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Encyclopedia > Elgin, Illinois
Elgin, Illinois
Location within the Chicago metropolitan area. The Chicago metropolitan area.
Incorporated City in 1854.
County; State Kane, Cook; Illinois
Township Dundee, Elgin, Hanover, Plato
Government Council-manager
Mayor Ed Schock
Population (2000) 94,487 (up 22.69% from 1990)
Pop. density 1,459.3/km² (3,779.1/mi²)
Zip code(s) 60120, 60121, 60122, 60123, 60124
Area code 847 & 224
Land area 64.7 km² (25.0 mi²)
Income Per capita:   $21,112
Household: $52,605
Home value Mean:    $229,300 (2005)
Median: $138,500 (2000)
Website cityofelgin.org
Demographics (Full data)
White Black Hispanic Asian Islander Native Other
70.49% 6.80% 34.32% 3.88% 0.06% 0.40% 15.39%
For other uses, see Elgin (disambiguation).

Elgin (pronounced /ˈɛldʒɨn/) is a city 40 mi. (64.5 km) northwest of Chicago on the Fox River. Most of Elgin lies within Kane County, Illinois, with a portion in Cook County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 94,487, making it the eighth-largest city in Illinois. Elgin was profiled in a 1997 issue of Money Magazine as a microcosm of the United States.[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x674, 10 KB)Location of Elgin in Chicagoland. ... Image File history File links Chicagoland_Map. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Location in the state of Illinois Formed January 16, 1836 Seat Geneva Area  - Total  - Water 1,357 km² (524 mi²) 9 km² (4 mi²) 0. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... A civil township is a widely-used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. ... Dundee Township occupies the 6 mile square in the Northeast corner of Kane County, Illinois. ... Elgin Township is located in Kane County, Illinois at 42. ... Hanover Township is located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Plato Township is located in Kane County, Illinois at 42. ... The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The percent sign. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Mr. ... NANPA redirects here. ... Both area code 847 and area code 224 are part of an overlay plan that covers most of Lake County, the northern part of Cook County, the northern part of Kane County, and a small part of McHenry County in Illinois. ... Income, generally defined, is the money that is received as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or a business. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... USD redirects here. ... The median household income is commonly used to provide data about geographic areas and divides households into two equal segments with the first half of households earning less than the median household income and the other half earning more. ... A real estate appraisal is a service performed, by an appraiser, that develops an opinion of value based upon the highest and best use of real property. ... In mathematics, an average or central tendency of a set (list) of data refers to a measure of the middle of the data set. ... For real-estate brokers, commonly known as realtors, see Real estate broker. ... In probability theory and statistics, a median is a type of average that is described as the number dividing the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Demographics refers to selected population characteristics as used in government, marketing or opinion research, or the demographic profiles used in such research. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Elgin, Moray is a royal burgh and a former parliamentary burgh in Moray, Scotland. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... The Fox River is a tributary of the Illinois River in the states of Wisconsin and Illinois in the United States. ... Location in the state of Illinois Formed January 16, 1836 Seat Geneva Area  - Total  - Water 1,357 km² (524 mi²) 9 km² (4 mi²) 0. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Cover of Money magazine Money is a Time Warner financial magazine. ... For the definition of the word microcosm, see here. ...


As of 2007 Elgin's population is estimated to be at 101,903, and the Northeastern Illinois Planning Commission forecasts Elgin will have a population of 167,375 in 2030.

Contents

History

The Black Hawk Indian War of 1832 led to the expulsion of the Native Americans who had settlements and burial mounds in the area, and set the stage for the founding of Elgin. During the war thousands of militiamen and soldiers of Gen. Winfield Scott's army marched through the Fox River valley, and accounts of the area's fertile soils and flowing springs soon filtered east. For other uses, see Black Hawk War (disambiguation). ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... A tumulus (plural tumuli, from the Latin word for mound or small hill, from the root to bulge, swell also found in ) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia A Militia is an army composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... For other uses of Winfield Scott, see Winfield Scott (disambiguation). ... The Fox River is a tributary of the Illinois River in the states of Wisconsin and Illinois in the United States. ...


In New York, James T. Gifford and his brother Hezekiah Gifford heard tales of this area ripe for settlement, and travelled west. Looking for a site on the stagecoach route from Chicago to Galena, they eventually settled on a spot where the Fox River could be bridged. In 1836 they established the city, naming it after the Scottish hymn "The Song of Elgin."[1] Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois Counties Jo Daviess Mayor Tom F. Brusch Area    - City 9. ...

In 1849, the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad reached Elgin, which later would be served by railroads running along both banks of the Fox River, linking the growing town to Chicago and other urban centers.[2] Early Elgin achieved fame for the butter and dairy goods it sold to the city of Chicago. Gail Borden established a condensed milk factory here in 1866, and the local library is named in his honor. The dairy industry became less important with the arrival of the Elgin Watch Company. The watch factory employed three generations of Elginites from the late 19th to early 20th century, when it was the largest producer of fine watches in the United States. Today, the clocks at Chicago's Union Station still bear the Elgin name.[3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Elgin Watch Company (National Watch Company) was founded in 1864. ... This article is about the personification of time. ... The Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU) was a railroad running west from Chicago to Clinton, Iowa and Freeport, Illinois, never reaching Galena, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Gail Borden (1801-1874) Patent RE2103 for Improvements in Condensing Milk Gail Borden, Jr. ... The Elgin Watch Company (National Watch Company) was founded in 1864 . ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ...


In 1872, Elgin attracted a major state institution, the Northern Illinois State Mental Hospital[4] and later a Veterans Administration Hospital.[5]

Historic Print of Main Building of Elgin State Hospital, which was demolished in 1993.
Historic Print of Main Building of Elgin State Hospital, which was demolished in 1993.

Elgin has a long tradition of education and invention. Elgin is home to the Elgin Academy, the oldest coeducational, non-sectarian college preparatory school west of the Allegheny Mountains. Elgin High School boasts five navy admirals, a Nobel Prize winner, a Pulitzer Prize winner, a Tony Award winner, two Academy Award-winning producers, Olympic athletes and a General Motors CEO among its alumni. Elgin resident John Murphy invented the motorized streetsweeper in 1914 and later formed the Elgin Sweeper Corporation. Pioneering African-American chemist Lloyd Hall was an Elgin native, as was the legendary marketer and car stereo pioneer Earl "Madman" Muntz and Max Adler, founder of the Adler Planetarium in Chicago, America's first planetarium.[6] Image File history File links ElginStateHosp. ... Image File history File links ElginStateHosp. ... Sign in front of Sears Gallery. ... The Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany) -- informally, the Alleghenies -- is part of the Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States. ... Elgin High School, or EHS, is a public four-year high school located in Elgin, Illinois, a northwest suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Street Sweeper is the American version of the DAO-12, a revolver shotgun. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Lloyd Augustus Hall (June 20, 1894 - January 2, 1971) was an African American chemist who contributed to the science of food preservation. ... Earl Madman Muntz (1914 â€“ 1987) was a legendary merchandiser of used cars and consumer electronics in the 1940s and 50s, mostly in California. ... Max Adler (1866 - November 4, 1952) lived in Chicago and was a concert violinist who gave up music to become a vice president at Sears Roebuck & Co. ... Adler Planetarium The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in downtown Chicago, Illinois was the first planetarium in the United States and is the oldest in existence today. ...


Local historian E.C. Alft has written several books and an ongoing newspaper column about Elgin's history. Elmer C. Mike Alft, Jr. ...


Architecture and historic preservation

The city is known for its historic architecture and landmarks from the Victorian era, including some fine examples of homes in the Queen Anne style. Many of the most remarkable homes once belonged to National Watch Company executives. Many interesting Sears Catalog Homes arrived in Elgin as kits from 1908 to 1940. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... Advertisement for Modern Home No. ...


Predating Victorian homes were homes made of native cobblestone. It is believed that Elgin had at one time the largest concentration of cobblestone homes outside of Rochester, New York. Several such homes built by the earliest settlers still stand. They can be seen in Elgin's historic districts, two of which are recognized by the National Register of Historic Places. A cobblestone-covered street Cobblestones are stones used in the pavement of early streets. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


The Elgin Public Museum at Lords Park is the oldest building in Illinois built expressly as a museum that is still serving that purpose. Elgin Public Museum before the east wing was added in 1998. ...


The 9-member Elgin Heritage Commission promotes historic preservation activity. The Gifford Park Association is also active in historic preservation, and conducts a popular annual house tour.


Arts, Recreation, and Conservation

Elgin is home to the Elgin Symphony Orchestra, "Illinois' second orchestra," according to Chicago Tribune music critic John Von Rhein. Other classical music groups include the Elgin Youth Symphony Orchestra—the only youth symphony ever invited to Ravinia, the Elgin Choral Union, the Elgin Children's Chorus, and Elgin Opera Outdoor music can be heard at the Wing Park Bandshell. Theatre groups include the Janus Theatre Company, Elgin Theatre Company, Children's Theatre of Elgin, and Fox Valley Youth Theatre. Together, the Hemmens Auditorium and Elgin Community College's Visual & Performing Arts Center host dozens of performances a year by performers ranging from Chicago's Hubbard Street Dance Company to comedian Bill Maher. The Ravinia Festival is the summer music program offered at Ravinia Park in Highland Park, Illinois. ...


After losing many landmark businesses in the 1980s, downtown Elgin experienced a renaissance in the 1990s with the arrival of the Grand Victoria riverboat casino and improvement in the local economy. Many historic buildings have been transformed into stylish clubs and restaurants. The Grand Victoria Casino in Elgin is the most profitable casino in Illinois and consistently one of the highest-ranking tourist attractions in Illinois. ...


Elgin's city parks include 112 acre (453,000 m²) Lords Park, which features the Elgin Public Museum, a petting zoo, and a herd of American bison, and 121 acre (490,000 m²) Wing Park, which includes a golf course. Other golf courses within Elgin include the Rolling Knolls Country Club, the Highlands of Elgin, and the Elgin Country Club. The Centre of Elgin, which among other features includes an aquatic park and a climbing wall, remains one of the largest municipal recreation centers in the United States. The Elgin Sports Complex on the City's Southwest side offers ten lighted ballfields, ten soccer fields and the Chicago area's premier BMX Track, The Hill. The Complex hosts several local, regional and national tournaments every year. Elgin connects to Algonquin and Dundee to the north, and St. Charles, Geneva, and Batavia to the south by the Fox River Trail bike path. An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... Elgin Public Museum before the east wing was added in 1998. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Incorporated Village in 1890. ... Incorporated Village in 1871. ... St. ... Incorporated City in 1835. ... Batavia is a city in Kane County, Illinois. ... Cycleway, Bicycle street and Pedestrian/Cyclist bridge in Nuremberg, Germany Segregated cycle facilities may consist of separate roads, tracks, paths or lanes designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ...


Although one of the largest and fastest-growing cities in Illinois, Elgin still retains some of the natural beauty and habitat diversity that first brought settlers to this area. On the East, the city borders the 4,200 acre (17 km²) Poplar Creek Preserve, maintained by the Forest Preserve District of Cook County, which includes bike trails, hiking trails and equestrian trails. The Shoe Factory Road Prairie located in the preserve provides an example of the hill prairies that once dotted the region. Poplar Creek Preserves connects to the 4,000 acre (16 km²) Spring Creek Valley Forest Preserve via a conservation easement covering parts of the Sears campus.


Elgin boasts two highly protected Illinois Nature Preserves, the Bluff Spring Fen and Trout Park. For its size, Bluff Spring Fen has a remarkable number of distinct plant communities, including a hill prairie and a fen, or alkaline spring marshland, which is home to several rare orchids. Trout Park also includes a similar calcerous seep community, with the addition of a unique forest community of oaks, ashes, maples, and uncommon species such as arborvitae and witch hazel. When the park was created in the 1920's, the local newspaper ran a lengthy front-page story with lists of the plant species of Trout Park, reflecting both the great variety of plants present and interest Elginites had in conservation. In the 1960s, the Northwest Tollway bisected the site and reduced it in size. A fen is a sere, a phase in the natural ecological succession from the open water of a lake to (for example) woodland. ... Orchid re-directs here; for alternate uses see Orchid (disambiguation) Genera Over 800 See List of Orchidaceae genera. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Species Thuja koraiensis Thuja occidentalis Thuja plicata Thuja standishii Thuja sutchuenensis Thuja (pronounced Thuya) is a genus of coniferous trees in the Cupressaceae (cypress family). ... Witch hazel is the name of: Witch-hazel: Hamamelis, a genus of decorative shrubs in North America and east Asia. ... The Northwest Tollway in Illinois is a 79 mile (127 km) segment of Interstate 90 from Interstate 190 in far northwest Chicago to Illinois State Route 75, one mile south of the Wisconsin state line. ...


Elgin today

Elgin ranks as one of the fastest growing cities in Illinois. In June 2005, the Chicago Tribune quoted Elgin Mayor Ed Schock saying that Elgin will in 40 years be the second largest city in Illinois. The city's Far West Development Strategy calls for the construction of 14,000 homes on agricultural land west of Randall Road, which has become a major retail corridor connecting the Fox Valley. Elgin's downtown area has also attracted developer interest. Three large residential projects will be completed in the downtown by 2007, at a total cost of more than $100 million. The Gail Borden Public Library moved into a new $30 million 460,000 volume-capacity building in October of 2003. Other recent projects include the city's $41 million recreational center, the Centre of Elgin. Randall Road is a major north-south road in McHenry and Kane County, Illinois. ... Gail Borden Public Library is a public library district located in Elgin, Illinois. ...


The city's rapid growth has been accompanied by increased concerns about traffic, urban sprawl, and the city's capacity to provide services to new residents. City officials insist that Elgin's water plants have ample capacity to serve new residents. Elgin is known for the quality of its tap water, which in the past ten years has been named both the finest in Kane County and the finest in Illinois. Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ...


In the 1990s, Elgin became one of the few cities in northern Illinois to host a riverboat casino. The Grand Victoria Casino initially generated controversy, but has since proven a significant source of income for the city. Drawing nearly four million people annually, as of March 2005, it is the fifth most popular tourist attraction in Illinois. The Grand Victoria Foundation, to which the casino has contributed an amount in excess of $116 million, provides community grants to nonprofits in the city. A riverboat is a specialized watercraft (vessel) designed for operating on inland waterways. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Grand Victoria Casino in Elgin is the most profitable casino in Illinois and consistently one of the highest-ranking tourist attractions in Illinois. ...


A significant Laotian American community calls Elgin home. Elgin has been the sister city of Vientiane, the capital of Laos, since 1967. Some Laotian Americans have opened stores and restaurants, contributing to the city's remarkable diversity. LAOS redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Elgin's civic society is characterized by a large, diverse, and effective group of grassroots organizations, a sense of community pride and a spirit of volunteerism and participation. In recognition of this, for the second time, Elgin won the National Civic League's prestigious All-America City Award in 2002. All-America City Program Logo The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States. ...


Community Groups:

2007 Citizen Survey Results

The following are the results of the 2007 Citizen Survey as presented to the Elgin Chamber of Commerce Executive Committee on July 26, 2007 by Sean R. Stegall, Assistant City Manager.


Summary: Overall, the results are very positive and continue to demonstrate incremental improvement in most categories as compared to the 2000 and 2002 results. This analysis also compares Elgin, for some of the questions, to a composite index of the other cities across the nation. Information is also provided which compares responses on the respondent’s geographic location (east area, central area, west area), years lived in community, etc.


Some key findings are listed below:

  • Eighty-one Percent (81%) of our residents feel that the City’s reputation as a place to live, work and play has improved over the last five year’s. This is a key finding as it provides a level of affirmation regarding the City Council’s policy directives and the resulting implementation of our strategic plan.
  • Ninety-One Percent (91%) of our residents feel that the visual appearance of the city has improved over the last five years. It is very difficult to achieve a score of 90% or higher on any question and thus it is very positive to receive feedback that nearly all of our residents believe that the city is more pleasing to the eye than it was five years ago.
  • Seventy-Seven Percent (77%) of our residents feel that the city is a better place to live than it was five years ago.
  • Fifty-Eight Percent (58%) of our residents feel that overcrowding is an issue. Our technical data concerning overcrowding enforcement would appear to demonstrate progress in this area; however, our residents are telling us otherwise. Once again, it is their perception which should guide our efforts.
  • Seventy-Three Percent (73%) of our residents feel that the City is a safer community than it was five years ago. This directly corresponds with a crime rate that has continued to trend downward.
  • However, only Forty-Three Present (43%) of our residents feel that the City is doing good job as it relates to violent crime. It is possible that this means that although they feel that the community is safer than it used be five years ago it could still be “safer”.

Other interesting general findings:

  • If one has lived in Elgin less than five years or more than 20 years, you are likely to have a favorable opinion about the City. If one has lived here more than 5 years but less than 20 their view is considerably more negative.
  • Those in the highest income brackets and those in the lowest have the highest satisfaction ratings.
  • There is strong support in the community regarding the use of surveillance cameras in all parks and open spaces.
  • People actually watch Channel 17 to get news about the City. This is a valuable asset and an excellent communication tool.
  • The majority of residents feel that the city does an excellent job communicating with them.

In conclusion, the positive results are very reassuring and provide evidence that the City’s efforts are paying off. However, there is additional data that indicates that more can be done in particular areas. Without question, the partnership with the Chamber of Commerce has played a vital role in creating the opportunity for such a positive report.


Government

Elgin was chartered as a city by the State of Illinois in 1854, and 100 years later, became the first city in Illinois to adopt a Council-Manager form of government. Residents elect six at-large council members and a mayor, who serve on a part-time basis. The city council meets every other Wednesday at 6:00pm at City Hall. The city manager, a full-time professional, serves at the pleasure of the mayor and city council. Elgin's current mayor is Ed Schock. The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ...


The city is represented in the Illinois legislature by Ruth Munson (R) and Senator Michael Noland (D). In Congress, Elgin is represented by Dennis Hastert (R), Representative Peter Roskam (R), and Representative Melissa Bean (D). Ruth Munson is the Illinois State Representative for the 43rd district. ... Michael Noland is a Democratic state senator from Illinois, representing the 22nd District. ... John Dennis Denny Hastert (born January 2, 1942) is an American politician. ... Peter James Roskam (born September 13, 1961 in Hinsdale, Illinois), is a freshman Republican member of the United States House of Representatives as of 2007, succeeding 16-term Republican Henry Hyde in representing Illinoiss 6th congressional district. ... Melissa Bean Melissa Luburić Bean (born on January 22, 1962) is an American politician of Serbian descent who was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 2004. ...


Elgin is in Hanover Township of Cook County and Elgin Township of Kane County. Elgin Township is governed by a supervisor (Annette Miller) and four trustees (Robert "Bob" Johnson, J. Patrick Hudgens, Vicki Pellock and Kurt R. Kojzarek) elected to four year terms. Hanover Township is located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Elgin Township is located in Kane County, Illinois at 42. ...


Elgin's Promotional Campaign

Poster promoting the City of Elgin's "Divercity" TV campaign.

The City of Elgin, Illinois is very proud of their diverse community. The city is promoting their culturally diverse population with a 30 second TV spot. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

Geography

Elgin is located at 42°2′22″N, 88°17′19″W (42.039426, -88.288627)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.8 km² (25.4 mi²). 64.7 km² (25.0 mi²) of it is land and 1.0 km² (0.4 mi²) of it (1.54%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 94,487 people, 31,543 households, and 22,395 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,459.3/km² (3,779.1/mi²). There were 32,665 housing units at an average density of 504.5/km² (1,306.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.49% White, 6.80% African American, 0.40% Native American, 3.88% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.39% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.32% of the population. A significant portion of Elgin's Asian population is of Laotian origin. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... LAOS redirects here. ...


There were 31,543 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.49. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $52,605, and the median income for a family was $58,404. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $28,488 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,112. About 6.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Elgin demographic statistics vs. Illinois cities of comparable size:

Elgin Joliet Peoria Waukegan Rockford Aurora Naperville
Population 116,349 154,231 135,639 103,291 191,211 170,684 163,896
Percent population white 70.49% 69.32% 69.29% 50.14% 72.81% 68.07% 85.19%
Percent population black 6.80% 18.16% 24.79% 19.21% 17.37% 11.06% 3.03%
Percent population hispanic 34.32% 18.41% 2.51% 44.82% 10.18% 32.56% 3.24%
Median household income $59,771 $50,725 $41,782 $46,868 $44,820 $59,919 $95,942
Median home price $187,290 $136,834 $96,486 $147,928 $93,645 $171,683 $311,205
Home price gain (2-5 years) 13.67% 10.16% 7.84% 9.39% 7.32% 7.10% 7.39%
Student to teacher ratio (lower number is better) 13.80 17.50 NA 15.10 14.2 13.40 15.00
Air pollution index (lower number is better) 55 57 NA 37 70 95 104
Personal crime risk (lower number is better) 72 126 174 86 140 81 13
Property crime risk (lower number is better) 52 128 169 125 155 52 22

Sources: CNNMoney.com, HomeInsight.com, Onboard LLC, US Census 2000 There are several things named Joliet: Louis Joliet, a 17th century explorer of North America. ... Peoria is the name of the Peoria tribe of Native Americans and the name of a number of places in the United States of America: Peoria, Arizona Peoria, Illinois Peoria County, Illinois Peoria, Oregon This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Waukegan is a city located in Lake County, Illinois, of which it is the county seat. ... Rockford is the name of several places in the United States of America: Rockford, Alabama Rockford, Illinois Rockford, Iowa Rockford, Michigan Rockford, Minnesota Rockford Township, Minnesota Rockford, North Carolina Rockford, Ohio Rockford is also the name used by Mastertronic/Arcadia Systems for their licensed versions of the computer game series... The Paramount Theatre under renovation, downtown Aurora. ... Naperville is a city located in DuPage County, Illinois and Will County, Illinois. ...


Sports

The City of Elgin is home to one professional sports team, the Elgin Racers of the International Basketball League. The Racers play at the Spartan Events Center. The Elgin Racers are a franchise of the International Basketball League. ... The International Basketball League is a U.S.-based professional basketball summer league featuring teams from the West Coast and the Midwest. ...


In 2007, the Senior Divison (ages 15 and 16) All Stars from Elgin Continental Little League, won the Illinois State Championship by defeating North Riverside by score of 4-3. Elgin Continantal went on to place fourth in the Little League Central Region Baseball Tournament by defeating Nebraska (13-1) and Kentucky (2-0).


The team posted an overall record of 14-4. The team roster included Jacob Allen, Brandon Anderson, Felix Cobarrubias, Adam Gilles, David Hartwell, Jake Kane, Chad Meado, Jon Meidel, Josh Myers, Trey Rogers, Tyler Shore, Craig Wenzel and Tyler Wilkening.


Notable Elginites

The following is a list of people who were born in, lived in, or are otherwise associated with Elgin.

Max Adler (May 12, 1866 - November 4, 1952) was born in Elgin, Illinois to a German Jewish family who came to America in about 1850. ... Adler Planetarium The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in downtown Chicago, Illinois was the first planetarium in the United States and is the oldest in existence today. ... Elmer C. Mike Alft, Jr. ... Alkaline Trio (sometimes referred to as Ak3 or Alk3) is a band from Chicago, IL consisting of Matt Skiba on guitar/vocals, Dan Andriano on bass/vocals, and Derek Grant on drums/back-up vocals. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bruce Boxleitner (born May 12, 1950 in Elgin, Illinois) is an American actor. ... BarlowGirl is a Christian rock group from Elgin, Illinois. ... Chelsea Jean Brummet (born January 28, 1987 in Elgin, Illinois) is an American actress who is best known for her work on Nickelodeons All That. ... Nina Burleigh is an American author and journalist. ... Josh Caterer (circa 2005): Chicago-area singer, songwriter and frontman for the Smoking Popes Josh Caterer (b. ... Smoking Popes is an American rock group from the northwest suburbs of Chicago, Illinois, formed in 1991. ... Paul John Flory (June 19, 1910 – September 9, 1985) was an American chemist who was known for his prodigious volume of work in the field of polymers, or macromolecules. ... Peter G. Fitzgerald (born October 20, 1960) was the junior United States Senator from Illinois from 1999 until 2005. ... Lloyd Augustus Hall (June 20, 1894 - January 2, 1971) was an African American chemist who contributed to the science of food preservation. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Charles Ingalls with his wife Caroline Ingalls Charles Phillip Ingalls was the father of Laura Ingalls Wilder, known for her Little House on the Prairie series of books. ... Laura Ingalls Wilder (February 7, 1867 – February 10, 1957) was an American author. ... Little House on the Prairie is a childrens book by Laura Ingalls Wilder that was published in 1935. ... Campton Township is located in Kane County, Illinois at 41. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Laurence Kaptain is one of the few symphonic cimbalom artists living in the United States. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... See Jimmy Johns Pipin Hot Sandwiches for the hot dog establishment in Chadds Ford, PA. Jimmy Johns current logo Jimmy Johns is a franchised sandwich restaurant owned by Jimmy John Liautaud. ... Douglas J Mink is a Astronomical Software Developer and Data Archivist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. ... For other uses, see Uranus (disambiguation). ... Earl Madman Muntz (1914 â€“ 1987) was a legendary merchandiser of used cars and consumer electronics in the 1940s and 50s, mostly in California. ... The 4-track cartridge or Stereo-pak is an audio storage magnetic tape cartridge technology, inspired by the 1959 Fidelipac 3-track tape cartridge system (used by radio broadcasters for commercials and jingles) and adapted by Earl Madman Muntz for use in cars as an alternative to radio. ... Street sweeper cleaning in the PiaÅ£a Mare (Large Square) in the city of Sibiu, in Romania For the semiautomatic shotgun known as the Street Sweeper, see Armsel Striker also known as the DAO-12. ... Brian Oldfield (born June 1, 1945[1]) is a former American athlete and personality of the 1970s and early 1980s. ... Jane Peterson (1876 - 1965) was an American artist. ... Dr John Platt is a senior researcher in the Knowledge Tools Group at Microsoft Corporation. ... John Qualen in Casablanca John Qualen (December 8, 1899 - September 12, 1987) was a film character actor. ... James M. Roche (December 16, 1906 - June 6, 2004) was an American statistician who served as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chairman of the Board at General Motors Corporation. ... Tom Shales (born November 3, 1944) is an American critic of television programming and operations. ... Charles Edward Swanson (January 3, 1879 - August 22, 1970) was a U.S. Representative from Iowa. ... The Encyclopædia Britannica is a general English-language encyclopaedia published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ... The Winnetka Plan was an educational experiment held in the elementary school system of Winnetka, Illinois. ...

Education

Four public school districts and 18 private schools serve Elgin.


Public school districts serving Elgin:

U-46, the second largest school district in Illinois, serves an area of some 90 square miles in Cook, DuPage and Kane Counties. Almost 40,000 children of school age are in its area. Elgin's two public high schools, Elgin High School and Larkin High School, are home to the Gifted and Talented Academy and the Visual and Performing Arts Academy, respectively.

Private schools include: U46 Logo Elgin Area School District U46 is a school district in Illinois [1]. It serves an area of some 90 square miles in Cook, DuPage and Kane Counties. ... // List of school districts in Illinois Central Community Unit School District 3 - District web site Community Unit School District 4 - District web site Liberty Community Unit School District 2 - District web site Payson Community Unit School District 1 - District web site Quincy School District 172 - District web site Cairo Unit... // List of school districts in Illinois Central Community Unit School District 3 - District web site Community Unit School District 4 - District web site Liberty Community Unit School District 2 - District web site Payson Community Unit School District 1 - District web site Quincy School District 172 - District web site Cairo Unit... // List of school districts in Illinois Central Community Unit School District 3 - District web site Community Unit School District 4 - District web site Liberty Community Unit School District 2 - District web site Payson Community Unit School District 1 - District web site Quincy School District 172 - District web site Cairo Unit... // List of school districts in Illinois Central Community Unit School District 3 - District web site Community Unit School District 4 - District web site Liberty Community Unit School District 2 - District web site Payson Community Unit School District 1 - District web site Quincy School District 172 - District web site Cairo Unit... Elgin High School, in Elgin, Illinois, is one of the oldest public high schools in the state. ... Larkin High School, or LHS, is a public four-year high school located in Elgin, Illinois, a north-west suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. ... Central Community Unit School District 301 is a school district located mainly in Kane County, Illinois. ... Community Unit School District 300 is located in Carpentersville, Illinois. ... Community Unit School District 303 is a comprehensive K-12 public education system covering 57 square miles in the Fox River Valley, 40 miles west of Chicago. ...

The city is served by Elgin Community College (ECC), one of the fastest-growing community colleges in the state. ECC serves the district #509 communities of St. Charles, Burlington, South Elgin, Wayne, Bartlett, Algonquin, Dundee, Hampshire and smaller towns. Westminster Christian School is a private school in Elgin, Illinois. ... Elgin Community College is a post secondary educational institution which awards Associate of Arts degrees. ...


Judson University, an accredited, four-year liberal arts American Baptist college on the banks of the Fox River. Judson features graduate programs in architecture and education. Judson University is an evangelical Christian liberal arts university located in Elgin, Illinois. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... The name American Baptist might refer to one of two specific groups of Baptist churches in the United States of America: The American Baptist Association The American Baptist Churches in the USA This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the...


Additionally, Elgin is home to Providence Baptist College is a four-year Baptist vocational college. Areas of study include Theology, Education, and Business courses, and extensive community activities are a part of each student's weekly course requirements. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ...


Commemorative coin

Elgin, Illinois
Elgin, Illinois

In 1936, a commemorative silver half dollar was issued by the United States Mint commemorating the centennial of Elgin, Illinois. The coin was meant to raise money for the pioneer family memorial proposed by Elgin sculptor Trygve Rovelstad, and sold for $1.50. The obverse features the profile of a pioneer with the dates 1673 * 1936, while the reverse features a pioneer family; both images are based on a centennial "Pioneer Medal" made by Rovelstad.[7] The date 1673 is in reference to the expedition of Louis Jolliet and Pere Marquette, despite the fact that their journey took them nowhere near the future site of Elgin. Image File history File links Elgin_centennial_half_dollar_commemorative_obverse_reverse. ... Image File history File links Elgin_centennial_half_dollar_commemorative_obverse_reverse. ... Commemorative coinage of the United States consists of coins that have been minted to commemorate a particular event, person or organization. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Seal of the U.S. Mint Denver United States mint building The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... The Pioneer Family Memorial sculpture in downtown Elgin, Illinois. ... Louis Jolliet, also known as Louis Joliet (September 21, 1645 – May 22, 1700), was a Canadian explorer born in Quebec City. ... Pere Marquette or Pére Marquette (French for Father Marquette) refers to the following: Father Jacques Marquette, a French Jesuit missionary and namesake of Marquette University Pere Marquette Park in Milwaukee, Wisconsin Pere Marquette River Pere Marquette Railway, originally the Pere Marquette Railroad, now part of CSX Amtraks Pere...


The coin did not prove to be a popular success, probably because of the Great Depression and the great variety of commemorative coins being issued at the time. Five thousand of the 25,000 coins initially minted were unsold and melted down by the mint. Rovelstad's pioneer statue was not installed until 2001.[8] For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Elgin in mass media

  • The City of Elgin, Illinois is very proud of their diverse community. The city is promoting their culturally diverse population with a 30 second TV spot.
  • The TV series Roseanne was originally going to be set in Elgin [citation needed], but was later changed to the fictional town of Lanford, which is described as a short distance from Elgin.
  • In Unearthed, an episode of the television series Prison Break, Dr. Sara Tancredi stayed at a motel in Elgin, Illinois.
  • The exterior of the home in Grace Under Fire is actually on Elgin's east side at 445 DuPage Street.
  • The Elgin Mental Health Center appears in the movie Primal Fear.

Jackie Harris redirects here. ... Unearthed is the thirty-first episode of the American television series Prison Break and is the ninth episode of its second season. ... This article is about a television series. ... Sara Tancredi is a fictional character from the American television series, Prison Break. ... Grace Under Fire is a television series which ran on ABC from 1993 to 1998. ... Primal Fear is a 1996 motion picture which tells a story of a defense attorney (Richard Gere) who defends an altar boy (Edward Norton) charged with the murder of a Catholic archbishop. ...

See also

Elgin High School, or EHS, is a public four-year high school located in Elgin, Illinois, a northwest suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. ...

References

  1. ^ Alft, E.C. 1992. Elgin: Days Gone By. Crossroads Communications, Carpentersville, IL. Published online at elginhistory.com
  2. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/420.html Retrieved Sept. 22, 2006
  3. ^ Alft, E.C. 1992. Elgin: Days Gone By. Crossroads Communications, Carpentersville, IL. Published online at elginhistory.com
  4. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/420.html Retrieved Sept. 22, 2006
  5. ^ Briska, William (1997). The History of Elgin Mental Health Center: Evolution of a State Hospital. Crossroads Communications. ISBN 0-916445-45-3. 
  6. ^ Alft, E.C. 1992. Elgin: Days Gone By. Crossroads Communications, Carpentersville, IL. Published online at elginhistory.com
  7. ^ "Elgin Commemorative Half Dollar", coinfacts.com [1]
  8. ^ "Elgin Commemorative Half Dollar", coinfacts.com [2]

External links

Coordinates: 42.039426° N 88.288627° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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