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Encyclopedia > Elias Chacour
Abuna Elias Chaccour
Abuna Elias Chaccour

Abuna Elias Chaccour (born 1939) is a Palestinian born, Israeli archbishop, currently the Archbishop of Galilee of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church, an Eastern Byzantine Rite Church in communion with Rome (Abuna, Arabic for 'Our Father', is the affectionate and respectful term given by Arab Christians to their priests). He is also a noted author and peace activist keen to promote reconciliation. I, Mary DuBose McAliley, hold the copyright to this photograph. ... I, Mary DuBose McAliley, hold the copyright to this photograph. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Galilee (Arabic al-jaleel الجليل, Hebrew hagalil הגליל), meaning circuit, is a large area overlapping with much of the North District of Israel. ... The Melkite Greek Catholic Church (Arabic: ‎, ) is an Eastern Rite sui juris particular Church of the Catholic Church in communion with the Pope. ... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope in Rome. ... The Byzantine Rite, sometimes called Constantinopolitan, is the liturgical rite used (in various languages) by all the Eastern Orthodox Churches and by several Eastern Rite particular Churches within the Catholic Church. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban...

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Biography and Education

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Eastern Christianity

Eastern Christianity Portal

History
Byzantine Empire
Crusades
Ecumenical council
Great Schism
Eastern Christianity refers collectively to the Christian traditions and churches which developed in Greece, the Balkans, the rest of Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Middle East, northeastern Africa and southern India over several centuries of religious antiquity. ... Image File history File links HY002563. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... The Siege of Antioch, from a medieval miniature painting, during the First Crusade. ... In Christianity, an Ecumenical Council or general council is a meeting of the bishops of the whole church convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice. ... For the later Papal Schism in Avignon, see Western Schism. ...

Traditions
Assyrian Church of the East
Oriental Orthodoxy
Syriac Christianity
Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Catholic Churches
The Holy Apostolic Catholic Ancient Assyrian Church of the East under His Holiness Mar Dinkha IV is a Christian church that traces its origins to the See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, said to be founded by Saint Thomas the Apostle as well as Saint Mari and Addai as evidenced in the... The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to the communion of Eastern Christian Churches that recognize only the first three ecumenical councils — the First Council of Nicaea, the First Council of Constantinople and the Council of Ephesus — and reject the dogmatic definitions of the Council of Chalcedon. ... Syriac Christianity is a culturally and linguistically distinctive community within Eastern Christianity. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus and the Twelve Apostles, preserving the traditions of the early church unchanged, accepting the canonicity of the first seven ecumenical councils held between the 4th and the... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope in Rome. ...

Liturgy and Worship
Divine Liturgy
Iconography
The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... Iconography usually refers to the design or creation of images and more specifically to the historical study of art which aims at the identification, description and the interpretation of the content of images. ...

Theology
Apophaticism - Filioque clause
Miaphysitism - Monophysitism
Nestorianism - Panentheism
Theosis Negative theology - also known as the Via Negativa (Latin for Negative Way) and Apophatic theology - is a theology that attempts to describe God by negation, to speak of God only in terms of what may not be said about God. ... In Christian theology the filioque clause or filioque controversy (filioque meaning and [from] the son in Latin) is a heavily disputed part of the Nicene Creed, that forms a divisive difference in particular between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox traditions. ... Miaphysitism is the christology of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. ... Monophysitism (from the Greek monos meaning one, alone and physis meaning nature) is the christological position that Christ has only one nature, as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human. ... Nestorianism is the doctrine that Jesus exists as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, or Logos, rather than as a unified person. ... Panentheism (from Greek: πάν (‘pan’ ) = all, en = in, and theos = God; all-in-God) is the theological position that God is immanent within the Universe, but also transcends it. ... In Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic theology, theosis (Greek: , meaning divinization (or deification, or to make divine), is the call to man to become holy and seek union with God, beginning in this life and later consummated in the resurrection. ...

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Father Elias Michael Chaccour was born November 29, 1939 in the village of Biram in Upper Galilee in British Palestine to a Palestinian Christian family, members of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. At the age of eight, like many Palestinians, he was evicted, along with his whole village, by the Israeli authorities and became a deportee and a refugee in his own country. Because he remained in his homeland, he was granted Israeli citizenship when the state was created in 1948. November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Biram may refer to: Hadejia, a town in Northern Nigeria, once known as Biram. ... Galilee (Hebrew hagalil הגליל, Arabic al-jaleel الجليل), meaning circuit, is a large area overlappping with much of the North District of Israel. ... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ...


Completing his schooling in Nazareth, he studied theology at St. Sulpice Seminary in Paris, returning home in 1965. He was ordained a priest by Archbishop George Selim Hakim of Akko, Haifa, Nazareth and all Galilee, who became Patriarch Maximos V two years later after the death of Patriarch Maximos IV Sayegh who was called "The Lion of the Council" (Vatican II). He later studied the Torah and Talmud at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem as well as Aramaic and Syriac, becoming the first Arab to gain a higher degree there. He was also a friend of the charismatic and controversial second Archbishop of Akko, Haifa, Nazareth and all Galilee, Joseph-Marie Raya, a Syrian American who succeeded Patriarch Maximos V as Archbishop of Galilee, having been consecrated a bishop in Birmingham, Alabama. Nazareth (IPA: ) (Arabic الناصرة an-Nāṣira; Hebrew נָצְרַת, Standard Hebrew Náẓərat, Tiberian Hebrew Nāṣəraṯ) is an ancient town in the North District in Israel. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Maximos V Hakim was elected Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarch in 1967 and served until 2000. ... Tora redirects here. ... The first page of the Vilna Edition of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a The Talmud (Hebrew: תלמוד) is a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs and history. ... The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is one of Israels oldest, largest, and most important institutes of higher learning and research. ... Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim) (Standard) Yerushalayim or Yerushalaim Arabic commonly القـُدْس (Al-Quds); officially in Israel أورشليم القدس (Urshalim-Al-Quds) Name Meaning Hebrew: (see below), Arabic: The Holiness Government City District Jerusalem Population 724,000 (2006) Jurisdiction 123,000 dunams (123 km²) Mayor Uri Lupolianski Web Address www. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a four-thousand year history. ... Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... Archbishop Joseph M. Raya (1992) Archbishop Joseph Raya (August 15, 1916–June 10, 2005), born in Zahlé, Lebanon, was a prominent Melkite Greek Catholic archbishop, theologian and author. ...


Teaching and Peace Advocacy

Father Chaccour came to the village of Ibillin in the Galilee as a young priest in 1965. This village was the birthplace of the most recent saint of the Melkite Church, Blessed Miriam Bawardy, a Discalced Carmelite mystic of the nineteenth century responsible for the Carmel of Saint David's Tower in Bethlehem who was beatified by Pope John-Paul II on November 13th, 1983. The young Father Elias, seeing the lack of educational opportunities for Arab youth beyond the 8th grade, set about creating a school open to all local children, regardless of religious affiliation. Hebrew אעבלין Arabic إعبلين Government Local council District North Population 10 200 (2003) Jurisdiction 18 000 dunams (18 km²) Ibillin (Hebrew: ‎, Arabic: ‎) is a local council in the Northern District of Israel. ... Galilee (Arabic al-jaleel الجليل, Hebrew hagalil הגליל), meaning circuit, is a large area overlapping with much of the North District of Israel. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Discalced Carmelites, or Barefoot Carmelites, is a Roman Catholic mendicant order. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the early 1980s, on an empty hillside now known as the Mount of Light (Jebel an-Nour), a classroom building was begun. The newly formed high school moved from temporary quarters in the community center to the new building as soon as it was ready. The original high school has expanded considerably and now includes a primary school and a community college. The Mar Elias Educational Institutions now have 4,500 students, representing all major religions and ethnicities in Israel (as does the faculty). Mar Elias Buildings Mar Elias Educational Institutions are constituted by a kindergarten, elementary, junior high, and high school as well as a college and a recently established college. ...


An advocate of non-violence, Father Chaccour travels often between the Middle East and other countries around the world. In addition, many visitors, fact-finding missions, and pilgrims have come to Ibillin. He has received many international peace awards. On March 10, 1994, Father Chacour received the prestigious World Methodist Peace Award awarded annually by the World Methodist Council. On Feb 19, 2001, it was announced he was to receive the Niwano Peace Prize which he travelled to Japan to receive. Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality, power and conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The World Methodist Council is a group composed of most of the worlds Wesleyan / Methodist denominations, working toward mission and unity. ... The Niwano Peace Prize is a roughly USD$220,000 award, which is annually granted by a seven member committee, consisting of Buddhists, Christians and Muslims. ...


Writings and Speeches

Father Chaccour is the author of two best selling books, Blood Brothers and We Belong to the Land. Blood Brothers covers his childhood growing up in the town of Biram, his development into a young man, and his early years as a priest in Ibillin. This book has been translated into 28 languages. (The first six chapters of Blood Brothers can be downloaded here (the Nov 08, 2005 link).


His second book We Belong to the Land recounts his work in the development of Mar Elias Educational Institutions, from humble beginnings to major schools for educating Palestinian young people and for helping to bring about reconciliation in a land of strife. This book has been translated into 11 languages.


Father Chaccour, the third successor of Patriarch Maximos V, is now serving as Archbishop of Akko, Haifa, Nazareth and all Galilee. The main city of his diocese is Haifa, the great city of northern Israel. He was consecrated a bishop in his own magnificent church of Saint Elias in Ibillin and his enthronement in the Haifa Cathedral was broadcast by the Melkite Ecumenical television station "Noursat" which originates in Beirut, Lebanon. At his enthronement he instructed everyone to continue to call him "Abuna Elias". Since then he has already visited the United States twice in 2006.


In 2001, Chaccour gave the commencement address at Emory University, in Atlanta, Georgia [1]. An excerpt from his speech: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ...

"You who live in the United States, if you are pro-Israel, on behalf of the Palestinian children I call unto you: give further friendship to Israel. They need your friendship. But stop interpreting that friendship as an automatic antipathy against me, the Palestinian who is paying the bill for what others have done against my beloved Jewish brothers and sisters in the Holocaust and Auschwitz and elsewhere. And if you have been enlightened enough to take the side of the Palestinians -- oh, bless your hearts -- take our sides, because for once you will be on the right side, right? But if taking our side would mean to become one-sided against my Jewish brothers and sisters, back up. We do not need such friendship. We need one more common friend. We do not need one more enemy, for God's sake."

From Father Elias Chaccour on February 9, 2006 regarding becoming Archbishop of Galilee:

"The Lord has made for me great things because His Name is holy and His power is manifested in our weakness; so that people see our deeds and glorify our Father in Heaven. With all joy and faith I have the pleasure to announce to all among you, brothers and sisters who have played an important role in my life during the past forty two years of my priesthood, with your friendship, with your encouragement and with your financial help as well, that I have been chosen by the Holy Synod of the Melkite Catholic Church to be the Archbishop of Galilee. I was notified officially on 7th February and did not want to wait to share the good news and the meaning of my new responsibility for the Melkite Church in Akko, Haifa, Nazareth and all of Israel. I did not dream of this responsibility and this great honor. My dreams were different. At sixty-five years of age my ambition was to dedicate the rest of my life to prayer, reading and writing, but like Paul on the way to Damascus the Lord seems to tell me that he is the one in control. My answer is, "Here I am Lord. I am your servant to continue the ministry of reconciliation and to proclaim more forcefully the Good News about the Empty Tomb and the Risen Lord." No doubt my first reaction was tears of awe, of joy and of gratitude. I extend in my prayer and in my friendship a very warm greeting of peace and justice to all my brothers and sisters, Moslems, Jews and Druze, on behalf of you and myself – we who have been baptized in the name of Christ. More detailed news we will provide whenever available concerning the installation and related changes in my life. I would rely on your prayers and continued friendship and support. Peace be to you all"

See also:

Archbishop Joseph M. Raya (1992) Archbishop Joseph Raya (August 15, 1916–June 10, 2005), born in Zahlé, Lebanon, was a prominent Melkite Greek Catholic archbishop, theologian and author. ... Boutros Mouallem is the retired Melkite Greek Catholic archbishop of Akka, Haifa and Galilee. ...

External links

  • Twelve Days to Jerusalem website
  • Mar Elias Educational Institution website
  • A Voices of Israel interview
  • Biography of Archbishop Elias Chacour by Giga-Catholic Information

  Results from FactBites:
 
ei: Review: Elias Chacour: Prophet in His Own Country (1020 words)
Chacour is a visible symbol of Palestinian citizens of Israel, who struggle with self-identity and conflicting loyalties to their Jewish friends in Israel and their freedom-seeking brothers and sisters living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Chacour says that he was denied building permits for his school in Ibiliu, which was to be erected on a hill that would have been perfect for Jewish construction.
Elias Chacour is a visually rich film that shows its viewers a part of the conflict that is not widely known -- the experience of Palestinian citizens of Israel.
Elias Chacour - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (585 words)
Elias Chacour was born November 29, 1939 in the village of Biram in Upper Galilee in British Palestine, to a Palestinian Christian family, members of the Melkite Catholic Church, an Eastern Byzantine Church in communion with Rome.
Father Elias Chacour came to Ibillin as a young priest in the 1965.
To read articles by Father Elias Chacour and look at photos of him, the children of Galilee, and the Mar Elias Educational Institutions go to the Twelve Days to Jerusalem website.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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