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Encyclopedia > Electronica
Electronica
Stylistic origins: Electronic dance music, Musique concrete, Experimental music (Kraftwerk), Rock music, Disco
Cultural origins: 1979, German-speaking Europe, France, Italy, United Kingdom, United States
Typical instruments: Synthesizer - Drum machine - Sequencer - Keyboard - Sampler (traditional instrumentation such as guitar, bass, drums often featured more regularly than other electronic genres)
Mainstream popularity: Large, especially from 1996 onwards
Subgenres
Big beat - Bitpop - Chip - Downtempo - Glitch - IDM - Nu jazz - Trip hop
Fusion genres
Indietronica - Post-rock
Other topics
Electronic musical instrument - Computer music - Record labels

Electronica refers to a wide range of contemporary electronic music designed for a wide range of uses, including foreground listening, some forms of dancing, and background music for other activities; but unlike electronic dance music, is not specifically focused on the dance floor.[1][2][3][4] The term was first used in the early 1990s United States with regards to post-rave global-influenced electronic dance music. Genres such as techno, drum and bass, downtempo, and ambient are among those encompassed by the umbrella term, entering the American mainstream from "alternative" or "underground" venues during the late 1990s.[2][5] Prior to the adoption of electronica for this purpose, terms such as electronic listening music, trance and intelligent dance music (IDM) were used.[6][7][8] Image File history File links Acap. ... Electronic dance music (EDM) is a broad set of percussive music genres that largely inherit from 1970s disco music and, to some extent, the experimental pop music of Kraftwerk. ... Musique concrète is the name given to a class of electronic music produced from editing together fragments of natural and industrial sounds. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced [], German for power station) is a German musical group from Düsseldorf that has made key contributions to the development of improvisational rock and electronic music, most notably within the latter categorys sub-genres which later became known as synthpop, electro, techno, house and IDM. Early musical... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... This article is about the music genre. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... German language skills of European Union citizens. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was traditionally a device or piece of software that allows the user to record, play back and edit musical patterns. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler Playing a Yamaha SU10 Sampler A sampler is an electronic music instrument closely related to a synthesizer. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... The electric bass guitar (or electric bass) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers by plucking, slapping, popping or using a pick. ... Bass drum made from wood, rope, and cowskin A drum is a musical instrument in the percussion group that can be large, technically classified as a membranophone. ... This is a list of electronic music genres and sub-genres, though for the latter not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ... Big beat (sometimes called chemical breaks) is a term deployed in the mid 1990s by the British music press to describe the work of artists such as The Chemical Brothers, Fatboy Slim and The Prodigy. ... Bitpop is a type of electronic music, where at least part of the music is made using old 8-bit computers, game consoles and little toy instruments. ... MOS 6581 and 8580 Commodore 64 SID chips A Chiptune, or chip music is music written in sound formats where all the sounds are synthesized in realtime by a computer or video game console sound chip, instead of using sample-based synthesis. ... Downtempo (or Downbeat) is a laid-back electronic music style similar to Ambient music. ... Glitch (also known as Clicks and Cuts from a representative compilation series by the German record label Mille Plateaux) is a genre of electronic music that became popular in the late 1990s with the increasing use of digital signal processing, particularly on computers. ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ... Nu-jazz (sometimes electro-jazz) was coined in the late 1990s to refer to styles which combine jazz textures and sometimes jazz instrumentation with electronic music. ... Trip hop (also known as the Bristol sound) is a term coined by United Kingdom dance magazine Mixmag, to describe a musical trend in the mid-1990s; trip hop is downtempo electronic music that grew out of Englands hip hop and house scenes. ... The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue 123 of The Wire (May 1994) to describe a sort of music using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords. ... An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces its sounds using electronics. ... Computer music is music generated with, or composed with the aid of, computers. ... This is a list of notable electronic music record labels: 12 Inch Records 12k 3 Beat Music 4-Sight Records 8bitpeoples Accidental Music AD Music Ad Noiseam ADP Records Additive Records A Different Drum Alex Tronic Records Alfa Matrix All Around The World A-Musik Anjunabeats Anjunadeep Ant-Zen Architecture... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Electronic dance music (EDM) is a broad set of percussive music genres that largely inherit from 1970s disco music and, to some extent, the experimental pop music of Kraftwerk. ... For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... Downtempo (or Downbeat) is a laid-back electronic music style similar to Ambient music. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... Underground music is music which has developed a cult following, independent of commercial success. ... Trance music is a subgenre of electronic dance music that developed in the 1990s. ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ...


The All Music Guide categorizes electronica as a top-level genre on their main page, where they state that electronica includes "dozens of stylistic fusions" ranging from danceable grooves to music for headphones and chillout areas.[3]


After beginning as an underground genre in the early 1990s, electronica has grown to influence even mainstream crossover recordings, with one prominent example being Madonna's 2005 Confessions on a Dancefloor, that sold more than 8 million copies worldwide,[9] and debuted at number one in 29 different countries, a world record for a solo artist.[10] Elements of electronica are used today by many popular artists in mainstream music.[4] This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Confessions on a Dancefloor is the confirmed title of Madonnas eleventh studio album slated to be released in November 2005. ...

Contents

Background

Electronica was made possible by advancements in music technology, especially electronic musical instruments, synthesizers, music sequencers, drum machines and digital audio workstations. Early forms of electronic music required large amounts of complex equipment and multiple operators for live performances, and multiple engineers to record the music at high quality. As the technology developed, it became possible for individuals or smaller groups to produce electronic songs and recordings in smaller studios, even in project studios. At the same time, computers facilitated the use of music "samples" and "loops" as construction kits for sonic compositions. [11] This led to a period of creative experimentation and the development of new forms, some of which became known as electronica. [12][4] Music Technology is a term that refers to all forms of technology involved with the musical arts, in particular the use of electronic devices and computer software to facilitate playback, recording, composition, storage, performance, search and retrieval. ... An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces its sounds using electronics. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was traditionally a device or piece of software that allows the user to record, play back and edit musical patterns. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... A recording studio is a facility for sound recording. ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... In electronic music, a loop is a sample which is repeated. ...


In the mid-1990s, electronica began to be used by MTV and major record labels to describe mainstream electronic dance music made by such artists as Orbital (who had previously been described as ambient) and The Prodigy.[citation needed] It is currently used to describe a wide variety of musical acts and styles, linked by a penchant for overtly electronic production; [13] a range which includes more popular acts such as Björk, Goldfrapp and glitchy experimental artists such as Autechre, Aphex Twin, and Boards of Canada[5] to dub-oriented downtempo, downbeat, and trip-hop. Madonna and Björk are said to be responsible for electronica's thrust into mainstream culture, with their albums Ray of Light (Madonna), Post and Homogenic (Björk). Electronica artists that would later become commercially successful began to record in this early 1990s period, before the term had come into common usage, including for example Fatboy Slim, Daft Punk, The Chemical Brothers, The Crystal Method, Moby, and Underworld. [14] Underworld, with its 1994 album dubnobasswithmyheadman, released arguably one of the defining records of the early electronica period with a blend of club beats, wedded to song writing and subtle vocals and guitar work. A focus on "songs", a fusion of styles and a combination of traditional and electronic instruments often sets apart musicians working in electronic-styles over more straight-ahead styles of house, techno and trance. This genre is also noted for far higher production values than others, featuring more layers, more original samples and fewer "presets", more complex rhythm programming, and influences of world cultural sound samples, as well as multiple remixes by the original artist and other producers also known as "remixers".[15][16][17] This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Orbital was an English techno duo from 1989 until 2004, consisting of brothers Paul and Phil Hartnoll. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... The Prodigy (or just Prodigy)[1] are an English band. ... This article is about the musician. ... Goldfrapp is a British electronica group known for their visual theatrics and contribution to the popularization of electronic dance music. ... Glitch (also known as Clicks and Cuts from a representative compilation series by the German record label Mille Plateaux) is a genre of electronic music that became popular in the late 1990s with the increasing use of digital signal processing, particularly on computers. ... Autechre are an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a British electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Boards of Canada is a Scottish electronic music duo consisting of brothers Michael Sandison (born 10 June 1969) and Marcus Eoin Sandison (born 21 September 1970). ... Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which developed in the early 1970s. ... Downtempo (or Downbeat) is a laid-back electronic music style similar to Ambient music. ... Downbeat can have several meanings: // In Music Theory In music performance and music theory, the downbeat is also the first beat of a measure in music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ... This article is about the musician. ... For the Michael Wong album, see Ray of Light (Michael Wong album). ... Post is the third solo album by Icelandic singer/songwriter/musician Björk released in June of 1995. ... Singles from Homogenic Released: September 1997 Released: December 1997 Released: March 1998 Released: October 1998 Released: June 1999 Homogenic, released in September of 1997, is an album by Icelandic singer-songwriter/musician Björk. ... FatBoy Slim (born Quentin Leo Cook on July 31, 1963,[1] also known as Norman Cook) is a British big beat musician. ... Daft Punk is the collective name of Paris house musicians Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo (born February 8, 1974)[1] and Thomas Bangalter (born January 3, 1975). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Crystal Method is an American electronic music duo consisting of Ken Jordan and Scott Kirkland. ... Not to be confused with Mooby. ... Underworld is the principal name under which British electronic music duo Karl Hyde and Rick Smith have recorded since the late 1980s. ... Dubnobasswithmyheadman is a 1993 (see 1993 in music) album by Underworld. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The more abstract Autechre and Aphex Twin around this time were releasing early records in the "intelligent techno" or so-called intelligent dance music (IDM) style, while other Bristol-based musicians such as Tricky, Leftfield, Massive Attack and Portishead were experimenting with the fusion of electronic textures with hip-hop, R&B rhythms to form what became known as trip-hop. Later extensions to the trip hop aesthetic around 1997 came from the highly influential Vienna-based duo of Kruder & Dorfmeister, whose blunted, dubbed-out, slowed beats became the blueprint for the new style of downtempo. Roni Size, Goldie and Omni Trio commanded attention in the UK as exemplars of the drum and bass genre. Autechre are an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a British electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ... This article is about the English city. ... For other uses, see Tricky (disambiguation). ... Leftfield were a duo of electronica artists and record producers, Paul Daley (formerly of The Rivals, A Man Called Adam and the Brand New Heavies) and Neil Barnes, formed in 1989 in London, England. ... Massive Attack are a trip hop band from Bristol, England. ... For the town, see Portishead, Somerset. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Rhythm and blues (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Kruder & Dorfmeister, named after Peter Kruder and Richard Dorfmeister, is an Austrian duo most known for their downtempo-dub remixes of pop, hip-hop, and drum and bass songs. ... Downtempo (or Downbeat) is a laid-back electronic music style similar to Ambient music. ... Roni Size (b. ... For other uses, see Goldie (disambiguation). ... Omni Trio is the alias of producer Rob Haigh, known for a unique style of highly musical ambient drum and bass, and primarily associated with the Moving Shadow label. ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ...


Global influences

By the late 1990s, artists like Moby had become internationally famous, releasing albums and performing regularly in major venues. In the United States and other countries like Australia, electronica (and the other attendant dance music genres) remained popular, although largely underground, while in Europe it had become one of the most dominant forms of popular music. Some sources place the initial origin of electronica in the underground nightclub scene of 1990s France, from where it expanded to global awareness.[18] Not to be confused with Mooby. ... Underground music is music which has developed a cult following, independent of commercial success. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ...


In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Electronica's maturing sound embraced multi-cultural influences both through the increasing commercial availability of audio sample libraries of musical instruments from around the globe, as well as cross-pollination with DJs, performers and recording artists from many nations. New York City became one center of experimentation and growth for the electronica sound, with DJs and music producers from areas as diverse as Southeast Asia and Brazil brought their creative work to the nightclubs of that city. [19] [20] The Norwegian dance duo Röyksopp reached unexpected stardom in 2001 when its debut album Melody AM became an international bestseller. By 2002 the style had a harder edge and in the UK tracks like “Loneliness” by Tomcraft hit number One and the following year an electro dance scene emerged in the UK. The release of albums like “New Wave Electro” on Orange Sync Records and “Electrotech” Ministry of Sound introduced this style to the clubs with post punk beats, mono Synth breaks which became the formula for the current electro dance scene in the UK. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Röyksopp (IPA: ) is an electronic music duo based in Bergen, Norway composed of Torbjørn Brundtland and Svein Berge. ... Melody A.M. is the debut album of Norwegian duo Röyksopp. ... Tomcraft is a German DJ who had a #1 hit single in the UK, called Loneliness, in 2003. ... Ministry of Sound (MoS) is a nightclub in Elephant and Castle, Southwark, South London. ... Electro (also known as electro funk) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records that were closer to disco). ...


Effect on mainstream popular music

Around the mid-1990s, with the success of the big beat-sound exemplified by The Chemical Brothers and The Prodigy in the UK (due in part to the attention from mainstream artists like Madonna), music of this period began to be produced with a much higher budget, production values, and with more layers than most other forms of dance music before or after, since it was backed by major record labels and MTV as the "next big thing".[6] Big beat (sometimes called chemical breaks) is a term deployed in the mid 1990s by the British music press to describe the work of artists such as The Chemical Brothers, Fatboy Slim and The Prodigy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Prodigy (or just Prodigy)[1] are an English band. ... Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


According to a 1997 Billboard article, "[t]he union of the club community and independent labels" provided the experimental and trend-setting environment in which electronica acts developed and eventually reached the mainstream. It cites American labels such as Astralwerks (The Future Sound of London, Fluke), Moonshine (DJ Keoki), and City of Angels (The Crystal Method) for playing a significant role in discovering and marketing artists who became popularized in the electronica scene.[2] It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ... Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England A nightclub (or night club or club) is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... An independent record label is variously described as a record label operating without the funding (or outside the organizations) of the major record labels, and/or a label that subscribes to indie philosophies such as DIY and anti-corporate art. ... Astralwerks is an New York based record label which releases primarily electronic music. ... The Future Sound of London (often abbreviated to FSOL) is a British electronic music band, the duo of Garry Cobain and Brian Dougans. ... Fluke is an English electronic music group formed in the late 1980s by Mike Bryant, Jon Fugler and Mike Tournier with Julian Nugent as the bands manager. ... Moonshine was a Los Angeles-based electronic music label during the 1990s. ... DJ Keoki (born October 22, 1966, Keoki Franconi) is a trance musician who was born in El Salvador (many say he was born in Panama), and raised in Maui. ... The Crystal Method is an American electronic music duo consisting of Ken Jordan and Scott Kirkland. ...


Hip-hop music had been influenced by electronic music from the beginning, inspiring the genre of electro and such artists as Afrika Bambataa and Public Enemy. [citation needed] Rock, synthpop, New Wave and goth music of the 1980s was often heavily electronic in production or form, particularly Madchester bands in the United Kingdom, which had a close connection to the rave scene. [citation needed] New Order, a rock band which had a series of "electronica" hits before the term was coined, exemplified the techno inspiration increasingly common during the '80s era.[citation needed] For other uses, see Hip hop (disambiguation). ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... Afrika Bambaataa (born April 10 or October 4, 1957 or 1960, though his birthdate is hotly debated; he himself refuses to comment on his age) is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who in the late 1970s, was instrumental in the early development of hip hop. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The New Wave was a movement in American, Australian and British popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City musical scene centered around the club CBGB. The term itself is a source of much confusion. ... This article is about notable bands within the goth scene. ... An NME Originals issue covering the Madchester movement. ... For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ... This article is about the alternative rock/electronic band New Order. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ...


The adoption of elements of electronica by several of the world's most popular rock bands was also seen beginning in the mid 1990s, for example U2's Pop (1997), Radiohead's OK Computer (1997), R.E.M.'s Up (1998), The Smashing Pumpkins' Adore (1998), Blur's 13 (1999) and Oasis's Standing on the Shoulder of Giants (2000) albums . Several of these albums were produced with electronic dance producers, such as William Orbit who produced Madonna's Ray of Light. Radiohead's 2000 album Kid A was seen to adopt less commercial styles of electronic music influenced partly by artists such as Autechre and Aphex Twin, and became the rock band's highest charting release worldwide.[citation needed] The word "electronica" was commonly applied to such releases despite large differences in style. Indeed, by the late 1990s, the word was mostly used by rock fans to describe rock and pop artists' adoption of electronic music textures (such as samples, synthesizers and drum machines) with which they were otherwise unfamiliar, as well as to label a few dance-oriented acts that achieved popularity. This was particularly true in the US where the electronic dance subculture was much less prominent.[citation needed] This article is about the Irish rock band. ... Pop is an album released by the Irish rock band U2 in March of 1997 (see 1997 in music). ... Radiohead are an English rock band who formed in Oxfordshire in 1986. ... OK Computer is the third album by the English rock band Radiohead, released in summer 1997. ... R.E.M. is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 by Bill Berry (drums), Peter Buck (guitar), Mike Mills (bass guitar), and Michael Stipe (vocals). ... Up is a 1998 album by R.E.M.. It was their first album without drummer Bill Berry, who amicably left the group in October 1997 to pursue his own interests. ... The Smashing Pumpkins are an American alternative rock band that formed in Chicago in 1988. ... Alternate cover U.S. vinyl edition Singles from Adore Released: May 18, 1998 Released: September 7, 1998 Adore is the fourth studio album from Chicago alternative rock band The Smashing Pumpkins. ... Blur are an English rock band formed in Colchester in 1989. ... 13 is the sixth album by British rock band Blur, first released in 1999. ... Oasis is an English rock band, formed in Manchester in 1991. ... Standing on the Shoulder of Giants is the fourth studio album by the English rock band Oasis, released on February 28, 2000. ... William Orbit ( born on 15 December 1956 as William Mark Wainwright in Shoreditch, Hackney) is an English musician and record producer, perhaps best known to most for his work on Madonnas album Ray of Light, which received four Grammy Awards. ... Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ... For the Michael Wong album, see Ray of Light (Michael Wong album). ... See also: 2000 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 2000 Record labels established in 2000 // John Tavener is knighted in the New Years Honours List. ... This article is about the Radiohead album. ... Autechre are an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a British electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ...


In the early 2000s, electronica-inspired post punk experienced a revival, with rock bands such as Interpol and The Killers specifically drawing on the 1980s sound of New Order and The Cure. Russian duo t.A.T.u. use electronica styles extensively, and fuse it with rock styles to form an edgy electronica style which is used by many pop artists. Post-punk was a popular musical movement beginning at the end of the 1970s, following on the heels of the initial punk rock explosion of the mid 1970s. ... The post-punk revival is a movement in modern rock music consisting of Indie Rock, Punk Rock, Goth Rock, and Electronic bands that draw from the conventions of the original Post-Punk sound of the early 1980s, as well as the early 90s Britpop, 80s New Wave and... For the international organisation, see Interpol. ... The Killers is an American rock band from Las Vegas, Nevada, most famous for their hit singles Somebody Told Me, Mr. ... This article is about the alternative rock/electronic band New Order. ... This article is about the rock band. ... This article is about the Russian singing duo. ...


With newly prominent pop music styles such as reggaeton, electroclash, and favela funk, electronic music styles in the current decade are seen to permeate nearly all genres of the mainstream and indie landscape such that a distinct "electronica" genre of pop music is rarely noted. However, the word continues to be more common in the U.S. music industry for synthesized, techno-inspired pop music, as specific genres such as drum and bass and IDM never achieved mainstream attention. [citation needed] Reggaeton (also spelled Reggaetón, and known as Reguetón and Reggaetón in Spanish) is a form of urban music which became popular with Latin American (or Latino) youth during the early 1990s and spread over the course of 10 years to North American, European, Asian, and Australian audiences. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Funk Carioca means Funk from Rio in Brazilian Portuguese, and is also known as Brazilian Funk (which also relates to a 1970s musical style), Favela Funk and, elsewhere in the world, Baile Funk (the name of the party in which it is played) and also Baile Funk Carioca. ... In popular music, indie music (from independent) is any of a number of genres, scenes, subcultures and stylistic and cultural attributes, characterised by perceived independence from commercial pop music and mainstream culture and an autonomous, do-it-yourself (DIY) approach. ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ...


Use in television advertisement underscores

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, electronica music was increasingly used as background scores for television advertisements, initially for automobiles,[21] and later for other technological and business products such as computers and financial services. A television advertisement or commercial (often called an advert in the United Kingdom) is a form of advertising in which goods, services, organizations, ideas, etc. ...


Controversial term

Despite the mainstream popularity of the word "electronica" today, it is often shunned or met with disgust by electronic musicians or former ravers. Many of the people who were actually part of the electronic and rave movements firmly believe that the word was invented by the music industry, and is just a press-word for electronic music. This is understandable, because a major part of the rave and electronic movement was an outcry against the "media machine", and many ravers and musicians did not wish for the music industry to have a large part in their lives. This part of the electronic movement has similarities to the punk movement, in that it was not meant to be mainstream.[citation needed]


In 1998, David Reilly of God Lives Underwater denounced the use of "electronica" in reference to his band, suggesting "Some marketing team probably came up with it to make sure there was a separate section at Virgin Megastore." However, he went on to say that he would prefer the label of "pop band", and also distanced the band from the rave movement: "They just want to take Ecstasy and dance, not listen to lyrics. And we aren't about that."[22] David Reilly from the music video for God Lives Underwaters Dont Know How To Be David Reilly (May 5, 1971 – October 17, 2005), as singer and songwriting/production partner in the seminal electro-rock band God Lives Underwater (GLU), spent the better part of the last decade as... God Lives Underwater is an industrial techno rock band from rural Perkiomenville, Pennsylvania (near Philadelphia) formed in 1993 by band members David Reilly and Jeff Turzo. ... Virgin Megastores is an international chain of record shops, founded by Sir Richard Branson on Londons Oxford Street in January or February 1971 (exact date uncertain). ...


See also

This is a list of electronic music genres and sub-genres, though for the latter not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ "Electronica is a broad term used to describe the emergence of electronic dance music that is geared for listening instead of strictly for dancing." The Techno Primer: The Essential Reference for Loop-Based Music Styles, By Tony Verderosa, page 28, Hal Leonard Music/Songbooks ,2002, ISBN 0634017888
  2. ^ a b c Flick, Larry (May 24, 1997), "Dancing to the beat of an indie drum", Billboard 109 (21): 70-71, ISSN 0006-2510
  3. ^ a b "'Reaching back to grab the grooves of '70s disco/funk and the gadgets of electronic composition, Electronica soon became a whole new entity in and of itself, spinning off new sounds and subgenres with no end in sight two decades down the pike. Its beginnings came in the post-disco environment of Chicago/New York and Detroit, the cities who spawned house and techno (respectively) during the 1980s. Later that decade, club-goers in Britain latched onto the fusion of mechanical and sensual, and returned the favor to hungry Americans with new styles like jungle/drum'n'bass and trip-hop. Though most all early electronica was danceable, by the beginning of the '90s, producers were also making music for the headphones and chill-out areas as well, resulting in dozens of stylistic fusions like ambient-house, experimental techno, tech-house, electro-techno, etc. Typical for the many styles gathered under the umbrella was a focus on danceable grooves, very loose song structure (if any), and, in many producers, a relentless desire to find a new sound no matter how tepid the results." Electronica Genre on All Music Guide
  4. ^ a b c "Electronically produced music is part of the mainstream of popular culture. Musical concepts that were once considered radical - the use of environmental sounds, ambient music, turntable music, digital sampling, computer music, the electronic modification of acoustic sounds, and music made from fragments of speech-have now been subsumed by many kinds of popular music. Record store genres including new age, rap, hip-hop, electronica, techno, jazz, and popular song all rely heavily on production values and techniques that originated with classic electronic music." Page 1, Electronic and Experimental Music: Pioneers in Technology and Composition, Thomas B. Holmes, Routledge Music/Songbooks, 2002, ISBN 0415936438
  5. ^ a b "The glitch genre arrived on the back of the electronica movement, an umbrella term for alternative, largely dance-based electronic music (including house, techno, electro, drum'n'bass, ambient) that has come into vogue in the past five years. Most of the work in this area is released on labels peripherally associated with the dance music market, and is therefore removed from the contexts of academic consideration and acceptability that it might otherwise earn. Still, in spite of this odd pairing of fashion and art music, the composers of glitch often draw their inspiration from the masters of 20th century music who they feel best describe its lineage." THE AESTHETICS OF FAILURE: 'Post-Digital' Tendencies in Contemporary Computer Music, Kim Cascone, Computer Music Journal 24:4 Winter 2002 (MIT Press)
  6. ^ a b "Trance is commonly described as a global music, even a global movement, unifying many of electronica's subgenres" Page 381, Music and Technoculture, Rene T. A. Lysloff, Tandem Library Books, 2003, ISBN 0613912500
  7. ^ "Electronica, microsound, lowercasesound, electroacoustic music, computer music, IDM, analogue music, post-digital music, glitch, acousmatic, noise, sonic art ... The approaches to making questing music with the assistance of technology are now a multifarious explosion of different kinds of listening. The use of technology itself can no longer define a genre." Page xi, Sounding Art: eight literary excursions through electronic music, Katharine Norman, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2004, ISBN 0754604268
  8. ^ " When people speak about a certain thing, it will sometimes attract a particular class of words. Classical music, for instance, is often described in terms of the geographical location from which the music originates as well as musicological terms that categorize the piece. Electronica (electronic pop music usually created with a computerized sequencer), on the other hand, tends to attract terms that specify the musical style, genre, and the industry." page 49, SERVING KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES WITH ONTOLOGIES, Tokuda, T., Tokunaga, T., Tokosumi, A., Proceedings of Symposium on Large-Scale Knowledge Resources (LKR2005), March, 2005, Department of Computer Science, Department of Value and Decision Science Tokyo Institute of Technology
  9. ^ Billboard: Madonna Hung Out on the Radio - July 2006
  10. ^ Guinness Book of Records 2007
  11. ^ "This loop slicing technique is common to the electronica genre and allows a live drum feel with added flexibility and variation." Page 380, DirectX Audio Exposed: Interactive Audio Development, Todd Fay, Wordware Publishing, 2003, ISBN 1556222882
  12. ^ "Electronica and punk have a definite similarity: They both totally prescribe to a DIY aesthetic. We both tried to work within the constructs of the traditional music business, but the system didn't get us - so we found a way to do it for ourselves, before it became affordable.", quote from artist BT, page 45, Wired: Musicians' Home Studios : Tools & Techniques of the Musical Mavericks, Megan Perry, Backbeat Books Music/Songbooks 2004, ISBN 0879307943
  13. ^ "Electronica lives and dies by its grooves, fat synthesizer patches, and fliter sweeps.". Page 376, DirectX Audio Exposed: Interactive Audio Development, Todd Fay, Wordware Publishing, 2003, ISBN 1556222882
  14. ^ "Crystal Method...grew from an obscure club-culture duo to one of the most recognizable acts in electronica, ...", page 90, Wired: Musicians' Home Studios : Tools & Techniques of the Musical Mavericks, Megan Perry, Backbeat Books Music/Songbooks 2004, ISBN 0879307943
  15. ^ "For example, composers often render more than one version of their own compositions. This practice is not unique to the mod scene, of course, and occurs commonly in dance club music and related forms (such as ambient, jungle, etc.—all broadly designated 'electronica')." Page 48, Music and Technoculture, Rene T. A. Lysloff, Tandem Library Books, 2003, ISBN 0613912500
  16. ^ "The tendency to aggregate and set up networks of influences and loyalties is not specific to electronica. ." Page 233, Popular Music in France from Chanson to Techno: Culture, Identity and Society , By Steve Cannon, Hugh Dauncey, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 2003, ISBN 0754608492
  17. ^ "British journalists have frequently suggested that the attraction exercised by French electronica is partly due to its eclecticism, its ability to combine heterogeneous references" Page 242, Popular Music in France from Chanson to Techno: Culture, Identity and Society , By Steve Cannon, Hugh Dauncey, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 2003, ISBN 0754608492
  18. ^ "What really set French electronica apart in the history of the country's musical traditions was its being recognized worldwide as a "school" or "movement"... The period of gradual international expansion for French electronica began in 1995. By 1997, it had reached considerable proportions." Page 230, Popular Music in France from Chanson to Techno: Culture, Identity and Society , By Steve Cannon, Hugh Dauncey, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 2003, ISBN 0754608492
  19. ^ "In 2000 [Brazilian vocalist Bebel] Gilberto capitalized on New York's growing fixation with cocktail lounge ambient music, an offshoot of the dance club scene that focused on drum and bass remixes with Braziian sources. ...Collaborating with club music maestros like Suba and Thievery Corporation, Gilberto thrust herself into the leading edge of the emerging Brazilian electronica movement. On her immensely popular Tanto Tempo (2000)..." Page 234, The Latin Beat: The Rhythms and Roots of Latin Music from Bossa Nova to Salsa and Beyond, Ed Morales, Da Capo Press, 2003, ISBN 0306810182
  20. ^ "founded in 1997,...under the slogan 'Musical Insurgency Across All Borders', for six years [Manhattan nightclub] Mutiny was an international hub of the south Asian electronica music scene. Bringing together artists from different parts of the south Asia diaspora, the club was host to a roster of British Asian musicians and DJs..." Page 165, Youth Media , Bill Osgerby, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0415238072
  21. ^ The Changing Shape of the Culture Industry; or, How Did Electronica Music Get into Television Commercials?, Timothy D. Taylor, University of California, Los Angeles, Television & New Media, Vol. 8, No. 3, 235-258 (2007)
  22. ^ Bell, Carrie (April 4, 1998), "The modern age", Billboard 110 (14): 73, ISSN 0006-2510
Electronic music | Genres
Ambient | Breakbeat | Drum and bass | Electro | UK garage | Hardcore | House | Industrial | Synthpop | Techno | Trance | Triphop

  Results from FactBites:
 
Electronica - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (859 words)
Electronica is a rather vague term that covers a wide range of electronic or electronic-influenced music.
Prior to the adoption of "electronica" as a blanket term for more experimental dance music, terms such as electronic listening music, braindance and intelligent dance music (IDM) were common.
In the mid-1990s electronica began to be used by MTV and major record labels to describe mainstream electronic dance music made by such artists as The Chemical Brothers (who had previously been described as big beat or chemical breaks) and The Prodigy, although even at this stage it was not a particularly incisive term.
Electronica - definition of Electronica in Encyclopedia (791 words)
Electronica is a rather ambiguous term that covers a wide range of electronic or electronic-influenced music.
In the mid-1990s electronica began to be used used by MTV and major record labels to describe mainstream electronic dance music made by such artists as Chemical Brothers (who had previously been described as big beat) and The Prodigy, although even at this stage it was not a particularly incisive term.
In the United States and other countries like Australia, electronica (and the other attendant dance music genres) remains popular, although largely underground, while in Europe, and in particular the UK, it has arguably become the dominant form of popular music.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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