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Encyclopedia > Eliot Ness
Eliot Ness

Bureau of Prohibition The Bureau of Prohibition (or Prohibition Unit) was the federal law enforcement agency formed to enforce the National Prohibition Act of 1919, commonly known as the Volstead Act, which backed up the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic...


Eliot Ness
April 19, 1903May 16, 1957 (aged 54)
Place of birth Chicago, USA
Place of death Coudersport, Pennsylvania, USA
Rank Chief Investigator of the Prohibition Bureau for Chicago in 1934
Director for Public Safety for Cleveland Ohio

Eliot Ness (April 19, 1903May 16, 1957) was an American Prohibition agent, famous for his efforts to enforce Prohibition in Chicago, Illinois, as the leader of a legendary team of law enforcement agents nicknamed The Untouchables. Image File history File links Eliotness. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Coudersport is a borough located in Potter County, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The Bureau of Prohibition (or Prohibition Unit) was the federal law enforcement agency formed to enforce the National Prohibition Act of 1919, commonly known as the Volstead Act, which backed up the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic... Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a clandestine underground brewery during the prohibition era. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Led by Eliot Ness, the original group of Untouchables sought to enforce Prohibition and take down Al Capone. ...

Contents

Birth and early life

Ness was born in Chicago, the youngest of five, to Norwegian bakers Peter and Emma Ness. Because his four older siblings were almost grown by the time he was born, Eliot received a large amount of attention from his parents growing up. As a boy, Ness was interested in reading, especially Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes. He was educated at the University of Chicago, graduating in 1925 with a degree in business and law. He began his career as an investigator for the Retail Credit Co. of Atlanta. He was assigned to the Chicago territory, where he conducted background investigations for the purpose of credit information. He returned to the University to take a course in criminology, eventually earning a masters degree in the field. Norwegian Americans or (Norwegian norskamerikaner) are an ethnic group in the United States. ... Arthur Conan Doyle Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (May 22, 1859 - July 7, 1930) is the British author most famously known for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ...


Career

In 1926, his sister's husband, Alexander Jamie, a Bureau of Investigation agent (this became the FBI in 1935), influenced him to enter law enforcement. He joined the Treasury Department in 1927, working with the 300-strong Bureau of Prohibition in Chicago. Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of the initials FBI, see FBI (disambiguation). ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bureau of Prohibition (or Prohibition Unit) was the federal law enforcement agency formed to enforce the National Prohibition Act of 1919, commonly known as the Volstead Act, which backed up the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic...


Following the election of President Herbert Hoover, Andrew Mellon was specifically charged with bringing down Al Capone. The federal government approached the problem from two directions: income tax evasion and the Volstead Act. Ness was chosen to head the operations under the Volstead Act, targeting the illegal breweries and supply routes of Capone. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Mellon portrait Andrew William Mellon (March 24, 1855–August 27, 1937) was an American banker, industrialist, philanthropist, and Secretary of the Treasury from March 4, 1921 until February 12, 1932. ... “Capone” redirects here. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        Tax avoidance is the legal utilization of the tax regime to... The Volstead Act is the popular name for the National Prohibition Act (1919). ... Kettles in a modern Trappist brewery A brewery can be a building or place that produces beer, or a business (brewing company) whose trade is the production and sale of beer. ...


Seeing the endemic corruption in Chicago law-enforcement, Ness went through the records of all the treasury agents to create a reliable team, initially of fifty, later reduced to fifteen and finally to just eleven men. Raids against stills and breweries began immediately; within six months Ness claimed to have seized breweries collectively worth over one million dollars. The main source of information for the raids was an extensive wire-tapping operation. Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ...


An attempt by Capone to bribe Ness's agents was seized on by Ness for publicity, leading to the media nickname "The Untouchables." There were a number of assassination attempts on Ness, and one close friend, Frank Basile, was killed. Led by Eliot Ness, the original group of Untouchables sought to enforce Prohibition and take down Al Capone. ...


The efforts of Ness and his team had a serious impact on Capone's operations, but it was the income tax evasion which was the key weapon. In a number of federal grand jury cases in 1931, Capone was charged with 22 counts of tax evasion and also 5,000 violations of the Volstead Act. On October 17, 1931, Capone was sentenced to eleven years, and following a failed appeal, he began his sentence in 1932. Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Volstead Act is the popular name for the National Prohibition Act (1919). ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After Capone's conviction

Ness was promoted to Chief Investigator of the Prohibition Bureau for Chicago and in 1934 for Ohio. Following the end of Prohibition in 1933, he took a job with the local government of Cleveland, as Director of Public Safety. He headed up a campaign to clean out the corrupt police and fire departments, and also tackle illegal gambling and other entertainments. Ness's inability to capture the Cleveland Torso Murderer, a vicious serial killer operating in the Cleveland area during the mid-1930s, may have also contributed to his exit from what was otherwise a reasonably successful career in Cleveland. Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Gamble redirects here. ... Map of Cleveland, Ohio The Cleveland Torso Murderer (also known as the Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run) was an unidentified serial killer active in the Cleveland, Ohio, area in the early 20th century. ... Serial killers are individuals who have a history of multiple slayings of victims who were usually unknown to them beforehand. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ...


Ness then moved to Washington, D.C., and worked for the federal government. In 1944, he left to become chairman of the Diebold Corporation, a security safe company based in Ohio. He ran unsuccessfully for mayor of Cleveland in 1947 and was forced from his job at Diebold in April 1951.[1] He eventually came to work for North Ridge Industrial in Coudersport, Pennsylvania. His book, The Untouchables, was published in 1957 shortly after his death at the age of 54 following a heart attack. According to author Howie Carr, Ness was involved in a late night drunk driving accident and his heavy alcoholism contributed to his early death.[citation needed] ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Diebold, Incorporated (NYSE: DBD) is a security systems corporation which is engaged primarily in the sale, manufacture, installation and service of self-service transaction systems (such as ATMs), electronic and physical security products (including vaults and currency processing systems), and software and integrated systems for global financial and commercial markets. ... A typical home safe. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coudersport is a borough in Potter County, Pennsylvania, 110 miles (177 km) east by south of Erie, Pa. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Heart attack redirects here. ... Howard Louis[1] Howie Carr (born January 17, 1952) is an American broadcaster, award-winning journalist, New York Times best-selling author, and a highly rated talk-radio host in the greater Boston and New England area. ...


He was married three times, divorced twice, and had only one child (by adoption). He was married to illustrator Evaline Ness from 1938 to 1946. His ashes were scattered in one of the small ponds on the grounds of Lakeview Cemetery in Cleveland. Evaline Ness (born Evaline Michelow; April 24, 1911 in Union City, Ohio- August 12, 1986) grew up in Pontiac, Michigan. ... Lakeview Cemetery is located on the East side of the city of Cleveland, Ohio, along the East Cleveland, Ohio and Cleveland Heights, Ohio borders. ...


Popular culture

  • Great Lakes Brewing Company makes a beer in his honor, "The Eliot Ness", because Ness allegedly "frequented the Brewpub's bar during his tenure from 1935-1941 and, according to popular legend, was responsible for the bullet holes in the bar still evident today."[3]
  • In the Simpsons episode "Homer vs. The Eighteenth Amendment", prohibition is introduced in Springfield and a new character, Rex Banner, is brought in to put a stop to bootlegging. This character is an obvious satire of Eliot Ness and was voiced by SCTV alumnus Dave Thomas, doing an imitation of Robert Stack. As a matter of fact, this character is named "Elio Pez" in the Spanish dub, as a pun of his name.
  • Ness also appeared in an episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, "Mystery of the Blues" as Indy's roommate at the University of Chicago. They, along with a young Ernest Hemingway, attempt to solve a mystery surrounding the murder of Indy's boss. Al Capone is found to be responsible, but he cannot be brought to justice, as police corruption has started to take hold. While this is theoretically written to be part of Eliot's motivations later in life, all accounts of him, Hemingway, and Capone here are obviously fictional.
  • Eliot Ness has been mentioned many times in music, including but not limited to the following songs:
    • In the 1999 song performed by Dog Eat Dog titled "Gangbusters".
      Gangbusters... Guys like Al Capone who loved being unknown. Made themselves at home and still got away... The law couldn't catch him or none of his hit men. So he died in prison for taxes unpaid... Screw prohibition. Crimes go unsolved, Elliot Ness, Couldn't wrap up the mob...
    • In the 1992 song performed by Eric B. & Rakim titled "Know The Ledge" which is the theme to Juice starring Tupac Shakur:
      Bulletproof down in case brothers try to bomb me,
      Putting brothers to rest like Eliot Ness
      Cause I don't like stress
    • In the opening of the 1996 Tupac Shakur and Dr. Dre song "California Love":
      Now let me welcome everybody to the wild, wild west
      A state that's untouchable like Eliot Ness
    • In the 1996 Fugees song "Ready or Not" in Lauryn Hill's verse:
      Rap orgies with Porgy and Bess
      Capture your bounty like Eliot Ness
    • In the 1999 Prince Paul song featuring Everlast titled "The Men in Blue":
      I got spics sellin' nicks in the LES
      I stay untouchable like my name's Eliot Ness
    • In the second verse of the 2005 Proof song "Clap Wit Me":
      Eliot Ness to these fucking gangstas and killas,
      bankin they millions they all wankstas and squealas
    • In the 2005 Phatal song "Outlaws":
      So picture that, me and Chin resemble the best,
      We outlaws, while y'all kids is Eliot Ness
    • In the 2006 song "Untouchables" by DMX:
      U-N-T-O-U-C-H, A-B-L-E-S,
      Sheek the new Eliot Ness
    • In the 2006 Styles P song featuring Snype Life, Straw and Bully titled "Discipline":
      Knockin' A Tribe Called Quest
      I'm comin for you bad guys like I'm Eliot Ness
    • In the Plan B song "Kidz", featured on the soundtrack of Kidulthood:
      I'm untouchable like Eliot Ness
    • In the 2007 song "Comfortable" by Lil' Wayne Ft Babyface,the verse:,
      "I am no Elliot Ness, I don't handcuff I dont arrest"
  • A video game for the Nintendo Entertainment System based on the 1987 film The Untouchables was released in 1990 under the same name.
  • Ness also makes an appearance as a non-player character in the video game Shadow Hearts: From The New World.
  • Ness is mentioned in the film Smokin' Aces, when he is compared to the one of the film's antagonist Freeman Heller, through unlike Ness and the Untouchables, Heller died.

Eliot Laurence Spitzer (born June 10, 1959 ) is an American lawyer, politician and the current Governor of New York. ... A television program (US), television programme (UK) or simply television show is a segment of programming in television broadcasting. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ... The Untouchables is the name of a television series that ran from 1959 to 1963 on the American Broadcasting Company. ... Robert Langford Modini Stack (January 13, 1919 – May 14, 2003) was an American stage and movie actor. ... Brian De Palma (born Brian Russell DePalma on September 11, 1940 in Newark, New Jersey) is a controversial American film director, best known for directing the Al Pacino classic Scarface, and the Academy Award-winning The Untouchables. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Untouchables is a 1987 film, directed by Brian De Palma, based on the 1959 ABC television series, which, in turn, was based on Eliot Nesss autobiographical account of his efforts to bring Al Capone to justice. ... Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American film actor, director and producer. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born 25 August 1930) is a retired Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Robert Mario De Niro, Jr. ... Tom Amandes, a veteran of both film and television, returned to series television in 2002 as Dr. Browns rival, Dr. Harold Abbott, in the hit Monday night drama Everwood. ... The Untouchables is an American adventure and drama television show, which portayed work of the real life Untouchables Federal Treasury Agent police squad in prohibition era Chicago and its efforts against Al Capones attempts to profit from the market in bootleg liquor. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Torso is a graphic novel published by Image comics, written by Brian Michael Bendis and Marc Andreyko with art by Brian Michael Bendis. ... Brian Michael Bendis (born August 18, 1967) is an American comic book writer and erstwhile artist. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... David Leo Fincher (born August 28, 1962) is an American film director and music video director known for his dark and stylish films, particularly Fight Club and Se7en. ... Max Allan Collins in 1982, posing with a drawing of Dick Tracy. ... Road to Perdition is a series of graphic novels written by Max Allan Collins and currently being published by DC Comics imprint, Paradox Press. ... The Unmentionables is a 1963 animated short film in the Merrie Melodies series produced by Warner Bros. ... Merrie Melodies end title Merrie Melodies is the name of a series of animated cartoons distributed by Warner Bros. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated rabbit/hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Great Lakes Brewing Company is a Cleveland-based brewing company which has been in operation since 1988. ... The City of Fort Collins, a home rule municipality situated on the Cache la Poudre River along the Colorado Front Range, is the county seat and most populous city in Larimer County, Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Colorado State University is a public institution of higher learning located in Fort Collins, Colorado in the United States. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Homer vs. ... This following is a list, by episode, of one-time fictional characters from the American animated television comedy series The Simpsons. ... Rum-running is the business of smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally, usually to circumvent taxation or prohibition. ... SCTV can refer to a number of things, including the following: SCTV (Indonesia) from Surya Citra Television, headquartered in Indonesia. ... See the David Thomas disambiguation page for other people with this name. ... Robert Langford Modini Stack (January 13, 1919 – May 14, 2003) was an American stage and movie actor. ... The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles is an Emmy Award-winning American television series that ran from 1992 to 1996. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 — July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... “Capone” redirects here. ... Dog eat dog is an informal expression which means ruthless competition, as in Its a dog eat dog world. ... Eric Barrier (Eric B.) and William Griffin (Rakim), were a hip-hop duo known as Eric B. & Rakim. ... Juice is a 1992 drama film that has gained a certain classic status. ... Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... California Love is a rap song by Tupac Shakur featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman. ... The Fugees are an American music group, most popular during the mid-1990s, whose repitoire includes primarily hip hop, with elements of soul, and Carribean music (particularly reggae). ... Lauryn Noel Hill (born May 25, 1975) is an American singer, rapper, musician, record producer and film actress. ... The cast of Porgy and Bess during the Boston try-out prior to the Broadway opening. ... Prince Paul (born Paul Huston) is a DJ and hip hop producer. ... Everlast (born Erik Schrody, August 18, 1969 in Valley Stream, New York) is an Irish-American rapper and singer-songwriter, best known for his hit What Its Like, and for his genre-crossing mix of rap and acoustic-based rock music. ... DeShaun Dupree Holton (October 2, 1973 – April 11, 2006), better known as Proof, was a Detroit hip hop rapper and member of the rap groups D12, and 5 Elementz. ... David Styles (born November 28, 1974), better known as Styles P is an American based rapper. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... Plan B (real name Ben Drew, b. ... Kidulthood is a 2006 British film about the life of several fifteen-year-olds in the Ladbroke Grove / Latimer Road area of West London, better known for neighbouring Notting Hill, which in comparison is the good side of the tracks. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Untouchables is a 1987 film, directed by Brian De Palma, based on the 1959 ABC television series, which, in turn, was based on Eliot Nesss autobiographical account of his efforts to bring Al Capone to justice. ... The Untouchables is a video game the was released in 1991 by Ocean for both the Nintendo Entertainment System and Super NES game consoles. ... An NPC from the video game The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. ... Smokin Aces is an action film, written and directed by Joe Carnahan, set in Lake Tahoe, and primarily shot at MontBleu Resort Casino & Spa (renamed the Nomad Casino in the film). ...

External links

Nearly sixty countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation, which sets rules on governmental secrecy. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

References

  1. ^ NY Times April 14, 1951 "Executive Changes"
  2. ^ David Fincher Uncovers A "Torso" (January 12th, 2006)
  3. ^ Great Lakes Brewing Company, Cleveland, Ohio

  Results from FactBites:
 
Eliot Ness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (949 words)
Eliot Ness (April 19, 1903 – May 16, 1957) was an American Treasury agent, famous for his efforts to enforce Prohibition in Chicago, Illinois as the leader of a legendary team nicknamed The Untouchables.
Ness was born in Chicago, the son of Norwegian bakers Peter and Emma Ness.
Ness' inability to capture the Cleveland Torso Murderer, a vicious serial killer operating in the Cleveland area during the mid-1930s, may have also contributed to his exit from what was otherwise a reasonably successful career in Cleveland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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