FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Elephant Walk
The Glenbrook North High School hazing incident concerned many people worldwide
The Glenbrook North High School hazing incident concerned many people worldwide

Hazing is often ritualistic harassment, abuse, or humiliation with requirements to perform meaningless tasks, sometimes as a way of initiation into a social group. The term often refers to either physical or mental forms of hazing. Image File history File links Screenshot from the GBN hazing video This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Image File history File links Screenshot from the GBN hazing video This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Glenbrook North High School is located in Northbrook, Illinois, a suburb north of Chicago. ... A ritual is a formalised, predetermined set of symbolic actions generally performed in a particular environment at a regular, recurring interval. ... Harassment is a term defined by law to refer to many types of behaviour that are found threatening or disturbing, and beyond those that are sanctioned by society. ... Abuse is a general term for the misuse of a person or thing, causing harm to the person or thing, to the abuser, or to someone else. ... Humiliation is literally the act of being made humble, or reduced in standing or prestige. ... Coming from the Latin, initiation implies a beginning. ...


Often most or all of the endurance, or at least the more serious, is concentrated in an orgy-like session, which may be called hell night, or prolonged to a hell week, but some traditions keept terrorizing pledges (a common term for the initiation candidates) over a long period, resembling fagging. In British English, the word fag was used (as a verb and a noun) to refer to a kind of apprenticeship practiced within public schools. ...

Contents


Scope

Hazing has been reported in a variety of social contexts, including academic fraternities and sororities, the armed forces, and in workplaces (Davis, 1998). While the term fraternity can be used to describe any number of social organizations, including the Lions Club and the Shriners, fraternities and sororities are most commonly known as social organizations of higher education students in the United States and Canada but there are fraternities in the whole world (for... While the term fraternity can be used to describe any number of social organizations, including the Lions Club and the Shriners, fraternities and sororities are most commonly known as social organizations of higher education students in the United States and Canada but there are fraternities in the whole world (for...

  • Inmate hazing is also common at confinement facilities around the world, including frequent reports of beatings and sexual assaults by fellow inmates. Nuwer recorded an incident at Lone Peak Minimum Security Facility in Bluffdale, Utah, USA in which soon-to-be released prisoners were allegedly hazed by prisoners scheduled to remain in custody.
  • Hazing in Indian colleges is known as "ragging," though there are some notable differences between the two.
  • Some rare traditions are not lsted here, but below under Methods as these are peculier to them.

Bluffdale is a city located in Salt Lake County, Utah. ... Ragging is a terms for actice, systematical human rights abuses as a severe form of hazing (and/or fagging) in educational institutions in South Asia, the worst forms of which are found in engineering, medical and military colleges. ...

Controversy

Although pervasive reports of hazing have been prevalent throughout the years, the practice of ritual abuse among social groups is poorly understood. This is partly due to the secretive nature that often accompanies rookie situations, especially within collegiate fraternities and sororities, and in part a result of long-term acceptance of hazing. Thus, it has been difficult for researchers to agree on the underlying social and psychological mechanisms that perpetuate hazing.


A tentative explanation from evolutionary psychology is that hazing activates the capture-bonding psychological trait better known as Stockholm syndrome. Social reorientation toward captors which often occurs when people are captured and abused. ... The Stockholm syndrome is a psychological state in which the victims of a kidnapping, or persons detained against their free will — prisoners — develop a relationship with their captor(s). ...


Under a grant from Franklin College in Indiana, USA, Professor Hank Nuwer is compiling a list of hazing incidents dating back to the founding of Harvard University. For the year 2000, Nuwer identified 861 reported cases of hazing in the Italian Army, 15 hazing deaths among Russian Federation troops (see Dedovshchina), 46 hazing-related incidents at U.S. college fraternities, 10 related to sororities and eight collegiate-sports-related hazing allegations. Franklin College was a college in New Athens, Ohio. ... State nickname: The Hoosier State Other U.S. States Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Governor Mitch Daniels (R) Official languages English Area 94,321 km² (38th)  - Land 92,897 km²  - Water 1,424 km² (1. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Military branches Esercito Italiano (Army) Marina Militare Italiana (Navy) Aeronautica Militare (Air Force) Carabinieri (Military police) The Guardia di Finanza (a specialised police for tax and financial crimes) is also a military corps, but it is going to be transformed, expectedly in a short time, into a civil administration, as... // History Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Russians have discussed rebuilding a viable, cohesive fighting force out of the remaining parts of the former Soviet armed forces. ... Dedovshchina (Russian: ) is the name given to the informal system of subjugation of new junior recruits for the Russian armed services, MVD, and border guards to soldiers of the last year of service. ... While the terms fraternity and sorority may be used to describe any number of social and charitable organizations, including the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, International, and the Shriners, in the United States and Canada fraternities and sororities are most commonly known as social organizations of higher education students (though... While the terms fraternity and sorority may be used to describe any number of social and charitable organizations, including the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, International, and the Shriners, in the United States and Canada fraternities and sororities are most commonly known as social organizations of higher education students (though...


In a 1999 study, a survey of 3293 collegiate athletes, coaches, athletic directors deans found the group favored a variety of approaches to prevent hazing including strong disciplinary and corrective measures for known cases, implementation of athletic, behavioral, and academic standards guiding recruitment; provisions for alternative bonding and recognition events for teams to prevent hazing; and law enforcement involvement in monitoring, investigating, and prosecuting hazing incidents (Dr. Nadine C. Hoover, Alfred University, 1999). 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Hoover's research suggested half of all college athletes are involved in alcohol-related hazing incidents, while one in five are involved in potentially illegal hazing incidents. Only another one in five was involved in what Hoover described as positive initiation events, such as taking team trips or running obstacle courses.


"Athletes most at risk for any kind of hazing for college sports were men; non-Greek members; and either swimmers, divers, soccer players, or lacrosse players. The campuses where hazing was most likely to occur were primarily in eastern or southern states with no anti-hazing laws. The campuses were rural, residential, and had Greek systems," Hoover wrote.


Non-Greeks were most at risk of hazing, though a Greek system on campus proved a strong indicator of hazing likelihood, Hoover reported. Football players are most at risk of potentially dangerous or illegal hazing, the study found.


In the May issue of the American Journal of Emergency Medicine, Michelle Finkel, MD, reported that hazing injuries are often not recognized for their true cause in emergency medical centers. The doctor said hazing victims sometimes hide the real cause of injuries out of shame or to protect those who caused the harm. In protecting their abusers, hazing victims can be compared with victims of domestic violence, Finkel wrote. The Medicinæ Doctor or Doctor of Medicine (M.D. or D.M.) is a doctorate level degree held by medical doctors. ...


Finkel cites hazing incidents including "beating or kicking to the point of traumatic injury or death, burning or branding, excessive calisthenics, being forced to eat unpleasant substances, and psychological or sexual abuse of both males and females". Reported coerced sexual activity is sometimes considered "horseplay" rather than rape, she wrote. Finkel identified 56 hazing deaths between 1970 and 1999. Beating is striking more than once, in violence, beating a drum, etc. ... Kicker redirects here. ... Trauma can represent: A serious and often body-altering physical injury, such as the removal of a limb. ... Injury is damage or harm caused to the structure or function of the body caused by an outside agent or force, which may be physical or chemical. ... In Western culture, skeletons are often the symbol of death. ... Burning may refer to any of the following: Combustion The use of a CD burner The Burning Man festival Burning-in of Photographic paper Immolation An insult (slang term) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... BRANDING refers to either the imprinting of brand marks on live skin, see Livestock branding and Branding persons a marketing technique, see Brand This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The name calisthenics is Greek in origin, a combination of the words beauty and strength. United States usage Calisthenics is a type of exercise consisting of a variety of simple movements usually performed without weights or other equipment that are intended to increase body strength and flexibility using the weight... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Methods

Commonly reported hazing activities involve spanking among fraternities and similar (e.g. athletic) clubs, soiling, all kinds of ridicule and humiliation, tests of dare and obedience... Before the Great Depression, US hazing achieved an art form status amongst benevolent fraternities such as the Mooses and the Freemasons. http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/masonicmuseum/demoulin/ is a catalog of many hazing implements used, most famously the electric carpet. Spanking (or smacking, whacking, etc. ... This article is about the land mammal. ... American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ... A hazing implement, it is a mat through which electric current can be run and people are force to stand or walk on it. ...


Some peculiar examples of hazing practices, most of which could easily be considered gross/child abuse if a candidate were not a consenting adult :

  • the elephant walk is a moving line of pledges, often naked or at least bare-arse, imitating an elephant herd (holding eachother by the tail in nature) where each pledge grabs the one in front of him by the privates (tail is also a euphemism for the male member, and for the thus exposed butt, the favorite target in paddling traditions), as photographed in this external link [[1]]
  • blood pinning among military aviators (and many other elite groups) to celebrate becoming new pilots by piercing their chests with the sharp pins of the wings.

The Glenbrook North High School hazing incident concerned many people worldwide Hazing is often ritualistic harassment, abuse, or humiliation with requirements to perform meaningless tasks, sometimes as a way of initiation into a social group. ...

See also

In British English, the word fag was used (as a verb and a noun) to refer to a kind of apprenticeship practiced within public schools. ...

Sources and References


  Results from FactBites:
 
DVD Verdict Review - Elephant Walk (1176 words)
The first is the memory of John's father Tom, the founder of Elephant Walk plantation, known to his friends and admirers as "the Governor." Since the Governor's death, his friends and loyal servants have constructed around him a creepy cult of personality.
The elephants have menaced the sprawling plantation ever since, and the masters of Elephant Walk have relied on their loyal native servants to drive the beasts away should they ever get ornery.
After all, this is a film about personality cults and elephants with grudges, and it spends most of its running time on a conflict between Ruth and her new husband who still wants to be just one of the boys.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m