida, Ancient/Katharevousa: Ήλις, also Ilis, Doric: Άλις) is an ancient district within the modern prefecture of Ilia. It is in southern Greece on the Peloponnesos peninsula, bounded on the north by Achaea, east by Arcadia, south by Messenia, and west by the Ionian Sea. Doric, a synonym of Dorian, may refer to any of the following: The Dorians, one of the ancient Hellenic races, Doric Greek, the dialect of the former, the Doric order and its distinctive Doric column, in ancient Greek architecture, the Dorian mode in music, also called the Doric mode, or... For other uses of the word Ilia, see Ilia (disambiguation). ... Peloponnesos (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, Pelops Island, sometime Latinized as Peloponnesus or Anglicized as The Peloponnese) is a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Isthmus of Corinth. ... A peninsula is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Achaea (uh-KEE-uh) or Achaia (uk-EYE-uh) (Greek: Αχαα) is a province on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, stretching from the mountain ranges of Erymanthus and Cyllene on the south to a narrow strip of fertile land on the north, bordering the Gulf of Corinth, into which the... Arcadia or Arkadía (Greek Αρκαδία) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. ... Messinia Messinia (also spelled Messenia) is a district in the Peloponnesus, a region of Greece. ... The Ionian Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. ...


The local form of the name was Valis, or Valeia, and its meaning, in all probability, “the lowland.” In its physical constitution Elis is practically one with Achaea and Arcadia; its mountains are mere offshoots of the Arcadian highlands, and its principal rivers are fed by Arcadian springs.


Elis was divided into three districts:

  • Hollow or Lowland Elis,
  • Pisatis, or the territory of Pisa, and
  • Triphylia, or the country of the three tribes.

Hollow Elis, the largest and most northern of the three, was watered by the Peneus and its tributary the Ladon. The district was famous in antiquity for its cattle and horses. Pisatis extended south from Hollow Elis to the right bank of the Alpheus, and was divided into eight departments called after as many towns. Triphylia stretches south from the Alpheus to the Neda. In Greek mythology, Alpheus, or Alpheios (Greek: Αλφειός, meaning whitish) was a river and river-god, thus like most river-gods a son of Oceanus and Tethys. ...


Persons

In Greek mythology, Coroebus (Greek: Κόροιβος) was the son of King Mygdon of Phrygia. ... Ruins of the training grounds at Olympia The Ancient Olympic Games were an athletic and religious celebration held in the Greek town of Olympia from (historically) as early as 776 BC to 393 AD. Origin The historical origins of the Ancient Olympic Games are lost in the fog of time...

Source

The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

External link

  • Map from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture

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Elis is a region in northwestern Peloponnesus where the inhabitants are called Eleans, and also the name of a city in the same region.
To the south and east of Elis are Messenia and Arcadia respectively.
During the reign of his successor Dius 2, Elis was conquered by the HERACLIDES commanded by Oxylus 2.
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