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Encyclopedia > Elihu (Job)

one of Job's friends, descended from Nahor (Job 32:2, 34:1) and a remarkable character in Scripture. He is said to be of Buz; which, as the name of a place, occurs only once in Scripture (Jeremiah 25:23), where it stands in connection with Tema and Dedan, towns bordering on Idumes. The Chaldee paraphrase expressly described him as a relation of Abraham. Jeremiah Lamenting the Destruction of Jerusalem by Rembrandt van Rijn Jeremiah or Yirmiyáhu (יִרְמְיָהוּHis writings are collected in the Book of Jeremiah and the Book of Lamentations. ...

He is mentioned in the Book of Job so late as chapter 32 and opens his discourse with great modesty. He does not enlarge on any supposable wickedness in Job, as having brought his present distresses on him; but controverts his replies, his interferences, and his arguments. He observes on the mysterious dispensations of Providence, which he insists, however they appear to mortals, are full of wisdom and mercy; that the righteous have their share of prosperity in this life, no less than the wicked; that God is supreme, and that it becomes us to acknowledge and submit to that supremacy; since "the Creator wisely rules the world he made" and he draws instances of benignity from for example the constant wonders of creation and of the seasons. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

His language is copious, glowing and sublime, and it deserves notice, that Elihu does not appear to have offended God by his sentiments, nor is any sacrifice of atonement commanded for him as for the other speakers of the poem. It is more than pardonable, that the character of Elihu has been thought figurative of a personage interposed between God and man - a Mediator - one speaking "without terrors" and not disposed to overcharge mankind. This sentiment may have had its influence on the acceptability and preservation of the book of Job.



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